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Full text of "Chirologia, or, The naturall language of the hand c [microform] : composed of the speaking motions, and discoursing gestures thereof : whereunto is added, Chironomia, or, The art of manual rhetoricke, consisting of the naturall expressions, digested by art in the hand ... : with types, or chyrograms, a long-wish'd for illustration of this argument"

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?. &**&*.. OR THE 


r&rf^.c^JU, or the 

^'^Tf A N D. 

Compofed of the Speaking Moti- 
ons, and Difcourfing Gcftures thereof. 

Whtrtunto is added 


Or, the Art of 


Confiding of the Naturall Expre(Gons 4 di- 
gested by Art in the H A K D as the chicfeft 
Inftrument of Eloquence , 


^utnemigFe'RegHlejf^dlF Common 

With rr/VE T ; ulctT TROGRdMs 

AUng-mjh'dfor illttjfration of this Argument. 

By J. B. Gent. Philochirofophus. 

Manns mtmbrim homnk loquacijfwum. 

London, Printed by Tbo. Harper, and are to be fold by 
RwhUakgr&x his (hop in Pauls Church-yard. iG^fr 


To His 



Of G R A I E S-I N N E, Efq. 


;Hen I firft (according 
to my open and free 
manner of communi- 
cation to my I ntcJlecftmall 
Friendes ) (hewed you a 
Copieofmy ldea 7 which ac- 
quainted you with my fcope 
and generall projedio.i upon 
(jeflure ; you were pleafed (as 
in a Placonicrue extafie of ap- 

A z pre- 

pretention) to admire the va£l> 
nefte of the Defigne^to applaud 
the rife thereof, and the pro mi* 
fing afpecl it had to the ad- 
vancement of Learning; info- 
much as fill'd with the benevo- 
lent influence and illuflration of 
a Propbetique rapture, you 
turn'd Chiromancer, divining by 
the lines of life and projpertty , 
which appeared faire unto you 
in the firft draughty that the 
Hand would be embraced and 
feifled by the more intelligent 
part of the world, and in time 
travell and learne to /peake (as 
ir doth naturally ) fo literally 
all Languages. This ftrong 
reflection of your conceits on 


my e arly undertakings , you 
have by the vivacity of a ma- 
fte ing phanfie, oftentimes 
endeavoured tq propagate 
in the opinions of your moft 
generoui ^Acquaintances, which 
as they were the friendly efforts 
of afubde perlpicacicy of your 
Iudgemenc ( which I havd 
heard a (jreat £ritique to ac- 
knowledge to be tilt genuine fe~ 
licity of your intelleS, whereby 
you arc able to difleeT: the lead 
atome of a Thilofopbicallproje* 
Sion:') I have (though the 
railing of expectation proves 
many times an injurious cour- 
tefic) took as a good omen to 
advance upon. What was 
A j then 

then a cloud that had neither 
the fhape, nor bignes of a mans 
Hand, is now growne fit to be 
held up , and by i s owne fuk 
frage to chufe and confirnic you 
its Patron : For, I affecting no 
Dedication that rifes above the 
lev .11 of Friendjh'tpyhzwing in^ 
tentionally confecrated all the 
iffues of my recefle and leifure 
to cer tai ne leledl I" riends; This 
both by ore/cription and fifnio* 
rity of acquaintance as by a 
Prerogative , andbyarecipro' 
cation of foye for your affection 
to it , falls to your Tuition. I 
confefle fome other of my di- 
g fted thoughts ftrugled for 
precedencie , claiming by the 


analogic of Matures ufuall 
courfc , and the Head would 
have had the priviledge dtpru 
mogeniturei But it fell out in the 
contention iomewhat like as in 
the cafe of Tamatt twins,where 
Zarab put forth his Handy and 
the midwife faid , *T his u come 
cut fit li. However this Qhirofo** 
f hie ox firft Fruits of my Hand 
be accepted abroad, having put 
forth my %ight Hand in figne 
of amity to you,and for perfor - 
manceof promife : there re^ 
maincs nothing (moft noble 
(^birofhilus but that you take it 
between Yours in token of 
warranty and prote&ion,as the 
tender oiE-lpring of one who is 

Your affc&ionate Friend, 


To The 

Candid and Ingenious 


This Copy of my Idea; 

Or The 
Hint, Scope, and gcncrall Proje&ion. 

He confideraim In gt- 
tier all, and at large 
of humane 3\£ature 9 
that great Light of 
Learning hath adjudged worthy 
to bee emancipate and made a, 
\nowledge of it Jelfe. In which 
continent of Humanity bee hath 
noted Qasa maine deficiencie ) 
one Troyince not to have beene 


vijited, and that is Gefture. 
Ariftotle (faith he)mgtmotk & 
fclcrter a corporis fabricam.dum 
quiefcit, tracftavit, eandem in 
motu,nimirum geftus corporis, 
omifit , that is, he bath very in* 
gmou/ly and diligently bandied 
tbefodfairesof the "Body, but not 
the Geftures oftbe*Body, which 
are no lefje comprebenfible by Art, 
and of great ufe and advantage* 
as being no Jmall part of chill 
prudence. For, the lineaments of 
tbe*Body doe di/clo/e the difyofi* 
tion and inclination of the minde 
ingenerall • but the motions doe 
not only fo > but doe further dtf 
clofe the prefent humour and /late 
of the mindeandmll' 7 for as the 


Tongue Jfeahglhfo the Eare, fo 
Gefture^ afctbfotbe Sye, and 
th&rejore a number of Juch per* 
fins vpbofe Byes doe dwelt upon 
the faces and/ajhwns of men, do 
wll fywi» the advantage of this 
obferyation, as being mojl fart of 
their ability j neither can it bee 
denied but that it u a great difco^ 
yerer ofdifiimulatien , and great 
direction in bufineffe. For, after 
one manner almojl vs>e clappe our 
Hands in joy, wring them in for* 
row, advance them in prayer and 
admiration* Jha^eour Head in 
difdainey»rink}e our Forehead in 
difitkf , crijjje our nofe in anger , 
Uufh infhame,andfofor the mojl 
part of the more jubtite motion s. 


Taking (therefore) from hence 

my Hint J fhal attempt to advance 
in the fcmtinie andfearcb after 
tbefcattered glances ,and touches 
of Antiquity gracing them through 
mofi clajiicall Authors , with in** 
tent to reduce them into one conti* 
tiued and intire Hijlory^ropmn* 
ding this form to myfelf>to handle 
Gefture> as the onlyfpeech and 
generaU language of Humane 
Venture. For hallafl to the fab* 
jeB, andtoma^ethe matter in 
Hand more folltd and fubflan~ 
the , I fhall annex confutations 
with Stature , affording a gloffe 
of their caufes : And for the fur ~ 
ther emhellifhing thereof , 1/hall 
inrich mofjt points of exprefion 


with examples both of Sacred and 
prof bane Authority, more ejpe*> 
dally dravone from Toets and 
Jiifloriansjbe only great QoBors 
in this point of Humane liter a* 
ture^ wherein, by the may, llhall 
lay claime to all metaphors , pr o* 
yerbiall translations or ujurpatu 
ons , and all {inde qfjfymbolicall 
Elegancies taken and borrowed 
fromCfeftuYesoftheTSody, with 
the depredations the fubttler 
Arts of Speech haye made upon 
them for the advancement and ex* 
altation of their particular intent 
tiorn and defignes. sAll thefe 
(together mntb the chill rite s,and 
ceremonious cufiomesandfajhions 
of divers Stations in their 


national! exprejfions by Geflure J 
with the perfonaU properties and 
genuine habits J particular men) 
being but as Jo many fiveratl 
lines that meet in an angle , and 
touch in this point ; J intend to 
reduce and bring home to their 
fountaine and common parent 
the Body of man. Two Amphi- 
theaters there are in the Body > 
whereon mofl of thefe patheticall 
fubtilties are exhibited by Na- 
ture, in way of difcovcty or im- 
pre/fion., proceeding either from 
the effeU offujferance, or the vo- 
luntary motions of the Miride, 
which effeB thofeimprejftons on 
the parts which wee call the 
Speal^ng Motions, or Difcour- 


fingGeftures, and natural! Lan- 

f uage o f the Body , romt the 
land and the Head ; in art* 
fiver whereof \ 1 intend two re- 
eeptacles of the obfervatiom , 
fitting within the compaffe of 
tk&ir particular Diftr0f 3 under 
thegeuerall Titles of Chiroh- 
gia and Cephalelogia , The 
naturall language of the Hand , 
and The naturall language of 
the Head ^ and thefe two com- 
pffife the befl fart of theexpreffi* 
dm of Humane Nature. Chi- 
ronomia , or the Rule of the 
Hand if adj&yneda* theperfeBi* 
on and fMtmatton of ChirolcK 
gie;^Gephafenomia^r theRiAe 
of the Head, is to appear e with 


Cephatelogia^ &0i#g the pmlh 
fedtion ofallCephalicall exfrtjjir 
ons , according to the hffl&tsof 
Qvffl Prudence. The ferfonm 
or genuine exprejjzons faU in 
with thefe. What I finde re- 
martyhle in the natural! exprefi 
fknt of the other parts , I fbM 
pefefto a gemraH Rendevou^&j, 
wherein I jhtU tafyamufkr of 
the Pofiures and Gejiures of the 
Body in generall. All that I 
pall have to fay more to the 
Hand in point ofGdhxre, is un- 
der the 7 itle of Ghirethnicalo 
gbj or the NationaH exprefsion 
of the Hand. This I account 
my left Hand. By this CI avis 
(IJuffofe)the Intelle&uall Rea- 

der will fee that theWor\n»il be 
fupplementall to Learning > and 
not offupererogarion, Nen? y ani 
in regard of the generality of the 
Defigne, never attempted by a- 
ny, affording profitable hints to 
fuch ingenious Jpiritsjvho defire 
to under fiand the myfterioufpro* 
perties , of fo admirable and im- 
portant apiece ofthemfelves. 


In candidifsmiam am?dfi»mamqj 
fobannis HutoeriMmuxn. 

*T\ /4,Bulwcre,M4tf it ; cut reddatofcttla hluft, 
GfymmiratavelieJPaEai ,is? ejje jum* 
Talsmformofa Veneri pinxijfet Jpelles, 

Boc quoque Pofteriuu nan -muetur opus: 
Delicias Seen* nee ftofcius iSemoyebap 

Talem^ vi/a fuit qua fine yoceloqui, 
Candidicr non ilia, yolentem docla Senatum 

Ttucerejfacundi q'u Cicmnis era*. 
Dignior ecct Manus tua formes wduh omnes, 

Jnlpenit atq, artes ingenioja nonuas . 
Eloquiipaniem nunc msReaflumina. fundit, 

Nunc contracla brsvi rem rations pro bap. 
Nuncjublata Dei la tides ad/ydera toll it, 

Nunc conjunBa humiles mittit ab ore preces* 
Jam demijfapayetyjamfe compkxapothur 

Votoi)ampeBm^edgem\bunda, quatit , 
6}ujd mibi n>el centum lingua fint, oraq-, centum^ 

'Vmca miHetua b<ecfi Manus infiar erip • 

a At 

jit tu Chirofophus Digito ntotiflrabere,Pa!m% 
Deferaty &"f>iandem )am Tibi cunfta manuu 

Ad eundcra. 
A Lcidenpede cognojcamus^ ungut leonem: 
Gratuhr oftendi Te potuifje Manu, 

Fra: Goldsmith. 

To bis ingenious Friend the Au^houry 

•THc Hands difcourfing Geftures, ever rife, 
■*■ Though not fo much obferv'd in common life, 
(Notes wherein H'tftme delights to place 
The circumftantiall beauties of her grace) 
Thy #<*</hath, like a cunning Motift, found 
In all the Senfcs,whcrein they abound : 
Which in one Bundle with thy Language ty'de, 
Ore-tops the poring Book-wormes higheft pride. 
At the firft fight we learne to read; and then 
By Natures rules to percc and conftrue Men : 
So commenting upon their Gcfture, finde 
In them the trueft copieof the Minde. 
The Tongue and Heart th'intention oft divide : 
The Had and Meaning ever are ally'dc. 
All that are dcafe and dumbc may here recrute 
Thrir language, and then blefife Thee for the mute 


Enlargement of Thy Alphabets, whofe briefc 
Exprcffcs gave their Mindes fo tree relicfc. 
And of this-filent fpeech,Thy Hand doth fhew 
More to tffic World then ere it look'd to know. 

He is (that docs denie Thy Handthis right) 

A Stoique or an Areopagite. 


® Jidb^* AAdb [tiitiidl * A A3| 

To hU fingukr good and approved Frhnd: this 

Exprejfe or Signature of inteQeBuatt Amitie, 

^Vpon £&Chirqlogia« 

1 joy (deare friend) to fee thy Palms difplay 
* A new Chirofophie, which hidden lay 
*n Natures Hieroglyphique grasp'd,the gtand 
And expreflc Pantotype of Speech,the Hand. 
Me thought thy Enchiridion 3 at firft view, 
Seem'd like that Mamatl doud i that fwiftly grew, 
Till the moyft Curtaine had the heavens ore-fpread t 
For ftraightwaies it became th' Encjcloptd. 
Who'll not beleeve, with deep ckaron, that men 
May have more fenfes then ttjey erft did ken * 
Since Sfetsb, that doth within thy Hand commence, 
Deferves the double honour of a Scnfe, 
And may obteine unto a better end, 
Thaf,to which Lingua did in vaine pretend . 

a a How 

Hnw might Annqtfrfenow bWih fc Tec 
S-ch maine deficiencies fuppty'd by Thee? 
Inrcrprcters henceforth grow out of date, 
Whle I'ulitiqucs ulurpe the Sultans ftate; 
And tfellow-Communers) in dumbe difputes 
Outvie th'intelligenccof all his Mutes, 
The babc,whofe harpe of speech is yet unftrung, 
Spcakes icnfe and reafon ; n this Infant-Tongue. 
AH Tribes fliall now each other underftand, 
Which (though not of one lip) are of one Hand* 
ChntUgie rcdecmes from Mabels doome. 
And is ihe uniycriall Idiome, 

M eundem. 

REmove the fiUars^ and fet out the Bar, 
Th'old Ncflus ultra's narrow bounds, as ht 
As tft've Wtt imployes a (peaking Hand : 
Tor, i c/etce though it have an unknown land, 
Yei there's wo Straights or utmofi Thule fet, 
1 ventions new Diicovcriestolet. 
S icethe(7r«f/»/?4«f4^*oftheArts 
By VeruUmim Socrates, whofe parts 
Advanced Learnmgxoz perfect ftates 
Thou art the firft that from his hints durft date 
Tor Arts bemnan'd defi&s, a nevrfupply ; 
(The hardeft Province in Humanitic.) 
Which doth in thy ?rt\(8i$ns ample fpheafls 
Another Mvm Qrgmnm ppewe. 


And as w$ much unto Thy Hand doc owa 
For Augmentation, fome as farrc (hall goe 
Another way, to (hew their learned might, 
While Science, Crefccnt-like,c5ttends her light* 1 

Thus while the gratefull Age offer whole fprings 
Of P<Aw, my zeale an humble Da6yle brings* 
Which lawfull pride (like Batrdchus his name 
He ftrove to fatten onOftAvh's frame) 
Shall be my higheft glory : May I (land 
But as Excrefccnce on thy wcll-limb'd Htad. 

Thomas DicONsostj 
Med. TemfU 

To bis defervedly honour d Friend, Mr % 

I. B. Ttyon bis excellent piece 9 


Si * : 

IN thofe Antique times, when men were good, 
* And ftudied the now vice call'd Gratitude : 
Thofe that in Arts inventions firft did (hinc, 
Werehonour'd with the Title of Divine. 

ffyfickand rerft»& in his flinrng Cha;re 

Plac'd Phoebus ^and bcftow'd that blazing Hair* : 

Whence often it hath been cbferv'd and feen, 

Phyfitians have the beft of Poets been. 

How fhouid we honor Thee then,whofe Hands gain 

Hath added to his Gifts a higher vcine f 

In thefe confuming dayes, haft eas'd our Tongues, 

And rais'd an Art in favour of the Lungs, 

Let Bacons foule deep fwcet : the time is come 

That Gefiure (hall no longer now be dumbe^ 

And Natures filent motions {hall advance 

Above the Vocall key of Utterance : 

Where every Dtgtt dictates, and doth reach 

Unto our ienfe a mouth-excelling Speech. 

Arts Perfedor ! What Babett did denie 

To Lips and Eare, Th'aft given the Hand and Eye; 

Haft reconcil'd the World, and its defect 

Supply'd,by one unerring Dialed. 

To Thee this boonc we owej for which great wortb 

We all defirous areto limb Thee forth : 

But blulhing, mull: confelTe, none can command 

A pencill worthy Thee, but Thy own Hand. 



Ad cruditumCHiROLOGias Authorcm, 

omnifq, reconditions Pbilofophix 

Scrutarorem afsiduum. 

M On prim audita SopbU dasfercula Myflft, 
Et Tua conVrtas excipittma Manv&, 
Das quod poGicitus ftps es; Utorqy t>idtre 

Tejummamfcriptis impojuife Manum : 
Expanfaque hlianujCaphU myfleriapandes $ 

Hoc te fatturum dm mibi Qjirogra^buttk, 

Ad cundcm. 

Ad emdm. 

QEc here appeares a Hand, one limbe alone* 
^Bornc to the World,a perfed «W». 
And inarke how well 'tis mufcled, how it fpeakes 
Frcfh from the Preffcs wombe? and view the frcakea 
Of this emphatique filencc, which doth found 
Oacly to'th. Eye : beyond which ovall round 

a 4 It 

It roves not* smd this mute Vocalitie 

Ispra&ic'd, where there wants abilitie 

Of mutuall knowledge of each others tongue* 

The Usnd alone doth intimate our ftrong 

Or faint defires : In this garbe long ago 

We fpake with th'Indian Aftcbonhm. 

Thus may we trade with thadumb Gitmlt DriBs 

By Exercife:and make our fecret wills 

Known to thofe rational! Brutes^and thus we 

May make the World one rnivcrfttie. 

U*«*the Britaine-Stagerite, found fault 

With all the Ancients, 'caufe they never taught 

This in their Schooles t Now the Worke is ended) 

Which beft of all is by it felfe commended. 

So, our Briar etts -j of whofe new defigne 

By Ghwmmies leave I rauft divine : 

He need not feare bold Atnps her knife, 

For in his U and each line's a line of life. 

Jo: Has maruj, 
Oxomenfis 4>ihiar&(> 

To his excellent Friend the Author $ 
^/wGhirologi A. 

CAnfwelling rage, without a Genius, ftreind 
To the true pitch of a Poetique veine t 
And (fall not Loves harmonious heat infpirc 
My thoughts, and fee them to A f tit's lyre 1 


I feele my Hand, deep Grade infriendflrfps Vcinc^ 
With rich invention flowing out amaine. 
And where fuch force the Fens ingagement draweSg 
There an unskilfull Hand may give applaufe. 
Were I Be Sana's Darling, I would fight : 
But at that Spirits rate that Thou dar'ft write ; 
Me rcuriall valour in Thy conquering Pen 
Equallsthe H md of War in ord'ring men, 
I find Thee (Friend) well armed to repcll 
Th'affronts of any fcoffing Ifmael; 
Whofc carping Hand 'gainft ev*ry man is bent, 
And each mans Hand 'gainft his Hands croffc intenf . 
Thou may'ft fuch blowes without a Gauntlet ward, 
Or any Second of Thy Fdmes lifes Guard : 
But it a Viper through the glove invade 
Thy harmicflfe H*nd % 0uke*c or% and to Thy aide 
Raife Thy own new Militia,Thy Hands, 
Natures beft fquadron>and Arts Trained Bands. 


jjggt. St b*' 1 ""' *7* wc* *&*«» fjswj »Tap& Safe >x fo «/aus> rasa 

Meiflimo in deliciis , Chirologi^ Au- 
thor!; Amanuemi Murium, Pol.hymniae 
Alumno, Motiftarum Clariifimo, 
& M a N u s pablice prasben- 
fantium Candida?©. 

TNdigitarc tuas per ter tria nomina laudes , 

NomeneUtorem Turma Novena )ubet 
Cbirologus; manibusfgncu^gefluque loquaci 

Exempta Hifloricinjukaiwtanth' ha es. 
Chirophilus pangis rapti modulate n amor is s 

Vcrbttqus Palmm f<eps eanenda cboro. 
Chirocrares nodoja Manujubjefta potenti 

drguta Digiti taUditate valent ( rds, 

Ghitographus miranda notas,fubfcr)pta colo- 

Talia necpoteru Penelopea Mams, 
Chiromantis acutus ab apparemibm infers 

Mores , &P Manibus petloraferre facts. 
Chirocrites QriticU Digitalia dicla profarts, 

Qeftu Pbilologis Oedipus alter eris. 
Chirimimus agi% variatas dicere format, 
PoUicemuhiplicemProtea vincis acer. 


Cluromy fta or are doees, penetralia fgru 
Scrutaris^praxi flat pietdtis bonos. 

Chirodprus opem Mufj deli munere Dextram, 
Tendzns aottrinajmagna docenris oius, 

Sedpalmata noyo nutans Pclihymnia njota 
Omnia cowpkblens^nomm &f omen eric y 

Ajjenlere omnes , Palmis te digna locutum* 
Pieronymithuh dicer e Cbiro/opbum. 

J?, c 

Nomcnclator Chiro-mufa.\ 



Or T h i 


Of the 


^N all the declarative conceits oi 
, Gefiure, whereby the Body, in- 
Grafted by Nature, can empha- 
tically vent, and communicate 
a thought, and in the propriety 
of its utterance exprefTe the fi- 
lent agitations of the minde ; the Band, that bu- 
fie inftrumcnt, is moft talkative, whofe language 
isaseafily perceived and underftood, as ir Mart 
had another mouth or fountaine of difcourfe in 
his Hand. So proper and apt to make fignes, an.l 
work great matters is the Handof Mart; It leems 
to me obfervablc, that when ^Wo/Ir/ covertly de- Exad.4:->. 
firedafigncofGod, to make the ^Egyptians be- i>iS>: > 
lieve He had appeared (into him, God prefentiy 9l v;ilcS ' 
asked him what he had in his Hand? and com- 
mands him naturall geftures which had thence 
the force of miraculous fignification : and to 
thefe fignes,God attributes a voice.for He faith* 
If they will not hearken to the voice of the firft , 

B figne* 

Chir ologia: Or, 

figne, they will believe the voice of the latter 
figne : (and as there is in the fupernaturall, fo 
there is a fignifying voyce in the naturall fignes 
Althnfius °f the Hand.) tsilthufius calls thefc miraculous 
dc civili expreflions of the Hand,kabitusporttntofot, which 
convcifa- by their rare and illuftrious a&ion denote and ex- 
uonc,li.i. p re flg f ome fingulatand memorable intention by 
the command of God, befides their naturall fig- 
nification. For, the Hand being the Substitute 
and Vicegerent ofthe Tongue, in a full, andma- 
jeftique way of expreffion,prefents the fignifying 
faculties ofthe foule, and the inward difcoune of 
Reafon : and as another Tongue, which we may 
juftly call the Spokefman of the Body t it Jpeakes 
for all the members thereof, denoting their Suf- 
frages, and including their Votes. So that what- 
foever thought can be delivered, or madeyfgw- 
fcdntlj nikntfeft, by the united motions artd con- 
native endeavours of all the other members : 
the fame may be as evidently exhibited by the 
fole devoyre»and difcourjinggeftures ofthe Hand. 
The intendments of which demonftrativc ge- 
ftures (being naturall fignes) have no depfcn- 
dance on any ordinance or Statute of Art,which 
may be broken orf,or taken in hand- % as it is either 
repealed, or ftands in force : but thefe being 
part or the unalterable Lawes and Inftitutes of 
Nature, are by their owne perpetuall conftitih 
tion,and by a native confequence fignificant.As 
fmoke which in darke vapours expires from in- 
cenfed fuell is a certaine fighe of fire ; or as rich 
fmells by whofe aromatique breath the ayet's 
perfutn'd, doe Tweetly declare the prcfence of 
the afcended ©dour : and as theblufhes of Aurora 
bewray the early approach of the bright Em- 


The naititraQ Laflgitege eftbe Band. 

tierourofthe day : So that in thcfe Art hathrio 
Hdnd,Cit\ce they proceed from the ineerpinftinft 
of Nature : and all thefe motions and habits of 
the Hdiidire purely riaturall,not pofinve j nor in 
their fenfes remote ftotti the true nature of the 
things that ire ithplyed. The naturaU rcfem- 
blance and congrutty of which expreffions, re- 
fult from the habits of the minde* by the effort of 
an impettious affection wrought in the invaded 
Hand, which is made very plyant for fiichim"* 
prefflons. But whereas thele fpeaking Organs 
are conplets, an a&iVe paire $ fbtnetimes they 
both, and not feldome one alone doth by a' neat 
infinuation of fpecch, make and aCComplifti the 
habit. Sometimes differing Wotdsi which vifibly 
grow on one root of a&ion,goe for Synonima's 
frigeftare : and we fhall fomecimes fee contra- 
rietleof patheticall eiprfcffion, tn identity of 

Not doth the Hand in one frieech or kiride bf 
language ferve to intimate and exprefle our min<J: 
It fpeakw all languages, and as an ttniverfall cb*- 
ratte'r of Reajon > is generally underftood and 
knowne by all Nations, among the formall dif- 
ferences of their Tongue. Arid being the onely 
fpeeth that is naturall to Man, it may well be 
Called the Tongue anAgtneraU IdngtMge oftiurndne 
Nature; which, without teaching, men in all re- 
gions of the habitable World doe at the irft fight 
mofteafifyunderftand. This is evident by that 
trade and commerce with thofe falvage Nations 
Who haVe 16ng in/oy'd the late difcOvered prin- 
cipalities of the Weft, with whom (although 
their Language be ftrfrnge and unkflowne ) oUr 
Merchants barter and exchange their Wares, 
B z driving 

Chirologia: Or, 

driving a rich arid filent Trade, by fignes,where- 
by many a dumb bargaine without the crafty 
Brocage of the Tongue,is advantageoufly made. 
Hence 'tis apparent, that there's no native law, 
or abfolutc neceffity, that thoie thoughts which 
arife in our pregnant minde, rnuft by mediation 
of our Tongue flow out in a vocall ftreame of 
words ; unto which purpofe we muft attend the 
leifure of that inclofed jnftrument of fpeech : 
Since whatfoever is perceptible unto fenfe, and 
capable of a due and fitting difference ; hath a 
naturall competency to exprefle the motives and 
affections of the Minde; in whofe labours, the 
Hand, which is a ready Midwife, takes often- 
times the thoughts from the foreftailed Tongue,, 
making a more quicke dilpatch by gefture : for 
when the fancy hath once wrought updn the 
Hand, our conceptions are difplay'd and utter'd 
in thevery moment of a thought. For, the ge- 
fture of the Hand many times gives a hint of our 
intention, and fpeakes out a good part of our 
meaning, before our words, which accompany 
©r follow it, can put themfelves into a vocall 
pofture to- be underftood. And as iiithe report 
of a Piece, the eye being the nimbler , fenfe, di- 
fcernes the difcharge before any intelligence by 
conduct of the vocall Wave arrive at the eare ; 
although the.flafh and the report are twins born 
at the inftaat of the Pieces going off:fo although 
Speech and Gefture are conceived together in 
the minde, yet the HWfirft appearing in the de- 
livery, anticipates the Tongae, in to much as 
many times the Tongue perceiving her felf fore- 
ftall*d,fpares it felfe a labour ; to prevent a need- 
leffe Tautologie : And if words enfue upon the 


Tbe natural! Language of the Hand. 5 

gefture, their addition ferves but as a Comment 
for the fuller explication of the manuallText of 
utterance ; and impiyes nothing over and above 
but a generall devoyre of the minde to jjti pet* 
fpftU/ underftood. K notable argument we have 
of this difcoHrpngfacultie of the Hand in our com- 
mon Jefters, who without their voice, (peaking 
onely by geftures, can counterfeit the manners, 
falhions, and fignificant actions of men. Which, 
may be more confirm'd by that wonder of ne- 
ceflity which Nature worketh in men that are 
borne deafe and dumbe ; who can argue and dif- 
pute rhetorically by hgnes, and with a kindeof 
mute and logiftique .eloquence overcome their 
amaz'd opponents; wherein fome are ib ready & 
excellent, they feeme to want nothing tu.hav^ 
their' meanings perfectly underftood. Us parallel 
f rfift,what Naturesgrand Ihquifitoc reports of 
certaine Nations, that have no other language Pj ,n -Hift, 
wherein to impart thiir mindes ; the common ' 
tongue of Beafts, who by geftures declare their 
fenfes^ and dumb aflfeftions. For although Sense* S-n«ca de 
will not allow their motions to be affedions, but lri,lfc ' r ? 
certain characters & impreffions adjimilitudinem cap ' *' 
faflionttm, like unto paflions in men* which he 
calleth impetus, the rifingf, forces and impulsions 
of Nature, upon the view of fuch objects as are 
apt to ftrike any impreffions upon it: yet as Mon- 
taiqne (in that elegant Eflfay of his, where he in Monnlgi 
imitation of TlutArch-, maintaines that Beafls tfTiym 
participate with us in the rationality of their difr ? a i ' tno d n< * 
courfes) ftiewes, that even they, that have no e °® * 
voyce at all,by their reciprocall kindnefle, which 
we fee in them, we eafily inferre there are fome 
ether meanes of entercomnunication : their 

B 3 geftures 

6 Chirologia; Or> 

geftures treat , and their motfons difcourfe. 

Non alia longc ratione at que if fa videtur 
Protrahert ad (jeJltim,fueros infantia UngtM. 
No otherwife, then tor they cannot fpeake, 
Children are drawne by fignes their mindet to breake. 

And why not (faith he) as well as our dumbe 
men difpute and tell hiftories by Ognes ? Cer- 
tainly (as he well obfenreth) there is a fociety 
and communion ©f;uftice,fcUow£hip,g<?od wil, 
and af&ftion betweene us and Brutes : they be- 
ing not fo remote from good nature,gentlepeffe, 
andfweetconverfe, but that they can e'xprefte 
their defire of honour, generofitie, induftrious 
fagacity, courage, magnanimity, and their love 
and leare ; neither are they void of fubtilty and 
wifedome. For by reafon of their affinity as it 
Were, and daily converfation with men, they 
get a tincture from us of our manners and faflaw 
pns ♦ and confequently enj'oy akinde of nur- 
ture and teaching discipline, and apprentifing 
by imitation, which does enable them to under- 
stand and expretk themfelves in this language of 
gefture, teaching us by learning of us, that ca- 
pable they be not onely of the in ward difcourfe 
of Reafon, but of the outward gift of utterance 
by gefture : and if there befomc geftures, oi quo? 
that they doe not underftand, fo there areibine of 
theirs which need an Interpreter, a greater Cri- 
tique in their language then 'Democrittts Mtlm~ 
fus, or AfoUonius Thy arum were , who under- 
ftood all the idiomes of Birds and Beaftf, to ex- 
pound them unto us. Tlato in fetting out the 
golden Age under Stturtif, reckons among the 
Chiefeft advantages, this kinde of communica- 
tion. And indeed it is a kinde of knowledge that 


Tfo natural! Language of the Hand. 7 

Adam partly loft with his innocency, yet might 
be repaired in ns, by a diligent obfervation and 
marking of the outward effecTs of the inward 
and fecret motions of beafts. 

This natural! Language of the Hand, as it had 
the happinefleto eft ape the curie at the confu- 
fion or Babehfo it hath fince been fanftificd and 
made a holy language by the expreffions of our 
Saviours Hands ; whofe geftures have given a 
facred allowance to the naturall fignifications e|f 
ours. And God fpeakes to us by the fignes of 
his Hand ("as Bernard obferves ) when he works 
wonders , which are the proper fignes of his 
Hand. Hk eft Digitus 'Dei, fay the aftonifhed 
Magi, when they acknowledged the expreffion 
of a Divine Hand. Thefe fignes in Bernards lafir Bernard. 
guage, are noufteMjhra, blazing and Starrie eg- l^ 
preffions. In another Dialeft ef his Divine Cin »' 3 - 
Hand he exprefles his revealed will to his Pro- 
phets by inspiration, as Kibera notes : which the Ribera 
Prophets in Scripture acknowledge to be the comment. 
(till voice of the Hand of the Lord: Bede takes j"L Pl0 P h - 
notice of another Dialeft or way ofexpreflion g^i^ 
which God ufeth with his Hand, when he per- de Jn djg 
fwades men, working upon them by the exam- utione. 
pies of good workes. After this manner Chrift 
our Lord to his doftrine added the fignes of his 
Ha»d t that is, bis workes : according to that of 
the Evangelift, lefus began to doe and teach. And Aa, 1. 1 
as God fpeakes to us with his Hand by a fopcr- 
naturall way : fo we naturally fpeake to Him, as 
well as unto men, by the apfeale of our Hands in 
admiration, an eft at ion, and vrajer. Nay when 
we are beyond the vocall lines of communica- 
tion with men, and that diftance of place hath 

B 4 made 

8 Chirologia: Or, 

made the bigheft tone of ©ur Tongue too low to 
reach the auditory nerve of one that is remote * 
or when the noifeof forne eare-deafing crowd 
hath rendred our Tongue unferviceable to de- 
clare our mfnde ; we uie the vihble expreffions 
of our Hand, as more loud and demonftrative, 
which are afarre off perceived and undcrftood by 
thofe who were uncapable of an auricular inti- 
mation. And as concerning thofe ntanttaU tx- 
frejponj which we ufe to thofe are lefle diftant 
Jfrom us, the Handis fo ready and cunning to ex- 
pound our intentions, abounding in a (enfe lb 
copious,and fo connaturalla kind of eloquence, 
wherein all things are fo lively exprelt;the Band 
feemes to enter into contestation, and to vie ex- 
prefles with the Tongue ■, and to over-match it in 
{peaking labours, and the ngnificant varietie of 
important motions* that it almoft tranfeends the 
faculty of Art to enumerate the poftures of the 
Hand t and; the difcourfinggejlures which prefenc 
the interpretation of the Minde. Whofemanifeft 
habits rife to fo high an account in the £[W,that 
if their total! fumme could be caft up.they would 
feeme to exceed the numericall ftore of words, 
and the flowry amplifications of Rhetorical! 
Phrafes. For, with our Hands we 

Sue, tntreat, befeecb, folUctte, (all, allure, lit 
flee, Dtfmiffi?, graunt,, Denie, rep?obe, are fuppli 
ant, feare, threaten, abboj, repent, p jap, tnfrruct, 
toitmsffe, accufe, Declare our ftlence, conDemne, 
abfolbe, ftjefo our aftoniujment, pjofer, refufe, 
rerpetf, grte honour, aDoje, toojthtp, &efptfe,pjo 
hibit, refect, challenge, bargains boto, Itoeare, 
impjecate, humour, alloto, gibe foaming, com 
maiiD, reconcile, fabmit, Oefie, affront, offer in 

The natural! Language of the Hand. 

jttrp. complement, argue, btfpufe, efplobe, con 
fate, erbojt, aDmoniw,afftrme,Dittirtgutfo,urge, 
fcoubt, repjocb, mocke, appjobe, Diflike, encou* 
rage, recommenD,fiatter, applaub, eralf .bumble, 
mfult, abjure, peelD,confefl*e, ebertlft, Demanb, 
crabe, coijet, bieffe, number, p?.obe, confirm*, 
congee, falnte, congratulate, eftfertame, gibe 
tbankes, toelcome, biD faretoell, cbtDe,b?atole, 
content, upbjaiD, enbp, retoarb, offer force, pact 
fie, inbite, jufttfte, contemne.Difoaine, Dtfalloto, 
f ojgibe, offer peace, pjemtfe, perfoame, replp, in 
boke, requeff, repell, charge, fattfne, Deprecate, 
lament, condole, bemoane, put in minDe, binDer, 
pjaife, commenD, bjag, boaff, toarranf, atfure, 
enquire, Direct, aDopt, rejopce, ffjeui glabneffe, 
eomplaine, Defpatre. griebe, are fat) and forroto 
full, crp out, betoatl?, fejbtD, Dtfcomrojt, ask, are 
angrr», toonber, abmtre, pittie, attent, o?Der, re 
bukY, fabour, fligbt, 5ifpraife,bifparage, are ear 
netf , importunate, referre, put to compjtmtfe, 
pltgbt our fattb> make a league of friennfljip, 
ft rike one gooD luck, gibe bantifell, take earned, 
bm>, barter, crrtjange, tbeto otir agreement, cr 
pjcffc our liberality, fljeto our benebelence, are 
illibcrall, asfee mercp, erbibit grace, fbeto our 
Dif pleafure, fret, cbafc,fume, rage, rebenge.crabe 
aubience, call for filence, prepare for an apology 
gibe liberty of fpeecb, bit) one take notice, ioarrie 
one to forbeare, keepe off anD be gone ; take ac 
quamtance, confefleour felbes Deceibebbp a mtf 
take, make remonttrance of anotbers errour, 
Uieepe, gibe a pleDge of ait), comfort, reliebe, be 
monflrate, reDargue, perftoaae, rebolbe, fpeakc 
to, appcale, profeffc a foilltngnefle to ftrtke, 
&eto our felbes conbtneet), fap foe knoU) fome 


io CHiROLOGiA;Or> 

fo&at tofcicfc pet toe ijotU not tell, pjefent a t&ecfc 
CO} fflence, pwrnitfe fe*re%|»pje$ our innocence, 
mantfcrt our lotie, enmttp&ile an& Def jitg&fc pjo. 
feofce, fcpperbplwattpertoU, mlargeonr mirifc 
toitij joUttg and trittmpli^nt acclamations of tie* 
ligl)t,tiotc anb figmfo anofters acttonsa&e »» 
iter, place«anD time, a* &oto,te&ere, to^tc* 

7ht natural LwgMic of tbt Hand. u 


Of the 

Speaking motions, difcourfiqg 

gcftures,or habits of the Hand, 


Hiftoricall Manifefto,exempli-» 

fy ing the naturall fignifications of 
thofc Manuall Exprcffions. 

He st pitching out SuppHco. 
of the Hands is a na- Geltus - !• 
turall expreflion of gefture, 
Wherein wee are fignmcantfy 
irnpotfutigte, infreaf, rpqucff, 
fug, folicite, befeecb, and aslj 
mercp anD grgcc at the >tynd§QF others. Hiftory, 
the grave Miftris of the Roils of Action and ma- 
nuall expreffions, from whole #*?rf V vc receive 
the placard of Time,fub{cribedby the reverend 
Kw/af Antiquity, aqd made letters Patents un- 
der the Broad-feale o£ Truth : as (He is the mod 
faithfull guide to the exemplary knowledge of 
any matter pf E^ft oaffed : fo flae prefents a 
lively image of the Hunk pteient eftate, and by 
reflection of her light , aflfqrds fubfidiaric prefi- 
dents and patternes of (ignificant aftions to 
come.For.this Schoole- miftris of our diicourfing 



geftures, contending with a high Hand, that no 
fliiramneftia or aft of oblivion fhould pafle a- 
gainft Nature , by tranfcripts out of her o wne 
Ckiridiograpbictll obfervations, hath fufficiently 
teftified the naturall Ggnification of this Chit'u 
Home t ot proper form of fpeech in the befeecbjttg 

An example of this naturall gefture and ex- 
preflion, we finde to have appeared in the Hand 
of fttlitts, who endeavouring to (atisfie the de- 
fires of (,'otifianUHs t bat thefouldiers forcing him 

Ammian. t0 a^P 1 °^ thc ^ e '°f -^H^f s * w "^ a refotye 
Marcelliii. and well grounded minde withftoqd them all 
hb.ip. and fome, one time (hewing himfelf to be wroth 
and highly difpleafed, other whiles Stretch- 
ing forth his Hands, requeuing and be^ 
feecljtng them to forb'eare their unfeafonable of- 
fer. When *Annibal after the batta ile of Cmiiia 
had granted the Romanes the favour and liber- 
Livielib. VJ to redeeme their prifoners, and M. Junius 
2 2. had ended his Oration in the Senate, immediate- 
ly the multitude that were gathered together in 
the common place, fet up a lamentable and pi- 
teous cry, and held out theirHands to 
the Councell-houfe, bereecbtrrjj the Lords of the 
Senate that they might have and injoy their 
children, their brethren, and kinsfolkes againe. 
Plutarch The Noblemen in the behaife of Ceriolattits ufed 
in the hfe this gefture of the Hand when Sicimus the Tri- 
ofCorio- k ane had pronounced fentence of death upon 

lanas. hini ^ for> f omg of t jj em HoLDING F0RTH 

t h e i r H a nds to the people,b0fought them not 
to handle themfo cruelly.Thus MavUhs and Tul- 
vIhs comming unto Tiber'ms with teares in their 
eyes, and holding up their hands, be* 


The natural! Language of the Hand. i % 

fought him to let the Law tAgraria alone,which Pint, in 
he would then have parted. And Plutarch in that &c life of 
notable defcription of ts£mititts triumph relates, T ^ ,HS 
how King Perfem children were led prifonerls * 

with the traine of their Schoolmafters and other 
Officers and their fervants, weeping and lamea- 


the people that looked upon them, and taught '' fc . of 
the Kings young children to doe the like, to afiffce ^l[ ms , 
mercp anD grace at the peoples Hands. The 
force of this expreflion hath fometimes remained 
in the Arme when the Handh&th beene loft. For 
lAmjnias the brother ofo£fchyltts the Tragedi- 
an, when the people oftsftkens would have fto- 
ned his brother for fome impiety brought on the j£U Mm 
Stage, he held up his Elbow and Arme without a var.Hift. 
Hand, loft at the fight at Salamis: by which fpe- hb.^cap, 
ftacle the Judges calling to mindc the merits of '?' 
tAmjnlMy difmiffed the Poet. 

Scripture, the mod facred Spring of pregnant 
Metaphors,and lending geftures,among other of 
thefe kind of fpeaking apparitions, or divine ele- 
gancies,which are able to iririch a fanftified un- 
derftanding, the Hebraifmes and myfterious no- 
tions refulting from the properties of the H«nd t 
doe everywhere obtaine, by divine permiflion, 
an ineffable latitude of fignifications:whofe vul- 
garifmes varied through mch multiplicity of fen- 
fes, are of that note and confequence, that they 
much conduce to the advancement of the digni- 
ty and reputation of the Hand. Among other 
remarkable expreffions borrowed from the 
Hand, wherein God ispleafed to condifcend to 
the capacity of man, and to cloath His expreffi- 
ons in the naturall language of our Wand. That of 


14 CHlROLOGlAtOr, 

the Prophefie of the Prophet Jfdlab hath refe. 
Ifai. 6 j.z. rence to this requeuing gefture, where thelord 
complaining after the manner of men, fkith, he 
had stretched out his HANbs all day to 
a rebellious people. 



habit of 2J>.eDof ton, and a naturall and univerfall 
Forme of ^jawer» praftifed by th6fe who are in 
aWerRip, andin bitter angutuj of SgJittDei and by 
thofewho gtfce pbltquetpitfces nift p^aife tb 
tfo ttwtt $igh\ Thus we acfchofole&Sfc our offeri* 
ce0, asKe mercp, beg. reltcfe, pap our tiotoes, f m* 
. p$eeate, tomplatne, lutntiti, tnfcoKe, and are i<$< 
iTim..z.t pliant. Hence 'tis the Scriptures doe molt em- 
phatically define wa?er by, this outward figrie, 
not that this {peaking habit of the Hand is all or 
the moft principall part of Demotion, for, Hyppb* 
crites, as if fired with ^eale, extend theu 
Armes and Hands, who yet but mock God 
by feerrring to Djato ntgb unto Him, when their 
Hearts belte their Wandt. But, this gefture is an 
outward helpe unto Demotion*, appointed by the 
ordinance of Nature to exprefle the ||olp feffjOWr 
of our affettions. For fince it is impoffible by r ea- 
ion of our great infirmitie, weflbould with our 
foaring thoughts move beyond the centre of our 
bodies; weftaridinneedof fome outward help 
to declare the afcenfton of our infoarb ?eai&, 
which we reveale by the extension ot 
our Hands , which fupplying the place of 
Wings, 'helpe our hearts in their flight upward. 
For unleffe our hearts are polluted with the 
leaven of hypocrifie, they raife the heart to the 


The nMrdl Uttguage tftht Hand. 1 5 

throne of grace, Before which we prefent our 
fttppluattotuf. But the Soul being invifible, unles 
Ihe (hew her felfe by demonftration of gcfture. 
the Hand was inftituted Surrogate, and Vicar of 
of the Heart, to teftifie by outward gefture, the 
offering ahD lifting up of the !jj&art,and that our 
pjawr0 are fertouflp peuVeti out frdrri tfois hottome 
of our 3l5?eaftHence in thofe facred Monuments 
that keepe alive the memories of the Dead, whe- 
ther their effigies be exhibited in brafle or marble 
their monumentall Statues are commonly he w'd 
into this forme of BJBPet • From the practice and 
naturall propenfity of the Hands to. prayer, as 
from the premiffes, tAthanaftus (as it is likely) 
drew this conclufion : That therefore man had 
Hands given him.that they might iervc to necef- 
fary ufcs.and to be spread eorth and lif- 
ted up in offering maper to Him who made 
them. It being vn all hands confcft, that this ge- 
fture is an originall rite, and a piece of the difci- 
pline of Mature, polifhed alfo by the rule of rea- 
lbn, and folemniz'd by the examples and exhor- 
tations of wife men. for there was no Nation 
intruded in any kinde of piety, who did not 
know before handby atacite acknowledgement 
of a God, that the Hands in pjat>cr were to bee 
Hftedup. Omnes homines * tendinms mantis ad AriA.Ub. 
Caelum cnm \_pr*ces funMrnus^zytts that 'Ptihcefc liund. 
ofPeripatetiques. And Gebrias in Xenopbon feems Xenoph. 
to confirme the fame. tApuleius elegantly and ^'kiiis 
roundly to this purpofe. Habitus orantiumhlc eft t ^t j e 
t/t * manibus extenjis in ctklum [jracitftHr.'JVQ this mundo. 
purpofe Horace. 

* Catafuplnas JiiuhrU mar.tts. itorac; 

And Lttcretim of the fame gefture, J-. llctct ' 

i6 CHiRoLOGiA:Or, 

. .. .—Et *pandere palmat 
tAntc t Deum delubra. — 
Ped.Al- And Tedo Albin. joyhing in the harmony of all the Heathen Prophets, 
carm. j4 t q. 4//^ de plebe plus, pro pauper e nato 

L,V m d * SuftuleratXjimidas~\jidera ad alt a manui. 

vlr^L* Hence farbas in VurgU is laid 
^neid. Malta lovem*manibus £ fufplex oraffe~\fupinit, 
idem lib. Thus AncUfes in the fame Poet, 
3 . £.neid. At pater i/inchifes paffis * de littore palmtt 

Numinamagnavocat. • - 

Idem li.5. So fleavthus, 

Ni* palm as ponto tendens tttrafq; Qeanthut 
j^Fudijfetq; prices, divofc invota vocafet.^ 
Ovid.Iib. Thus C re JF* ^ Ovid, 
8. Metam. *adSyderafuppleX 

C re f[ a manus tollens 
Sil.Ital. So Scipio in Sil. ltalicus> 
lib.4. * Sublatii in Caelum manibus [jracatur.^ 

Their manner was to turne themfelves to the 
Eaft, with an erefted countenance, Hand s o- 


Whence Valerius Flaccut, 

Imperat hiuc*alte Phtebi /urgent is ad or hem 

Plutarch Ferre manus . 

in the lifelnthis poftare we finde tAntonius lifting 

of Anto- u p h 1 s Hand s to « e a v e n, making a ttya 

niuj. pitable pja^er to the gods for his army when he 

Idem in was to encounter the Parthians. And lM. Fu- 

l i! e ''.m of ™* J C amillMS " fed the fam e gefture of his WancU 
Camillus. in his p ;a p 0r at the taking of the Citie Veiet. 

Idem in Thus Alexander in his third battaile with *25*- 
the hfe of rw, before he gave charge upon the enemies, 
Alex.the jj e t ooke his Lance in his left hand, and h o l d - 

The naturaQ Language of the Hand' i J 


fought t^egO&0 (as Caftfihefies writetb) that if it th« life *l 
were true he was begotten of. Jupiter, that it« 
would pleafe them that day to htlpe him j and rcat " 
to encourage the Grecians: And the Heathens 
when they came forth in the morning to plough, 
they laid one Band upon the (tilt of the plough; 
and lifted the other, up to fires thegod- 
defleofCorne : beginning both their actions of 
warre and peace with this gefture. So remark-* 
able was the mixt and double office wherein 
Nature hath intereffed the Hand, For as we raife 
thefeto Heaven , fo with them we worke ; and 
the H<o«< thrive* bat ill that workes, unlefle it 
piapes : which thefe Heathens by the inttinft of 
Nature were wrought to acknowledge. And 
themoft defperate Atheifts and Hypocrites, in 
fome extremities and damages , doe li ft ufr 
their, ioyned Hands to heaven, as a 
figne and token of fome Defectum* though they 
have no faith nor beliefe. ^[Thusalfo they gafce 
tftanft0. It is reported that when Anhidamas 
had overcome the Arcadians, and returned home Plu.'arrh 
victorious to Sparta, from that tearleffe battaile; ,n lhc 1,f - nor woman would keepe the City, ^* geCl ~ 
but came flocking down to the River fide, hol- 


tbanfeeD the goDs, as if their City had redeemed 
and recovered her fliame and loft honour, and 
began to rife againe as 6efore it did. And to the 
fignification of this gefture that of Virgil may be Virgil. , 
referred. " JEn-ddti 

*Sufiuttt exutts vinclis ad fyderaf almas. 
The iiFT.iNGup the H s ANDsinpjapcr< ash 
k a naturall expreffion,fo it feeens neceflary, for 

C God 

1$ Chir ologia: Or, 

God requireth the whole man ; there being a 
woe pronounced to fainting Hands t th&t is, which 
faint in prayer. When Mtfes held up his 
Ex.17.". Hand s, 7/r<w/ prevailed :^>ut when Mofet 1 e t 
his Hands down, tsfmalech prevailed. And 
when Adofes Hands were heavie, they teoke a 
ftone and put it under him, and he fate upon it : 
and Aaron and Hut ftayd up his Hands the one 
on the oneiide, and the other on the other fide ; 
f© his Hands werefteady untillthe going downe 
©ftbfcSunne: zmdfo/xah difcomfited Amaltch. 
Philo Ju- Upon which Pbilo allegorizing, the wes that vi- 
gu« m ftor i ous g e ft ure G f UHofes Hands doth fignifie 
xo ' that by the tjertue anD intention of piaper all 
things are overcome t or it implyes the elevation 
of the intellect to fublime contemplations!, and 
then Amalech, that is, the affections are over- 
Origen Origen defcanting upon the pofture of Mofes 
Hom. 1 1 . Hands ■, obferves that hee did elevate, not extend 
in ExoJ. jjj $ Hands, that is his work's and aUions to God, 
and had not his Hands deiected. He 
lifts up his Hands, that lapcsup tres- 
fure in beaten* For where we lohc, thither re- 
forts the eye and the Hand. He that keepes the 
Law, orecomes ; he that doth not, lets Amaltch 
ElnsCre- Bliat Cretenjls thus: This gefture of CMofts 
mcntm" 1 ' H< "^'' i*7°ulooketo that which falls under the 
w .™" n afpeet of the eye fignifies pjaper. Hence in an 
cir «. old Scheme of flodovaus there are two armes e- 
N.iz. reeled to Heaven, fupported by two others, with 
this Motto, Tut i s s i mu s, with reference to the 
s>ii.Perra conquering Hands of Jtiefes. To teach Com- 
Siutt.. rr.anders, that gietpftrikes the greateft ftroke in 


The natural! Language eftbe Hand, i^ 

allbattailes. Gortyi us Who with an over ftrai- Gorop. fa 
tied phancie following his owne conceit, makes . H / e i S'* 
Ufe of the naturatl expreflions of the Hani,' for *' 
the waiting the Ciiubrian or old Teutohfcjue 
tongde into the preheminencieS of the original!, 
language, prefenrs his fuperftitious obfervatiens 
thils: To joyne the hands in prayelyand fo to 
applie.their upper parts to the mouth, doth fig- 
nifie that men in prayer (hould (eeke to be con- 
JoynM fO one that is moft High : and becaqfe 
prayer proceeds from the mouth, and the Hmdk 
upright with the mouth tranfverfe,feeme to deli- 
neate a Roman T,he hath another inference front 
that fimilitude. 

The Stretching out the Hands to 
God is fometimes taken in Scripture for the 
acfettotdleDgement of an offence, as inthepjawr i King. 8. 
of Solomon at the confecration of the Temple: j8. 
and Solomon p3a?tttg , stretched forth, Kina< 
His Hands to be Ave n after this manner, 3.12.°' 
And thus Mofei pjaPtngsTRs etched out Exod.?. 
his Hands unto the Lord. Thus fudai a?-& 3;. 
Macchabeus encountring the army.of 2{icani>r, aMaccb. 


heaven, and called upon the Lord that wor- 
kerh wonders. %To the fignification of anguifli 
and affliftion belongs that of the Prophet Jcre- 


and there is none to comfort her. For they who ir 7« 
j>?apfortletimessTA.Kf ch out theirHanps 
&fomtimes lift them up. Hence Lmretits,\o 


pen* dilate, and unfold that which was ftraitned 
andfoldedin. To spread out the Hand is s y lvAt - 
atlfo to Hft it trp ; but to e x t e n d , irto ereft and lr S- 


20 Cairologia: Or, 

raife themup.Sjp he expounding the facredfenfe 
S.Hilhr. of thefe fpeajting geftures of 4#«per. S . BiU*r\* 
in Pfalm. y^y elegancy diftinguiflieth, betweene the e x- 
pansion andELEVATioNofthe HWs,which 
in this matter of pjaper, are pronaifcuouflyuled 
PfaUj.4. in Scripture. So upon that of the Pfalmift, I will 
riFTUP my Hands in thy Name, hecdothnot 
take k tor the habit of Ujapfog, but for a declara- 
tion of a worke of a high elevation. So like wife 
Pfa. 140.1 upon fuch a paflage of another Pfalme : Let my 
prayer be fet forth before thee as incenfe, and 
thexiFTiNGUP of my Hands as the evening 
S.PjuIco g>amfec0. He (hewes that the Apoftle where he 
Timoth. exhorts them to lift up pure Hands, hee does 
not appoint a habit of paging, but addes a rule 
Ifaiah. c f x>tioim operation. So the noble Prophet, 
when you spread forth your Hands, I 
will hide mine eye* from you ; yea, when you 
make manppjapera 1 will not heare : if you e x- 
tend your Hands, not if you lift them 
up ; but if you extend your Hands :becaufe 
the habit of plater is in the spread out Hands; 
but the power of a perfect worke is in the ele- 
vation. Therefoie the lifting up the 
Hand s is an dfctientng Sacrifice, But this, for 
all I can Hnde, is but the peculiar fancic of this 
lather. For furely the e lev ation as well as 
the expansion or stretching out of 
the Hands, are both fignificantly naturall in 
s.Hier m. thisfenfe. Indeed S f . H*Vra»*drawes. thefe two 
in Fxod.9 geftures ofjprayer into Allegories, not much un- 
andjob lik e> thus:TosEND forth the Hand to God, 
as it were to feeke out forreliefe, is to direct our 
actions to him, and not to worke for vain glory* 
Heallo spreads forth his Hands to God, 


Tbetaturati Language of tbt Hand. 21 

who dilates in the evaporation of a vain mouth: 
and who againft the grace of the Giver, is proud 
of thevirtueof his worker, 

Ctlvin in his Comment upon Timothy i(Upon.GaIvin. 
which place Cornelius a Lapide hatb alfo noted comment. 
many things ,) obferving that the Apoftle hath ,n * T ' m ' 
put the figne of prayer for the thing figaified, 
fayes that this expreflion of gefture is very a- 
greeable to true piety ; fo the verity that is fign»* 
red thereby doe anfwer the fignifi.caripii;to witj 
that being by. nature admoniflied* th»t God is 
to be fought for in heaven, that firft wee flaould 
put off all terrene and tfarnall imaginations of 
Him,that nothing may. hinder us in thecaifingol 
our felves above the world. Idolaters and Hy<- 
pocrites, in lifting up the^r^^-Iands in 
prayer, ate bat Apes> Who while they by the 
outward Symbol proiefle to hav« their mindes 
erected upwards, the firft of them iUekc in the 
wood and ftone, as if God were inclosed there? 
the fecond fort intangled in vaine cares*, or wic- 
ked cogitatioos, lye groveling onthcearth, and 
by a contradiction of gefture, beare witneffe a- 
gainft themfelves. 

The: Ancients are very copious in exprcfling 
thefe outward formes of DC'COtiQH in the H*»<<f, 
for they fay, the Hands stretched out-, put 
iorth, holden'abroad, expanses and 
erected, and aJUo imply the naturall pief p of 
the H*»4inthis expreffion. With T.ertuBiait the 
Htodr thuSaffeclcd are e.js p a n s 'd : with Virgil, 
HOjieiiNAB ro ad : as Jfiwtniuj interpreteth the 
a<ft*on*j they are the open and extended 
Hands. And in this gefture many things are 

C 3 Mai- 

%% Chirologia: Or» 

MaUondt conceives the meaning of this na- 
turall elevation of the Hands is to teach 
us that peahen is the tbjone, ano as it taere the 
iCatbedjall temple of <25oo. <P<W«.f thinks* this 
gefture fhewes that d&od is on btgb. and that all 
qoo(L tbmgsaretobebopedfo? at ^ts ^anost 

CrefaHius fayes, that this deportment of our 
hands decides that toe affectionately ft? unto 
the paotection of ©od our heabenl&Father, Even 
as little children diiabled by fome fright witb 
ftretcht out Hands run into the lap of their pa- 
rents: or as men in the mid ft of flaipwracke 
ftretch out their Bunds to fome friendly Saviour. 
For, fince the force of this Organmt orgaitonm, 
the Hand, the inoft excellent inftrument?ofcon> 
won life doth chiefly confift in three things in 
Giving^ 'DotMgitid RepellingyVtho L ifts u*. his 
Hands feems Wholy to deltber and commit fetal* 
felf ant> a«*that be is into the facred \ptya of the 
;fal. 1 19. <®05beaD, as if with Vavid he had his foule in his 
03, Wand: from the Right-hand of Cfesritp, and ' the 
1 Sam. $tft-hand of ^eale, both jfoynM together to 
lude 1 Ria * (e l ^ CK i ntcn " ons mor e acceptable, as from- 
Jobi/'i^ the living cenferorincerifc-pan of prayer, there 
J ' ' afcends,in a fweet kind of articulated 
fpeaking favour of thefe figniicttions. 

O parent of the SKHojld ! <©od, th* matt* ot 
all things I this faulcatt that 31 am, a tbon« 
land times Due to tbp spwfy and gr»dc«» 
CDoodneffe, 3 render anD refer to its jfounfcrtw 
and £)?igtnall. ®2lbat e*re tag Hands can dw, o> 
mptaeite undcrffanding and ihduftr^endeatwwr* 
let it be 2Dbtne 1 Cbee (reduced bp ill couhfttt) 
3lbabeu)itbtt?od 9 and lifte a tojetch rejected tbp 



Thg naturall Language of the Hand. % $ 

Gifts, ana bp toictwD rhael>mation0 repelled antr 
Hnotone tbem frommee, BeholDm? ^an&si 
tobtcbtftboupleafe tommanDto be bomtD, atto 
mce, an nntoojtbP 2Cra>>to;, (tobo bate f«m'& 
tottb a btgb banc) to be Djatone totwrtifljmentr 
fobo baci not ltt>'&,unleffe Cfoou tja&ft lent niec 
life ; tobttb 3 bate abH**D, anD rebelliowflp Ctrct* 
(bed out mp ^ano agafirft g;bee,to mp otone ue- 
ffrtutton, anD tbe reload* ano DUhtmoiir of SCb? 
j^ame. All tbefe hgnificant expreftions (is CrefaH. 
Crefeiittj hath happily obfcrvd> are contain'd mMyftig. 
in this Gefture. llb <?> 

S.Augnftuu very elegantly and fwettly gives us 
the rationality and religious convenient^ of fhi* 
manuall expiefiion. When men in prayer S.Aug. 

STRETCHT OUT THEIR HANDS, Or ufe ally" de cml 

vifible expreflions,they doe that whlehis agree- P™ mort - 
able to the cafe of a fuppliantt.although their in- ' D ' !f * 
vifible will & intention-of their heart be known 
te God ; neither doth hee ftand in need of fuch 
declarations that themindeof man faould bee 
laid open before bim : but by this gcfture man 
doth more rouse up htmfelfe to pjai? and groane 
more humbly and fervently : And I know not 
how, whereas thefe motions of the body cannot 
be done, unleffe the inward motions of the mind 
precede, the fame thing againe being* made ex- 
ternally vifible, that inteiiour invif&le which 
caufed them is increafed.and by this the affection 
of the heart, which preceded as the caufe before 
the efreft, for fo much as they are done, doth en- 
creafe. Andindeed this outward addition or ad* 
Junftof ^ietPsthe o-PENiNGani lifting up 
of The Hands is a naturall manifeltatien of 
the tnttiobtiteffe and (ntsgritP of the heart, and 

C 4 of 

^4 C h i r o l o <s i a : Ori 

of the ffncedtp of the affections. For deceit na- 
toally hath no, wil, though hypocrifie fometimes 
may affect toidilatc and extend the Hand. And 
the.fympathy is fo ftro,ng. betweene theHwr/f 
and the H*»<*, that a holy thought can no fooner 
inlarge the erected Heart* but it workes upor* 
the Hands which are r a i s e d to this expreffion, 


their capacities. Upon this naturall mo- 
tion or expofition of the minde, Saint Chrjfo. 
Chryf. fi ome fctsa morall gloffe. This xiftin oupoi 
Sioral. our Hands fhould put us in mind to take heed 
pf fin, left, we defile our Hands there witlu Since 
it is very abfurd, that thole who are to bee the 
Trouchmen and Interpretours of prayer and di- 
vine administrations, ihouM alio he theinftru- 
ments of wickedneffe : for if we fay it is not ho- 
»eft for a man to pray with dirty and unwafhea 
Hands ; how much more naughtinefle will that 
expreflion be tainted with, to lift up H anus 
pot dirty, but defiled with the pollutions of fin. 
iftnd in thisfenfe wafbingof Hands was ufed by 
Bioft Nations before prayer,. This ManmU ef 
|Y*jf<rasahelpe<«> Hand, the Chriftians in all 
ages have diyerfly ufed for the furthering their 
Demotion, as may be coUeftcd out of the Eccle* 
Tcrtul. dc fufticall records of Time, Tert/tjlia* renders* 
*«• reafon thereof thus :• Chriftians r#aj? with 
?fkead out Hands, becaufe our Hands, are 
fjarmleffe; bare-headed, becaufe we are not »<■ 
framed} and without a aionitor,becaufe we pray 
•/#/ iromthebrealr. For the moftpart they lift e d 
thim u?. Which Tertttffian wouldhave mo- 
deftly done, not as mad-men who pray Hando- 
ver Head, For this grave Fathef reporting and 


The natural! Language of the Hand. 15 

praifing the roodefty and humility of the Primi- 
tive Chriftians, hath left this camion for a rule in 
prayer : Adoring with moDettie and humtlitte, 
we doe more commend our papers to God, not 
fo much as our Hands more loftily held up, but 
temperately and horleftly erecW. Sometimes 
Chriftians did not indeed lift up their Hands on 
hisb.butdid extend them out here and 
there into the figure of Chfifts fuffering^ 
Hence in a Medall of Qordian the : godly,tberei» picriuj in 
anlmage lifting up the 1 s*read out Hieroglyp. 
Hands to Heavbk, with this inscription 
fittectto the device, Pittas nAughfia. And E»f*J 
ft** hath left a merrfonall, that Cbnfiantine was 'itConft. 
wont to be figured in Coines and p^imted Table? " 4 c " ' s ' 
withhi$HXNDS holden abroad, and hi9 
eyes lift up to Heaven, which he calls Thehatit 
andcompofitio»of*JPrajer. Doctor 'Domain re- 
ference to the Symbolical! tignification of the 
Gefture calls it €$nfiamncs Gatechifticali 

Tfie fame Authoj in a Sermon ftpon Jth 16.17 Dr.Donr* 
ice. upon thefe Words, Not for any injttflice S«m.ij. 
in my Hands: alfo mj Trajer it- pure; accor- 
ding to his elegant way of descanting uporr 
the emphaticall expreflfons of holy Writ, 
hath many notions about noctur-nall and diur- 
nallcleanneffeandfoalneffe of Hands; and ob- 
ferving that the holy Ghoft hath fo marshalled 
anddilpofed the Qualifications of prayer in that 
place, as that there H no pure prayer without 
cleane Hands, which denote righteoufnefleto* 
wards man; comming to fpeakd f of the ge- 
fture, asd obferving that Afo/wrprayer had na 
effc& longer then IusHands were li fte d 


z6 Chi rologt A:Or> 

ur : All this (faith he) perchance therefore efpe~ 
$jially, thatthis lifting up of the Hands 
brings them into oar light, then we can fee them, 
and Tee whether they be cJeane,or no j and con- 
sider, that if we fee imparity in our Hands, God 
fees impurity in our prayer, Can we thinke to re- 
ceive cafe from God with that Hand that oppref- 
fes another?, mercy from God with that Hand 
that exercises cruelty upon another ? or bounty 
fromGod with that HW that withholds right 
ffom another i And to adde Jby a little enlarging 
his owne words in another f lace. How can we 
expert God jEbould ofien withhisH<i»<& of bene- 
diction, who ihut up our )Aa*ds s and that, which 
k due to another, in them>? How much more 
then, if we ftrike with Aof e Bands by opprefli- 
©n, or (as Ef*i*b) we lift up the blpndy iUtids of 

At this d*y the common habit of praying in the 
Church, is, as pertainingtto the Handset oioyk 
the Hands, moderately lift them, 
up, or rehgioufly cut then* by ten parts into the 
forme of thejetter X/ holding them in that man- 
ner before the breaft : which manner of prayer 
Crtfo&im calls Mantts decufatof. In the Rpmifh 
Church which doth (uperabeund in the extemall 
adjuncts of S&efeottWT, and where the Rabriqael 
direct to varying formes of manuall cxpreffions 
at the word Qrentus, there is alwayes annexed 
fomeemphaticaU behaviour of the ffand. Hence 
kitheMaffewhenthc Prieft faith Oremnu hee 
ExTE«DETH,andtheniovNs his Hands. 
By the extenfion of his H*«k he gathereth as it 
were the hearts of the people: by the jo)ning 
of hfs Handt together^ he doth amaffc them into 

one j 

The natural! Lamage of the Hand. 27 

one ; Which is the gloffe of WueUm*i upon thitf Huelamus 
Romifh rite. The many geftkaba«*K-of the*<fecerem. 
Hands and FiHgefs fo ceremonioafly «r6ubldbiii«* Mlfl ** 
in the Ma<Te,wflofe myfterious fejtsfts Betlarmn^ 
'DnrUndtts in ritibtis Eccllrfid, and GwAntHs in his 
large Comment upcfti : their Rubriqaes, hatb fd 
copieufly explained,- W*s one tfrmg that made 
the Maffe (o unekfie to bee (aid; of oMbythfc 
Hand* ok evrrv Sir l»hn, as reoiifriog one Very 
well trained up ito fhe?r , Schooki of divine com* 

This is the Manual of Prayer, and 'PraVkice »f 
Fktf, commended by ?Jature unto us, as a ftit$- 
fcittafliftant to our private devotions; whieh e%- 
preffed in one of the moft fignifkarit Diakft* tfl 
the generall language^ the Body, is more v*P 
caltand effe&uall, then the texpt&atfom ofth« 
Tonga* ; and more teiigiottflyfrrBe t&thefoafe 
in eife of extremity, which i&manfteft by thet* 
nfo in *his Chriftfen excrctfe, wftett the vole* 
cannot expreffe or perfbrme h« oftace : for, ttfe 
*fo»2<?riafcted by Nature to ftpply^tedefeftof'i 
VtealMfiterfrttour , hath concttlttfed "the ic* of 
prayer, andprefefltedowwy vifibte petitions ft) 
the^ye of CompafHon, wfiich unferftand* the 
groaning Geftures^aftdduirib ejacUtirtiofl^of thi 
Hand. And thi^itbftetFobfefVetfinreiSgioHS 
men, in*xtremity olficknefle, wh6fe'i%Mw in 
the time of health haVHte beene' afed to accom- 
pany andhtxhibit theirrequefts tb heaven,' as the 
laft fervid they can'doe the foulfe and body* 6f- 
fcr tbemtelves in tftte" 2>tmiHgSiicrifice of hfe.To 
r^afle by common mftancet, it is reported offhaC 
karned and reverend 1 Do&or of*oifrChurch>that B- An - 
he was tows in bufacrificiis,a\wrfcs imploy'd in drewcs « 



this reafonable fervicc Gad requires f at our 
i&ttufx; and toward .the timefOfhis-ditfQUitioty 
his Hands were never empty of n&aper; and when 
be could p$ap no longer f «?*> with hisvoke, yet 

iMflifas & eCMlfSyby LIFTINQUP THg Hacids 

ajjdeyes, heepjapeDftill: and when weaknefle 
and neceffity pf Naturehad excluded thefe ex- 
ternall accidents of devotion, the Uandr and 
voyce failing la their hinftion, with his heart be 
prayed ftUlt, as was perceived in him by fome 
outward tokens. 

Koro. TOwrik^ the Hands is a naturallex- 
{jeft.lil. ,J| preflion of erceffttie grtefe, ufed by thofc 
who cotffiele, hetoatle, and lament. Of which 
FrincX. Gefture that elegant Expofkour of Nature hath 
Veruiam g$gn'dthisreafon. Sorrow which diminiflieta 
Nat. Hilt, jj^ j^jy k a fjp^ S) provokes t>y wringing of the 
ininde, tcarcs, the fad exprefllions of the eyes; 
Which are produced andcaufed by the contra- 
ction of the fpirits of the Braine, which contra- 
ction doth ftrainc together, the moifture. of the 
JJraine, containing thereby teares into the 
eyes ; from which compreffion of the Braine 
proceeds the hard wringing of ths 
Hands, which is a Gefture of expretfion of 
fhoyfturc. This c omb e c ti n a. T i on or we e - 
rzNG cRossBro^the H 4*4 .inelegantly defcti- 
Apulciui be^bytyfpuUufs, in, thefe words, Palmttlit inter 
lib. j. attentat digitoXtm vicijfipih&ftt fftper genua con- 
Miles. ntxUi fie ^atatumecgimikfatns ubertimfebam. 
Where, as Grtf&ms obfervep* face hath rightly 
coojoyned tbisGefture of the Hands with toeep 
i«g and teares- For'tis the declaration of a mind 
iaugtitfttMg ft; grief, and atatoft fgn&ano ftea 


The natural Language of the Hand. %$ 

richtoitb fometje&ement affliction. Which the Gregor. 
brother-pi JBaJjl the Great, elegantly letting out Nyffen 
toeurey^s, faith, Qem^lodis matins *dintu cem-?* at -7'^- 
flic*, *tqne tnvs ctgitatianibus £<»g«r*.] So alfo jj* p^," 
fDio Cbryfoflemut among the arguments and (*„$ rat. 
figaes of mourning and lamentation* puts down itf. 

*M4pumc^plic4tioaei t hHmi/\dec<l 
the. folding and wringing- o* x h '» 
Hand s in the naturall equipage of fojrotD,hath 
ever pafled for a note of lamentation. Hiftory, 
the miftris oflife, and right Hand of experience, 
which is the mother of Prudence; holding up the 
Mirroar to Nature,wherein fhe may fee her own 
actions reprefentcd in their true and lively co- 
lours, affords fome confirming reflection of this 
Gefture. Wee reade that when Hetiodorus that Ammian. 
hated favourite of the Emperour Valtns was dead Marcellin. 
and his corps carried forth to bee buried by the llb, . ia - 
Beir-hearers , Ydens commanded that many 
(hould attend on foot bare-headed* yea,and fome 
alfo with Hand in Hand, and fingers 


before the ciirfed coarfc of that bloudy villaine. 
Who (had not the Emperours command extor- 
ted this formality of fojrofo from their Hands) 
had milled of fo folemne exequies and interment. 

TO throw up The Hands to heaven AHmfror 
is an expreflion of a&miration, amazement, Geft.iv. 
and allonift»rkent,ufed alfo by thofe who fiattec 
andfoonDerfuUppjaife ; and hate ethers in biaf) 
regafl), or evtoll anothers fpeech or action, the 
firft time that this expreflion appeared in the 
Hand of Man, was certainly upon occafion of 
fome new unerpecteD acciucnt, for which thty 


jo Chirolog iA:Or, 

gatie tharmeato God, who had fo apparettflj 
manif cftcd the aft of his Beneficence. And as it 
Franc, isafigneafamafement, tis an appeals unto the 
Ver {J: Deity from whofe fecret ©peratidn all thofe 
aat.Hifl, won( j ers pj-oceed which £b trahfeend our reafon , 
Which while wee cannot comprehend, wee 
raise our Hands to heaven, thereby ae 
ImotoleDgmg the ^anD ana $ tnger of ®ob. Aqd 
that this is a ttaturall, arid fo by confequence an 
univerfall etpreffion of the H«»rf, appeares by 
the generall ufe ofthisGefture with all Nations; 
That paflage of pttnl/tts is well knd wn. ^Admi- 
t-ans^ait hie* manufq; tottens 1>ii honi ! &c.To 
Horaclib. which intention of gefture Horace alludes, 
I i;Sar. 5 . Jntforttti&tt Amat \Jattd*rt\ donee oht jam 

* Isfd cafftmmambns fublatis ! dixerit-—' 

Cicero in To this apptTtaines that of ficero. WorttnpHt *u- 

Acadcm. te vehementer^_admirans"^qu<id quidem perpetm Lh* 

Idem lib. en/lo loqttente fecerat ,ut etiam * manus fap'e tolleret ! 

7.epift. ad And that of his in another phce.*Sxft*limusma- 

Caefarem. ^ HSe g ut Balktts ! ttt illudneftio qtiid,nonfortuttfim 

feddivtMum'VideretHr.A.nd to this is referred that 

Liv.lib. 14 (jfLivie. ts4dquam vocem cum clamor irrg-ettti alt' 

critate fublatUs efiet ac nunc complexi inter fegra. 

tulentefque nntic * manus ad caelum ttllentei ! &c. ' 


Gett.V. J[ feAiNh anothe r, is an expreflidn pro- 
per to them who applauD, congratulate, rejoice, 
aflent, app?ot>e, and are Uiell pleafeD, ufed by 
all Nations. For, applatife as it is a vulgar note 
of encouragement, a figneof rejopctng, and a to- 
ken and figne of gitrtng pjatfe, and allotoance, 
Cicero ad doth wholly co nfift in the Bands. Whence fi- 
Attic. cert, PopnluS Romantis mums fust non in defend*** 


The mturai Language iftkt Hand, 3 1 

da liber tate, fedittfUndendo cotifkmit t Which hee 
fpake of theatricall applatife exhibited by the 
Hand of old. Xenophen expreffeth this aflfeftioft Xcnopft. 
of the minde in a very cleare and eloquent kinde $-™ p 
of fpeech, in thefe words : PrilmipulHs qui nos 
froxime difcumbebat, rem intuitu r, manus thviceiH 
comp/o/tt,ride»j'<jue Utabatur And Wtfteftm in the WemCyr." 
fame Author fpeakes unto Cym in thete words : 1,b « 8 « 
%Jnum folum'tgnoro, quittum m 4t *fl. vfurusfim tie 
gnudere bonis tuts : utrum mantium coucujjione uten- 
dum eft t a» ridendum^an aliudfaciendumfVtds pab- 
Iique token hath bcene of old, and is fo ufuall in 
theaffemblyof a multitude, when they cannot 
contain their jop in filence, that there is nothing 
more common with them then by clapping 
their Hands, to fignific their fjxeeDing jog 
andglaDrtefffe of heart, in fo much as all Hiftories 
both ptophane and (acred, abound with exam- 
ples of this expreflion t out of which infinite 
ftore I (hall produce but one or two for confir- 
mation of this point. When Jeboiadab the Prieft z Kings 
caufed Ioajb the fonne of tAhazj* to be crowned l »•* *• 
King, and had brought him our, and given him 
the teftimony, they made him King, and anoin- 
ted him, and they clapped their Hands, 
and (aid, God fa ve the King. Which gefture rc- 
taines the fame fignification in divers other pla- So Nab. 
ces of Scripture. When (,'alus Valerius entred the Hlt - 
City of Rome ovant the affectionate fatJOur of Pftl.47.1. 
the people that ftood in the ftreets appeared by s?* 8 * 
clapping of Hands, and great - applatfTe» JJivJib 4*" 
ftriving a vie to exceed the fongues chaunted by p. u ' ta h * 
the Souldiers. When the Senate had granted the in ' , j, c i,f e 
Peoples defire that a Commoner fhould be cho- of Ca- 
en Confoll with a Nobleman, andtheDicU-mdlus. 



$i Chirol 0GiA:Or, 

Wuwrch tor had publiflied the Decree of the Senate,C0W 
in the hfe firming their defire ; the common people were 
ofCamil. fo joitftiU, that they brought Camilius home to 

his houfe with great {houtsof joi>, and clap- 

W«n in pingofHands. When 'tsflcibiades had one 

J. el j^, of day in the market place given 1 largefle to the 

: people oufof hfe o wne purfe, the people wer« fcf 

gla&atit, that they fell t© (homing and c lap-- 

PING OF THEIR HANDS for ttjanfefUltKff© 

The fourth day after the battaile fought by Per. 
fitts King of Macedon, even as the Playcs and Games were exhibited in the {hew-place, there 
was heard fuddenly at firft a confufed humming 
noife, which fpreadail over the companies of 
the fpe&ators, that a field was fought in Mace- 
donia and Terpens vanquished,: afterwards a- 
rofe a more cleare and evident voice, which 
grew at length to an open fheut and clapping 
Hands, as if certaine newes had been brought 
of the fame victory. The Magiftrates wondred 
thereat, and made fearch after the authour of fo 
fudden a glaoneffe, but none would be foUnd : 
and then verily itpaffed away as the momentary 
jop of fome vaine and uncertaine occurrence, 
howbeit a jopfuU prefage of fome good luck fet- 
ied in mens hearts, and remained behinde.which 
was after confirmed by the true report ofFahim 
Lentulns and Metetttts fent from the Confull. 


Geft.Vi. J Hand with the right, is a declara- 
tion of fome mtttafte, bolour, anger, or tn&tgna* 
t font for fo our learned Humanicians undcrftan4 
this Gefture, ufurping it often in this fenle .Se*e- 
** attributes thisjpaffion oftheffaarrfto angertfof 


The natural! Language of the Band, $ $ 

inhisdefcriptionofanangfp man be hath, Pt-Sen.-i dc 
rum txflanatis vecibus, fcrmo prarttptus &* com- ira,lib.i. 
fl$ft fapius manns. And in another place fha- "P- 1 -. 
dewing out anger in her proper colours, he fets eKi l '*' 
her out thus: 1)entes compruprntur, horrent ac 
jkrriguntur c*pi&i,friritttscoaBHS acftridens t * ar- 
tltulorum iff es tarquemiumfonus. And in another Idem : cap, 
place* tsfijice * articular ttm crepitum atmfeipfa 4^e If a. 
manns frangmt. Petrenins that great Daftor of Peiron. 
iniquity and pleafHre.confpiring in the like fenfe Sit y*- 
of the fame expreflion, prefents us with this ge- 
fturc thus habited. * Minibus inter fe nfq$te adar- 
ticulornmftrepitum centritu.And in another place 
he thus gives us the garbof auger and griefe,*/*- 
fraRie manibns ingemnit. Neither are examples 
wanting in Hiftories to confirme the fenfes of 
this naturall expreflion. Thilo fudaus of C** Ut ph 'I°JtJ» 
the fimperour boiling with an<jer,and grtetoouflp tlieus de 
fretting toitbinbiZMtimZSxctnae/cebatyegeiis, £&*.** 
mmltam prajh ferens \iracHndiam~^ nbi veto dejtit, 
* somplofis manibus Euge I Tetrom, inqnit, non di- 
diciftiaudirejmperatorem? To confirme the natu- 
rall practice hereof by divine Authority and pre- 
sidents taken out of the moft Sacred Hiftory. 
Thus B alack, in token of anger fmote his Bunds Num. z^i 
together when he was fojof b with "Bo/am that he IO « 
Would not curfe the Israelites as hee defired. To 
Which anfwers that of the Prophet £*^/.Thou Ezek.u, 
therefore Sonne of Man propbefie and smite m« 
Hand to Hand,&c. thatis, ftrike thy Hani 
as men in gr(efe and angmflj are wont to doe. 
The-fwne Signification of gefture hath that of the i^™ «p- 
fame Prophet. Beheld therefore faith the Lord, »-v«.»$- 
I have fmirten mine Bands upon thy covetouf- 
neffe that thou hall ufed,and upon the bloud that 

D hath 

34 Chirologia: ,0r« 

hath beene in the midft of thde : that is^in token 
of my fcwatfcand toengsana?* 


Gcfl.vir. I the le*t paims, is a tiawwiU etprtft 
fion ufed by thofe whdntocftc 5 c¥U9^b?atol|iind 
Mult, reu?oa«&>f«&Hft&>*nd 0^000, or Bjtawat 
luttl) notfe.Gommonly us>d>by the' vulgar intheit 
bicfterittgs, as being the Seoidstatmttng distlefy 
and the loud naturall Rhetorique of chofe who 

Ovid met. declame at BiUingfgate. Hence OtfH not utr- 

lib. y . skilfull in this bjatoltng property of the Hmi, ve- 
ry ingenioufly feigne»4ne TierieUs aVtfoey were 
about tofcould,and to clap their Islands 
with a BiTgraeefull note, to have beene turned 
into Pies, and made Sylvan Scoulds.This(wfefch 
is but the repetition of that ftroake ufed in anger 
and indignation) is ufed m this fenfe by the ma* 

Job»7.aj rour ©f patience, Every man (hall clap their 
Hands at him, and hifle at him out of v tbdr 
place. And the good man when his pattewe 
was trycd beyond fuflkrahce, fell into this haSit 
cf contention with his miserable comforters, as 
appearesby theaecufationof£/*4«. HeaddetA 

Job 54 j 7 rebellion unto his finhe, hee clappeth his 
r ' a n d s amofcgft us, and muMplieth hi* words** 
jainft God : That is, as the gloffe on our Bibks 
imh it, he ftanckth ftubbojnlp in maintenance 
l)te ratifc. To this may bee referred that ofthe 

'; 3,-n 2. 1 ? ^ophct Icremith ; All that paffe by c l a p t he iR 
Hands : they hiffe and wag the head at the 
daiiguter ot Jerufalem. The fame fignificatieB 
.ek 1 j. 6 hath that of the Prophet Ez.ekiel y Becaufef thou 
hall clapped thine Hand, and (lamped 
with the feet, and rejoy.ced in heart with all thy 


TbenafiMtSi?um(^&dnd. 35 

fore Itf ill 

TO«ppeire W$ Hi lAl S V rtiG ANDDEI H- Defpero, 
c t e to H a N£ 3 , is a pdftare of fearc, abate* ^ cflus 
tnent of mtaoe,an abject and uangiii&eB towage, 
and ttf utter Defpfl#& The Prophet /(5tf«* tills Efj.13.7. 
this habit of oejedrtottor tonfternatiicm, the/«W* js-j« 
£fo*4, or the Hand * allen DowNs.The Pro- 
phet E&kiet andf ertmiab call this apparition of Ez;k.7. 17 
leave thejkW* #*»<*. And the Aurhourto the J«j<-*4. 
Hebrewes moft appofitely, the Hand s that Heb,li IS 
hang b o wn. The old Annals of Time, and the 
J our nails and Diaries of common life, which 
containe a narration and expofition of things 
done, give the heft patternes of the Hands ex- 
pfreffiene, as being the moft naturall Regtfters 
thereof ; in fo much as there are no interpretdur* 
feproper or a.ble to informe us of thevatjdhy 
aftdatebfthislan^Wiihmg carriage and behave 
our of the Hand. An efcpreffion by gefture web 
finde to have appeared in the Hands of Prufiib p'Jyb'iai, 
King of Bithyhlaj a man of a moft faint heart 
andabjettfptrit, who when he came toltily to 
fee the manfion place of the Empire of the 
world, when jx entred into the Senate, ftatiding 
at the -gate of the Court right over againft.thb 
frthetsfDtttiiJps* mambns limenfalHtavhirthich 
are the Words ofPotfbins rehearfiflg a thing Un- 
worthy of ftoyall Majefty. 

TO t old f he Hands, tsa gefture of (Die* f*°J*' 
titWt, an cxpreffion often feene in the Hands q^jx, 
^ftty? Lubbers aoiuS'd withfloatft, who keepe 
their Drill Hands fo-knit together, to fflaitttam a 

D % Djo^ffc 

j6 Chi rologi A;Or, 

hjotoffe league toitbfleepe.* for bring loath to 
forgoe the pleafure of eafe, they by this gefture 
doe as it were allure and play the bawds to (n* 
bulge and procure their lulls delight more fweet- 
ly to ceafe upon their ly ther bodies. Hence the 
Pier. Hie- Egyptian Priefts when they would exhibit an 
roglyph. exprcffe charafter of lazineffe, or of a fluggifli 
fellow good for nothing, one who would force 
entertaine a bufie thought, left it fhould worke 
fome difturbance in his bread, or rowze his 
Hands from the complacency of their embofom'd 
reft ; they ufe to decipher a dull Sloe-worme of 
this lowzy Tribe, with his Hands thus enterlac'd 
as parallels in his bofome, as if they had there ta- 
ken up their habitation, or did lye skulking to a- 
void worke, which is a Lion in their way. This 
gefture of the Hands as it is the fluggards com- 
mon guife,who demands a little more folding 
of the Hands, and out of love to eafe often 
neglects what his mouth requires at his Hands, 
(contented fo he have from Hand to mouth, as if 
hee hated the more provident extenfion of a 
thought) is fignifkantly brought in Sacred Writ, 
by a metaphor to upbraid and note out the de- 
fpicable ftate of fooles and fluggards, time-fpe# 
dingloyterersofnoefteeme, fince thewifdone 
Ti6.i$a+ of man doth much confift in his Hands. Salmon 
unfolding the nature of a floathfull perfon who 
ioidethup his Hands, (each Ha»</hold« 
ing as it were the other from worke) and hideth 
bis Handin his bofome, in this laft pofture,he ex- 
fir.Jerm. ceU «" ri y fets out the nature, wickedneffe, and 
paraph. ' punifliment of floath. The nature of it,in noting 
med.upon the fweetnefle of it toafluggard; in that his 
the place. Hand is in his bofome, hugging as it were bis 


The natural! Language of (be Band, 57 

owne lazineffe. The wickedneffc of it, in that 
his Hand is hiddemfloathfulneffe being fo fliame- 
full a thing, that it needeth to be concealed.Tbe 
punifhment of it, in that the floathfull man ftar- 
vethhimfelfe. And in another place he isfaid to Pio.»*. 
hide his Hand in his bofome, that none might "J* 1 ?- 1 ** 
finde it, left by taking him thereby, hee might 
raife him up : or elfe as if he feared fome Cat* 
Qenforms, who calling to fee the Hands of men, 
refuted thofe that had foft Hands, as unworthy 
to be Citizens of Rome. Emphatically in one 
place of the Proverbs of Salomon, the flacks Hand Pro. i o. 4. 
of the fluggard is moft direclly tranflated, the b y Beda. 
Hand of deceit. Rightly doth the Originall call 
it a Hand of deceit, becaufe, for the moft part, the' 
UzjHand, being not able to fuftaine it felfe, be- 
takes it felfe to coufenage and deceit. The ori- 
ginall word in the fore part of the yerfe,proper- 
lyfignifiesthe£ew'»ge/^eH<iW; hecaufe deceit 
is hoBow, and 'tis with the ho/low of the Hand that 
the Heights of deceit are praftifea. In the latter 
part of the verfe the word fignffies the whole hand, 
the firength of the Hand, for that it is which dili- 
gence ufeth,and by that it makethrich. 

The garb of fuch men who fit crowching in 
the world with their arms a-crofle, their mouths 
gaping, and their feet in one fhooe j leading ra- 
ther a beftiall then a humane life, a famous Law- Jac^ns 
yer doth graphically defcribq out of Eccles. Leftius. 

Enfedet ignavus * manibus per mutua nexis 
TigritU donee nurcts accedat egeftat,' 
Prafiat enlm palm is, inquit,palma una dttabttt 
Vnica cui requies gemina quibus anxia euro,. 
To this perfonall character Weftmeras and other 

D 3 Com- 

38 C h i, r o l o g i a : Or, 

JVeftmer. Commentators referre that Anthropopeia 
in Pfal. of the Royall Prophet, Draw thy right Hand 
74-* *• out of thy bofome. 

Triflem "TTO hold thf FINGfiRS INSEII,T^ 
ctflum m- ^dr fluggity expreffion who are Fallen into a 
Gdt.X. nrctam'fopi]?. mufe. To the fignificatipn of this. 
Gefture accords the Oration of Sixttts TuStut 
tiv.Jib. 7. unto Stiloititts TMElator ; You our GenefaU deem 
us your Ariny to be \Aandtefc., heartlefle* and ar- 
mourleffe, &c. for what elfe may wethlnkeof 
it, that you an bid experienced Captaine* a naoft 
valiant Warripur, (hould fit as they fay withone 
Wand m another,doing npthing.Hencet«»/fi#|M 
Eraf.A«lag eemprtjfts feiiYt^ in the Adage, is all one witjfc 
rr^ihi/ faccfe, etio indulgere t aliis o^e£e.'JPoi,t\as 
gefture \i thought to have a tacite force to damp 
the lively fbfrlt of mirth and friendly communi- 
cation. Her&ce 'tis in vujgar practice to accufe 
fuch men Whofe Hands in company fait into this 
pofture , as Remora's unto the happy birth and 
wiilhM-ror progrefle of conceit $ and, for dull 
Schifmatiqaes that deny themfelves. to thofe 
with whom they coriveffe : for, fuch whofe' 
thoughtsftray out of feafon, minding not what 
others doe or lay, by a mentall foqueftratipjt 
withdraw their foules as c were from their bo- 
dies, and while, they over-prife thejr private 
(thoughts, fcxpreft oftentimes by this difr eijpeft 
of the Hand,) they feeme no other theq to make 
a Solcecifme in fociety. Hence this gefturi by 
thefuperftitioqs Ancients was held a note of m 
peDtmewt, and hath pafled time out of mihde for 
% kinde of fecret forcery. Whereupon the Ro- 


the tutiuraii Language oftkt Hand. 3 9 

mane Senate g*w ©at a folamne pjJdMbkiorj, 
that lb all e*nfuk#ttons held by any Prince or Plin.nar. 
Potentate, orsny Generallof an Army, or any •» <*•!<*>- 
perfon that waspreient at *ny niyftieall folem- l8 -«P-*- 
niry, none ftKWitd prefome to fit or ftand croffe- 
Ie^^f, or in the foreiaid manner Hand ^n 
Hanb. Snppofing thfe gefture did hinder the 
progrcfle and event of any aft *» /fa*i : or any 
cbB&U Which by advice was to bee ripened for 
an expedition. They thought it alfo witchcraft 
but tout by one that had a praclicall defigne up- 
on health by the receit of any medicine, either 
iriW&fdly or outwardly appii*d;Nay,they thought 
this pefture was of force (alone) to hinder fuch 
wh#w«Win labour, and did then need Lmina's 
M*nk\ and that fuch could not bee delivered as 
fongas any one'prefent held the Hands thus mu- 
tually inwrapped : which piece of forcery wa3 
the worfeMn cafe the party did hold them about 
one or both his knees. This was well feene by 
the Lady o^/ow>w, when jealous Juno f-t one OW.'M.t, 
cross£-Handbd and crofle- legged to hinder hb.8. 
her delivery, as the ftory goes. But the contrary 
gefture imply cd quiCke labour, or the felicity of 
being delivered. Thus in a Medallof 7*/»'j« the- picr ' He- 
Godly, the happy fruitfolnefle of childbirth is ro s'yP h ' 
implyed, wherein Vf*ns holdeth a Javelin in her 
left band, (hewing her right Hand ftretched out 
and fpreadj-with this inscription, Vmhs genetrix. 
But this placing one Vhatd upon another was e- 
ver held unluckie. Whence Hippwratts derides Hppoc-. 
certain fuperftitious and knavifti Emperickes for de m ^» 
quaelMalving Cheats, who bid menagainftthe l3Co ' 
Bpifopfle, Ntcfedcmf(di*HfC mamrni manm fitptr- 

P 4 To 

40 Ch ik ol ogia: Or, 




fture fometimes ufed bythofe who would pjo- 
fe(fe their innocence and declare tbepbafrg no 
l^ano in tbat foule buftneffe, not fo mac!) 80 bg 
ttjetr manuall affent ; as it were alluring by that 
gefture,. that tfjep totll fceepe t&etr ^ansg nnoe» 
filcD, andtoonlD inai& tbetr %anOs of it: no} 
bato anp thing to Doe t herein. A gefture very 
figniflcant, for the Hands naturally imply, as it 
were in Hieroglyphique, mens a#s and opera- 
tions ; and that cleahfing motion denotes the 
tleanneffeofflrjeiradiono. As this expreflionis 
heightned by the addition of water/tis made by 
P ,cr -H»e- the ^Egyptians the Hieroglyphique of innpeen- 
r ° 8 yp " cy. In token (alfo) or innocency this gefturej 
Pait.zi.5 was commanded the Elders of the neighbour 
Cities in cafe of murtber. And it was pracWed 
by Titate when he would have transferred from 
himfelfe unto the Je wes the guilt of our Saviours 
blood; who when be faw he could not prevail^ 
M«.i7. w * th the multitude for the delivery of Chrift, he 
24. called for w'ater and wafhed his \\a»ds t I am in- 

nocent, faith hee, of the bloud of this juft man, 
Jooke you to it. To this gefture that of the PfaV; mift referres, I will wafh my Hands in innocen- 
Eraf. Adag cy. And from this gefture came the Adage con- 
cerning mutual! good offices, Mantts ma»Hm$r 
gtti interim tUgites lavant. 
T-ucri ap- 

Sanrf»-T° R " B T| " PA1W ? S of the Hand? 




The ttamrau Language of the Hand* 4 1 


the I r Hands, is an itching note of greeD? 
haffe, many times ufed by fuch who applaub roHie 
pleating thought Of Deceit, that they have in their 
bcads.This (I confefle) is fomewhat a fubtile no- 
tion:yet noted in fomemenby PhifiognomeryHillPki-] 
and to be found by an obfervation -and marieuig fi«6. 
of nature, for every minute thing if wee waitb 
and watch the time of relation, will appeare «l 
expreflion, from whoferemonftrance wee may 
take argumentSjfor they iflue out into notesyma 
breaking the barreof filence, by token fpeakc 
and infohne the eye. 

TOhoid forth the Hands xoGBTH&RV'I-ftwM- . 
istheirnaturall expreflion who peelD, fttb^'™8 n0 - 
mit, arrireugtieuptfcemfelfcestoith fuppUcatt* ^J* 
on into the power of another. This with the 
Ancients was *m*ntmtUrt. Hence Ovid, Ovid.I. t. 

Omn'm te. \mttHtnf\nd te * ftta brttcbia undent. « le S- *• 
To illuftrate this by examples taken ont of the 
ancient Remitters of time. Thus Verdttgettrix Dion, lib. 
falling on his knees before £V*>v ar*d hold- 40.' 
Ing forth his Hands, exhibited thege- 
(lure of a fuppltant. ■■ And thus Vlridatet King of Idem lib. 
Armenia exhibited the fame obeDience of gefture 16. New. 
and fuhmiffion to Nero. Thus the Legates of 
f Dccek*l*s with ioyneoHands after the man- idemTra- 
ner of captives presented themlelves unto the jano. 
Senate ; upon which, peace concluded, Trajttn 
triumphed over the Daciaps, and was firnamed 
1>«cictts. The Romanes that were in the Galley 
that were carrying the cup of gold to r>e]phospj ut3rc h 
made of the jewels of the Roman Ladies, when in the life 
hard by the Ifiandof JEolos they were fet upon of Cami'l. 


42 Chi ROLoaiA:Or, 

bjitibeGaUtes «f the LJppawans, they ufed this 
ejpreftiofi, for they hudou their. Hands 
a^tatrcafce&itnawng ngreii&ance. Butforthe 
fignificatkttoftfcb gteftureinfcibmtffion, ^M»- 
fc*8iHs very emphaticall, who declaring the 
Plwiin p#de and power of Tig r*m King of Armenia, 
tke life <rf;fayts that beahtd ever many Kings in his Com 
Lucullus. tiiit waited cin bim: but amongft others he had 
foure Kings that waited continually onhisper« 
foni as footmen: for when he rode abroad any 
i*bithery they ran bv bis/ftirrap in their flairts. 
Arid whcahevrdsfetinhis Ghaire of State to 
give audience, they flood on their feet about his 
chairHOLDiNG their Hands together, 
which countjeoance fheured tha mott mamfeff 
«mfoffito» anfi token of faoriBage that they could 
doje unto him, As if they had Chewed thereby 
that they reSgnea all t|iei» liberty anD offeren 
thefr bo&tea unto their Lord- and Mafter, more 
reafy? to fuffef, then any thjng to doe. 

Prategp. TOsxtbndout the right Hand by 
CeftXIV Jl THi : ARM<Bs forerigwt, is the natural] 
habit whereifrWe fametimes allure, titfctre,rpealt 
fia, trp.after* tall, ©xtoarne to come, bjimrtrttOi 
ejebmt, gibe wanting. aDmoriifo, p?«tetfi paciffc, 
rebate, command, juff ifie> abofo, enquire; &(«tf, 
wftrucf, ojDerv fteto a seiterousxonfitoente, fjatre 
otrteue, atiD aufljotftP; gtbe free liberty of fpeech> 
raantfefta reaoineffe to anftaer, anh matte an 
apology fo» our felbee, and'am«are to unoertatus 
abuuneSte* Ali which acceptrons of thisgefturti 
though they more eafiry fall in the compaffe*!' 
obfervation then they can be exemplified by au- 
thenticall authority ; yet Hiftorics have taken 


The nmr*Ulwgt*gc oftba &tni. 43. 

notice ofgjpft of tbe«pr«ffiof!$of {hisgeftur* 
of the H«jhL That it js ftgRtffcant ia the hx firfe 
(enfes, »»y bee colUlted ow of raaay anient 
Wiitc«. Thus Aievtwm Regulat tto£anfuUf j^ 
the Senate and pcefenee^f the Scn^swrR, MUelfc 
&j4»«.s untoliim. For thus £>*w? &*Mowrw» D< <? 

And Cyrw v/kW «W of his friend*. w«# 
feene crowding towards bur, a? *«wp4w ****&* 
hathre$ordcd it, frmrf* wmh \j*s m»fit*$ J e ^** 
TJw feme gefttuu of feifeitattDn ^ibafi^rm ufed! E flh 4 ? . J' 
to £#for* wheoh0$gnified,feer costfning was 
acwrdiog to his will. Wifedomu *!&> cloathM Pror.i.i* 
her wow&in the laBgmge of tbia geftt»e< Be 
caufe lhave «ttes, # ye rcftifaW h»ye s t.m t- 
Ckvb DiflUT^MY H*$Biand noqswpjjfelregjadi 
The tyGgouft acknowledge? him&lfe to ha*d 
ufcd t&sge,ftute>Ifcaya ca&?D uporvTliee. I fcHVe, pf»i.88,>. 

S T R R T C HE ur_ o\Xt 1 At V HA JJiQ * UNTO Ti» » Ik 

•J This i«6icatitw^efturt of the^W our 5»tior 

HfoA-t° 0««t ppdkfeiBfHtf tb^Jewes whowerihMir.ii. 
his brethren, wjfefea, stretch^*}, o«t:hi$- 4 ?. 
H*M>tohisDifeiplefe beftid, Bsholdntyrrio* 
thei>andmybfetbfe8fc f ^fWWjp/iim^aladcjPlutarch 
uje of this toarritnggfffture. ©f th« U«*4 in (bead, 1 " ' ** llfe 
ofc&eech; for Wkett #«w bajttt *o call *tafo° us a " n j* 
Tribes of the people to give tbeteJtdicCs for thcie a j U s. 
e&abliflung of fotoenew laWe^r.flrapouridefiLby 
Tihems grafqi?iift infavoor of the people*, and 
he could not proceed according, tp ftactritaqjad 
order in thevkc ciafft&fr thesroafcrtoftfetfie thai 
derrnoft made, thruftiflg. for wand* and being d*i» 
yen hacke, and one mtfigitng with the other; in 
the meane time F/avtis i'facettsonQ of the Sena- 
tour , got up into a place where all the people 


44 CHiROLOGiA:Or, 

might fee him, and when he Caw hisvdice could 
not be heard oiTiberiui, hee imde a figne with 
his Wand that hee had fotne matter of «reat im- 
portance to tell him. Tibeftns £wfao foone nn- 
derftood this gefture of his HantQ bade them 
make a lane through the preaffe. So with much 
ftdoe Flavins came at length unto him, and be- 
Ammian. wray'd a confpiracy agajnft him. ^VaUntim** 
Marccllin w i tn g^ f uC ceffe ufed this gefture of pacifies* 
* tfoll and rebate, when hee was pronounced be- 
fore the wholef Army- Soveraigne Ruler of the 
Empire. For when hee addrefled himfelfe to 
ttake a premeditated fpeech, as he put fo rt m 
h i i A R MB tif*t be tmghtfte*k$ more readitft there 
arofe a great mumbling that out of Hated there 
aiight a fecond Emperor be declared w th lunuP*- 
Itntimnn fearing to what the Souldiers confident 
boldnes might prove, holmngup happily 
mis right Hand, as a moftharflparicfreSwh- 
teh Prince, daring to rebufte fotne of them as fe- 
ditious and ftubborne, delivered his minde with- 
out interruption of any. The Emperour having 
endedhis fpeecfi, which an unexpefted author 
rit? had made more confidenty-app^aftO them, 
and won them all to his minder which was to 
choofe his companion: who- took afterwards un- 
to him to be Colleague in the EttJpire, his brother 
tfa/ew/.fThat tluYgeftttreisfignificanfc to protect 
appearcs by moft paffages of holy Writ, intima- 
ting the potoerfull and gracious pjotedton of 
God. Where the expreffions by zxftAnthrtp- 
feia are taken from this gefture/ThusGod having 
Ex««l.3j.P H t-^/' / intheclertot therocke, wtjereDhiin 
23. with his H*wf while he paffed by. And 'tis No. 


TbenaturaUhAHgUAgcoftheBand. 45 

verinus his observation,; that with the Hebrewes Nomiai 
Caph fignf fies both the Hand, or the hollo wnefle '? Blcft* 
oftheH«*<andacloud. Hence fagf&nH* turns p aer \ 
protegavtte mann me*, into vperuubtemubt me* % a » 'f? * 
good coherens, faith he, mantss.& nnbis nexus. 
In thiaferife that of the Prophet /jfatafr is to bee tf M - Jf 
taken, Under the ffiahofc) of his Hmrf hath he hid 
me. ;That is, he hath taken me into bis pjot eatfotl 
and Defence. And the Metaphors of an out. 
stretched ax vie and high Hand are ve* 
ry frequent in Scripture to fhadow out the po« 
toerfoU protection of God in the two degrees of 
iwhe oj&tnarp and etftaojhfnarf . Form this re- 
presentation of potoer, there is the &*n*\ and the 
Arme, the; mighty Hand, and ouIstretchsd 
Arme j two degrees ofpofoer, both great, but 
one greater:' that of the Hand is great,but ordi- 
nary ; that of the Arme is greater, and commeth 
forth but upon extraordinary occafions, every 
thing we put not to the Armes end. And their 
Hands are properly faid to be fiortned, that have 
loft the potoer to Tate and protect j a phrafc much 
ufed in holy Writ by the Prophets {peaking in 
His Name who made the Had, the natnrall Hie- Ifa - i *.«3 
roglyphique of power. % This gefture doth na- £*£' , 
aurally import command. Hence Kings are faid 2 j. m ' 1 " 8 
to have lon g H an d s , as the Romane Poet, o« J. 

Quit nefeit * tongas Rtglbns effe thanus ? 
The Hand found under the Table as Vejpafian was Sueton. 
at dinner, fignificd, as the Southfayers did then Vcfpaf. 
intcrpretjthit commanD fhould one day come to 
his Hand: and this was before he was Emperor. 
And Crinagoras a Greeke Poet very learnedly 
praifing £*/»■, fayes, his Right Hand was mighty 
to commanD, which by its majeftique potoei a>it> 


+6 Chirologia ;Oxt 

iftttftp, didtjutflthe fietceriefle and prtfu«p». 

x Sato, a, tttt» . audacity ©f batbaf*uii men. The fccttiri 

"• fall of BagSft the Idcfll before thc-Arkt of 

aGod, by a flat acknowledgement confinw* 
this nat&eail figflificaribn in the W*»i. F« 
instead falling off *ftoifi bis body, (and the Ihudt 
from thcr.itwws, (hewed that it hadnot potog 
Hot undtrftanding in this peefenci «f Gad; foioe 
<he head fell off, which isthe fe*t of Reafan and 
•tatowiedge, and the Wkwir {by which wee ex. 
eeute ftrength/ were fundred from the artnp. 

iKing.iji^" Inthe-fenfe of bivetiftsM Jercfom sfi it- 
ch » o <ouv k i s H a k D frfttn the Altar, fayiog, 
Lay hold on him ; butfci$1*»»*ti*e put&rtb *- 
giinft thfe Prophet, dried «fe* and hee «toukl aot 

Aa.24. 10 psXifc in^gauie unto ham; ^ FMat the, Gerer- 
Dour made thisfigne untd A**/,to gtte fetmjtafee 

Aa. i6.i.4t (^Wflsel"'?f And thus wherf idgriffa faid urn© 
7»<e*/, Thou art permitted to fpeaketfor*by fclfo ; 


Triumph* TTO rur out the Raise d Hand, and to 


is their naturall expreflionWho tttAU fc ja&boaff , 
triumph, and by ernltattt gefture expretfe the 
rapfctwSflftbeH: jopj theyalfowho would de- 
clare theitfotgb applaHfe>ot would congratulate; 
and they who have ijjmthe, doe commonly ufc 
the fame gefture.ln cotigratiifertoj# ejedamationfl 
either in the behalfe of our felvesor others wel- 
fare, it is ufuall and naturall. Examples whercd 
arc yet freflb. in the life of Memory. For wereaa 
that when the Antiochians underftood that 7*. 
t*s wascomming to their City, they could not 


The nawrall Language of the Band. 47 

contains themfdres within tftefriwlKfor \x& jofcph.of 
but all went oat to meet him, attf «<M ottty men, the wars 
but women and chitdren,expcftirJg bAscoraming of * he 
jeftounds oflFj aw! when he approached rv6&* J CWC, * K 7» 
untothemjthiy KOiiOi^G up T«&t*. HanJW 
unto him faluteohim with great jo^afld m\M& 
ttotts.' Hence Ifraelifc laid to baVe^gone out *f E«U4A 
.figypt with a h I GH'H a n d :• that ft, with grt$ 
|op anD bolDneffe. And Ibis p r 1 b us 1 on and 
exalationof T*s HAnd ito fignificattdfl 
of mirth, j0Uitp,^caf«re,and beltS!>t*fe fe grean* 
ded in Nature, that it is the cottmoff eaftame of 
all Nations, when<<hey are titMcD forth Jt£ that 
cannot be contained from breaking out into ge~- 
fture, out goes-the Hand! So the Prince Homer, 
and Father of Poets, 

\_DefictHnt r\j»~\ * tolkftitqHiyer xeraftafmat. 
For, the YUnd anointed as it Were wfththe fame 
oyle of gta<metfe wber ewith Abe heart is repie* 
niflied, fignifics its fenfibtlrtp ef Vifb cnterfrtitfefit 
of the heart, bythte«»»pliicaFt*9n*f<geftQre J ar& 
naturall pertpbjaUfi *f tw* 

hath beene ever with all Nations accounted poflulo. 
afigne of crafting aimfeneei and intttBtiftg a fa= Gcft.xvi 
boorable filence* And how confiderable ane*« 
predion this gefture ©Fthe Band was ever ac- 
counted in this bufinefle, may be collected out 
of the office of the common Cryer, whom wee XiphiUin 
finde in the monuments of the Ancients com- Hadrian. 
nrandtng filence by the YUnd alone, without the 
Voice. Whence that of ?)ion may receive illa- 
ftt ation.TV-eeo cum * maMmforrexiffetsjfetipfe off Dion of. 
earn ctptfam^filmiHm^confeqmttmiHeeft cotijiieHt- in Hadr. 

do, !lb *9- 

4S (Shirologi a i 01, 

*i&e, Whichtfcftiare if it were vied by the Dy- 
ers of Courts orjaftice, would be more proper 
tod figrrificant to procure fileace,then by making 
more noife, to engender peace, snd their loud 
W*y of reclaiming one: auricular disturbance 
with another. The learned inventions of the 
X,.Annc- Ancients do ordinarily allude to this exprcflion. 
us Sen. AtSenec* that witty- contrivcrof that abufivePlay 
inor Cho. f t h e deathof/f/4W>*j Gajar, which he called 
c ** tAftcolocjnthofis, or Immortality gotten by 
Mufhromes, very elegantly brings in ClaudiM 
the Einperour commanofog Clence with this 
Hdiorf. becking of the Hand. Htliofarus in his 
jEAiop. Hiftory which hee preferred before hisBimop-, jj^g^in that parage wherethepeople(aflfeacd 
with joy and pittie at the ftrange hap that £*«'- 
cits was knpwae to be Hydtjfts daughter)would 
not heare the Cryer that commanded filence^ 
makes Hjcltfpes himfelf e iostritchouthis 
Hand toappeafethem, and btDtftem be (till 
Barclay in And BursUy brings in Etqhormio when there 
his Eu- was a noife that he could not bee heard, with 


nifyingthathcfeaD fometohatto fapunto fbem. 
Prophane Hiftories that containe a relation of 
things really done, are not barren in this expref\ 
lion of the Ha»d. For When Titus was returned 
to Rome, after the deftru&ion of Jerufalem, and . his Father VcJptfiaH and hee triumphed in com- 
* e war$ mon; as foonc as they were fet in their ivory Tri- 
Jcws C f 7. kun a ls, tnc Souldiers with loud voice declared 
'' ' their valour and .fortitude: Vtfpafun having re- 
ceived their prayfes, they offering ftillto fpeake 
on in his commendations, heBECKNEDWiTH 
m-s Hand, and made a figne unto them to bee 


The natural! tungmge of the Band. 49 

filent When CommodHsthe Emperourwasfetifl 
his throne to behold thofe famous Actors which 
were tocelebrate a facred Agon or Pageant in Herodijrt 
honour of Jupiter Capiteiimts, and the_'Theater* lb - 1 * 
full of fpeftatours ; before any thing was faid or 
afted on the Stage, wddenly there. Sarts out one 
in a Philosophers ha bit, with a ftaffe in his Hand, 
and a (crip on his fhoulder (halfe naked) who* 
running to the midft of the Stage, ftood ftiU* and 


difcovered the treafon of tertnnlus to Qntmodnsi 
Thus ^Drufns being fent to appeafe the rebellion Tack 
in Pannonia, {landing up upon the Tribunall, Annal.I.s. 


maDe, And after Conftantine the Emperor was bap- 
tized, having caufed a.Throne tobee erefted in 
the Palace of Trajan : he declared with the elo- 
quence of a Monarch the reafon which had mo- 
ved him to alteration of Religion* His Oration 
being heard of all the world with gr,eat applaufe, Caufiri 
in fuch fort that for thefpaceof two houreS the Hol y 
cryesof a great many were heard, which made e ° urt ° 
acclamations : at length the Emperour rofc up, 


qutreD filence , which inftantly made all that 
great multitude hold their peace". The rnoft fa- 
cred Hiftory is not without examples of holy 
men who have fignificantjy made ule of this ex- 
preffion of the Hand. Forweereade that Teter A&,ti. 
beckond with his Hand unto them that were x 7* 
gathered together in Mariet houfe f t)olD their 
peace* Thus 'Paul ftood up and beckond with A &, \ j , 
his HW,and faid, Nfen of Ifrael and ye that fear *$• 
God, faearheit, &c. And when CU*di»s Lyfiat 
the chiefe Captains had given r**l licence to 

£ fpeake 

^o Chirologia; Or, 

Aa.n.40 fpeakeunto the pcople,?*rf-ftoodtap«n the grri- 
ces ©f the Caftle into which they were leading 
him, and beckond unto the people, and when 
there was made a great ttleticr, he began his 2po- 

Aft. 19.3 j logP in the Hebrew tongue. Alexander likewifc 
ufed this becking with theHand t when hcc 
would have eriufet) the matter unto the people. 
In the Originall Peter is faid ^•W7w'««T»'3ff'Be ajf*?, 
CManu filentie poftmlato, asoneTranflation : <w- 
nuere mann ut taeerent t as Be^a : in the ethers 
the word a'/jav is left out: fer,tbe becking mo- 
tiok of the Hand upon iuch occafions can« 
not well be underftood otherwife then for a figm 


Gr fius J v e n, js the naturall forme and ceremony of 

xvii. an oa f fo } u f e d by thofe who call ©oD to tottnetffe, 

and would aDjure, confirme, or atttire bptheofc 

ligation of an oath* An exprefiion firft nftd by 

the Hands of the ancient Patriarchs, and is 

thought to have flowed from God himfelfe, who 

TtiniEx, in many places of holy Writ is brought in fpea- 

1 8 Num king of himftlfe, to have ufed this gefture for 

d u ° 2 °M*ntMtton of hts gracious pjomifes by the out- 
^cut.32. war j { i emn j tv f an oatn> Hence it was that 

tslbraham faid unto the King of Sodome, I have 

G n.14. ytTE-D UP MY HANDUNT0 THE LoRD, that 

xx. is, 1 have ftooirtc, that I will not take froaia 

thread, even to a fhooe latchct,&c. Unto this 

n« urallexpreffion the Pfalmift alludes, he lif- 

r»M. :o6. ted up his HAND.that is,heftooje. And to the 

-< fignification of this gefture of the Hand, foifie 

i' !. 1 4 r ferr ethatpaflageofthe Pfalmift: Whofe ■Rjgfo' 

Band is a Right Hand of falfhood : that is, they 


thi natural! Language of the Hand. 5 1 

have fotf foo:ttC and bjofee their toofo. Hence by 
a fertne of fpeech taken from this expreffion, To 
LiFTUPTHEHAND,in the Scripture phrafe 4 is Ezek. x if; 
the fame as to ftoeare and take a folemns oatb, *$•*©.*• 
With reference to the manifeft atteftation and J*-J"**'- 
fignificant & obligatory force of the Hattdm this z ; c ^\^ 
bufineffe, the late nationall Covenant was ex- ifai.3,7. 
prefly ordered to be tooke with the Right Hand 
held up on high. The Angels alfo when they 
fweare doe it not without this manuall affevc- 
ration : for the Angell in the Apocalyps that, 
Iokn faw Handing upon the fea and upon^the.y. 
earth, when he fware that there flaould be time 
no longer, lifted up his H««/to Heaven. % This 
twining expreffion of theH**d,Mariujute&'m v\auit&: 
the battaile of the Cymbres, when he pjomtfeD in the life 
and tJOtoeD a Hecatomb or'folemne facrifice of ofManufc 
an hundred Oxen. Thus alfo Catulus t?o&eD to 
build a Temple to Fortune for that day. 


Hands to Heaven, is an expreffion of "oneDtfi 
Cffabltltenf, and a mod ftrong kinde of affete- ™ s r ' 
Ration, implying as it were a double oath- There xvnr. 
is a paffage in the prophefie of the Prophet T>a- Dj „.i2. *-. 
mtl which doth conflrme and illuftrate this ex- 
preffion . And I heard the man cloathed in lin- 
nen which was upon the waters of the rivers, 
when he held up his right Hand and 
his left unto heave N: which wasa Double 
oath, as our Gloffe hath it. Lauretus upon this Lawetus 
place faith,that the lifting up of the right and the * ' Vk ' rbo „. 
left Hand, fignifies an oath with a commination Aiutuao - 
and a promife. Ovtd well knowing this double 
forme of an oath, deferring PhiltmU frighted. 
E i 

et, Chi R-olo gi a: Or> 

Ovid 'Me- at the comming of her fifter Progne, as (he ftrove 

tamorph. to f toeare and call the go&S to *i? itncffe to the pn* 

'*• rity of her thoughts, and that flie was compelled 

to that difhonourable fact, very elegantly makes 

her hold up her Hands for fpeech* Such 

an afliefcecatton of gefture I lately obfervedin 

fome at the publique taking of the lad Nationall 

Covenant, who as I conceived rather out oft 

zealous earneftnefle to ingage themfelves in the 

Caufe, then out of any affectation or privity to 

this double formality of a Vow, tooke the Co. 

venahtwith both their Hands held up. 

Xenop. de In the fame polture of expreffion we finde (}*tU- 

inftit.Cyr. tat t h c Eunuch in Xenopbon LIFTING UP HIS 

'*• Hands to Heaven, taking an oath. 

Suffrage* TO hold up the Hand is a naturallto 
Geft.xix 1 ken of approbation, content, election, and of 
giving fuffrage. An expreffion of the Hanih 
common, that Chirotonia which properly is this 
gefture of the Hand, is ufurped/w metalepfacon- 
mxiprofuffragho. To this declaration of the Hani 
that elegant metaphor of the Prophet Zephame'n 
referred: The deepes made a noife, and lift 
Zephan. up their Hands on high, that is, (hewed 
3.10. fignes of their obeotence and fcoltmtarp indurati- 
on, asby lifting up their Hands. And 
when Efdras blefled God, the people lifting 
EfJraf.i. up their Hands, to their audible,addetl a 
capp.47. kinde of vifible 0men, lignedjby this gefture' of 
atfent, which is as much in the language of the 
Hand as &o be it TttBy makes mention of this 
Cicero expreffion : If thofe Decrees that are receive*' 
pro Flacco be rightly exprefled, and Angular excellent ; not 
declared fo by judgements nor authorities, not 


The naturall Language of the Hand. 5 $ 

bottnd by an oa f h, butby holding up the 
Hand, and with great acclamation of theaf- 
fefted multitude. Hence both the phrafe and 
practice ©f this gefture of approbation fb fre- 
quently occurresin Xenophras Ontionsswho ha- 
ving made a propofition to the people,To whom Xenoph. 
this feernes goot) (faith he) let him h o l d u p h is de Cyr. 
Hand, and all of them held up t h e i r minor.ex- 
Hands. At theend of which Oration Chirife- P e(U 3' * 
pbtts approving what Xgnophon had faid, requires 
the fame expreflion at the peoples Hands in tfye 
fame phrafe, faying, He who approves of thefe 
things, let him fignifie his affent by hoi ding 
up his Hand. Then all of them held up 
their Hands. And Xenopbon arifing againe 
to fpcake, concludes thus : Who affferta to thefe 
ithings, let him hold up his Hand, which 
they did accordingly. And fo in many other 
places of his Oration. The figaificat'on of fuf- 
frage in this gefture may be further illustrated by 
ihe practice of the Athenians in that paffage of ThuciJi- 
Thtuidides, where when £7<?o»and Tf'matus had dcs lib. $, 
both delivered their opinions, the one moft op- 
polite unto the other, about the alteration of the 
emell Decree of the Athenians againft the My- 
teleansj the Athenians were at contention 
which they fhould decree; and at the holding up 
of hands they were both fides almoft equall. And 
ddc fort of the Athenian Magiftrates were *«ie?- 
ni*»Tat t Magiftrates chofen by this gefture. ^fchin." 
Which indeed, is a moft fignificact expreflion contr - 
Df the Ha^ fo naturally doth the Handimply Ctefi P^ 
thetoill and content thereof; for, what wee put 
our Hand unto we are infallibly underftoodto 
lOtU and inttttD, and with coanfcll and atfWC tq 

E 3 unDw* 

54 Chirologia: Or, 

un&ertafee, and pjomife mtr concnrroice. 

Ilefpuo, "T"He flirtinc gut of the back part 


^ X * king pALME,istheirnatarallexpreffionwh9 
would refafe,oenp,p?obibit, repuotatc, impute, 
or to laptooncs charge, reject or pjetenDto la? 
jfojan ejrcufe, or would ttott anohit one in ttjc 
teeth iitfb a thing, andfignifie DtfDaine. The 
minde of man being moved by Biftafte, in fome 
fignificant gefture to utter and difclofe herftatwi 
and Detcftation: when (he is DtfpleafeB With any, 
{he ufually gives intelligence of her Dlflifte in 2 
irifcharg* implyed by the fignificarit D-fmittfott 
oftheHW, and fuch like ngnes, reprefertting 
by gefture a toiUingntffe to riD jjer ^anw of 
^lyLord them. And this expreffion doth arifc from the 
Bacons fame caulethat treuibling and horrour do;-name- 
Nat.hift. ly from the retiring of the fpirits, but inaleffe 
Cent.8. degree. For,the shaking of the Hand, is 
but a flow and definite trembling. And is a ge- 
fture of flight refufall aiiD Difltfce, being ufed 
often by thofewho refute a thing , ortoarneit 
afoap. This was the entertainment Antimr 
Joleph of found at the H*nds of his Father. For whwhe 
j^ie wirres boldly came neare as though he would havefalu- 
llwes tcdh » m ' Herod stretched out his Hand, 
' and (haking his head, gave him' the reptrtfe, tax- 
ing his preemption, for daring to offer to em- 
brace him, when he was guilty of fo many trea- 
cheries againft him. Q[ As it is a gefture ttat 
naturally without fpeecn fo?bitss, it was ufed by 
fuet. hy&i.tsfuguftus; when with his countenance and 
sap. jj. H*»<ihe repjeffeD thofe'unfeemly flafteries which 
were offered unto him, f Cae ma in his dreame 


The naturaQ Language of the Band. 5 5 

ufed the like expre05on to the ghoft of J^ttiu^i- Tacit. An- 
Urn Varus ftretchmg out his inviting Hands to- nal.Ub.i, 
wards him, which he thrust backs, reftl* 
fing to follow. % And to this gefture, as I con- 
ceive, may that paflage of the Prophet Zephnuie Zeph.i.iy 
concerning the deftruction of Nineveh bee re- 
ferred, Every one thatpafleth by her (hall hifle 
and wag his Hand j that is, fhallexprcflehis 
fcetettation* Although Riket a and others give it Ribera in 
the fenfe of aftomlhment and mfultattom Ifaiah - 


with a waving motion, is a naturall Ge- 
fture, and a vulgar compellat fort, which we fig- 
nificantly ufe in calling for men whom we b(D 
to tome neare ant> appjottj unto us, which allu- 
ring habit in this matter is very naturall, ready, 
and commodious to explaine oar mihde and will, 
wherein there is * certain kind of forme or fern* 
blance of the thing fignified. For wee feeme by 
this gefture to draw them to us. To the fignifi- 
cation of this gefture appertaines that of the 
Prophet Ifaiah : Shake the Hand, that they ifai. ij. t . 
may goe into the gates of the-Nobles. That is, 
make a figne unto them to come by this inciting 
motion of the Hund. To this foocattfce, alluring 
and fnttciflg compellatfcri of the Hand, 'Proptr- 
tius feemesto allude : 

JEt mi defixum vacua patiatur in or a Propert. 

Crttieltm * infeftafupe \yocare\ mantt. Eleg.hb.t 

fovianus Pont anus brings in Mer curie and 'PerU 
ckalcas inflicting punif^pients upon certaine U- 
fotersand prophane Churchmen, where Mercw 
E ■$ tk 

r 6 CriiROLOGiA: Or, 

rle isinforced to leave the execution of fome of 

3«viap. their puniftunents to Pyrichalc as for Chaytn as he 

pontan. perceiyedjtayed for him in the Port, and had a 

Charoa. j on g t j me beckoned to him with his Hane^Teak he 

went to him to know wherefore hee calleD, 

farina the Generall in his expedition againft the 

Germanes, ftirred up by.j4rmi»itts,\\zd one night 

aheaviedreame, which droyehim intoafeare. 

Taciti* fot he thought he had feene Jgttmttiliits yarns 

AnnaIJ,2. fifing out of thsbogs,embrued all in bloud,calUnj| 

himbyname,an^ stritchingout hisHand 

to ward s h i m, which be tbruft backe, reft. 

fing to follow. 


pectus 1 is an expreflion by geftare fignificant to 
xxii. prohibit, bid one be gone, fteepepff, fojbtD, o& 
ttiiffe, and biofatetoell and aDteu: in which there 
is a certaine forme of the thing fignified ; for we 
fceme by this gesture to put from us. Nothing 
more ordinary in the occurrences of common 
life then this geftgre, praftifed inthefe fenfes, a 
common cuftome t© btp one feeepeonhisfoaft 
and pjoceeD who is returning to us ; to shake 
our Hand asfarre as ever we can fee, to bid 
pur friends faretoell and apteu. Ovid according 
the ingenious way of invention in Poets, to 
heighten their fictions, and to let aq artificiall 
glqffeof truth upon them, that they may feews 
inore probable, upon every occafion brings in 
theperfonagesof his ftory ufing thefe natural! 
Oyid >Je- expreflioas of the Hand. Thus he brings in ftm 

iamorph. bft ,p (ng j^ ^^ onzmB g^ %<tKm w hichfcW 

I .. : i * was (ending her, doing it by shaking, h eR 
Hand into this riaturalf«cpref!ion.And bringing 


The natural Language of the Hand. 5 7 

inCejx going to fea,and taking leave of his wife 
jilcj/*at, when he was gone aboard and lanched Idem lit 
out.lhe railing up her humid eyes.cfpyethhimin e°<km. 
the poope of the ihip , shakinghis Hand, 
htDCtrtg hev therebp aDieu , which fhe anfwered 
by the fame motion , and loving purfuit of Ge«- 
fturethe ufuall confequence of expreflion with 
thofe who have formerly fhewed tbemfelves 
loath to depart. And bringing the ghoft of Idem lib. 
£<rjx appearing to his wife Akjnoe in a codem. 
dream jofce drowned , at the end of his imagi- 
nary.fpccch , befeeitra to adde tears , and this 
Dftpa?ting geftureof bis Hand, bidding her for 
ever Sarsfojel • Burton in his fymptomes of Bwr. Me- 
Love Melancholy, makes this \longnm vale} °* '^u^r a 
tae-HmdtA. pecuiiartproperty of lovers. A lovet £"'*' c 
loath ri depart will take his leave againe and a- 
gain'cya-nd then come backe againljooke after, 
shake hts HAND,and wave his hat a far off. 

FiiT at oNE,isthcir habit wiioareangrp, q^j 
trj^eatcit, would ileifceterrour, menaccreverige, xxin. 
befie, er.pjefle hate, and offer injur?, tell one 
tobat he muft loofce fojat their ^anttf. When 
anger a fit of the invading appetite , hath tooke 
hold of our fpirits , and that we are incenfed by Ftanc L 
fome affront we cannot brooke, we ufe to tbiea? v*cr. Nat* 
ten, to call the trefpaffer to account by this ge- Hilt, 
ftnre of the H«i»d,occafioned by the violent pro- 
penfity oftheminde, andftrongiraagination of 
the aft of revenge. Hence Phifiognomifts in re- czg<fr 
ferencc ad morem app4re#tm,ar according to their 
rule of apparence,obfcrving the falbjon of men 


58 CHiROLOGiA:Or, 

in this effeft of paffion in tbeH**J,conchAc fuch 
pcrfons to be hafty, cholerickc, revengefuH, and 
apt to take or give offence, who cuftomariiy u(t 
to hold their Hsnd'm this pofture. If we fhould 
goe over the Chronicles of all ages , and trace 
this naturall gefture of the H«r»/ through thofc 
records which bexre witneffe of times and the 
manners of inen j we fhould meet with many 
examples of this atigrp expreffion of the Htmd. 
Some few copies of thisoriginall affection will 
ierve to confirme and illuftrate the acceptionof 
this geftursi in this fenfe^and fignifkation.Thus 
Zanaras. -LtoArnunns Etnperour entring into theprilon 
by night,, and feeing Mkhtol B.*lbus y and the 
Warden of the j>ri(bn with him , andalmofta- 
iieep,tiecfett*&.rjte anger bytthc a g i t ati o n of 
his Han d. *P*fi4t the Warden fearing the 
anger of the Emperour, inconclufion confpired 
with the fame Aiichael t and on the very night of 
the nativity of our Saviour flew the Emperaur. 
Tacit. hifl. Thus the Souldiers of ViteJtius Army j?ent 
lib.i. their fists againft the Ambafladours of the 
Helvetians /who came to treat that their City 
might not be razed, which the Souldiers (grabs 
ofretienge ) had importunately called for to be 
razed,and VmSins for histpart fpared no treats* 
Thusthe Senate bent their fists agaiaft 
M«n.Hifi Stritltniis VoctdAyzni ceafednot to offer Violence 
lib.*, untill he bad departed the heufe. Thus alfo A- 
griff ina mad and wilfull after her favourite. Pal* 
1m was difplaced from the charge that flauditu 

Uc \ Th An g had given him ' S ave out thjtertnhtg and tbunde- 

' ring fpeeches , yea not forbearing the Princes 

eares, and after her bitter threats, bent her 

fist toward Nero. Thus the Souldiers in Pan- 


The naturall Language of the Hand. 5 9 

nonia threat neD with the f 1 s ts rhofe they met Anna). 
of the guard , or Cafars friends and familiars, as lib.x. . 
defirous to picke quarrells and raKe fedition. 
Free-men,bond-fl*ves, alfo werefe*red,f)h$Rt-- Id * m A a- 
«lng with words und fists , their Patrons and™ 1 *** 
Matters. The Italian vulgar doe moft refent the 
indignity of this mtnalo^'AG station of 
the Hano exhibited agairift them. 

mannerof adish, is their habit who $!Ay 

receive ; and there is a certaine forme or fem- 
blance of the thing implied , in this unufuall ca- 
pacity of the Wand. From the naturall fignific*. 
tion of this pofture, that biting adage had its ori- 
gihall which taxeth the lueratitw gr&Dmefife, of 
the Athtnhtis } ttftfonietrfif j Vel morU*t f * cavat Eraf.Adag 
manum. This gefture of receit to an ingenious ' 
and honeft man hathbeen accounted a kindeof 
repioatlj, as appeares by the witty laying of Ju- 
lian the Empereur. For when by a certaine So- 
lemn order or cuftome, there were certaine Mef- 
feWge'rs or Purfivarils 6rought into the confifto-* Ammhnj 
ry,"to receive gold ,- among others, one of the jl" 1 *'* 
company tooke it, not as the manner is , inthe ' '* ' 
lappet of his mantle fpread abroad, but with the 
hollow ball of both Hands j and With that thefe 
Parfivants or Intelligencers (quoth the Empe- 
rour) can skill to catclj, and not tolatch money. 
Hence it was that the Viand of Rttffinus gover- 
nor of the Eaft urider Honorius the EmpercJur ,'Hi«fon. 
was carried about through new Rome, after his z °fi>n" s « 
death, in mockery, falhioned after this manner , 
which £7«tf AVfj»>luth elegantly etfpreffed in his 
death . Dsxtra 

6o CniROLOGiAsOr, 

Claud, in 1>extra quinetiam, iudo'eonceffa vagatuv. 
cxdRuffi- £ts£ra pctens"^ /'<*»<*/& animi perfolvit avan 
ni - Terrtbiti liter o , * "vivnf^ imitata retentus % 

Cogitur adduUis digitos infltSere nervis. 
Cvrippus very ingenioufly fhadows out the W 
Corip. A- pacitp of a company of Plebeians inferred from t jjjs Gcfture of the Hands : 
laud. Juft. __ * cpdntrz CA t Mti 

'** Tenderer quo veniens late pluat aureus imber. 

And a little before he (aid , 

. — — * Exertai^adntunera"^ tenders Atxtrat* 
This entertainment Marcus Antoninus t the Im- 
IMob hb. perjaH philofopher, received at the Hands of the 
Anton.*"' &KbV multitude when he came to Rome. For 
Phil. ' -when in an oraiion , he made to the pepplcjoa- 
mong other things, hebad ff*id, thathchad 
been abfent in his travells m*ny : yeat5; the mul- 
titude cried out,' eight; and with .stretched 
out Hands , fignified how they Ctrafjefi that 
they might receive fo many Attrei y for a cortgi- 
ary : at which the Emperour fmilcd, and (aid al- 
Th* ij, fo, eight ; and afterwards gave them eight An- 
ieo. ret a piece ; fo great a fumme, as they never re- 
drachmes , ceived at any Emperours Hands before. Pierm 

Twins \n ^ altn he ha£ * ^ cen thc % ne of PM e * non \n Rome, 
Hieroglyp holding a booke fhut , and tyed very (freight in 
lib.jj. his left Hand., and his right Hand di(b'& in this 
manner : fo that he feem'd to UemanD the p^fce* 
which unleffe they paid him downe in his Hand, 
they fltould not have his booke ; fot they report 
him to have becne a writer of Comedies, who 
was wont to fell his labours at a very deare rate. 
Arifloph. And Ariftephanes hatha jeftin one of his Co- 
in concio- medies, where Tkidolus brings in thegod$foc 
natricibu.-. an example : To whom when wc tender fup- 


*The naturall Language of the Band* 6 1 

plication for feme good, they ftandHoiDiNo 
the r Hand upwards ; not as they would 
gibe, but'as they would receive fomewhat. Bar- BarcUy. 
clay who is every where very elegant in his al- Sa, y r * 
lufions tonaturall geftures , reflecting upon the 
fimilhudis between this gefture, and the pofture 
of theJFfaWiis gibing, brings in Eupkormio def- 
cribjngthe ftatue of a goddefle, that held her left 
&andvcry open,but ftretched out her right Hand 
with fuch a womanifli feigning and colourable 
pretence, that you could not tell whether (he 
had rather gibe or tafee. This is the beggars era* 
btog pofture. Yet cobetoufneJTe hath bowed the 
Hands even of Emperours to the fignificant pra- 
ctice thereof. For Suetonius reports that O&a- S L Ue . to f n '? 
vitts Augufttts Cafar , by occafion of a virion by oa a A«e 
night, beggeD yearly upon a certaine day money e«f." 
of the people,and held cut hi s Hand hol- 
lo w to thofe who brought him brazen dodkins, 
or mites , called Atfes. And the fame Author 
hath obferved as much in Vejpajian , who was fo Idem Vef- 
famous for railing profit out of his Subje&s urina pafiano. 
and his dukit odor Inert ex re qnalibet. For when 
certaine Ambafladours brought him word that 
there was decreed for him at the common char- 
ges of the ftate a Giant-like image that fcear 
would coft no meane fumme of money ,he com- 
manded to raife the fame immediately , shbw- 
ing therewith his Hand hollow. Here is 
the bafis, quoth he.and pedeftallfor it ready. 

s r re a t, , is the habit of bounty , liberality, &&*>■ 
and a free heart; thus we retoarD and fricnDlj? xxv * 
beffolu Diir guifts. Hence toopentheHan'd 


6z € h i r o l o g i a : Or* 

in the Hebrew phrafe implyes to be fv& besrfeft 
munificent, and UberalC For, the Hebrewcs 
when the/ would expreffe a pjofuf e muntffrenti) 
teuncla- they fay fadpethucha, that is, Manum apertmi 
« U ff I ? ,ft ' from whence perchance theTurkes borrowrm 
libV * ^e conceit, are wont to fet forth iltberatttyty 
Ecclefiaft. an open Ha nd. The fonne of Sirach knowing 
4*>i4> that the exercife of Bounty and Prodigality re* 
quires in a manner the like gefture and expreffioa 
of the Band i fpeaking of the unjuft fpend-thrift 
wafting of bis goods,laith, That while 'he opt* 
KETH his Hand he (hall rejoyce. Andthc 
Plin. Nat. Greekes m old time (faith "PA'*? J called the jjnuu 
Hift. erjpaceefthe Hand from the thumb to the little {in- 
ters end. 'JJorott, wm'ch is the reafon that (ttffebe 
in their language called *Dora } becaufe they bee 
PjefenfeD with the Hand. Hence Phifiogno- 
15* mifts fay fuch who cuftomarily ufe to hold the 
Hand extended out are of a liberall complexion 
of minde; arguing from this liberall property of 
the Hand. And there is a tradition our mi- 
wives have concerning children borne opeh 
Handed, that fuch will prove of a bountiful! 
Difpofitton, and franfcc banticD. Infants indeed 
for themoft part come Into the world with their 
Buxtorph Hants chs'd-, thereby notifying, as a Rabbi o5- 
ferves, that God hath given them the riches ef 
this world, and as it were fhut them up in their 
Hands : whereas on the contrary, dying men are 


Hands and fXNGiRs^hereby willing to fig- 
nifie that they reltnqutfl) the world, and have no 
longer to doe with the things thereof. Which is 
the only good aftion the clo/e- handed Mikr doth, 
Who when death opens and unlockes his Band, 


The naturatt Language of the Band. tf $ 

doth by this neceffary pofturc of botmt p, gft« a 
toap and beqneatb, and as it were manumit what 
he could no longer with- hold from the next pof 
{eSor.SeBarmine relates a ftory of Stephen King Bellarm. 
of Hungary ,whofe Hand was found whole anainvit.s. 
uncorrupt after his death. And cafting in his Stephaw, 
minde what might be the reafon why God was 
pleafed tniraculoufly to preferve his Right Wand 
onely, with the skinne, bones,and nerves, whea 
the other members were refolved into their firft 
elements , delivers his opinion, thus -. Truly I 
thinke that in this miracle God was willing to 
fhew the depth of his divine councell, that ctja« 
ritp excells all other vertues. Defervedly there- 
fore did the Right Hand of this holy King remain 
uncorrupt, which was al way es flourijhingwith 
thebloffomesof mercp, ana which in wltebtna; 
and Distributing gifts to the poore, was never? 
empty or indifpofed.God (indeed) who ope^is 
with his Hakd, and filleth eVery living 
thing with his bleffings, out of his infinite boute 
tp deales out liberally his divine Almes to his 
creatures with both his Hands. Whence Divined 
diftinguifh the gifts of God into thofe of his 
Right Hand y and thofe of his Left, to wit,into$*- 
rituaU and temporal!. Itextra ^fi eft ttnde grata 
provenimt. Hence the ssiramhes by a Right Hand 
understand the effufc bent gnttp or God . Maldo- Maldenat. 
nat commenting upon the words of our Saviour, Comment 
Let not thy left Hand know what thy right Hani in Mat.*. 
doth , gives a reafon why in this place, contrary 
to the cuftome of Scripture, the Left Hand is na- 
med before the Right, and aftion attributed to 
the Right Handy and knowledge to the Left. For 
it is therefore done ( faith heej becaufe wee aref 


64 Chirologi a ;Or, 

wont to reach out our almes (which our Saviour 
there fpeakcs or) with our Hight Hand, hcnc« 
called Manns elcemojinaria, and not with our ltft t 
and al other works iiai are done with the HaiU, 
the Right Hand does tnem, the Left as a helps 
doth aflift ; fo that if it had eyes it could not bee 
ignorant what the Right Hand did : wherefore 
Chrift would have us fo to exercife this Hand 
with workes of chartft? , that our Left Hani 
(Which iswonttobenot onely confcious, bat 
acceffory to all the actions of the Right Hand^ 
fhould not fo much as know or take notice there* 
Ctefol °** Cre f oS ' MS judicioufly fcanning thefe wor<fr 
Anthoi. of out Saviour, Let not thy left Hand know what thy 
Saw. ' right Hand doth y tells us that it is afymbolicfll 
expreflion very like to the Hieroglyphiquea of 
the ^Egyptians, and therefore the force and fenfe 
of this admonition, is to be fought out of the na- 
ture and ufuall fignification ok both the Handt, 
As for the Right Handjt is altogether open ,fr«, 
andmanifeftlyput in action. Wherefore for its 
part it denotes an ingenuous candor and virtue, 
.whofe glory is moft perfpicuoufly fet out by a- 
ftion ; but more efpecially the Right Hand figni* 
Jieth liberality, and for that caufe chofen to bee 
the hieroglvphique of a moft beneficent and pleru 
ttfull largelte : whereas the Left Rand hath » 
contrary Genius, and is ebferved to be of a dofe 
and retired pature:this Niggard out of a skulking 
difpofition affefting fecrehe^and the fubtile ki- 
fure of a thrifty vacation. So that this Symbol! 
©Four Saviour infinuatesthus much : If thouart 
difpofed to communicate thy goods to relieTe 
the wants of thy brother, and to (he w forth the 
liberality of tby minde, takcnotcounfellofthy 


The natural! Language oftbeRand, 6; 

Left Hand i minde not what the covetous defire 
of goods, and the thirft of having, require at thy 
gripingHand; let the Right HoMprevaile with 
thee, the index ofbeneficence,and pledge of com* 
miferation, the awufer of cotoet ottfnette. Let that 
muck- worme the Left Hand earth it felfe In ava- 
rice, ancf keepe filence by an uncharitable reten- 
tion, which doth not love to fcatter,but to fnatch 
away j not to beffoto, but a long time to retain?. 
How many Scavola's or Left-handed Donatifts in 
matter of bounty doe our times afford, within the 
frozen hold of whofe fparing Band Charity is 
quite flarv'd with cold ? And how many who 
rearing the Moralifts Bttdatquicitodat, with the 
old Courtiers gloffe, that the fooner hriters are 
difpatched, the fooner they wil l return e againe : 
by linifter delay hold them in fufpence, while 
their courtefies hang to their fingers ends like 
Bird-lime* and will not come away r ThcCe the 
Heathen man would call vifcata beneficia,vjz left- senec», 
handed favours. Thefe men, as if they werere- 
ftrained by fome ftimptuarj Law, made againft 
the natufall munificence of the Right Hand, refer 
all matters of beneficence to the penurious dis- 
cretion of the Left Hand. Nay, are there not 
fome, who as if they held ignorance to bee the 
IriOtne'rof thrift, to elude this nefciatof the Go£ 
pel, have made thfci'r Hands Jtrike a league toge- 
ther, and agree never to know any fuch thing 
one by the other ? 

Hand unto ANY,isancxpreflion of pitv, fern. 
and of an intention to affojD comfojt and reliefs: Geftu* 
ufed alfo as a token of affuratwe, peace, feairit? xxvr - 

* ano 

66 Chirologta Or, 

and p ijomifeb Ifcfef p.and Miration. Art exprefll<5ft 
much defired by thofe who arc in diftreffe, aria 1 
are not able to fhifc for tfrerrifelVes , who ufe to 
callfor the guift or auxiliary k>an of this Ha/id; 
for thus 'Talinurm calls to C&ne'as , 
Virgil. <Da dextrdrif tnifero & tecutn.the tahc per unite, 

T^T A l ^ cnce * 'Dare manum aticui vel *rriaiitUn adfftbVHt 
Syml i $!L r " t"/ yw &. auxiltum ferre.^ 'Symmachus CallJ 
Epift.57. this. \jidjutricem~\ manum the piping H^rf. -C^- 
Cji.!. 4 . fiodortts * r Dciclram\JaiKtar'ern\ the comfortable 
Epia z6. \\and . a - d with Ifidor , it i'S't'jie witneffc of fat 
Pier Hier ^ a ^ on# P' er ' ui makes t his gefture tlie hicrogly. 
lii,; j y.' ' phicke of fojtttUDe and aiD , in which fcnfe it Is 
very frequently ufed by the learned R omanS.The 
_ , farne manner of expreffion hath prevailed alio 
ii?I" ' With the Greeks, and with the Hebrews like- 
wife; for fo faith the Scripture, The wicked 
lend one another the Hand , but in vaine'; for 
though Hand ioyne in Hand , the wicfojj 
Pfal 58.7. fti*M not fcape iinpunifhed. The like exprJettfoQ 
20 6.44.J of gefture is frequent in facred Writ. The Pro- 
i? phet Ifaiah in reference to the fignifi cation of 
Ifa., 6.7. cont f jt , faith , they fhall not stretc h odt 
Prov«b T H E H A N D s ^ Dr them i' n th e morning to coittft}! 
zuxo ' t ' iem ^ or ^ e ^ a( * : ^nd S^ ™ " fpeaking oftK 
vertuous woman, faith, She fpreadeth odt her 
Hands to the poofe, and pu'tteth forth her H**i 
Mitt. i 4 . to the needy. To this intent, Jefusimmeaiatety 
ji. st rftched FontH hisHand , and caught 

up linking Teter crying out unto him to fiffte 
him. And fo figniricant and 
fticcour and fuppo:t is this gefture,that Vkx* for 
2 Sam.6.6 putcii.g forth his Viand to ftay the Arke of God, 
was fmitten wifh dearh for that fpeaking errout 
of his Hand. Tfiis gefture of ftfettoir ancfrclieft 


tbs natural! Language of the Band. 6j 

hath been obfervedmancientcoines, (lamped Kwus 
with the image ofthe goddeffe Ops , by that po- ™ er °S 7- 
fture,p?omi{mg a totttmgneato ^elpe all that in- ,J '" 
voke her name, f This gefture is (alfo) ana- 
turall token of affiance and pjomtftD fafety. ^' h ^ 
Thus the King of Perfia fa^eD CMentors life S«tc.l"5! 


tAmmianHS (JWarceHinns faith the fame of one 
Nebriiius, who wa s the only man fhat refuted to 
confpire with others againft Conftattitu, and jj mmi ? n; . 
therefore to fate himfelfe from the fary of the ~ 
Souldjers who had drawne their (words Upon c2? X 
him , flying with all fpeed he Coald make to Ju- 
lian, frefoaght him, that for affurance he would 
Vojuchfafeto g<ve &im his right Hand; 
wbereunto Julian maditanfwer, what (hall I 
keep efpeciaUy for my friends, in cafe thou 
touch my \0*n% ? but goe thy wa'yes froai hence 
whither thou wilt, irifafcty and fecurit?. 

TO LET DdWN THE HaNd fajlf!) tiff eitf fO Comm:-' 
reareftime langrjif&f ns creature from off tfje £ r «*. 
a,W>urtD> is a greater epreffion of ptfp and com- xxvir 
mtrerattffif, tKeritoattord'a stretched out 
Hand to tfne who rifeth of his owne accord j 
Tor between thele e^preflioss the Learned have 
made 'a diftinction : Tothis eipreffiori I finde pfal 
that of the iPfelmift referred , Send downe thy 7> 
HW from above. 


thing With the Hand, is the gefture of Geftus 
one ana?? oijjrtelj.eD fn mta&e, and u# p tmpati-- xxvni. 
ent To which gefture tft»t of the Prophet £•«- Ez:k.6.u 
fc>/is referred, Thus faith the Lord God, smite 

¥ 2 with 


with thine Hand, &c. By this figne inci- 
ting the Prophet to fignifie the great tojatlj and 
Dettrildum to come .The natural reafon of which 
gelture is, the minde fretted that it cannot meet 
My Lord with a revenge, doth out of H*nd endeavour tp 
B«oru quench her fervent heat fomeother way, to wit, 
Mat. Hi ft. by strokes or noife, or fome other remedy, 
which fome what eafe the minde. To defcend 
downe into our ownc Hiftorie for an example 
of this patheticall motion of the Wand i a Royall 
Copie whereof we have in a Prince, whofe paf- 
Godwyns (ions were, as himfelfe, great, to wit, Henry the 
Annals of eight, who demanding of one of his Phyficians 
He a. 8. w jj f e p a tient Cardinall Woolfej was, what di- 
ftemper Wodfty had, who then was fickc, the 
Doftor replyed, what difeaie foever he batb, hee 
will not live to the end of three day es more. The 


Hand, cryed out, I had rather lofe twothou- 
fand pounds then hee fliould dye, make hafte 
therefore you and as many Phyficians as area- 
bout theCourt,and by .all meanes endeavour his 
Sir Rkh. recovery. Another example of this expreflion 
|5k«r I finde in our Chronicles.before the times of this 
Chron.of Prince, and that is in the Duke of Glofter, Pro* 
BoJairi. tcftou r to young King Edward the fifth. For a- 
^ ' mong other paflionate geftures which accom- 
panied his changed countenance, when he accu« 
fed the Qucene Mother and her complices of 
plotting bis death, and my Lord Htfiings had ad- 
ventur'd to returne fome anfwer to his Jierce in- 
terrogatory, fubmiffively faying, IftheQueenc 
have confpired,- — The word was no fooner 
©ut of the Lord Haftings mouth, when the Pro- 
teftour ciapping his Hand upon the 


Tkenaturati Language of the Hand. 69 

board, and frowningly looking upon him,faid, 
Telleft thou me of If and And, I tell thee, they, 
and none but they have done it, and thou thy fclf 
art partaker of the villany ,&c. 



of the their naturall expreflion 
who encourage, entbolDen,and eicbojt one to be of 
gOOD chare* tsintonim inftead of fpeech figni- Fm:i!*fi 
ficantly ufed this gefture. For it is written of JjJ];^ 
him, that while he was fetting his men in order n 1U£ . nt °" 
of battaile at Aftium, being refolved for a navall end the controverfie betweene OUaviui 
Cafar and him for the Monarchic of the world ; 
there was a Captaine and a valiant man that had 
ferved nAntonius in many battailes and conflicts, 
and had all his body hacked and cut : who as 
Antonins palled by him, cryed out unto him, and 
faid : O noble Emperour, how commeth it to 
paffe that you truft in thefe vile brittle (hips ? 
what, doe you miftruft thefe wounds of mine, 
and this (word? Let the ^Egyptians and the 
Phoenicians fight by Sea, and fet us on the main 
land, where we ufc to conquer, and to bee flaine 
on our feet. <iAntonim palled by him and faid 
never a word, but only beckonp to him 
with his Han d and Head, as though he toil- 
leD him to be of jjcdD courage, although indeed he 
had no great courage himfelfe. 

out H a n d , is the habit of one attempting q^' ' - 
toboeanotafce fame famous ej;plo iin l^anD.; X xx. 

¥ I and 

7© Ch i r ol ogia: Or, 

and is a naturall pofture of an craltCH «!1D WdO* 
rtOUS potoer.Hence he is (aid t© have his r i g 4 t 
Hand exalted who is made powerful! and 
Mich.y.9. glojfous. Hence the Prophet UWicha: Thy 
Hand shall be li ft up upon thine adverfa- 
ries : that is, Thou (halt overcome and betWot 
rious. And to this gefturethe Pfalmift alludes, 
pfa.89.41 Thou haft st tup the right HANDofhisad- 
Deut.ji. verfaries. Wee reade in Deuteronomy, that the 
2 7- Lord would have {battered his people, but hee 
feared their enemies ftiould wax proud, and fry 
our high Hand and not the Lord bath done 
Job 58,15 a ^ this. And that mirrour of patience : The h i gh 
Pfj.i ol 1 z a r m e of the wicked (hall, be broken. The Pfal- 
Pfa.89.13 miftufingtheexpreffionand (ignification of this 
gefture in great attempts ; Arife O Lord, lift 
up thine Hand. And againe, Thou haft a 
mighty Artne, ftrong is thy Hand, and hi gh i s 
E|oJ ^ ; thy right Hand. And the Scriptures ge- 
peut.4.34 nerally under the metaphor of this gefture (hi- 
7. 19.9. 29 dow out the poVoer of God manifefted in the de- livery of the children of Ifrael out of jEgy^t» 
» K ' n g. 8 - who under this phrafe is fignificantly fa id to have 
4 *' brought them out from thence Opart?, and by 
mat-tc fojce.f That it is fignificant in their Hmit 
who go c about tofet in Hand a bufmeffe, to omit 
other confirmation, appearesin Pharaohs fpee<k 
to Jofeph, wjfcre he laid unto him, I am Than^f 
Gen. 4 i a nd without thee {hall no man lift up HiJ 
* 4 * H an p in iEgypt. Examples of this at testiptftll' 

gefture are not wanting inprophane Hiftories. 
For the day on which the battaile of Pharfalia 
Plutar. in was ftnickco, Cafar feeing Crafflinus in the mor- 
the i.fe of ning as he came out ofbisTenr, asked him what 
e*fir. he thought of the fuccefle of the battaile ? Cra- 


The natural! Language of the Hand, 7 1 


unto him £ which was a mute omen hee ftiould 
ba>5e tfce $etten Hand of his enemies that day]) 
cryed out aloud .OCaefar, thine is the foidBjie; 
and this day (halt thou commend mee alive or 
dead : and accordingly brake afterwards out of 
the rankes, and running amongft the midft of his 
eoefoies, with many that followed him, made a 
great daughter : at laft one ran him into the 
mouths that the Awards point came out at his 
neckj aiid (o flew, him. 

TQ presentthbHand, is their exprefli- Profero. 
on who p-ofec or toiler a thing as their act £* fl " 
aitD $»&• And tkc Verbe frofero which hath the 
fignification to piofet and prefent a thing.feemes 
tq imply the very gelture. This was the firft ex- 
preffionthat ere appeared in the \i«nd, and was 
ufed by Svein the ratall profer ©f the forbidden 
fruit unto the firft man. And it was required in G -'"• ? 6 * 
the old Law at the HW of the *jfi»w, who was Mai. a. i j 
to prefcnt his offering with his owne Hand: for 
in religious duties there was never a proxie al- 
lowed, ^ As it is fignificant in delivery of wri- 
tings as our aft and deed, it is moft apparantly 
feene in its fignification at the delivery of Deeds 
(to called from this gefture , for this is that which 
gives force toall legal! conveyances, and with- 
out this expreflion Liverieand Seifin isofnone 
eff-ft. 9[ A femblauce of the fame gefture wee 
ufesvhen wee wxinldtake or accept what ispro- 
fered and delivered into our Hand*. And that fi» 
militudeof pofturefeemes toimply a correfpon- 
dencyand a favourable inclination toehtertaine 
their efFer,as if they therewithal! profered thanks 

P 4 for 

7t Chirologia; 0r> 

Bcda*. jt j for the fame. To the naturall purpofe and fflear^ 
lG - ' ingdftbisgefture, the Sonne of £ j7tm;6 : He hath 
fet fire & water before thee, stretch forth 
thy Hand unto whether thou wilt : that 8, 
tafte or accept of which thou wilt : for by a me. 
tonymy of the adjunct the figne is put for the 
Oen.j.f?. thing fignified. This was thefecond geftureof 
any lignification that is recorded toltave appea- 
red in the Hand, and the firft that flic wed it felfp 
in the Hand of the firft man Adam, when hee at- 
cepfet) of that forbidden fruit, with which' hee 
tooke a curfe that filled his Hand with labour, 
and forced it often to advance to wipe his fwca- 
ting browes. From this unhappy gefture the 
Uand may be well called Manns amanando, be- 
caufe all evill proceeded from this action. Two 
ufestheH**«f was chiefly ordained for, to Mb, 
palende andflfof, asQalc* well obferves : but Man took 
ufu part. f in w ; t h j t at rirCt. that he undid himlelf e. The 
' miiguided Wand would be reaching at the Tree 
of knowledge, but prohibited by an expreffeca- 
Gen.3.12. veat, was prevented from putting forth it felfe 
to the tree of life. 

sftcemina- TO WAG THE Hand IN A SWINGING QE- 

teftftiBo. ■* stuRE.istheirnaturallexpreffion who would 

Xxx i r Clt&eat0ur t0 & aften anD au "itt tftemfelijes f n pi* 
greffitjc motion, and withall denotes a kindeof jroanf ormelTe and effenttnac? 1 . Ariftotle fayes,thit 
|-?ff.ani. man Coi? id n ot walke unleffe he were aflifted ty 
J5" ' the motion of his (houlders, and that the s w i n- 
ging of his armes dothmuch help the bo- 
dies tranfportation in leaping: which men by 
inftioft knowing, doe many times fall into this 
gefture upon fuch occafion. Hence Phiftopu- 


The natural Language of the Hand, j \ 

mcall PhiUftpkers who know that every man 
bath his peculiar gernus, caufing that native dif- 
ference of nihilities in men; oblerving the ope- 
ration of thefe fpirits as they are matched and 
conjoyned to outward geftures, whichby a kind 
of tacit character give out the manner of their 
complexion; doe eafily difcerne the differences 
of fpirits by arguing fyllogiftieally from the na- 
turall habit to the genuine or contra fted, which 
cuftome makes more perfonall; for as mens 
prefent paflions and inclinations are brought by 
nature into a ct ; fo men following the vogue of 
nature, are wrought to a reiteration of that acti- 
on, untill the Handhzth contracted a habit. The 
refult of thefe Phirtognbmers falls thus into a ^%i 
grand axiome of their ait, that whofoever is (as 
by a perfonall propriety and actuall condition) 
cuftomarily feen toufe thegefture of any nam? 
rail affection ; he is by habituall complexion ve- 
ry incident to that affection , exhibited by that 
gefture. Hence Seneca, not unskilfull in this art Sen.epj(h 
of Chiromanticall Phifiognomie, makes the cu- Mora1 "^- 


a n d fr o, a perfonall character of effemtttarie 
and fmpUDenrc. ImfuHicum & incefins efiendit % 
& * ntanus mot* , & relates ad caput digitus, 
& fitxus oculorum : The gate , the turning of 
the eye, the finger on the head, and the wag- 
ging of the Hand, (hew a fhameletfe 
wanton. And Marcus C*to was wont to fay, Plutjn 
he would not have him for a fouldier, that Ac life of 
wagd his Hand as he goeth, remove!. his f- at0 Ml * 
feet as he fighteth , and rbuteth and fnorteth ' ot ' 
louder in his deep , then when he crieth cut to 
charge upon his enemy. 



Chirologia: Or, 

DetrSftro TO SHAKE OUT THE HAND, is their natUrtll 

nonhabe- J cxpreffion who would (hew that theghaty 

te. Geflus mit noa&ei^etofeaiwaftbttjg. This the Latines 

^. X3 f IIL ?»U* mamsexGtttere. The Prophet I faith in re- 

is! ? * ft*«nce to the fignification of this gefture, fajtfc, 

The righteous sh At eth his Hands from 

folding of bribes. And the fonne of Siraehj^ 

todesto the fignification of this gefture, whew 

Eedefaft. he faith,, the flothfullman is compared toth$ 

' filth ofs[4HnghUl;every man that takes it up,will 

shake his Hand. 



G«(6»* ' •* AND * AIS,D Hand over an y , i$ their 

xxxi v. expreffion who offer to chaff ife and Sbefc atod* 
Ungnes to ffrtfee o; tafce rehenge.Henceth« pro- 
hibitionof the Angel to Abraham about to facri- 
flee his fon,af ter he had s t r e t c h e d ' o ut h i $ 
Hand, to that intent , lay not thine Hand upon 

Ifa.i® z. f ^ e <hMe. The Prophef Ifaiah refpccYive to this 
fignification of gefture , faith, That the King of 
Affyria fhould shake .his Hand %gainfttbe 
mount of the daughter of Sion. And becaufc 
men are wont to ufe this expreffion bygeftwe 
to thofe they hold footfhp of rebuke and puniQl* 
menf , that being terrtfteb thereby they might re* 
claim them from vice. Hence by an Attthropo- 
peja'm many places of Scripture this gefture im- 
plies the chattijtng Band of God. To this figni« 

Ifa.i9.i^.fication belongs that of the Prophet lfaiah, In 
that day (hall jEgypt be like unto women ; and 
it (hall be afraid and feare, becaufe of the s ha- 
ving of the Hand of the Lord of Hofts, 
which he lhaketh over it. To this alfo belongs 


The naturaU Language of the Hand* 75 

that of the fame Prophet, With his mighty wind idem cap 
(hall he shake his Hand over the river. And u.ver.ij. 
the Prophet ZecbArith to the fame fignification , 
Behold', I will shake minb HaNd wponZKh.a.^. 

TO STRIKE ONB WITH TH B Fl S T, IS their j> U gno. 
Gefture who would be abengeb of thofe«Geftas 
tfeaSt have offended them, and would right fljettl* xxxv - 
felfoefc . by this wiTde vindi&ive fuftice of thdc 
Hands. The Httidthas clofelyihufc and the finr 
gers all turned in, is called in Latini,P*g»Hs,fH9* 
niam mttnus ejus, ante eratpaffa & mane ( undent*- 
nm) conttaS*cUiHfis digitu,efft8Aift 7iu}tlidefiSc*llgtr 
dpifa. The nether part of this Hjind in this po* dc Subt > ! « 
(hire Chiromancers call the fomeU or percuffion 
ofthe Hand, the Greeks Hjfvthttutr feu feriens _ 
maims, and fltnv icn' -jSdwW, fercutere. Galen 
obferves that the outride of the H<*»^wasdepri- Galen dc 
ved of flefh, that the F i s t might be more con- uf.pirt. 
firmed to fupply the place of a weapon. And in- 
deed they naturally and eafily findethis tfaicke 
weapon who would buffet or fight at fiflifs 
cuflfas with others. This was the geftnre ofthe 
Hand that firft begun the fray or skirmUh in the 
world , before time had brought in the ufe of o- 
ther weapons. Hence the Latines fay , e P»gnam Erafm. 
** mAnu ejfe , and fugna hath its denomination Ada 8* 
from this pofture ofthe Hand. Lucretius alludes 
to this primitive expreflion of anger, 

virmaantiqu* mantis ungues dentefeLfuerunt. 
And when we fee men together by the etrs, we 
know what they intendthereby. The Prophet 
Ifaiak condemning the injurious uie of thisfmi- Ifj.f Si- 
ting exprclfion of the Hand'm ttzifc and Debate , 


y6 Chirologia: Or, 

calls it the Fiji ofrrickedtiefe. 

to. * of the Hand, is their expreflion who 

xxxvi. Wou ^ rebuke or correct another forfomefauc$ 
' fpeech or action. Hence the Hand with the fin« 
gers ftretched out, which I/tdtr calls the palmt, 
hath its name in Hippocrates from a word that 
fignifieth to ftrike. Agtllius ufeth the word<fc. 
palmare for this fmiting expreflion of the prime : 
The Greeks to the fame fignification of gefture 
ufe the word »Ao*f£«». This contemptuottl 

Joh.s8.i2 expreflion of anger the officer of the high Prieft. 

Mak 14. tued to our bleffed Saviour; for theText iaies,He 

if' 6 6 & roo ^ e n,m with the palme of his Hand, taking 

' 7 upon him to rebttfee Chrift for anfwering the 

high Prieft irreverently as he curfedly fuppofed. 

To the naturall fignification of this offenffteger 

Ha.y.i j, fture, may that ofthe Prophet If dab be referred 
Therefore is the anger of the Lord kindled a* 
gainfthis people, and He hath stretched 
forth his Hans againft them, and hath 
fmitten them, tec. for all this , his anger is not 
turned away, but his Hand is stretched 
out ftill. 

Appre- TOlay Hand upon one is their cxprefli- 

hendo. J, on w j, vvich aut&ojttp appjehenh and lay 

xxxvii ^°^ °^ one as a delinquent to (iecure their per* 

tort. This is one of the propereft exprefiions of 

the Hand ; appjehenffon being the proper aftion 

ofthe Viand > fbrHWandtfo/^are conjugates* 

Dr. Crook a3 the y terme tacm . in the Schoolesj from which 

in his Mi- g^ftnte the Hand is called Organonanttleptico% 

crocofm. fpr it if the firft ufe ofthe Handto takbhoid. 


The natural! Language of the Band. 77 

With the Ancients this geftore is manucaptio and 

mantis injicere. This is a dangerous Habeas Cor- EraCAdig 

fus, in officers who are the Hands of the Law , 

& without words obtains the force of an arrefc 

and hatha fpice of their atttljO&ttP moreftrong 

then their emblematicall Mace. Thefe actions Mark 14. 

are frequently entered in the Counter of Time. 46. 

Thus the officers ofthehighPrieft laid Hands 

on Chriit, arid tooke him. 


theHand from any one, istheirge- to. 
fture who would fignifiea totUtngrteffe to re*^' ft "* 
leafeone that teas befoje in t&eir pofiteSTton ano u 
potoer, as having fome reafort to grant them 
their liberty. This with the Ancients is man** 
mittefe, and from the Ggnification of this naturall 
gefture, the Ancients tooke their formes of ma* 
mtmtffioty uf«d when they did enfranxljife their 
bond-men : of which the Civill Law takes much See Juftin. 
notice, and theobfervation of Critiques are very Infliwf. 
large in that matter. There is in this naturall ex- 
preffion of the Hand a certaine forme of the 
thing fignified. Hence the ^Egyptian Priefts 
who alwayes had their eyesfixt upon the Hand 
of nature, in their Hieroglyphique exprefled IU Pier.Me- 
bertpbyaHAND extended qut at iarge ,roglyph. 
in which lively fymbole of gefture , the fingers ^ lb -3 f • 
feem to be made free of the Hand. The medall 
of Tiberius Claudius Cafar, in Which a little gra^- Idem ibid, 
ven image hath the left Hand opened to 
itsuttermost extent , with this infcrip- 
tion, Libert as Jugufta, implies as much , fince 
the left Hand the moft retentive appears fralp 
to manumitfox astheHW in this poftureimplies 


78 ChirologIa: Or, 

the naturall liberty of its owne proper and indj. 
Tidaall body • lo it moft properly exprefles the 
gift of the fame priviledge to others by the faoie 
freedbme of gefture. 


Geftus J, derwith thi HANDjisthekexprefliai 

xxxix. W ^ Q wou i ( j ^yearf^rt and encourage others^ a op 

fture obvious in the Hand that takes part witb 

Ubofe that are in fight , and defires to fet mena 

beafts together by the ears. Significantly reip|. 

Sandy* Q[ ve unto this, is that gefture among others,ufc|} 

Trmlli. in inftalling the Knights of St. John of Jerufa- 

1 * 4 ' lem, whereby'hc that gives him Knight-hood, 

IAYing his "Hand on his shoulder 

doth epbojt hiim to be vigilant in the Faith, and 

to -afpire unto, true honour by couragfousf and 

laudable a&ions. 


V V with our Hand whom we mafeo 
naich of, chertfh, , humour, or affectionate^ 
U%Z> an expreflion very obvjousamong the a- 
ftbns of common life , being a Junde of fcift|< 
genst declaration of the min^e , ufed to patll? 
an^ipleafe others, performed" by drawing our 
IfWwith a fweetning motion over the head or 
face of the party to whqm we intend this infi- 
nuation. This the Ancients call mnlctrt caftt 
alterius ; a gefture often ufed by men in figne of 
fafcoar and encouragement to ingenious and to- 
warily youths. 


Gcfi.XH I Hand, is a gefture ufed by thofe who aDmo- 


TbeiiUtwraULaf^nniedftberBand. jy 

nil!) and pertluaDe, which hee that fliallfet him- 
felfetoohiervcthe acYions of men, may upon 
ftch oafalfioftJ finde ufed to the fattic intents and 
fUtpofe*. Mithrofajtftis 'Wed this gefturc in aD- 
WlOrrt&iftg ^emarmtus the Lacedemonian : whp Plutarch 
being in the Court of^erfia, the King willing in the l.fe 
him to aske what gift h6 Would. Hee befoiight ° f Themi- 
the King to grant him this favour, to licence him Uoas% ' 
to goe trp and downe the City of &ttdis with 
his royall Hat on his head, as. the Kings of Perfia 
do.VxiijMiihropaHftes the"Kings cozen.TAX i,n e 
him py the Ha nd ,faid unto him,^^*^* #■*•» 
the Kings Hat thou deimndeft, and'if itwere - oft 
thy head, 'it would cover but Utile ^ft. Nay 
though 'fa/itcr £hould give thee his Lightning in 
thy Hdrid^tlflait would not make ihtt 'Jttpitac. 
And we "finde Tmon, favnuncdMifafJtisropos (a$ rj cm j n 
'who would' fay £°%P-£ 4roH ^ or.the inan-hater) the life of 
ufingthis exprefllbnV who meeting Mtibiades Alabiade* 
"With a .great traine as "he caine one day From the 
Councell andAfiemblV of'-the'Cityi 'uotpaffing 
by him, nor giving -him way fas hee did to all ei- 
ther menj but wenturaisht to him, and t oblti 
him by i he Hand, and faid, 0,thoudoeU 
Well my fonne, Icon thee thanke,that thou go- 
eft on and climbeft up ftill : for if ever thou be in 
authority, woe be unto fhofc that follow thee, 
for they are utterly undone. Such an intention of 
gelture, hut with more yehemency of exprelfion 
the Angels ufed Xo Lot, while he lingred in So- Gen. 19. 
dbme, LA YJNG JHOLX) upon" his riAND,and l6 ' 
upon the Hand of his wire, and upon the 
Hand of his two daughters, to abrriOHttb ahd 
perftoaBC the'm to a fuddeh departure from that 

So Chuoloqia ;Oi, 


xlmt* "^ S 6 ^* w ^° ma ^e a confiding life of the 
ftaffe of their age or affection, an exprcflbn io> 
porting that they orach rely upon their faith and 
mendihip t and often feene in the Hdnd of great 
Princes,whcn for greater ftate and eafe they goe 
Supported in this wife.Theiignification of wbicj 
countenance of Majefty doth in effefl: (hew thai 
the Nobleman on whofe Hand the King leaned, 
was next.and fubordinate in authority to himfelf, 
andthatthe waightof all the principall affaires 
of State did lye on his Hands . Thus in the Books 

a Kin.7.j .of the Kings of Judah we reade of a Prince (the 
feme that mockt at the words of £lijba when 
he foretold of the releefe of Samaria) on whofe 
HmuI Itboram King of Ifrael lean'd: that is,as the 
Glofleupon our Bibles hath it, a Prince to whom 
the King gave the charge & oversight of things, 
as doth more plainly appeare by the ij. verfeof 
the fame Chapter. And the fpeech of Nadmm 

2King.y, to "^/(/i* after hee had cured him of his Leprotic, 
makes it more apparant: Onely herein let the 
Lord be mercifull to thy fervant, that when my 
Matter goeth into the houfe of Rimmon to wor^ 
{hip, and leane upon my Htnd, &c. Where M*- 
man craveth to bee pardoned of zeale without 

Wilfons knowledge, as M. Juntas faith, it being no fach 

Chrift. thing as Ihould trouble his conscience to botf 

Dift. himfelfe in an officious fort and civill duty t6 
bend his body that his Lord might leane upon his 
Hind when he went into the Temple of the Idol 
Rimvton to adore. Thus Lib* Drufks foftaincd 
by the HWofhis brother, cntred into the Se- 

Tacitus. nate houfe to anfwer to that enormity hee was 


The natural! Language of the Hand. 8 1 

accufed of : who when hee fa w Tiberius a great 
way off, he held up his Hands, imploring mercy 
with great humility. Which ftatelineffc of gc- 
fture was much ufed in Afia by great perforis, 
and is at thfe day by your Italian Ladies. 

TO hold fast anothbrs Hand in the Impedio. 

fignificatian of fcinDjarrce andrgftramt, w^^mh 
gefture f© obvious in the cholericke perturbatt- XLIII ° 
ops of humane life, that it needs no illuftratiaS 
by example, fince we may every day meet with 
fatisfadioa in the publique ftrects .- for in quar* 
rells where there is any moderation or over ma- 
ttering pqwer on .6ne fide, this reffraint of thd 
HWis ufed both with fignification and advan- 
tage. To this gefture may be referred that of the 
Prophet Z<chari*hy A great tumult from the Lord Zach. 147 
ffiail be among tbem,and they fhall lay hold eve- *J'»4- • 
ry one on the Hand of his neighbour, and his 
Hand (hall, rife up a'gainft the Hand ok his neigh* 
bour,and fudtk alfo fhall fight at Jerufaiem>&c. 

TOlOCONB ONTHB EIBOW, IS the ufuall Rcc or ia' t 

intimation of thofe who put others tnmtn&e> Gcfl "f 
and take upon them the part of a Remembran- XLlV . 
cer : a gefture Very frequent in the common paf- 
fage of humane affaires : much prartifed by the 
Hands of the ancient Romanq 
appeares by the teftimony of Ylonue : 

Afercemurfervum, qtii ftitiet nomina,Uvum Hon--.! . r. 

guifodtatUttts — Epiftitf. 

TOtaie one by -The Hand in courtefie, R-com- 
to recommit) them rinto another by way mendo. 
of prefentation , is an ufuall expreffion in the ^f 1 !? 8 
H**<frofmen, a gefture figriificant and remark- XLV * 

G able, 

Sz Chirologi A.-Or, 

able, having bcene tooke notice of by ancient 
Chronologers : for,the Hand according, to the 
primitive intention of Nature, having by a nc- 
ceffary confent of Nations beene ever cbofen 
Cbronologer of al remarkable aAions,bat& con- 
sequently proved its own Biographer. If there- 
fore we but caft an intuitive eye upon thofe m&* 
morialsthe Right Hand of Time hath left fairly 
noted in the Left Palme of Antiquity^even 6y 
the old autography oFtheHW, wee mayfpeU 
out the fenfe of this naturall expreffion. For 
when Valmtiman had a full pur pole to adornc 
Ammian. his fonne Gratian, a pretty young (tripling, and 
Marccllin. wc u growne,withtheImperiallEnfignes,when 
1,b * 7 * he had wrought the S ouldiers to accept thereof, 
bee afcended up the Tribunall, and taking the 
youth by the Right Hani, hee brought him up 
before them, ana in a publique Oration recom' 
tnsttDeD nim (as ordained EmperoHr)to>the Ar« 
mie. Another Copie of this naturall gefture we 
finde in the Handot Pertiuax, refuting in modefty 
Herodian. the Empire, pretending his age and meane de- 
lib. i. f cent : w ho taking Glabrio by the HW,and pul- 
lfng him forth, placed him in the Imperii 
Throne, recominenDhtg him as more fit fortjii 
Idem 1. 1. Empire. And£ow«W,«.f inafpeechhemadcHn- 
to the Souldiers of bis Army, puts them in mindc 
how his father Marcus when hee was an infant, 
carried him in his armes, and delivered him into 
their Hands , recommenDing him (as it were) to 
their tutelage and fidelity. Thus alfo Tibermt 
(though with diffimulation ) tooke Iftro antf" 
7*- h y T>rfiftts,germa»ic*s children,by theH*«6,andr0* 
' n ' '•*• iommenOcD them to the care of the Senate in a 
diflembling Oration he made. Thus Cjrus taking 


the natural! Language of th Band. 8$ 

Wjfttfbxtbf the'Rightr Hattd, gave heruntohteXenopK.' 
friend* Gobriat, who having Hretehedeut l^Qr. 
H*»tf before, received her at bis Hand*. And ; flM* ,nlUlb<s - 
expiiemon Raruel'nfed when he gave his daogh^ 
tet Samh to wife to young ftfat, an exprcffibri' Tofe.7. i j 
which delivered from Hand to Rtmdis oneoftht 
foltanne rites of Matrimony to Be ufed by the f*- 
tfietrofthe Bride. 

TTOrEADoNiB by the Wand, is their ex--officiofc 

preflion who fafce care of t&e toeafcnetfe arrtNuco. 
fhatnli^ of other* in mattered p^ogreffttie mo* gjj* 
fibit, hied moft commonly to young children A1<V1, 
whom wee fooulb teach anD affltt to gee totiify 
moje eafe and fafety : of which manuductibn 
Holy Writ affords"many examples. Thus tsfgar 
by'commandement of the Angel held herchilde »*• 
by the! Handy which allegorically fignifies the 
workesof the Law, that is, theLawcomman- 
deth workes. Thus the Tribune tooke theNe* 
phew of Saint Tattl by the Hand. And to this 
may be referred that ofthe Prophet Siskitly Thus E zefc.4 $. 1 
faith the Lord unto Q mS ' whofe Right' Hand I 
haveholden. And to the figoificatioa of thisge- 
fture Appertains that ofthe Prophet Ifiab, con- ifa.juS 
cerning the mifery of Jerufalem, There is none 
to gutoe her among all the formes whom (he hath 
broughtferth: neither is there any that t ake t h 
her by the Hand, of all the fonnes that 
hath brought up. This fenfe of gefture hath 
that alto ofthe Author to the Hebrcwes: In theHeb.8. 9 . 
day when I took them by thb Hand, to 
leaD them out of the land of #<gypt. The like 1 fa 4 1. 1 5 
phrafe of geftore occurres in divers other places 4*-6. 
of Scripture. But when this expreffion is ufed to pfali? ?- lt 

G a a fc- 


a female, and one of riper yeares, 'tis figniftcaqfc 
to prefent an officious and tender refpecV orient 
viccable. affection. The afpiring affectation $jL 
women raifed by Choppines to an artificial ele- 
vation of ftature, hath made this courtly garb of 
fefture more neeeflary and commodious to great 
adies, and hath preferr'd it to bee one of tie 
eight parts of tpeecb of a Gentleman- uflaers Ac* 
Ovidjnct. cidence. Hence Ovid, a man well verfcd in fncfi 
lib.*, obfequious expreffions, makes fttfiter at his arri* 
vail into Crete, lead Euhopa by the Hanb 
intothe Cave of 2)»#*. This expreffion is I omc- 
rimes ufed to the blinde ; for the Hand as it (peaks 
byfignes unto the dumb, fo inamoreneceflary 
garbe of fpeech it officiates the place, of an eye. 
and (peaking in the conducting dialed of a 
friendly affiftance ,fupplyes the defect of an ocu- 
Judg.iSi lar direction. Sam/on when the Philistines had 
i6. boared out his eyes, was beholden to the Lad 

that held him by theHand, for the laft at* 
chievement of his fatall ftrength. And in this 
lenfe the blind man and his reader are a kind of 

mprodo. UNTO THE He ad, is a figne of angailfc, fti« 
xlvii roto » S cf * fe » impattencte, and lamentatton, ufed 
alfo by thofe who accufe or jmtffle themfelvefc 
the recourfe and offer of nature in this relfet)tp| 
exprefipon of the HW, makes good the Adage, 
Eraf.Ad.g V bi dolor, ibi digitus. The Prophet Jeremiah pro- 
Jcr,2J7, phefying againft Judah, foretels that fhe fhouM 
be brought t© ufe this note or figne of lament*? 
* Sam.t j. tton. f" And Tamar defloured by her brother. 
19- Jmmm t LMT> her Hand upon hhr Head, 


The natural! Language of the Hand, 85 

as it were accullng or jutttfptng her felfe, as L+- Lorimu 
rinus. And 'tis probable that the Shunamites <nhi$ 
childe when he cryed, My head, my head, made « omenf - 
afeof this Dolojoas expreflion of the Hand.Tha/es Camber*. 
by a pretty Pageant put Solon into fuch a pafiion Plutarch " 
by making him beleeve his fbnne was dead at in the life 
Athens, that like a mad man he ftraight begannc of Soldo. 
to beat his head, like one impatient in affttrtton, 
and overcome toitb fojrouj. The Head is the na- 
turall hieroglyphique of health, and the Hand of 
reliefe and protection, as being^the Champion 
of the Head. Hence in the (traits of imminent 
perils, or dolorous calamity ,they ufually meet in 
a Gommittee of fafety. Hence Tiberius Grac- 
chus engaged in extreame danger, as it were *a* 
tf (tying himfelfe, and recommending his life and 
fafety , which depended on his Head, to the peo- Florus, 
pieof Rome, laying his Hand upon his 
h e a d , went forward to the Capitoll : which by 
the (inkier interpretation of his enemies turned 
to his prejudice, they inferring that by this figne 
he craved the Diadem. Some fuch paffage you 
(hallfinde in esfriftophanes, where *I)ic*polis to Ariftopb, 
fhis effect: Etfinon vera profattts fttero * manu Acharnan^ 
fupra caput impojita, <$**% univerfus approbet po- 

'Orubor scratch the Head with Sollicitr 
the Hand, is their naturall gefture who q^' 
are in anguitq or trouble of mtnDe: for commons xlviii. 
ly when we are in Doubt, and uncertain^ fcoljat to 
5oe, we muling scratch our He ad. Hence 
by a proverbialltranflation from this gefture, Ca- 
put fiicare, feu digit* fcalpere, isufed pro cogitare. Erif.Adag 

But why we (hould in eameffmeDitattonfio na- 
G 3 turally 

Chir oLOoiAiOr, 

tiwally exprefle our enoeatjour by this recourse of 
the Hand to the head, tofcratch where it doth 
not itch ; is, may be, to rowze up our daftradtgfr 
intellect ; or elfe the Hand, which is the Eqgfc, 
neere of invention, and wits true V*&a3itm. ha* 
ytng a naturall procacity to bee acquainted witlj 
their phanfie, omcioufly offers it felfe to facilfo 
tate the difpatch of any affaires that perplex a 
faculty fo neer ally'd unto it, the Hand in the col* 
jateraUline of Nature,bcing couzen germane to 
the Fancie. 


Oeftuc Ji f A ce in fljame, is a naturall expre(&0% as 
fki -Alexander Apkrodifaus proves. For, %wm b«iaf 
^phr,l.i. ^ P a ffi° n that is loath to fee or be feene,the blood 
ProM.i y. is fent up from the brcaft by nature, as a mask or 
veile to hide the labouring face, and the apply- 
ing of the Hands upon the face is done in imita- 
tion of the modeft aft of Nature. Hence lice* 
tins a Noble young man writing to Amfiin a lear- 
ned and fweet Poem, very cunningly alludes to 
this naturall expreflion. 
^icentii)«. &* wa C a f**f e q**mvie te cmittus altnm 
Horreat, & * vultus aifemdat 
This declaration of thame by the Hand, we findc 
iMarkg Antony to have ufed after the battailtpf 
|>,lutarch. Adtium fought bet weene him and Ottavitu-C*' 
ft the hfe far.Yot he flying with a doting fpced after <#»■ 
pf Anton patra, who was fled before, having overtake 
her, and being pluckt up into her Gaily ; at his 
firft comming law her not, but being afhamtf) 
and catt DofoHe with his adverfe fortune, went 
and fate downe alone in the pro we of the Ship, 
and faid never a wordj, clapping his Head 

The natural! Language of the Hand. 87 

between both his Handj. ^j" And this 
expreflion is not onely ufcd in refpeft of our 
Telves, but of others alfo, as daily experience and 
the adionsof xneadoe declare. For when there 
were divers Qratouts of Greece very fluent and 
elegant fpeakers, fent Ambaflfadours unto Philip, 
and <DemoJ}henes had not fpoken Efficiently for 
the honour of the Commonwealth* If there bee 
any credk to bee given to <tALfeh'ines his enemy, ^fth'ncs 
putting it downein one of his Orationr : Adje- P ro T '-- 
cit iie etiam mdxime ridendtt, quartan collegas ita' mi ' 
\judebat~\ ut *faciem obttgerent. The fame <sy£- 
/cbines in another Oration, where he defcribes 
the impudent audacity of a moft notorious wic- 
ked man, who would fpeake openly in a pub- 
lique affembly of the Citizens naked ; Such, faith 
hee, was the beaftlineffe of that petulant and 
drunken man, that wife men put their Hands be- 
fore their eyes, blufhing in the behalfc of the 
Commonwealth which ufed fuch Counfellours. 

TOkisse the Hand, is their obfcqtltOtlS Adoro, 
expreffipn who would aDoje & gfbe refpert Ge«.L. 
by the courtly folemnity of afaliltatio:i or foale 
Diction. The gracefull carriage of the Hand in 
this officious obedience to the will , while it 
moves to the chiefeft orifice of the mtnde. 7'er- 
tultian and others have acknowledged to have 
the handfome fenfe of a civill complement. To Lician. in 
whom Lut'un confents. Qui adorant (faith S f . Dmofh. 
Hierom) folent mtnum * deojculari. And in the E " e ' 
phrafe of Tlmus this is Adonre (nnviter. "' J"J* 
There is rio expreflion of the Hand more frequent ' 
in the formalities of civil! convention, and he 
is a nov;ce in the Court of Nature, who doth not 
G 4 under- 

Chirolooia: Or* 

jmderftand a faficr de I* mm/m :snd he a clown in 
Humanity, who doth not fpeake to his betters in 
this refpedfull language of the Hand. 

£>iffani£ T© bring the Hand to our mouth, and 


c V f[ Tt* u s » is thcir ex P refl * on who would piefent their 

ferhtce, lohe, anhrefpectto an? that are Dfttanj 

from them. A gefture I hare often obfervedta 

have beene ufeoby many at publique (hewes,to 

their friends, when their (landings hive beene 

Tacit, hift. remote from them* Tachtu calls this * Jncere «/» 

hb. i . shI*. "Dion * OfcuU per digitos mitt ere. Otho who 

£'?"• omitted no fervile crowching for an Empire, 

c on ' after this manner threw his kiffes abroad ; and 

herein fhew'd himfelfe his crafts mafter, for hee 

had not often caft out this bait of ceurtefte, but 

th£ people bit at it, and fwallowed this popular 

libation of the Hani. And when the Tide was 

'once turn'd, the Senators contending and (houl. 

dering who fhould get flrft, defaced GalbatX- 

mage, extolled the Souldiers judgement, killing 

Otho' s Hand, and the lefle they meant it in heart, 

doing fo much the more in outward appearance. 

Confcien- *t*0 iav the Hand ope n to our heart, 
t« affir- m ofing a kln J € o{ bowing gefture, is a garb 

€eft iil wherein we affirm a thing.finear or call ©on to 
toftnctte a truth, and fo we feem as if we would 
openly exhibit unto fenfe , the teff tmonp of ont 
fonfcteritt, or take a taqte oath , putting in fe- 
curity, that no mentall referbatton both baleip 
aihojce our tootfis ariD meaning , but ttjat all if 
truth that toe noto pjotett unto. This expreffi. 
bn fasth been moft obfarecf in the ancient Gre- 

The natural! Language of the Hand* % 9 

cians, as Chrjfifpns faith} who from this natural! 
cxptcflion of the Handy concludes the lodging 
of the f oule to be about the heart. The Tur Ices 
at this day are obferyed moft frequently to ufe 
this naturall forme ofprotefting,with whom the 
Hand fpread upon the breaft, is accounted equi- 
valent to the moft folemne oath , infomuch as 
whatsoever they fpeake or promife ufing this 
gefture. may be beleeved as ingeoioufly fpoken, 
and the accomplifhment of that promife to be 
prefumed of. If we would fee this forme of fin < 
tevc alteration in praftife, our owne Hiftories 
afford us many examples. For the forme that 
Jbath been and is ufed at this day in judiciary tri* 
alls & arraignments of Noble men who are tri- 
ed by their Peers,is, that when the Lord Steward 
or Clarke of the Crowne»asketh the Peers wher 
tber the NoMe man there guilty or 
noticvery one of them ceremonioufty by hisHa*4 
to his breaft, affirms upon his honor and confid- 
ence he is,or is not guilty,according as they find 
him. The particularizing of the examples I pur- 
pofelyomit, as unwilling to offend any Noble 
Perfonages who love not to heare of the tainted 
bloud of their Anccftours. 

TQ BEAT AND KNOCK THE Ha?»D UP- p an i ten . 
o n t h e bre as T,is a naturall expreflion of t & oU^qJ 
the Hand, ufed in fojroto, contritfon,reperrtanee, do. 
fliame, and in repjehefflring our felbss, or when Oeft.Lin 
any thing is irkfome lentous , becaufe the breaft 
is the cabin of the heart ; and this naturall proca- 
city of the Hand to this gefture , doth manifeft 
the heart to be the feat of affe&ions. This natu- 
rall ceremony is exemplified in {awed Writ ; for 


^o Chirologia: Or, 

thf§ was the pgnitenttall expreflion that tfe 

tukex8. p u blican ufedwho went op to the Tempfeto 

IJ ' pray. Thus alfo the people who were witndfti 

of our Saviours fufferings , and the wondtrs tint 

followed thereupon , beholding the thingg that 

Luke 13 . were done, smote their 6r c asts andre- 

48. turned. This habit of the Hand is much prafti- 

fed by the zelots in the Roman fuperftition, as a 

penttetltiarp expreflion moftpatheticall, who 

are wont alfo myfterioufly to mince this natih 

rail expreflion , and ceremonioufly fometimeJ 

with two or three fingers only , lightly to ftrike 

upon tbeit bread and mouth, a thing ufuall with 

the ancient Ethniques of old. And in ancient 

times in tetfifptag grtefe & tmorttmg, and at fa- 

Plutar. ad neralls.asa folemnekinde of behavioor,theyufed 

Apol. this expreflion whom 'Plutarch calls statmfit. 

Tacit. ^^ s j n Cornelius Tacitus , Ittcendebat hit 

1 ' fietum, * petlus at% as manibus verberans. And 

. the acute Epigrammatift defcribing the corpo- 

KpL. M ^ a< *i unfts of fwrotn and mournutg : 

Jguod fronts Selium nubiU vides, Rufe t 
Quod ambulator porticum teritferus ; 
Lugubre quiddam quod tacit piger vttltus , 
Quodptneterram tangit indecensnafus j 
Et * dextrapettus pulfat, & comam vellit^ 
Non iSe amieifata {Juget.~^ 
Nyffenin Gre SP r J N )Sf tn when he would paint out as it 
funerc w< ; re in *& colours of expreflion an tmufuall 
pukherise . gtfefe of mtnD , and as it were a certaine heat of 
anger, he ufcththephrafe of this habit, * pc 
Bus manibus verbtr are. Touching the naturall 
intentions of the fift in this expreflion fo cufto- 
mary and fignificant in forrow and repentance , 
the Fathers very elegantly and declaratively 


The natural! Langaageoftbe Hand* y t 

deliver their opinions flhiw: Weiftrike^ur breaft 

with the Hand* as k were ffctf ettiW&iigatltft tfref yp- <fc 

fittg titrtur>e& 4n tftat mattfioii, as Ctf*fon\; Qras? rat - Do,n 

if u>e Isoalti tiptoe thofe etott cogitation 'fr^vitSiiUr 

our heart, as Hierome ; •Ottotmit^cm heart, 

as TfysftyUft : Or to appaafe the jttiigeftsB take 

refcenge upon oar feltos, as Chryfefirtm a Gjrtochykft. 

chafttfe our fieflj tnberetorith Id? bate x»ton&***ioni. 4 1 * 

®*Q,zs Aufti*. £?%' in , 

Plal. 1 46. 

siDESoRHif, is tfaeir expteflion wboinoto. 
foltomc pataemCbofetsgionsof flfcebohp, o£ Geftj-iv 
ten feenio thofe which feel the painsol travell* 
and in thofe who are troubled with Hipccon* 
driacall melancholy t anoUheSciatica <, or Hip* 
goat. This demeanaur o£ the Hand is very de- 
clarative in the firft fcnfe,as appearesirithe Pro* 
phefie of the Prophet Jertrmah , Demand, now Jcr. jo. 6. 
and behold, ifmantravellwithchiide; where- 
fore doe I behold every man with Hrs Hakus 
upon his loines , asa woman with tra veil, 
and all faces turned into palenefle ; apon which 
place, they who are curious mayconfult with 

THe smiting of the Hand uponthe Indigna- 
thi gh, in the pra&ife and conversation of tionc »- 
common life,was ever frequent,and is £0 deeply ™ e ° # v 
imprinted in the maners of men,that you (hall in e ' 
vaine perfwade a man angcp and tnwgefc tnith 
grfefe, to contain his Hand from this paflion. Se- 
neca the Philosopher attributes this expreflion of Sen.I.r.cfc 
the Hand to anger, where hefairh, *luidopusft» irawp.ul, 
mwrftrire ? In grttfe it is alio fignificant, as they 



Who are verfed in Htmer doe well know when 
they meet with thofe places wherein he de- 
scribes his Utrott provoked to anger and Dolour, 
whom he calls «*»$» «Mig*«Vt«f. In the facred 
oracles of the Prophets we have this expreflioa* 
noted &defcribed;for that holy Prophet fpeaking* 
ler 11 !«. °f ■ E f* r * w lamenting , Surely after I was con-' 
vertedjl repenteD,and after that I was inftrufted, 

I SMOTE U'ON MY THIGH, &C. Which ge- 

fture in that Prophet hath the fignification of rfc 
petrtance, with others of anger, Dolour , and tn* 
Donation. In the fame fenfe it appeares in the 
Ezek.2i. Prophefie of the Prophet Szechiel, Cry and 
«». howle, ion of man; terrours byreafonof the 

fword (hall be upon my people; smite there. 
Cker. fori upon thy thig h. TuRj indeed af- 
Tufcj, cribes it to mourning ; Fetmntm & ctpitit fir. 
tttJponesJXhc remitters of common life,Hiftories ! , 
are full of examples of this habit of the H*nd t 
Xenoph. bearing the character of this fenfe. Thus A* inft. rut in Xenofhov hearing of the death of Abrafa* 
c y r * tat, smote his Hand upon his thigh. 
And Fluent Prefidentof A£gypt and Syrid,bi&- 
Philojud nifhed by Cairns the Emperour, when he arrived* 
in Flac atthelfland Androsmoft miferablphotoltngin 
hf0 calamity • smote his Hands and 
thi g h e s. Tabins r Di£lator,urhen his General! 
of the C4v«/tfft/^f»*ft/whadalmo(tcaftawajr 
fnthetfe himfelfc and his Army , at the fight thereof is 
of Fabilw! '*"* t0 ftavc « ttere d his anger and Dolour this 
" way. And when Pompey had received let- 
ters fromRome advertifing him what great mat- 
ters the people had palled in his behalfe , fome 
j*fc m in fay that at the receit of them ( in the prefence 
the life of pf jjj 5 f am iii ar freinds and they that were about 

The naturaU Language of the Band. 9 $ 

him & rejoyced with him. for congratulation) he 
knit his brows,and clapped on his thigh, 
as though itgrtetoeDhmrto have fncb great offi- 
ces and charge laid uponhjtm, qne in the neck of 
another; by this diffimulation cloaking his ambi- 
tion. ^This geftureofthcKtorf'isfigiiijScant 
alfo in fear, admiration and amazement Hence 
ttuurch relating the injuries that the Pirates Plutarch 
whom Pomey Vanquished did the Romans,faies, >» the life 
the greateft fpite and mockery they ofed to the oftom " 
Romans was this; That when they had taken pey * 
any of them , and that he Cried he was a Citi- 
zen of Rome, and named his name, then they 
made as though they had been amajeo <nd afratD 
of that $hey had done J for they clapped* 
their. Hands on their thighs, and fell 
downe on their knees before them* praying him 
to forgive them. 

TOstrikb anothbrs Palm, is the habit Dlta fide 
and expreifion of tbofe who ^Ughjt their promitto. 
troth, gitjea pleDge of faifyanD ffoeUfp, ujomtfe, G«ft.ivt 
offer truce; confirme a league, hup, feir, grant, 
tohenanf, bargaine, gtoeojtafcehanDfeU, en 
gage t&emfelteo in furetiibjp, refer their con 
trouerlfes to an arbiter , put to comp>imife oj 
chufeanumpier, engage tbemfeltjesfobe true 
anD truftp,toarranf and atttfre. That this gefture 
hath the fenfe and fignification of faith and a (o- 
lemne p>omife, is apparent by the frequent inti- 
mations of the Roman. Poets , Who by this ge- 
fture doe often imply faith- Thus the Prince of Virg a 
Latine Foefie in this of 'Dido , j£neid.* 

And in that or Anmfts . 

94 Chirologia: Or, 

*7}4t tkxtram } at% ammtt prefentipignorefirtfuj,, 

Ovid Me- 0vtdn6 way ignorant of any matter of manual 

tamorph. exprcflibnjDtings in r Pandion taking his leave of 

ttreus y and his daughter Philomel demanding 

this pleDge arrt) patorj of faith, 

Vt^jideipignus] * dextra*utr*ifopa$fi£it. 
Inter, feque dataijtutxit., — 
S«4cc in And that lofty Tragedian brings in ttcut fuing 
Here. fpr. for marriage with ^Mtgarn, faying ? 

^Stciemifs'J atiimot ^fidei hoc pignus - ^ * ctp- 
CQnt'wge dextram* 
Martial Martial according to- the acute way of Epi- 
E P'g r . gramatiffs, taking a hint from the peculiar pro- 
perty of the right Hand in making pjomifc, 
brings in Cafar jnthe, wbiske of on a ofbis. Epi- 
grams* arifwering two. petitioners at once, by 
promifing with both his Hands : 
Ifum peteret pars hac mjrlttHmpars Ma tnumpkH 
[^Promi/tt2pariter Cifar utra^manH' 
Pliny fflor fajth, this gefture; is the witntffe of fattl) 
NauHi/r. and truff. In fattl), faith TUnj,, we put.forth our 
Right Band., or when wc make a faltbfultpjo 
Diogenes, nttfe. The Cynique in his fymbole advifing men 
toadde benignity to their courtfliip, covertly 
alludes to the propriety of this free expreffion-i 

Give not unto thy friend a clinched Hud. 

And the, fymbole of 'Pythagoras , 

Doe not to. every man extend thy Hand; 

wills us not promifcuoufly to proftitute this 
friendly token of expreffioq. To which that of 
Ljpfius may be referred ',. Vis dextram [fidei^ »** 
\tefiemi~^ hates hk imfreffum , tt[i ctram *ipfm 
M t h O ' < * are & 3!* K & ere wihijpes ejt cum aulam veftrm 
vand. indefa When the Hyrcanians of Cyrus Army 
expoftulated with him in regard he feemed to 


The natural! LmgMgt eftbe Hand. 95 

djftruft them. Cyrus in Xensphen k fai<i to Itete Xenoph. 
«nfwercd him thus, Cogito nobit •mnibus £pfetiiP| Cyr lib^.' 
effe in animis m>JtrU;>at% in \jufiris itMmbusTYt^iS 
expreffion of the Hand the Greeksvery degariN 
lynote in the word &%&&*. The<StoicKS (tf 
faith isdrtrived of the word fac&i^o doe , be- 
caufe all things* that are t"aitf)ftilh> #omtfeD, 
ought* to be performed; moil aptly therefore im- 
plied by the Hand the fymbole of a&ion. And 
fat'tljisftrengtbned bythis expreffion of rea> 

CHING OUT T«E R GHt HAND. How did!' 

Cicero condole the violation of jrjctottfe mad t by,J uI - '", . 
this fgeaftwtg paction of the HW r -•^*»n«^K I . " 

£fidei ttfteij effe/olebant , . ferfiditfttttt & fcdere- 
vulau. Virgil for an expreffion of breach of 
pjomtte fymbolically ufeth the prevarication of 
thisgefture,^— Fatere dextram. And in this fcnfe 
fbme take that ofthtt Prophet IfaiabJ.s there not 
a lie in my right Band f And to this* that of the J fa ««4.*<>. 
Pfalmift may be referred, whofe Right Handis a 
Right Hand of falftvood, that is, astheglofleon pfal 
our Bibl es hath ir,Though they s t r i k e H a n i>s t ,* ' 4 *" 
yet they keep not pjomtfc* Cains Ligarius 
ufed this expreffion of piomtfihg his aid, affi- 
ftance and concurence many fecret confederacy piutar. in 
with Brutus, who when Brutus came to fee him the life of 
being ficke in his bed, and faid unto him , O Li- Brutus. 
garius in what a time art thou ficke ? Ligarius 
rifing up in his bed, and taking him by the Right 
Band, faid unto him, Brutus', if thou haft any 
great enterprife-in Han4 y Worthy of thy felf,t am 
Whole. Gobviaftn Xenofhen^ikth the Right Xenoph. 
Hand of firxs for what it pjomtfeh it performed. Cyr. 
And the Danes, Swedes, and Norwegeans 
in whom the honeft impreflions of nature flow 



fr«fli their Hunds pure and jinmixt without anjj 

fuctm of diffimulationor affe&ation of art , doe 

Bioft faithfully retainethe naturall finceritf of 

thisexpreiEonof faith » tor of thofe Northerne 

tvehy Nations our learned Btrclaj gives this comma* 

Icon, ani- dation. They breakeno piornife0 when their 

morum. Hands arb given. Such, Religious obfer* 

«P- 8 - vcrs £ their, manuall faft& were the ancient 

Hethon Medes and Perfians. Hence Ptethon genijtui 

<3emft. * QWftfj porrc8htn**ima int*r Ter/M cemjetur fi. 

GtxTl 2 ** Whereforc.-Cywi' in Xtnoftnn in an Orath 

* * * on he made unto the Medes, (aith, HyrcanistpG 

hut 0\iuj}Hran&tim\& *dextrat dedi [fidemffii 

Vffa, & ^ftntj/tam bee defrthendtr pr$didiffe. And 

Xtnophon relating an agreement between the 

Perfian and the Grecian Armies for a peaceable 

departure and fare conduit, having recited the 

Articles, faith, H*c utrin^ {jure'juranAo^ Jmitt 

/apt, * dtxtr* dot* vkijjim. A royall example 

of this declaration of the Hwd we have in w 

»w, who after he was wounded by Bejfiu.mi 

the other confpirators » to the fouldier oi Alex* 

attder who found him fore wounded in his litter, 

but as yet alive , recommending in a fpeech k 

Juftin.lib. made of his mailer. , touching his love and ac« 

li.and lenowiedgement of courtefie , and that he dye4 

Q?mtu j jj] s defter ; in token whereof as a Kingly pleDgf 

Curt. of his fatty > he gave the fouldier his RiGHt 

Hand to carry unto Alexander^nd thefe wordfl 

being uttered, having stretcrfd out his 

^lorut Hand, hee gave up the ghoft. Ftorusfofefhtt 

I if ?i* P rovcs this cxpreflion of the Htwdto have bed 

'in very great force and virtue among the Anc* 

ents,Artabanus (faith he J King of the Parthian! 



Tie HdturtB language oftbt Hand. ff 

to Jmtmut the Jew that hi* brother jtf/*ej0i 
aright feave fafe accefie onto Mm, which witft 
the Barbarians al>oatc0atieffible»is amoft eet- 
taine argument of t«tft» Tor after rfce * i fc fe # 
Haw* ©ivek, with them it is neither la wfull 
todecciveot diftroft,all fufpitions and diffidence 
eeafing. Wherefore when he was mot ed by thfc 
HWfteroFhis Horfe that be might kill AJi***t t \$. 
denyed to permit tbatVtgair&a matt wfaofftj 
committed feimfelfe to his JFartih cdnfirmeft r* 
cinvfe TKt RiG«HTH«\wi> 
ehisexpreflion that ptffagealfo of. theft oma&e 
Hi^try may be referred, where P/wiits come&LivieUf 
to the Romano General ftttttftav, enferm1i!|e 
him that hec had begunne an enterprife'pf 
great coe&epenee, for the accorrrpKihittg arid 
tullperfefting whereof hee needed the tolptk 
H*»<(of(rr«ccA<rt'hhnfiti!e: namely,that he haH 
perfwaded all the Preters andGovernorirs, wKi 
in that univerfall trouble of Italy had tertfttt&tp 
trfmtifal, toreturne into the league atid friend^ 
Ihip of the Romanes jby many argument* I haV« 
tried to them. Thus and thus were my words utt* 
tofhemjand indeed but my Words:Ma*y they had 
lieverheare (7r*rr**/himlelfef peaked audheare 
the fame from bis owne mouth : they would 
more gladly talke with him in petfon.and t a k it 
holdo! HU ri6ht Hand, which as the 
*fnr*dfsmKo{ his faitbrall pjomtfe he carryetb 
aiwayes with him wherefoever he goetb, and 
they defire no more. This may bee further ilia- 
ftratedby another paflage of Livk, where Sf> «* lt S 
fb*x iting of Ncraudia twting^contrafted a new 
alliance with the Africans* by marrying SofutA- 
9>a the daughter of 4/i6*M,aUux cO by the fairc 

H words 



words of hisocw Spoufe> Cent into Sicily to Sti* 

^otoadvifehimnottopaffe over into Africky 

doe rely, upon any confidence of him,or build op* 

on Jus, former pjomtfejl. Scifio in bis Letten 

which be <jifpatched by the fame AmbafladoBBi 

requefted him earneftly to be advifcd,and bethink 

himfclfe that he breake not the rights either of 

friendfhip or hofpitable league with him : or the 

league and fociety enfied with the people of 

Rome : nor violate Juftice and faitbfuUpjomtft 

jmde. iy giving right Hands: noryet 

beguile and abufe the gods, the Witneffe sand 

Judges of all tohenantg,and agreement* made. 

$[;lfiior€ faith, the furety of fdeace is given witfc 

tke,Ha>td., And indeed all league©, trace0, and 

compacts are confirmed by this gefture of the 

Band, Thus the league .Trium-virat bctwecne 

Anionius 'tefidns and Ctjdr was eftabli(hed<at 

ConfluentSjbetweene Perulia and Bononia,they 

Doilcsrf xoyme, Hands , and. their armies embrace. 

upcmTa-j^Vhich league they fymbolically expreffediby 

Clt * three Righxi/Wj embracing each other , wkh 

tlus. Motto, Stlus generis kumani : a ftrange Im- 

prefTetogijUthe world-with and to cloaketbeir 

Camer. ambitious confederacy .The King of manded his ' make this- exptcfc 

fioryp his na<me. And in the fame manner the 

ancient Bmperours and Kings of Germany were 

wont tof end their great men to conclude a peatd 

and determine affaires, when they could not goe 

.themfelves. cAfo&ofhanet Cywettus, who had in 

X«f tifh. former times beene bound to PharnabM^ 

l J cr.Gr*& the lawes of Hofpitality, and was a gucft;at that 

1,b ' 4, time "vntk^p/Uuu , promifed him to brieg 

$Ji4rnj&s*fls to a parly for confirmation of « 

Tie natural! Language of the Band. $$ 

feace, which «^^/j»*/hearing.'ofrconfcfitfed j 
he having received .faithfttllpjomtfe offeM 
conduct, and the right being gi- 
vi n, brought. f Ph4rtj*f>4tx,K{ into the appointed 
place, where having. (slated ode another. T^tr? 
n*ba*.Hs firft of>all put port ft his right, 
Han D,t© which Agefilms vXio iqyh'd his. Of 
this language of affutance expxeifod by the gi- 
ven Hand., there called TZextrtfecttrttati/.Ttie 
Bookes of the Macehabcesare very pregnant.* 
Thus when the J.thoafand Souldiers that -Joha* 
tkani&d fentto tD&titritis to Antiochia at, his iMactfi.' 
cequett,f when the Citizen?; faW that the Jcwes 
had gotten the ttpfer #<««£ andthey were difap- 
l^ioted. of their porpole of flaying, their .King) 
made their fdppikatio'n unto *hfe Kin§, fay- 
ing,Gi v eqstheRig t Han d £©r grant jrs 
H&ace«3 Thus they of Gaza made iupplication 
unto,V<w^^,andheGAVB thjmthe Right, » Ma«b„ 
Hah » GorrriaDti^»8K6 toithfte»iv3 When SL .««•£*;. 
aw* had beficged ijetb-fura, and: fought againft { ^' ' 
k a loagieafeni and.&ut it up ; at Iaft they de- 
fired Right Hanjdsto be given ih^u^ 
to whom G.'viNfiTHE Right Hand ,&c 
' ([that is, they defired^eace, whichhe granfeD."} For fi> the 
When &wo* had hefieged Ga^a, the people .ptGioffc ot 
that City cried with a loud voice, befeeching Si- our Blble * 

«?* TO; 3 1 V. S T tf E M R I G h T H A N D S ,£that iS, "[fe^a- 

&$#U1t them peawe.[| So they in the Cattle at ccs . " 
Jftti&kgi befpughe .&#?w that he w$uld ioynei Macch. 
K ijeifT ^ands, wi^hbegavethcm{~or mate i i^°^ 
peace* with them* > which be did.l Thus AnAro. s Macch. 
jp^j comming to, G*Mif who had Bed to the San- 4, 54. 
iluaryat Daphne, bard by Aritiochia* counfelled 
him craftily, giving him his Right Hand 

H 2 With 

ioo CHiROLoaiAtOr* 

wfth an oath, by that fake (Hew of peace p«r* 

fwaded him to come out : whom incontinently 

wUhotttany regard of H§hteoufnefte,he fleww 

»Maccab. cording t&KMe*eU*t inftig*froh. So the He* 

j 1. 1 1. irises of Arabia being overcome* bcfotfght fn- 

dot a right Ham© to bb givsw thb»h 

wfticb Judas giving them>thereupon they«Koet 

Hakd s, and fo departed to their Tents- And thus 

xMaccab. Antmhus Eu}*ttr communed with the menia Beth-furMftdeAVB and toOki tH a right 

Hand, £orto&ke trHCB With chem/) f Tat 

Gcn.4*. fpeech ot RistktHo his father f *»* abdi* &t*jk 

37 .' ' »h*j delivering into bis tii*ds t hath reference to 

this 6gniSe*rioft<Jf trttft. Arrftbat fpcech of f* 

dah imto his father about the fame bafine W wiH 

Gen»4j.9 be" iurety fbf hlfiij of my HWfhalt thou refill 

him. f In the fenfe of fidelity ail the Prince** 

i Chron * en <» power* and all the fens of 2>«t/W*e> av i 

2^24 * he Hand unto King 8*to»u*. AndthePtt* 

pfcet .£<*&*/ 1 emphatically declaring tfee$frjifc} 

\™' t7 ' and infidelity of the King of Jertifatem,wh*!rt 

broken the oath made with the King df ftib$ 

which be had cenflrmeD b t givi n g uts Ha*&, 

dSftounetth'thefe purri(hmenfs : That he (hdtiM 

dye in the fflidft of Babel, in the place dfttte 

King that had made him King, whofe Otfth hee 

had defoUed* and whofe covenant made Wfofc 

him he Make : Neither fhould Thmruih Kifig rf 

Agypt in whom he traded delivet him. Fot'lN 

h*th defpifed the Oatb,and broken the Qamttk 


Afid Verily ill 'Nations have ever had a naw 
rail fefpeft onto the myftery of Faith, whien 
hath her firme exigence m the H*u/, and fac# 
fo eftecimd the tiiibt H*»tf, they thteght rt« 


The natural U*&Ug* of the Band. 101 

towfc thcwof tpfc**bc meft Ijvejy: » Ggnificant 
tad espreftjir J**w or fWj# w ftfftWrwB* : 
whence Ml Otnpstfg, lMjga&fe ®wtrt*,cambtaii? 
(tan* teww. jJieOff**. tergstiwtf, tffeenttttta, 
and ettferceurfea whaffdever. we Ijeid to be ia* 
vuUfely rattftefi,aBdA© ft and in full poweriorce. 
and virtue by the touch of the Muring H«r*. 
Forwhenwe civs our Ha»p, wedoefcale 
w if were an obligation or reall £®ntra& by 
whfeh prefer**, we 4eeply ingageour felresto 
apunftuall aeeompEflwnent of that which our 
JWiud p}otefttD«o j the Jfoavibeing bound as 
afcrety thatour deeds fl^U bee fc^-coaajUBg, 
and bit found anfwcrableto our words:for who* 
foe^er forfeits the Recognizance of his IW, 
he breaks the moft facredand ftrongeft band of 
of TfUtb; and byfalflfying his manuall faith 
provesakindcofReofg^dotobimfelfc. Ctdiu* c ^| - - Rho 
iMjf'wii thir&es there is feme FvtbagoricaH Mr .uft. ' 
ayftttry in this authontifke guife of the Hutu* in 
hwrranttjutg fattbf uU DcMinga, and that the get 
[hire nWes iron a fccret and rchgious reve- 
rence to that comprchcrifivc nua»hcr7V», for 
While each HWidoth extend five fingers which 
aaove to the compf efaeofiop of each other, they 
premie « refemUaace of the 'DtenAet rnyftery, 
fincejneeang in their rormail elofe they feem to 
greet one another in that number. O^ymaebms 
and #fcw# endeavour t© render another reafon, Caltymv. 
ibuavae from the natural authority and com- & Va "°" 
tnatid that can&frs in the Virtue of the Rirkt 
Hmi. Aad %enlv #mrhconfiSs wholly io the 
Jt*g6t HW, and iihe ileft harh no obligatory 
force or virtue in it. For to give the left hand, 
or to take anothers given JkV&H**tfwith the 

H i left 

lot. Chir qlogia: Or, 

left , is not binding in point of naturall Faitfi. 
And therefore When f'fipftf gorkibe Jew, de> 
©Orleans fired a Roman Souldietto give him his Rigkt 
vpon Ta- H«m4 in fl^jne of jFaitb, be gave him his left, and 
titus. drawing His fword with his light Und, flew 
him ; and yet tie cannot properly be faid to hate 
falfified his pramife,fincehe gave himbut hislcfc 
band, whofe touch hatb no affurance , bob was 
ever held deceitful land ominous. Therefore 
the oath of Faith in all adjurations was taken 
and required by the Right H*«£Hence PUutot, 
flautus H&c per dextram tuam , dexfr* te rttintntt vmu, 
eaptiv. ihfeero, infidelior. mihi ne fit quant eg» fumtih 
To which may be referred that adjuration of 
Cicero Qcere,fir dtxttam ipfam qtidm htjpes kefjiiH fir- 
pro Peje- rtxifii: For,the Ancients were wont by this 
taioGal. gefture of fattb,to put their 1aft will andcooi- 
*'»• mandement into the obliged Hand of their hein, 
or executors. To which intent Mafi»if$(^mo 
yaler. M*nMus Proconfull of Afnoa,requeftingh$ito 
Maxlj. /end unto him, then at thepoint of deitbvtfcy/' 
v&tmtianms who then feryed under bis cp&mand 
as a Souldier » fippofing bis death to provemore 
happy, if he dyed embracing his Right Htudftai 
adjured him thereby, to performe bis laft wiiand 
Lto. De teftament* TarammHsfyifcHsitzm for Seromtta 
tiili. this purpofe. Thus the friends of G<r&4**»i 
Tacit Ac- wuctun S & s R H ht H*>d fwore to revenge his 
pal.*,' "death. And Micipfk King of Numidia alter he 
" ' * had adopted J*£t»rth> upon his - death-bed«fcd 
thefc Words unto bim , I adjure thee by; this 
§alufl.<le R'g ht HW' E which he held! and by the allegi- 
feelloju- giancethou Oweftto thy Country,tfaat thou e* 
gurth. ftrange not thy love and fervice from .thefc thy 
kiniinen whom by favour and adoption I hate 


The natural! Language of the Hand. toj 

created thy brethren. To this, r/rj»7 alluding to Virg.jE- 
thegenerallcuftome: ncid. 7 . 

F*M ^r e/£*f < ;*r« dextram% fottntem. 
TibnllHi alludes to this gefture , 

TV tetieam moriens depciente matiu. Tib.Elcg. 

The wilde Irifli doe ordinarily ufe to fweare by 
this feat of faith and minifter of virtue, the Right 
Handy who at every third word are wont to lafb 
out an oath , and among the reft, thefe, By my Cambden 
Qod fathers Hand, by my goflips H*»</,or by thy in Britan. 
Hand, and for the performance of promife, and 
that a man may belceve them, thefe are of grea- 
teft weight to binde them : If one fweare by the 
HWofinEarle, or of his owne Lord, oriome. 
mighty perfon , for if he be forfworne and con- 
vicf of perjury , the (aid mighty man will wring 
from him perforce a^reat fumme of money, and 
a number of cowes, as If by that perjury the 
greateft abufe and inj'ury that might be, were of- 
fered to his name. And the Hebridian Scots H-SBoet 
and Mountainiers in their contrails fweare by ho.xtx 
the Hand of their Captaine, an ordinance obfer- q uo z,n - 
red among them ever fince Evernts the firft f " e h u^ hc " 
King that exacted the oath of Faith at their V1 J m " 
Hands, f But the indiflbluble foder and inviolable 
bond of fdciety, which old fincerity inftrufted 
by reafon in the tacit force thereof thought the 
great oath and the ftrongeft hold the Re-publick; 
hath to keep the honour of her eftate is Faith, 
then which there was never any thing held to 
be of greater credit or antiquity. '• Hence Xcno- 

fhsnfath B*<riXju< myLvrfi Jl%itW, \A left ,tubHcAM 

fidem. And Nnma by his dedication of the Hand 
to Faith, and commanding the Flamins to exe- £ iv.lib. t. 
cute their funclions with their Hands Covered , p l»»«Plw. 

H 4 and 

204 Chi rologia; Or, 

and Wrapped clofe to their fingers ends . gave a 
potable tefthnony chat he held Faith for hoh; 
and {acred after touching of the Right Hotf, 
that it oughj be kept and prefcrved, and that bet 
feate was facred and confecrated even upon 
the Right Htads , and therefdre that it ought by 
bo jrieanes to be violated : wherefore in parties 
lar contracts among the Romans there was not 
#ny oath more religious and holy then the oath 
of Faith, a point of naturall doftrirje that #ta| 
did but enforce with his rituall additions. But 
die authority* reputation.confrquence and dig? 
city of the Publicise Faith was had in {u#r fin, 

gamer, gular eftimatioa, that men held their money no 
ifi. med where fo fafe as in the HajkIj of the Pahfcke 
State, kence it is that we'may fee many ancient: 
coines with two H*mh joyned together , with 
gar. Met. this iafcription of Faith kept j fi4/et ZmAnorm^ 
"■* ,f * fometimes Tiiti fejrtp&m. And hence alfok 
was that the Romans were wont to contrive 
the ftatues of thofe Princes that had deferred 
well of the Common- wealth , th«|t by a Milk 
H4aWeztended out they figoified their Faith uatft 
the fame. Tt/Sj had reference to this Statat 
oath, when he f aid, I gave Publickc Faith upon 
the promife of the Senators, that is to fay, he of- 
fered forth his Might Band, as a pledge thereof; 
and it is fit this naturall ceremony of an oath 
ffcould be reverenced in the H««u/, the chiefeft 
feat of Fidelity, finct it is the honcft foundation 
pf all right and equity, f Nothing fo ordhurt, 
in the common affaires of life as striking 
Han d $ f whether it be for confirmation of our 
bareiines, grants or covena nts in the behalfe of 
ourfelves. or in undertaking by way of promife 


The nitural Imgutg* oftb* Hand, tof 

■ndiuretifhip f«. others wherein the H*»d as* 
facet] is dill engaged. And indeed the Whole 
trade ofthe uniyerje it driven by- |hij 4«vh»g 
fttoke ofthe HW » he that (h,4(» J htve feme* 
time $ done) walk* epon the Roydtt Exchange: 
among Merchants, weerly to abfcrve theif eft* 
tercouifcs of buying ajnd felling ., (ball fopoe lift 
fiisficd in the natural! force of this e*ptefitaa* 
Bat he that would, fee the vigour of this gefture 
in ptriuutmdihiu , muft repairs IP the BchA 
Cirque, or Sheep Pew ia Sn»rfj-ft«ld , whore 
thpie crafty Qlympique Merchants who need 
the #<«* of no Broker tofpeedthe eoerte of 
their affaire*, will take you for no eheptuu, tm* 
lefle yoeftrike them good lucke, and finite then! 
earncft in the palme* And I have fometimc* in 
contort with my friend bad good {port to fcc 
him to obierve the pure and neturall efforts of 
thefi: men in the heat of their dealings, and have 
fu&rcd royfelfetobee a Uttlefmktea with the 
H**d of deceit, to game the cwioiuy of anes* 
perjment, a kinde of folace, pleafing to Philofo* 
phlcall complexions* end wch who hunt after 
the (tibdeties of Nature t wherein though I can- 
not brag of my barg«in,yet I cansffordmy Rea*- 
der a good penniwortb. Their cunning manna* 
guig ofthe H*»4f in time and tone* Ihavefoov 
times caU"d the Horfe-RAetorique of SmitbfieW, 
which by calculation I have toned to differ from 
the Fifl» Pialec?. of Bibuigfgate, in the nwno- 
chord of motion, and peaceablencffe>of aecenti 
And he that (hall undertake to out- write M*k 
fuim, and like Hw*t t*f*t to dtfeovee the fcbtle* 
ties of his own proftflSoo,wu\notfi*ifoaii the art 
of rforf-courfing welUf he eoiit the- rule of fauy- 


io 6 CHiROLooiA:Or, 

fog and felling by this infwrance and poGcyof 
the Hand, 

^ But as concerning that perillous (taking of 
die How/ for others, Salomon who was well ver- 
ltd in the fubtle notions of manua.l utterance, 
acknowledging the fignification thereof in fun- 
tittup, difcommendsthe inconvenient and bHi- 
ftot.&t. gatory force of this exprefliomMy fonne,if thou 
be fiirety for thy friend, if thou haft ftricken thy 
Htafwithaftranger, thou art fnared, &c. And in another place :Be nottheu'of thofc that ftrike 
VUmds,w of them that are fureties for debts, And 
the Wifcman ftriking again with the fame Hand 
of reprehenfion : A man void of underftandirig 
ftriketh Handtznd becommethfurety in the prc- 
knee of his friend. Wherein he cbeckesthe in- 
difcreet forwatdneffe of fome men in thefe kinde 
of undcrtakingSjWho offer themfelves before the 
favour is required at their Hands, and at the very 
Dr. Jem, fight of and pretence of bis friend, without con- 
mini pa- fide, ation or looking into the bufineffe, thrnfts 
ia P hr.ob. his H««6 into the bond of furetiftiip. Andfuch 
iteProv! am * n i s here defcrib'd to bee a man wanting! 
heart, and furely it were well if fuch a one were 
without a Hand alfo : for fince hee hath not tin* 
derftandingiahis heart to keep him from hurt. 
it were good he had no power in his H**rfto doe 
Mmfelfe hurt : efpecially if he be fuch a foole, as 
haviBg ftrucken aaothcrs Hand, and made hito;. t 
fdfe a furety, he ftriketh his bwne Hands as ap- 
plauding himfelfe for it, which may be the fenfe 
of this place. Surely fuch a ' foole may quickly 
wring his Hands together in fwrow, who before 
did clap his Hands in joy, and may ftrike him- 
felfe in auger with the fame Hand wherewith ia 


The ndturatl iMgua^e of the Hand, toy 

thefoolifnkindnefTeof fnretilbip be ftruckethe 
tW of another, for he that hath ftrucken his, 
Handto be furety For his friend shad beehe'better 
that his friend had ftnjcke him with a -harder 
Mow,when by ftriking his Hani he hathbtoagttt 
ttim.under the Hondo? another, and fokinde hand 
inthe world. Salazar commenting upon. thefe 
places of the Proverbs,renders this expreffion of S»I»*. 
the HW, according to Expositors. Variouay, c ™™™' 
fomttimes 'tis Mauumdefigere, vopdmpercutere t in^. 
fid* jubentibus pro dlbiiif manum pepigerejnfidei' 
jvJfiomlfHsJHpuUttmttnitfiAe juhert. And hi' Calls 
it fometjmes Sonumjetu'ritatu vet *ff4eitr*tloHir, 
fciU tnrh^inumcjtttm ihftipuUtiontt, & fidetptfflo- 
nit. feu afiecttrationiipalto minus manni cmfert*;& 
iBifa edere Met. fob alfo, eloquent in affliction, Job ij. 5t 
in his appeale frdm men to God.acknowledgeth 
the oM|atory fenfc of this expreflion of the 
Hand, Lay downe now, put me in a furety with 
thee; who is hee that will srRjrE Hands 
with me ? By 7 'u9j this folemne bond or obli- 
gation of the Vlandis called l^exut: Jlttici/teTuUA 
ejfefcribit manciple, & nexu : mtum antem *fu & Atticum 
fiutitu. And in another place : Nonenim ita di- J,'^ 7, . 
cunt eos efefervos, ut funt mdnapa, qaefunt'Do* p3ra( j ox< 
thinorttm fatla nexu out d/iauo jure clyiU. Hence 
in the Lawes of the twelve Tables' we findethele. 
Words, Zft qut ret mancipii ejfent, qu\ e as vender: t, 
nexumfaceret. To which may bee annexed that 
Which Valerius Maximni reports of Titus Vetti- Valer. 
Iritui who as bis wordsare, Propter domefiicdnilAni\ 6. 
ruifiam & grave at allenum C. ¥hti« l^exum fe 
-dart admodumadolefcentHlHS ceaUus ejfet. This ex- 
preffidn by gefture, byreafon of the fignrficatj- 
bn it hath in Nature, was not onely ufed in Te- 



ftaaaents, in which the Heyre was taken by t ha 
H**tth*t he* wight paffe into the family ot tin 
Teftator, and in the buying of fervants, butahla 
in all obligatory bargauns and pledges, as tfrt* 
HatjoH,. ttmm informes us : and indeed in buying ami 
in leg. ix. feJAingthis JfrHw was commonly ufed; as when 
Tab, be that fold a commodity did undertake for the 
thing fold, and did oblige him&lfe to make good 
avhatfoever there lacked of the weight or talc 
«f the commodity bought, as the fame Hm«mm 
affirmes, which is as much as to undertake to be 
fotsttp far the thing it feif; for furetifbip is a foe* 
ties of bargaining, tod according to ^rr«a net 
mart when be had enthralled hknfelfe to fcrviwto 
for money borrowed, untiUhee had paid it ice 
Cleai. WaJC*Ued.Afr#*r, # wfyr, vd Htx»meu*ft m 
Akx * jf^Mff* Clmtns AUxvUrisw calls this Law«C*> 
Ssem.I.f . nr^igqm c^rfifmtmj^c^k that he who did ob- 
lige himfelfc nnto another, or offered his &&, 
gave his wrejfc, to wit, the joy at whereby tht 
iUnJisjoyacd to the wreft, to be apprehended 
and wrung, to fignifie that he was held oblig'd j 
cuftorae having a little cbang'd the mod natarafl 
forme, without impeachment of fignificatioa* 
^f That this gefture is Ggnificant to licence* t»V< 
ranf,and aCocfcis not difficult to prove- Forth* 
?«Ausin 4rt*9erxalSM% of Perfiaby giving bis Right 
Duzm. &*** t0 MitkrSLues the brother of Arhb*r%mm 
promifingto kill Diuaim*, gave him licence, an« 
an open tnarcattt, with pardon of punifl»men*te 
doe what be would in that bufineffe. And Saint 
'«/ when he would toaromt and a lure the Gi* 
latians, Corinthians, Cqlo&ans, and theftaUai* 

jcl«er on a,K ' to whdtn he writ * tlwt thofe E P*ftk' W* 
the Gal. *•* bisftJotationsin the dole intimate that they 


The ntfuraB Lmgmge oftbi Band, if 

Were Wratn with Mi owneHaad. <f Thftgr* 
(tare is atfo fignifieantly oicd when we ctoafe an 
Umpire put to arbitration and compriftiife* T* 
which that of ftk may be referred , Neither M Job • 
there any day es-man betwixt us that might lay 
his Hiwdaponns both. TowhicheKprefliOnof 
gefture, that alfo of the Apoftle Saint f <**f fcflO* Gala*. * 
toarpptJttaine, The Law was gitetf tyAngefcin »*• 
the H*** 1 of a.Mediator*as iftbat Law of the Old 
Teftamdnt , about keeping whereof the people 
of Iffkel had covenanted with God* had (as by J 1 """ * 
gJTiogJthe tterf) come to that people by media- Chr - a * flr 
turn of Mtfes, and did prefigure what Was to be 
done, by the Angel of the Teftamem or Media* 
terofabetterTeftament; to wit, that a better Hcb8 <> 
Law tftabliftxed between God and Man , the 
Mediator of the new Covenant mediating be- 
tweenboth the partkf , andftretchingouthil 
armeVin:&iyfotfttii*g, ted laidkisHan^ 

UPON THBM TO CONfrlXMI » ffiOrC holf 

league and covenant. 

TOsha*£the eiviNHAND^baneipref-Rtconci- 
fwnufUalliB frtefflrfbtp , pAttettftt'lotty hfr J*. - 
ntlwlrHcei, fatatttiorr, entertainment, •Ad r Lvii! 
btMJtagfcetoontt; re«miUatton,congrat»!etlo«, 
0ttfiRi?^«t*«, WlcDitfien, and Ujel'toittinff. 
This loving declaration of the H**d, the Greeks 
expref&k) the word *|<*^. An expreffion u* 
fcftU i^dween thofe Who betfre te moofepo^f* . 
aawrrtpt «^nWo"ft!f<pene , anh wefte a perfeft 
ftf^Hfw The moft hapjty point of amity;* naturall 
fWfhe fery *ldfin fignification , fince they who 
thu^p^efrlWttfrimmton ef got* wfiile they toft* 

Itflglp rfrSACB B ACM OT«E RS HAN& fignt* 


lie Chiroloqi a : Or, 

fiethat tfiep are both content thattbeir foofti 
ftall be £X)»rmwil ; by tbisgeftureipeaking plait* 
ly, as if they in effeftifaDukUlay , Wbat Damage 
Happens MJi tcrt i) oe, 3ibaUe{teemea0rm> otone 
ioffe ; and thy emolument anD- pjofit .3 flwH try 
lertaine afifjuine otonei, ants tljou flialt finite me 
rea&p, paeft toiiba tonfotiarit anftUJilltngmtnD^ 
both to r stole ttjee a (bate of mp foeUare,aiifrw* 
tipjotatlp tateare a part of tbp calamity.. OPorv 
allthjsis the more Significantly .impliedby thi$ 
geft«re;jn regard, that towkfi are the fcofts of 
lbt)e j and thtUand is theTongiie of hesrtpfi&llt 
UMW The minde of marfcnaturally defirAarhf 
iQtt\e lymbolejot fententiousgcfltiire to utter ana* 
dtfijlofe tottfcjfe in the aflfefttons of lotre , doth 
mmtf efity: fct forth ber difpofition by this tourtlp 
declarajtiafcoCtbe Hund, a naturall romolemettt 
wber,ewith:fhe commorjly fweetens her affettf* 
Orrajte retyetfS to oth ers. And this naturall ex* 
prelTion Teems toreTukfrpjn *he fympathjr be- 
tween the will and the H*ndi for, the willafft- 
ttionately inclined and moved to ftretch forth 
her felfe , the Bmd % that is moved by the- feme 
fpirit , willing to goe out and tet a gloffa upon 
the inward motion, calls it felfe into a forme ex- 
tending to a femblance of the inward appetiif; 
neither is the H*»Watany time found too (hort 
for fucban expreflion if the will be difpejfed to 
Cooperate, with it. For,nature who hath inge- 
niously thought on many conveniences^ ex- 
preflion tor the ufe and benefit of eommonJife, 
among other*, feerns to have ordajned the Hand. 
to be the gencrall inftrument of the minde , and 
endued it with a courteous appetite of clofing 
with anothets. Therefote when the minde 


The natural! Language tftbe Hand. 1 1 1 

would difclofe the virtue, ftrengtb, and forcible 
operation of her fafcour and garOftottt,out of the 
abundance of her Utoe (he puts forth the JU«4 
and in that as it were the heart it felf.with affettfr 
onatelohe t and receives them againe by a nata* 
rail bill of exchange in the Hand of another, 
wnickienly is* figne of mutuall agr&motUnd 
of a petfetf amjunttton ; for which caufe Pinda- 
rmt a Poet of an afpiring wit , placed the heart Pindawa 
and Hand as relatives under one and the fame 
parallel. To the naturall fenfe of this gefture 
appertains divers pafiages of Tacitus : The Lh> Tacit.hift. 
gones (faith he) according to their accuftomed ***•»• 
manner had fent gifts to the Legions right Hands 
in token of mutriall love and hofpitahry. The 
Centurion Siftnna carried in the name of the Sjr* 
rian Army to tbeSouldiers of the guard rig* 
fiandfjax token of concord. And Ambafladonrs 
came from jirtabams King of the Parthians,cal- 
lmg to minde their friendmip and ally ance with 
the Romans, anddefiringto rentte- Right Handti 
To bring this, important gefiure of the Hand 
in frienDlfctp a little nearer to the anthenticke 
light.of iacrcd Hiftory. So feh» to Jonadai z Kftifci 
when he asked him whethettihis heart Were i©- 1 *- 
nght,giveme thine Hand. So fames and Ctpkai Gal.ij, 
and$*6» gave \^..Barmbas the Right Band of 
fcHotoftlip, that isu they gave him their Hands ih 
token of iagr&ment in matters of doftrine* 
f That this gefture is fignificant'in fain tat ton, 
bitming foelcome andenteitatmnent,is apparent 
by many teftimbnies.of thcAscients. Vtrfilin 
the firft place wttneffeth the fame, complaining VmrJE- 
to his mother,thus » pe " i • 8 • 

* < ■> ■ £itr dcxtrajttngtre (text ram 


ii» Chirolqgia;0*i 

Idea. And in another place XvMd& (peaking t* 
&RJHM: eoftccrning his afie&ion to Aactifta k 
■— — — jfcft&f mttttJMvenili Mrdeimt amort 
%C*mfei*rt~%iHr*m e>*«fo**r« eonjungtrtitxtri, 
Koracl.t. faWwialfocdmeietning hirnfetfe » 
Satyr.9. i/tccMrrit fvUUw* nottumihi namiitt t/tntim, 

To this iigoc af falutation and entertaihtnMf 

afftttiines that mcdall, whofe infcriptionis, 

?i «'Hie- T*4*ms trfkfam. % wherein yeu may die tot 

^|J; Bmperiour Jaimfctfe joining iasJUfbt Hwt witb 

'* fte:HWof ^j^rrutoiQg, with this inforiprioji 

placed onderthe hale, JfWENTVS cfUG, 

Sir Rich, yf e read of Kith Art the ferfakkd J» hare ufed this 

5. a u" s • e^fd&nofwelcorne to his Nobles whentftef 

Selffeo" «^«wcdat Weftminfter. LM**ich*Hs delivered 

Rich,x. thngefkore as a certaine feccet to hw d&ciplct, 

that when they met one another , they fhotdd 

folate fay joynmgrioub, by which ligne they 

declared that they were toUbereo ontotbarfe 

Ipiphan: Wife. *s£piplum*j tepotteth. And there is no 

I.j.Tom. espreflion of lota more frequent in the enter* 

».Ceo. conrfes of common life then this* Thai Ah* 

Ym'obu < *■ Mor " , ■*'««•&» comes to Cjrut, and taking 

Gyr j£ him by the flijtt H*»d, makes ufe of this gtato- 

falte*p reflion : and both Xtuofbon, and all ottft 

Authors are full of fach lotting occurrences id 

the Hand, and mutnall declarations of hofpitaWe 

lobe. Thus 'PdOdt in Virgil entertaining v£ntM, 

and bttJDingJjfmtDeUome : 

Virgil ^Noftriifncttdt pnttibmhofyis 

' * Thus Tiridaus King or Armenia comming to 
CVrl*/0,Ugbt€d jifft from his horfc, and C«rM» 


The tJ4tur all Language ofiht 'Band. 113 

did the; tike ifflmedfhrery* and both of ihem on 
foot joyned Right Haswlr. And Whfcn ©tori had 
fled oat of R owe foe f&re <XAntom*s t who tf- ^""/^ 
terthe death of f*&tft Cfc/fcrbegali tklobkea- fQ ce ^ 
loft, and became f catfiill to all merHas though tie 
meant to make himfeife King : Bift afterwards 
tfoncremning his tfaltardly feare, returned to 
Rome, there came fuch a number of people out 
to meet him, that he could doe nothing but take 
them by the Hands and embrace them : who tb 
btmotir him came to meet hfm at the "gate of the 
City » as alio by the way to bring nim to hi* 
houfe. This fymbolicall expreffion of the H4»tf 
had a pra&icall fignification among the Ancfa 
entij when the Wand given did htoiret&etrrbfo* 
table ttflfertrtrtfott df Ml m latte* #8&fptiato 
which may receive fome illuftration from jtnjb 
noble pra&iteof TtiHinui £kUvi*si who wljeh Li».l.*j» 
he had invited AMind to (upper, and ^fcrcfti Ins 
bhely fonne after fupper had told hisMber tfclt 
he had hoW an opportunity tb recpHMe tihrJHfe 
unto the Romanes, to let himfeale ft with the 
blood ofjikhifatti Hisf arfcer dehorting and con- 
jarinfr him from the Violation of the lawes of 
hofplfanty & breach bfcovenarit: There are not 
nia%.ft©ures paft {fince that we fware by all tfie 
god* and holy holibwles in heaven, a"nd by i o y- 
flftfrfc HAnd im Hand made faUhftlUpjomtfa 
»nd oMfgeB bur felves ,to communicate together 
evithhim,&fO tb eat at .the holy Table of facred 
Viahd*,&c. And when King Sjjbax w« brought 
nto the Tntttmkm ot<3enerals ptfvtfion, and Tj r ,i, iW , 
:here prefented unto Sctpio t $cipio was much mo- 
ved in tntnde to Confider the ftate and fortune of 
phe man, compared now to bis prefent con- 

I cFitiow 

i\a Chirologi A;Or> 

dltion £ which more wrought upon him] when 
he remembred withall and called to mind*, the 
liofmtabie entertainment* the gi vin o inter. 


the cotjenanj-betweene them, made both in pub- 

lique and private. Our Anceftors alto had this 

expreffionof.^ofpitable lotiein a reall refpeft, 

when they knew no greater terme of reproach, 

then to call a man unheritable. This expreffion 

of the Hfi»d continues in force and eftitnation, 

and beares fitch fway among all Nations (efpe- 

ciallv thofe that are Northward) that hefecmel 

to be disarmed oTall humanity, and to want the 

affability, of exprefiion, who doth (when there 

is occafion fork) omit this benevolent tnfifttw* 

tion of the Hand. But concerning this familiar 

andnaturall intimation of the Hand in point of 

falutation, the ancient Sages and men of found- 

eft judgement, have made a quzre whethertbe 

familiar contact bee fo comely and laudable in 

the Hand of a prudent and religious man. A« 

mong the wife Matters, thofe who were given 

Crefollius to pleafure, as Socrates, Tlato, and others, wil- 

Myftag. lingly admit of this embracing of the Hand^stn 

,o1 : 1 ' allurement to uncleane defire. But thofe that 

affe&ed gravity, difallowed thepromifcuousufe 

thereof. Verily the Pythagoreans did give the 

Right Handto none but men of their owne Seft, 

no not fo much as to any of the fame family, un- 

kmblicus leffe to their Parents,as Umblicus notes. And it 

appears by the moft ancient obfervations of elder 

times, that holy men for the moft part ufedin 

their falutattons only to put forth the/fautyinet 

fo , the ungular beneholence of a frtenDlpminde 

may be exprefled without any impeachment to 


*l%e natural} Language afths Band, * X % 

their virtue and gravity. M<l«**nt of A ntioch, « 
ttun endued With an incredible eafmefTeanp 
Itoeetneffe of manners , and moft deare to ail 
gopd men , is faidionly to h^ve put forth hisaf* 
fable and gracious Rigkt Wand in faAutatfor|0, to 
fiie w the force of his lofee and affection towards 
others, wherein heobferved the lawes of com- 
mon humanityiiind a courfeou«Mftw!Uion,witbr 
out any detriment to religious. rnodefty. Ancf 
at this day religious men in forreigne parts 
moft commonly abftainc from ^embracing thf 
Hands of other?_» Without iocflmngthe cgnfure 
of incivility, and want of graccin^ 
taking the finking bf H«^,io thjs fenfe, to b«? 
too blunt anexpteflionfora.ifW accuftomcd 
to matters of decoru/n , and the (acred tokens of 
divine reverence* f In figne of ^congratulatt- 
enthe Huntfmen at the fall of the Booreflaine 
by Meleager with cheerfuU : fnouts unfolding 
their joyes (hake his victorious Hands % as Optd 
elegantly feignes according to the nararall pro* 
perty of the HWon fuch occafions. ^Nothing 
rnore ordinary then ftiaking of Hands in tialejDi* 
itton and t afeing leafce of our friends.and Dittoing 
tfjem fareiudl , of which Poets and Hiftorians 
are not filent. Ovid brings in Cadmus at his 
transformation,fpeaking to bis wife Wermione to O'^ 
ufe this loving gefture of tialeDittiOit, and to Metam - 4- 
(hake Wands with him while he yet had a Wand 
to (hake. Thus Calanus the Indian Philosopher Pluurcfi 
about to facrifice himfelfe alive at the tombe of " r ' n f '-' ! lf « 
Qrus, before he went up upon the funerall pile, °^q^. 
he bad all the Macedonians that were there fare* 
toell, and shooice thim it tm-e Hands. 
And Ttlmiai whenHicrax Admirallof the La- 
I 2 ecdcmo- 

u6 CHiRotOGu:Or, 

tedemonians came in the interim that he Wat 
refcuingthe jEginetes befiegedbythe Athenfc 
an»; arid tooke his fhips from him ; yet he went 
Xenop. tome very 'happy , for when about to Depart he 
rerum tooke ftiip, there was not a iouldier but s h o ok 
Gr*c.l. j. H r M By THE HAK», and withother ftfoDe ex- 
prcflioris VUtftjtng all bappineCfe unto him. 
JJThat this getture isfignificant in wconciHattoll 
is riioft manifeftby our common praftiieand ufe 
thereof in the Yenle of that intention. Thus Mi. 
Liv.jt. "**uhs and Piblus M^ximus Difator gavetheir 
Wands one to another at the time of their reftffs 
tfliatten. And when Onatitts Aureljus,z'RnigBt 
of Rome had told the people what a vifion fie 
had feen in bis dream, that fttpter had appea- 
red to him that night.and willed him to tell them 
openly , that they fhould not put Pdmpej ana" 
Cr*£us out of their office , before they weft w 
cottctUD together; he hadnofoonerfpokentlie 
words, but the people commanded them to bee 
frtent0» Pomfejht ftill, and faid never a word 
Plutarch unto it. But Crafiis rofe, and t oo i POMPEY 
in the lift by the H and, and turning him to the people, 
of Craflu* to y them aloud, My Lords of Rome , I doe no- 
thing unworthy of my felfe to f&fe Pmfeja 
frtenDfljf p and fafcotir firft , fince you your ielves 
have called him the Great before he had any 
haire upon his face, and that you gave him tbe 
honour of triumph, before he was a Senator. 


rcmitto. J thersHakd, is a naturall mfmuatftil'tf 

i vii i !ot,e » Dutp ' w*«eitce, fttpplttaf ion, peace, and of 

LVX11 - fojgtteneffeof all injuries. • Hence Phyfitians 

the fubtile and diligent obfervefs of nature, 


The naturaU Language oftfie Band, 1 1 j 

thinketbat there is in the Bund a $ertaine fecret 
a/adiudden yertue, and a convenient force or 
philtre to procure aifgi&QiJ. Wherefore Thtmi- 
fl,itff , hfi who coupled eloquence with the gra-. 
vity of Philofpphy a -where he difputes of reconct; Themift. 
UatWJl and tUUtUtg together of hearts in the Qnt.j. 
common bond of* fctenBttriy, he, would have the 
Handt of others to be laid hold on , and wrung 
Wiethe fingers; for that, frith he, the H*nds pu|t 
forttufting or goadi and are wany. times a con- 
venient fpuc to future flintitPr Hereupon beau- 
ties pale vaflalls led by. the forcible lnftinft of, 
their paffion , in preferring their aitHMitis info 
Haatioosi, doe much ufetbjs (peaking touch of 
the Hapd, a piece of fjjijfri Cfturttotp whereby 
they feem toftrive tpimpriot upon their rai- 
(kafi&HA»d a ta.cit hint ofthejr affection, fogge- 
fted in this preffin&flattery of the Ha*d\ tor lo- 
Kieit> I know UPS by what amorous inftintft,next 
to the foce,direci: their paffiOAtste rcfp?cts to the 
fidjtd^f tbofe they lobe ; to this, part they mo(| 
ufnally accommodate their fignipcant exprefli- 
ons; this they devoutly wring and embrace, 
and by the djlcourfing compreffions thereof, in-| 
timate and fpggeft theeagerpeffcof Deftre, and 
their medicable appjsbenlwns of jog ? gdeftp 
Hence the great Mafterin the Act of love , un- . 
derftanding the natural! force of this tacit con% ^^^ !" 
rence and bumble (application, brings in /*/<# 
exhibiting his requeff to fcJK«fc<* fofcly wringing 
her fair HW; 

ff v<r r* CAptjj loqni dextranpfy frehtndit , 

##«, c^ *»nMtm [ttbatiff* voce wgxvit. 
But this ChirothripSa , or griping another? 
#<*y</» was never held a fafe or warrantable ex- 

I 3 preflion 

1)8 Chi r ologia: Or, 

preftion in the HWef any man, taken for the 
mbft part for 'a trjanton effap or ftp pjcofe of a 
tradable difpofiition , and a laftftfouS p?0logtte 
jrrtd friftriuaftBrt of luff. I Willingly heare (faith 
Grefol. in CrtfoMm) Gregory Nyjfert, whofe voycq and afdV 
myrtag. ' monitions I prefer before all the learned School- 
Greg r^ yf. men j n t j, e world. Solent mantis ipfo contatt* v*. 
0I p a ^* A17 * m *< r *biir effceminart, a proofe and experi- 
ment of whofe obiervation may be underftood 
Out of a certaine fhort narration of Philoftrseuh 
iHiloHra- There were in theftatcly Seraglio of the King 
?us in vita of Perfia many of the Kings concubines of ex- 
Agollonii. cellent beauty , who for their rareperrefl&ii of 
parts,and outward endowments of naturctt%ht 
well have ftood in competition for the- goldim 
ball of Paris, upon dne of which when a certain 
Eunuch had more curioufly c'aft hiseyes, he be- 
gan to be tickled with defire, and fq netled with 
the itch of concupifcence , that he placed all bis 
, felicity in enjoying of her ; wherefore he mads 
frequent vifits, carried himTelfe very obfequfout 
lp unto her^f prinkled his dikourfe With amojoiW 
and alluiing words (and which he thought 
would moftof all availeto fet forward his dc- 
figne, and to ftir up and quicken the flame of af« 
fectton ) he w run g h b r H a n d , which when 
the over-feer of the Eunuchs perceived, he com- 
manded him,efpecially,innowileto touch the 
heck or Wand of the Woman : good counlell; 
which when he refafed to follow , he fell into 
that foule aftion, which proved fatall unto him. 
% This gefture as it is a token pf Duty and rett* 
putarch rentiall lot?e> forletaf/us ufed towards his mother 
^(q^o Y olumnia > when overcome by her earneft per- 
Janus.' ^wafions to withdraw bis Army from Rome, k 


The naturaU Language of the Hand. 1 1 ^ 

cried out , Oh mother J what have you done to 
me? for holding her arc by the 
Right Hand, Oh mother 1 laid he, ydu have 
wonne a happy viftory for your Cofirntrey, but 
mortall aftd unhappy for your fonne j for I fee 
my felfc vanquished by you alone. f This 


fometimes naturally imp y Ipeute, aud a lotting 
fojgttjeneffe of all fnjtirteg. And how faithfull 
an interpretor of the mipde the Ha»dhat,h con- 
tinued, even when the tongue hath tailed, and 
men have been deprived of all wayes of delive- 
ring theirmindes but by fignes and tokens ; and 
how intelligible this exprefiion by gefture 
Which we have now in tiatid, hath been appre- 
hended to be in the extremity of filence, may 
fufficiently appeare by preferring the examples 
of two great Princes lymg both fpeectileffc on - 
theirdeath-beds. The fitft example (nail be in j4ey M Lb 
c Philif Duke of gurguncTy;' the fatherjdf Charles ifijrtthe 
flaine at the battellOf Nancie ; Carles having Annale$ 
abfentedhimfelfe from his father for fome faults, of Stance, 
and his father falling^ery ficke in the City of 
Bruges , io that his fpeech failed him ; Charles 
hearing of it came fromGant in poft to Bruges , 
and falling on his knees 1 before his father , did 
with warmeteares beg humble pardon- ttii all the 
griefes fie had put hirri' t6 3 and befought ffim with 
lowly reverence, that he would vorichftfe him 
his fatherly blcffirtg? his 1 Gonfeffouf having told 
himiri!*is«af that ifhd could not IpeaVfie (hould 
at leaft-iwife giVe his fonne feme token and tefti- 
moriyoPhfsgoJDtoiU towards him : The good 
Prince opened his eyes',and t kinshis son 
bvth'eRight Han d , clafped it wi.hin his 

I ^ owne 

Up, Chirologia: Of) 

owne fo hard as he could, £ fi§ne otiose and fitt* 
gitencS.To match this withanothcr of oik oyq 
Hjftory , to wit, of H*«rjr the eight, who felling 
©odwin fick.commanded the Archbifhopfthen at Croy* 
in his An. j^ fl^oujd be fent for in all hafte,who ufiog ail 
Hen ' 8 ' poifible fpeed came not until! the Kjng was 
fpeechleffe : as (bone as he came , the Kjnjj 
too kbijimb%t"he Han d , the Archbithoj 
exhorting him to place all his hopes in Gods 
mercies through Chriftj&bcfeechinghira.thatif 
he could notin words, he would by fometigne 
©r other; teftifie this his hope, who thenwRiN- 
ced the Archbishops Hasd as. harb. 
ashe could, a figne of fatifj , and,hjiptof 
mjrep anS fajgioweflfc , and fhorcly alter de- 


Geft.Jjx a 0g n Qfg^^ijp likely to prove inveterate . ufed 
bythofewho Batlg refute toagro^ & reje(fcth*t 
proffered amity which they have in fufpitWIfc 
f,!y.l.4f. The example of C*u* s V'pMuf* may fecm very 
Viler. 8 p^y to belong unto this gefture, who wheo^he 
IAvlA.i. fa^ met ji„ t i 0C h HS foure miles difUnt from -AltX' 
p,< * , after greeting and falutation, at the firft 
comming, A&'whtis put rorth his B{10»ht 
ri a n d to taplim ; but he delivered unto, him a 
fcrole written, and wifhed; him befpre he did a- 
ny thing to read that fcripti after he had r*»d the 
writing through > he anfwqred he would dewfe 
with his friends, and confider what was beft to 
he done . But Votilins according to his ordina- 
ry blunt manner of fpeecb which ha had by na? 


The natural! Language of the Hand. \ % i 

ture, jptde a circle about the Kia# with the rod 
he had in his Hand , and withalljnakeme an an* 
fwer f quoth he) I advife you, fiich as I may re- 
port to the Senate * befoce you f>a|fe the com* 
paife «?£ this circle. The King aftonied at this 
fa rude and violent a commaoderont > after, ha 
had ftiyed and paujed a while; I will he. contest 
(quoth h.e ) to doc w<hVtfoflvc*the Senate feaH 
ordaine; then and. not before, PtyHim qaw* 
the King his, Hand as a &ie»& and alh> 
The>gotttiiefi>o£$r#<, and,b«nxfoliitioriU bt 
riwtowladajpan rw^Iw tearmes then his ohm, Piucar«i 
dlfcoy«redi|felfe by the lame MgUtttll carm " '*}** 
age of bis #4»4 tow*rd& kMitbritecf , who ■*■ * 
when he came to him, and orFHifta Tt> 
take KiM; sy thjI,Hawd ; JEj& asked hiia 
firft if he did accepted the peace, with the con* 
dittpn$.^w£«/4PJ had agreed unto; nor untitt 
Afa kridstet hadt made hiakanftren that he did', 
wouJk&he accept of his, proffered and frifrwcto* 
amitya for then* %nd not before , h&rdaluted, 
embraced and killed him. Thus Trtdericks part* 
ner and confortin the Kingdome with VUdijbuu. 
the fecond King of Bohemia , r e fus e d to 
give hi $ Ri qht Hand tQ*SobiKft*itt>whom 
his fajther received, into, kvourafter he had at- 
tempted to raife gaiboyies in Moravia. , preterm 
djng he had the gout in his Band, And fa that 
lqfty and ftately ^Irelsite < Dmfitm r e wi s s d to- VjR . % 
give Kihg EDGAR- hi s Right^^^g 1 "* 
fore he was excommunicated, hecaufe h&had 
defloured a Virgin, but rating him , Pareft thou 
touch my Right RmtL that haft raviftied one de- 
voted to God, 3(i»iU natbeafrtenDco himthat 
is an eqemy to Gad{& injoyned him feven years 


12* CHlROL0GlA:Or, 

penance, after which he was abfolved, and thi 
cfailde chriftned. 

Chare di-\7\/ E * UT FORTH *°th <>UK Hands 
ligo. V V toembrace thofe we ipt?0 , ■ as if ^ 

Geft.LX. would bring them home into our heart andboi 
Arift in fonrie,as'fome Dear and p?ettOU0 thirig,as Arijtotk 
Probl. gives the reafon of the gefture.To which exprefc 
Pfal. 119. fionl find that of the Pfalmift r«ferrcd,MyH<»i& 
4 8, Willi lift up unto thy commandements which I 

have loved i A proverbiall ipeech taken horn 
Simon de thisintention of the Mund, as Simon de CMuu ob- 
Muis ferves. Cornelius « Lapide notes the naturall 
comment, dif pofition of th&H**^ in embracing.Whb con* 
ui omnes mentingupon the fecond of Canticles 6. His 
CorneL a ^ ^""^ is under my head, and his Jfrffo H<w</ 
Lapid. in doth embrace me \ for lovers and parents ufe to 
Cane 2.4. put their left hand under thdfe they tenberlp sf* 
fed. and then with their Right Wand to em- 
brace the whole body , and fo bring them to 
their bofome , comprehending them in the com- 
parte of their armes, as in the naoft naturall circle 
of affection. 

Honoro. "TO appxehind and kisse the sacke 

Geft,lXI X of anothsks Hand, is their naturall 

expreffion who would give a token of their fee* 

titrable lohc, faith, lopaltp, honourable refpett, 

tbanftfallbnmilitp, reberetiee, fuppltcation, and 

fubjertion. From this naturall gefturerhe Spa>- 

niards tooke their ufuall formes of falutation and 

valediction , whofe complement ufually is 'Bafb 

l*s w fires mans, I kifie your Hand. The ionne 

Ecclefijft. of J»>** acknowledged th^fignification of this 

*M- fubmifflbe gefture in that faying , Till he hath 


The natural Language of the Hand* 1 2 $ 

received , he will kiffe a mans H<w«f. IF we 
flhould looke backe upon the a Aliens of affertto* 
nate lovers , whofe inflamed hearts have moved 
them to facrifice ki(tes"Qri this low altar of friend- 
ship, and to offer f heir ferfoice? bythis nrodeft in- 
sinuation ofgefture , we might finde many paf- 
f ages of hiftoricall antiquity to corrflrme and ll- 
luftrate the fenfe ©f this, expreflion. . How pat- 
fionate Was Cyrus When he came to the pjace „ , 
where his friend Abrttdatath^ flaime , feeingliis 4 ( j e c ?2[ , it * 
wife fitting upon the' ground by the dead body* eyrjhb.f, 
of her Lord? forburfting forth into this patheti* 
call ejaculation, O thou good and raitfifullfoul?^ 
art thou gone and left us , and therewithal! 
TooKE him by thb RightHand, and the 
H*»doi hisdead friend followed (Tor it was cut 
off with 1 the cynjeter ' of an ^Egyptian ) which 
Cyrus beholding ir,much aggravated hisforrow. 
But Abr*A*t*s wife 'Panthea fhriked out, and ta- 
king the Wand from Cyrus, kissed it, and 
fitted it againe to its place as well as flie couldi 
To match this prefident with another molt illu-i 
ftrious poftfeript of furviving affection, that 
bright mirrour of mafculine cbnftancie. T. 
Volumnius when he had long wept oveWhe bo» 
dy of his friend M. Lucullus, whom MarkeAn* 
thony had put to death, becaufehe tooke part 
with Brutus and GkJJius , defired Anthony he Valcr. 
might be difpatched upon the body of his friend, Ma.1.4, 
whofe lofle he ought >not to furvive; and having 
obtained hisdefire, being brought where he 
wouldbe, having greedily, kissed thi 
Rght Hand of LhcuUhs , he tooke up his 
head that lay there cut off, and applied it to his 
breaft , and afterward fubmitted his neck to the 


124 Cmiroloqia: Or, 

fSffioBd-of tHe Cooquerour* Valerius (JKwmtfi 
Wutwck in the relation of this Story runs high in feeing 
in the life pmthisftgpwboleof fcte«QD&ip,»ndunmatchabi^ 

Jk£»°" B» temc of Roman fidelity,' f AUufiw the Qdk 
tibetjian wed this expreflion of tbaufctuljlbuttu* 
lit?, to $cifi* when he had received that. unex?- 
gelled favour at his H«Wto have his captive be-, 
tjrothed wife preferved by him* and freely deli- 
JLtwfis it^edaatphim; feeingit could not be compren 
Mayern ~ bended nor equalled by any recompence or 
Turqqet, thanks, he was held feifed with jocund (bame, 
Gen.Hii. ^jaklqg Spifhbyths Right HaueL, prayed all 
pauu tttegods to requite the great favour he had do ne 
hirn, feeing ;'hje- found himfelfe iofuificieiflfc to 
make any^iaraftion as ha defired. f As this 
geftuj-e 15a figne of honour and obfequiowa tretw* 
licnce. C4M- Vwm had his Hans %\ tJ by 
bis Army in tfpectall benour of him at his depafir 
tore, Seifia the conqueronr of Africa received 
the like lefned: and' reticence from certaine Pi- 
Tit. Li«i. rates, who when they had intreated h^n they 
wjl.37. might prefame to approach into his pretence , 
anc( to have a view of his perfon, he let them in , 
aijd immediately they went, and worshipped the 
flofts and pillars of his gates , as if his^houfs ht(i 
been the harbour of fprne facred dcitie , and ha- 
ving laid their gifts and prefents at his threlhold, 
ranhaftily to his Hands and kissed them; 
WWch done, overjoyed as it were with fa great 
* hapineffe, they returned home' 2><A#A Cab 
Valer '^ era l">m*ibmfiftf< «ftr<m £vei§er4tipt^t'^ff»fSr 
»iax.U. ™» 9 * rK $**hb\&V*teriiis. This token of Uftt 
and honor may he further amplified out of Uvfc. 
T. Liviui For when T. Qtfwtifts had vanquUhe^ King 
l»b-3 ?• fkiJip, and proclaimed liberty by the Beadle to 


The natural! Language iff the Jfand. 125 

inany of the parts ofGriece, asthc Cdruithiins, 
Pboccnfions and others, there wastfuch joj) as 
men were not able to comprehend, at kft wfcmi 
their joy was once confirmed fay making the 
Beadle to cry it once againc , theyfetup fuch* 
thousand followed it fo with clappingnof Yinutdt, 
redoubling the (ame fotj&en, as evidently h ap- 
peared , how there is no earthly good inthb 
world more pleating to a multitude thenliberty 
is ; and afterwards running apace unto the Ro^ 
man Generall in fach fort, that his p'erfon Was itt 
fome danger of the multitude crouding fo hard 
upon him alone to touch his Right Hand. 
Thus Chdricks a Phyfitian departing from Tlbe- Tacit. 
ri»s as it had been about fome bufineflc of his Annal.I.« 
owne, under colour offtatp, taking him by 
t h e H a n d, felt the pulfc of his veines. Thus 
alfo we finde GudatM and getiriat in Xtmtfm J"g pk * 
fcyotffctpping the Right ¥Utodo{Cjrus. But the Cyrj,^ 
moft unfeafonable and fervile ufe of this expref- 
fion the Senatours made towards iton?; when 
even in the height of their griefe, the City filled Tacir. 
with funerallsi the Capitoll with facrifices , one Annal>1 » 
having his brother, another hisfonne put to If * 
death, or friend, or neare kindred , gave thaflil& 
to the gods, deckt their botrfewithbayes-, fell 
downe at the Emperours knees, Aid wi arim) 
his Right Hand with kisses. It Wa^a 
ftrange mifchance that happened to ffee learned 
Oforinm of the Univerfity of Bafil, g<5mg about c au Gn of 
to ufe this courtly expreflion, to wfadm it being paffiorn 
given in charge to receive the famous Mra/hais 
by offering him prefents of wine in the name o! 
theCityj he Was prepared fork withabfa'Ve 
and a long Oration , but being trained up to the 


utf ChirologIa! Of, 

Sehoolcs(whicb hath little curiofity and quaint* 
neffcin complements), going about to kifle 2> 
rafmtts his Hand , full of the gout, he did it .fo 
roughly that be hurt him v and made him to cry 
out with paine he had put him to by bis kifle, 
which made the good Profeffour lofe himfelfe, 
nor could he ever hit upon the beginning of his 
di(courfe,untill they plentifully had powred out 
iome of the prefented wine for him to drink, fo 
to a waken his memory. ^ In f application this ge- 
ftareis alfo figtiificant ; for it hath beene a cu- 
dome with all Nations in fupplication to ap- 
peale unto the Baud of thofe from whom they 
expected aid.prefling upon it as that part whole 
touch was an omen of fuccefle , tendering th«ir 
requefts thereto, becaufethe power of doing 
doth moft manifestly reft therein : whereas to 
touch the left hand was ever accounted an ill 
prefaging ofle. To this appertaines that of A* 
Apnl.1. i* ptdeus^nvenem quempiam &c. in medium produc'it, 
Afini au- tH j HS Ji H * mAnmdeofcuUtHs &c. miferere t ait [a- 

Idem in ttrd " % Anc * ths fame Author in another booke 
Apologia. P rc ^ ents us with this examplar confirmation 
Potttianus ad pedes noftros advolntus , [vemam& 
tblivienem prtieritorum omnium pejtulat~\fletu, & 
*mantts nofiras pfculabundns. Of which kinds 
of fupplicatidft exhibited with reference and 
outward toO^B)fp,declaring the inward affection, 
the Roman Annates are full of examples. Thus 
Sophonifta the wife of Sypbax taken prifoner by 
iMa/amfa , defiring that it might be la Wfull for 
T. Livius her to open her mouth , and make an humble 
J.j©. fpeech unto him her Lord, in whofe only hands 
lyeth her life and death ; If I may be (o bold 
(faith (he) as to touch your knees , and that vi- 

The natural! Language of the Band. I %j 

ftorious Right Hand of yours, &c. to whom 
wftenas now fhe held him fast by the 
Hand, and rcquefled his prote&ion , he gave 
h i s R i ght H a n d for atturance to pfcrforme 
her tequeft. Arid when Mithridates call hitn- 
felfe at the knees of Eunones ; Eunones moved Tacit.l.u 
with the nobility of the man > and the change of 
his fortunes^ at bis prayer which argued no bafe 
minde, lifted up the foppliant, andebmmended 
him that he had chofen the Adoriian nation,and 
his Ri g ht H an* foj obtaining jtarDon.e/tfrc&*. pi uta wk * 
iaus when he befought SjBa with teares in his m ih life 
eyes , to be contented with what the AmbafFa- of Sylla. 
dours of Mithridates his mafter had excepted a- 
gainft his demands , taking him by the 
Hani> , by intreaf p \t the end obtained of SjlU 
to fend him unto Mithridates, promifing that he 
would: either bring him to agree to all the ar- 
ticles and conditions of peace that he demanded, 
or ifhe could not he would kill himfelfe with his 
owne Hands. Thus alfo Niciat comming to pj utarc h 
MarceUus with tears in his eyes , and embracing in the life 
his knee$,and kissinghis Hands ,betOUgbt of Marcel, 
him totafte pitp of his poore Citizens. The x ac i t# 
Souldiers ofC/ermanicus , who upon pretence of Anaal.l. t 
this cxpreflion in their complaints,lamentati©ns 
and Amplications unto him , tooke him by the 
Hand as it were to kifle it , tbrult his fingers into 
their mouths, rhat he might fecle they were 
toothleffe. Hecuba comming as a tupplfant to Euripidei 
Vliges totntreat for Iphigenia, as {headdreft 
herlclfeto touch Hi s Ripht Hand he hid 
] t , thereby cutting off all hope of parDOtr. To piumcS 
this appertains the. fpeechof Lucius fitfar the mthe i ft 
kinfman of Julius £*( Ar the Conqueror , where of Cato 

be U:ican * 

1*8 Chirologi a ;Qr> 

le praieth Cutt to-helpe him to make\ his oratioft 

which he fhould iay unto C t J ar in behalf e of At 

three hundred Merchants ih Utica. And as rot 

thee (CW«) faith he, I wUItuse hisHandsv 

and fail dowrie on my knees before him to to* 

fireat him for thee t ^"FcB? the exemplifying this 

tapreffibn in the fenie of faith ,~ tepaltp and Tub 

Martin Jfitftbtt; M*r4tn flmmtt affords us an Hiftoricall 

^"^'"dnd pregnant proofe in King foA» of Hungarie 

gj'ian^i.lwbenwithagteat company of the Hungarian* 

ftory* H*biMcy which he brought with him, he cadie to 

<iise SOLYMANS Hato* and to achnotoi 

leifeehfthfef fe to htm ao his fahject, and trtbula* 

rie a who found him fitting tinder a carrojrio 

where he made no great countenance to itiove 

himfelfe at the reverences he made, but (hewing" 

a great majefty, he gave him his Right 

Hand in figne of amttp which he kissed. 

f here is a pleafant Story agreeable to this put* 

pofe of Afaalafmntn Queen of the Longdbarast 

Luicptan. how when ffre after the death of the King her 

husband, being cbildlefle, had with great phi* 

iSence and gravity governed the Kingdome,anfl 

Was much magnified of her fob je&s , at the laft 

her Nobles offered her a free power of chufinj 

fhem a King out of the Nobility , whom {he 

Might make her husband , who having fcht for 

One of hei? Nobles whom Ike preferred in her 

choice to the reft, and hefuppofing he had been 

fent for ab out fom affaires of State, as fooh as he 

law the Queen,who was come out to meet kin\ 

he leapt from his horfe and bowed himfelfe to 

kisse hIr Hand; to whom (he fmiling, not 

my Btmdi but my face.meaning that he was now 

n o longer to be a fwbjed: « but her husband and 


The natural! language oftbetiand, \iy 

King.vfwrr&«ww fefftty ClodQV*ttst&(iotilA*,Gf 
whofc vertue he was enamoured, to finde means 
of accele unto- her, feforved to beg alines bf |er» 
for Which caufe heftood at the gate wfaChdrch 
among a great rable of beggars Cxpefting the Cmfiri 
Fnhcdffe to come forth i ffie filled not to per- Lady* 
fbrmeafts of charity ¥o all the poore accoromg 
to her euftome , - and perceiving this man tt&o 
feemed of a gepetous afpecl in thefe miferable 
rags,' felt her heart fefHed with extraordinary pi- 
ty ,beholding one of fo good carriage reduced to 
fuchmifery V and without any further enquiry , 
flie gave him a piece of gold . Atirrtixkki fee- 
ing 1 this Roy all timid fo charitably ftretchcd out 
to fuecour a counterfeited want, whether Re 
Were trarrfportecf with joy 1 , or whether he was 
defirous to make himfclfe ofyfetved by fomeafr, 
helifredupthe ifeeveof the Princefle, which 
according to the r»ffhbn of ftpbcs then wome^ 
covered all even unto her Ha**, and'fcaving 
feared het Right Hk»d kissed jt with much #« 
terence; ShctTuffiung,yetpafling on and (hew- 
ing ho reftntment, afterwards fending for him ; 
which 1 was the fcope of his defire,whp comming 
tp the place afligned him , C/^/^fer^ehoHiBg 
him,foundly chidhjm for his boldnetfe, in lifting 
up the flceve of her garment,and kissinghbr 
Hand : He who was a nroft quaint courtier 
found toutthisevaUon, and faid, The euftome 
of hjs Cohrjtrey pebnltted to khTe th6 lifl$ of 
Lady es at ^rtattwti but the uuharjpineffe 
of his" condition abated him foiow hee could] 
not atjJire to the face j behald the caufe why 
hee contented hitnfelFc with the H*#</, it be- 
ing a thing Very reafonable to kite a \&*d, 

K which 

130 Chi rologi A:Or, 

which is the iourfe of fo many charities. 


one falato £ Handtobb kissed by others , which 
Gf fl " s piinie calls a religious ceremony ufed by all Na- 
Plinie tions , is an expreflion of ffate ufed by monD 
Nat Hift. and fco^nfull perfons , who affe A the garbe of 
lib. 1 1. great ones , and are willing to afford a fleigfy 
refped: to one they thinke unworthy of a higher 
touch. MartiaB very acutely j eers at the con- 
Martial dition of fuch over-weening magnifiers; 
lib. *.Bp. Sofia dot aliit, aliis dot pofthttme dextram, 
*** < D'tcii, utrnnt mavis clige, male matmm. 

Many fuch apes of fovereignty our times afford 

who arrogate to themfelves more honour then 

either their birth or fortunes can chalengeyfuch 

may fee a copy of their improper expreflion in 

Ammian. MarctBnus who defcribing the corrupt fiate of 

Marcel.1.8 Rome in the dayes of VaUntinian and Valtns, 

(hews how the Nobility fome of them, when 

they began to be faluted , or greeted bread: to 

brea(r,turned their heads awry when they mould 

have been kiffed , and bridling it like unto curft 

and fierce bulls , offered unto their flatteringfa- 

vourites their knees or Hands to kiffe, fuppofing 

that fatJOUC fufficient for them to live happily, 

and be made for ever. Indeed the favourites of 

fortune , and great Commanders of the world , 

with a little more reafon have thought them 

mHch to wrong their majefty who in killing 

prefumed above their Hands. Examples of 

which imperious expreflion we have in Catiffh 

Dion /*, who as 'Dion reporteth of him was very fpa* 

Calieul?' ring of hIs H< "^ » exce P t Jt wcre to Senators , 
J ' 8 * and to whom he offered this fatoow , they gate 


The natural Language of the Band. i J t 

km tmblicke thanks in the Senate for it, where- 
as all men faw him daily allowing this favour to 
dancers and tumblers. And "Domitian to Ctnit Sueton 
bis fathers concubine newly returned out of Dom,c ' 
Iftria, and offering to kiffe his lippes , hee put'^' 12, 
forth hisHand. Ahdthe younger MaxU 
m\* is noted to have ufed the faid ftatelt? expref- Ti'i^of 
fionin his demeanour towards them that came Honours; 
to falute him , and not to have admitted any a- 
bove his Viand. A piece of ftatc that hath been 
as improperly ufurped by the proud Prelates of 
the Church, who have expected the fame fymbol 
of fub/eclion from the humble mouths of their 
adorers. A referved carriage which begat envy 
in the people to the greateft Emperours. Where- Plinlus Iri 
fore Pliny comending7Vv*;<»»theEmperorin for- Pan*?y. 
bearing this expreflion of f?afe,& condemning it ad Tt3 l*~ 
in thole that ufed it, faith, Jam quo afenfufettatui 
quo v audio excepttts es, cum canditatu ut quem^ no- 
minaperat ? ojculo occurres ? devexus in planum , 
& quapunus ex gratulantibus , temirormagu, an 
improbem i/los, qui efficerunt ut Wad magnum vide- 
retur y cum velut affxi curulibus puis manum tan- 
turn, & hanc cuncianter & pigre, & \jmputanti~ 
kus~\ Jimiles promerent t Yet in Princes whefe 
tempers did enrich them with their peoples love, 
this demonftration of the Wand was held to be a 
note of IRopallplauttbtlttp. Ofthiskindcof be- 
nigneand courteous Princes was Marcus Au- 
Ytiius, as Herodian noteth, who was of (o fwee; 
a temper , and Debonatre behaviour towards all ,. , , 
men, that he would give h is Hand {Ji£,i*~ Im / r- 
^©■^to every man that came tb him,- cdmmari- HuUib.r. 
ding ftis guard to keepe backe none that, came 
uqto him. The fame Author fpeaking of the T . . , 

K 2 Era- ?" 


Emperour Severn* his entrance into Rome Witlj 
his Army , and noting bis plauflbtytt)? the next 
day when he came to the Sehate,where he made 
a Imooth and plaufible fpeech, an4 then (faith 
he) he gave his Hand toallthe company, 
where he ufeth the fame Greekc. word a? before, 
iSam.i j. tsibfolon ufed this popular action of his H<w|», at 
f • a bait to entice and fteale away the hearts of jhc 

people from his father 'David : for, the text faies 
it was lo , that when any man came nigh hurt to 
doe him obey fance , he out forth his H{»4f , j»nd 
tookehim, andkifledhim. Otho wasi oj.tljc 
Cornel, fame courtly complexion , and { as Tacitus 
- r - aci i"fc obierveth } was well skilled in the tacit force 
HiA.hb.i. o f th j 8 p p a i af inftnaatton, very ready to 
stretch forth his Hand , and to bow 
himfelfe to every meane perfon , neitheidj$he 
reject any,though comming fingle. Thefyiima= 
nttp of Alexander the Great ,King of Macedon,* 
Qnintus Prince of an invincible fpirit, and noble tefliper, 
Curtius jsrnoft renowned in Hinories; who althougn 
a ** he was weakned with the violence of a dileafe 
( a thing mod incredible to be fpoken or heard ) 
raifing himfelfe upon his couch, put forth 
his dyiug Hand to all his fouldiers that 
Would, to touch it, and holding it in that pofturc 
untill all his Army had kifled, not untill then ta- 
king in his wearied arme: Upon which unimi- 
Vsler ta ^ e a ^ of Alexandtr t Valerius Maximus breaks 
M lX / forth into a moft patheticall interrogatory, £»* 
lib. j . amem manum ofculari non curreret , qua jamfatt 
epfreffa maximi exercitm comflexui t \_hHmamtAtt\ 
Xenopb. 1^Jpi r 't*vivMi*ref*fimt} Nor was the afi- 
dc inftic*. bilit y of QrusKing of Perfia much leffe remark- 
Cyt.hb.2. able, who declaring upon his death-bed, how 


TbenaturaU Language of the Band. I % 3 

they fhould difpofe of his body after his a, 
to wit, to bury it prefently in the earth , and not 
to inclofe it in any gold or filver urne ; where- 
fore (faith he) if there be any of you,that would 
either touch my Right HW , or behold my eye 
while I am yet alive , let them come neare ; but 
when mine eyes are once clofed, I crave of you 
my fonhes , that my body may be feene of no 
man, nor of yon your jfelves; and having fpoken 
thefe and other things, when he had given them 
all'hisTHW , he clofed his eyes, andfo dyed. 
Great Princes at this tfay expofe not their Right 
Hrfw^to bfe kifledj but to fuch whom they would 
foelcome With fome efpeciall grace. Tor when 
great Potentates intend to admit a friend into 
pjottftiotl, or in their Royall goodnefle are plea- 
ted to re-admit fome exile from thek love, and 
would difpenfe with greater ma jefty a parboil 
royall for fome pafled offence ; they ufe openly 
to offer and present the backe of 
their Right Hand , permitting them by 
thatfavourto reverence their power and high 
command; or the fignification of that touch and 
honourable favour is as much as a firme figne of 
reconeiWatton and a gracious league obtained at 
their )rlmd. 



WIRE bystealth, is their fignificant t'emnoto. 


endeavour who have ait intent unfoene to par- £ x ™j 
loineanbttntjepatoapfomethirtg. From which 
fellonioas action the Adage is derived , Vtitur Erafm. 
manHfinifira, which the proverbiall AJi i- 
fenfeiftobkeup againft cheates, and pilfering 
feliowes, who by a tijartiifh (teigJjt of l£att) , 

K 3 and 

1^4 Chir ologia: Or, 

and die way of robbery, can bereave one of* 
thing unperceived; for fuch spercurialffite who 
addrcfle tbemfelves to filch, and lurching clofely 
aflay rtnDer^anu to iteale a thing l&mMixmtij 
away, doe in the curfed ^atlotcraftof theft,- oat 
pf a kinde of cunning choice imploy the left 
fcand, which is the hand that lyesmoreout of 
light, and is farre lefle obfetveol then the Right 
Hand is. A Band which if it once grow dextc- 
rious by habitualltheeving, will not be left; for 
if it once affeft to keep it felfe in arc, it turnesto 
an incurable felon. And it may be worth our 
inquiry why the Law doth fa expreffely order 
JeeAe theft tp be punifhed in this Hand, for that the 
?tatut. bjatpnoftbe left tbumbe is branded in malefa- 
ctors, a kinde of penall pardon for the firft tranf- 
greffion.And if it may be lawful to divine of the 
legality of this law-checke, I (hould thmkethat 
there lyes forae concealed fymbell in the device, 
and that the eftates aflembled had regard to tht 
felloniops procacity and craft of this guilefuU 
Band, which is prone by aflie infinuation with 
more fubtile fecrecie to prefcnt it felfe to any fi- 
pifter intention, & doth no fooner move to fuch 
actions, but every finger proves alimetwig; 
which the ancient ^Egyptians implied in their 
pier, in Way f Hierpglyphique when they figured fura- 

hb^t cit y or theft b y a li 8 ht fin g»rcd left hand pat 
forthasitwerebyftealth. To open and unfold 
the fubtile and occult conceptions of antiquity 
about the nature and difpoftfion of the left hand, 
and to collect what hath been noted touching 
the finifterinclinations of this hand , whereby 
its naturall properties have propagated them- 
felves, and by action infenfibly fpread into the 


The natural! Language of the Hand. 155 

manners and cuftomcs of men. Pirft , it is the 
noted property of the left hand to be coverd,and 
to keep as it were a reclufein the bofome , or to 
be carried wrapped up in a cloake,lurking clofe- 
ly and lying as it were in ambufcado to entrap , 
and by a crafty fetch imperceptibely to make a 
prize of all that comes to Hand. Whence the 
Greeks from whom the facetioufneffe of man- 
ners and elegancie of learning (as fome thinke) 
were firft derived , fignifie as much , who will 
therefore have the left hand named mtuat a* *e* Hefyckius 
UvMm nutnum, becaufc for the mod part i miS&c, 
^ x? wfanafy, tegi <#• occult arifoleat, whereup- 
on this band being more idle , for idlenefle is a 
maine caufe of theft , it is confequently more 
proneto this manuall tranfgreffion.^ This light- 
fingered hand being called by Ijidor, Ltvaqtud or# 
aptior fit tdlevandftm, to wit, to beguile, elude, 
leflen and diminifh anothers goods. And Theo- Theocri- 
crittu following herein the opinion of antiquity, l V s ' n clu " 
having noted the particular quality and behavi- 
our of this hand , and the private vice to which 
it is propenfe, concludes from the .pitchy temper 
thereof, that the left hand* fignifies the captivity 
of unla wfull defire and rapacity j fo that it hath 
for this caufe been confecrated to Lavernn the 
goddefle of theeves , as being by reafon of its 
wily genius more fit and convenient for coufen- 
age and clandeftine theevery ; for being com- 
monly hid and involved in the bofome of a gown 
or d®ake and waiting in obfeurity , it comes to 
pafle for the moft part ( men fufpecling no fuch 
thing) that doing nothing and devoredtoreft, 
yet being at liberty and ready to handle, it will 
be doing , and fomewhat of other mens fuffers 

K 4 for 

136 Chi rologi a; Or>, while this purloining hand thinkes it felfe 
the proprietary of anothers goods. Hence that 
elegant/recorder of the ancient fiftions, with a 
Poeticall touch of his pen/ets a gloffe upon this 
bufineffe thus , 
Pvid.1. t j ~Nau% adfurtajiniJLr4. 

Metamor. And that quaint Comcedian long before him 
Plaitw. pointing out as it were with his finger the ge- 
nuine deceitfulneffe of this hand, called it, Fur- 
tificamUvain, the clofe and cunning pilferer: 
Euphor. And E*phermio alluding to the fame properties 
Satyr. 1. of this hand, faith, Turgmei occtths ftirtiva ma. 
mexfrico. And ("indeed ) Uva or Jimp a ac- 
cording to the ancient manner of fpeakidgufed 
Hadrian with the Ancients, notes one to be a thiefc, That fubtill knave Afnins who was experienced 
$erm. La- jj, the crafty handling of things , and drawing 
" p0, them to his ownc private advantage, ufedthis 
hand as lead fufpefted.when he had watched an 
opportunity at a feaft to fteale away fbme of the 
Cawl|us linnen; againft whom Catullus va his flinging 
fepigr. ia. ftile flings thefe words out of his crifped pen : 
Mar hc cine A/i'm mam finiftra , 
Hon belle tttcrit,pcdinjoco atfy vino 
Mollis linteanegligentiorum. 
Plautus Hence alio when Sophichdifca the baud in 'Plan - 
perfa Aft. tns t upon fufpition of felony demanded to fee the 
z. Sc. 2. Hand otPaeginum , and the lad like a crafty wag 
had put forth his Right Hand; (he replied to hiffl, 
»bi ilia altera furtifica Uva , where is that other 
clofe and cunning pilferer the left hand. Autt- 
licus was expert in the (lie feats of this hand, 
partial of whom Martial , 
Epi^r. 2{en erat Autolici tdmpceata mantts. 

Citullus. A nd we read in Catullus of Parcius ind Socrath, 


The natural} Language of the Hand. 157 

fadjiniftr* Tifonit the two left hands oFPifo, that 
is inftruments of his t>y whofe private convey- 
ance he re ceive & bribes ; .for although in r egard 
of their impjoyments under him, they might be 
faidto be his Right .H/«<ifr,yet in thisfenfe of bri- 
bery , and clofe conveyance they were properly 
called his left hands. The J&gy ptians in Hicro- pier. Hic- 
glyphiqvre' painted juftipe by an open left hand » roglyph. 
as the colder, weaker and flower hand, and llb, 3f* 
therefore tefle prone or able to apply it felfeto 
ofltr or doe any in jury. But it is better for ths 
Gommpn-wealththat Judges fhould be without 
lUttdst as the Theban Statues of Judges were* *&«• 
then in this fenie to have a left hand. 

THe imposition of the Hand, liana- Benediw. 
turajlgefture figraficantly ufedin con&em *•*?! 
n^ton,ahfeUitton, parqonanotojgttjeneffc, be LXIV * 
neDttttofi. at)b|>Uon,wma|ti6n, confimtatiorwoij 
fecratton. ojomation, fana* ton, and in gracing 
our meales. That this gefture is of importance 
in con&emnatton is'appa*ent by the.commapds of 
the old Law in cafe of temptation to Ethnicifme D «ut.i j. 
and practicall Idolatry., "So when the fbnne o£'9' f 7-7- 
Sbetomith the daughter of 'Dibri of the Tribe 
ot '*&*!». which five had by an ^Egyptian ) had 
blalpheuied, the t-ord by the hand of Mo/esLevh. i 4 . 
commanded him to be brought forth without n 4. 
the campe, and all that heard him were to l a x 
his Han don his he ad. And the laying -of^ ev j t 
the Hand on the facrifjees head that was itmbzm s 2*'. ' 4 
neb in the offerers, (tead, fo often commanded in \ Chron. 
the LeviticallLaw,points to the fighification of *; *i 
thisgefture. % In abtolutbii, paiSo.t and fpj 
giticneffc , notwithftanding the identity of ge- 

fture s 


fture, there is a proper contrariety of exprefllon, 
and this feems to be a naturall and paraphrafti- 
call gefture, very fatable to that petition in the 
Lords prayer, iFojgitJC us our trefpaffes, AS we 
fojgfte them their trefpafles againft us. For, AS 
Nature teacheth us to raife our Hands to beg par- 
don and forgi venefle at the Hand of Godj to flic 
likewife moves us to the fame exprefllon of ge- 
fture* as mod proper and Significant to feale our 
par&ons to others; implying, that who fojgthea 
JEhall be forgiven ; and neither Nature nor Grace 
doth move us to aske pardon on any other terms* 
The phrafe of this gefture is fignificantly tooke 
into the formes of the Civill Law; and hath been 
uiciin F**Tifed in Ecclefiafticall abfolatton. Parlfitnjis 
7and.l.4i forthis reafon would have it a facrament.becaufa re it hatb a facring and fan&ify ing figne , to wit, a 
judic. fign having a naturall refemblance with inward 
£ u V e, j fanftification it fclf,which is the Hand. To this 
JacPoen geftureasit is .cunningly made an Appenage to 
' the Papall policie of auricular confefiion, I hare 
nothing to fay,onIy I finde that the ancient form 
Francif- of abfolutton was to hojd both the Hands con- 
Coriol. joynfd bvpr the parties head which was to be 
deSa«r. a bfolvcd; which may be alfo exhibited by one 
?*"• HWlaid in fequence of the other; or both con* 
joyned and held above the head, fo appearing in 
the aire without any residence at all upon the 
head. The manner of performance at this day 
(fit feems) is, to lay on both the extended Hands 
upon the head, fo that they touch the crowne, 
and reft and fettle do wne thereon, f As this 
gefture is fignificant in betWotdton , it was ufed 
by Jfaae upon his death-bed when he bleffeD his 
Gen.17. 4 f 0nne faok ^ fiippU n tcd Efim of his bleffing 


The natural Language of the Hand* 1 39 

by counterfeiting the rough HaxtO of his diet 
brother : And thus faeob about to dye bleflfeD hiSL 
twelve fonnes , every one of them with a favc-.GeB.40.' 
rail MeCRrrg. Our Bleffed Saviour who withthf **• 
facred geftures of his Hand , hath fanftified the 
dtpreffions of ours , and made them a holy lan- 
guage , was often feen to ufe this exprefiion of 
the Hand; whence the Church commenting up- 
on his a&ion , faith , He by his outward geftutc Mauh.i*. 
and deed declared his good will to little cmV*;» 
dren , in that He embraced them in His Armes, 
iaid His Hands upon them and bleffed 
them. And the very laft expreffion that flowed 
from His facred Hand was blefting : for at th$ 
itimc of His afcention He lifted up Has 
Hamds and bleffed His Apoftles, and while L ™ e z «' 
they beheld Him in this pofture blerling them , ,0? 
He departed bodily from them afcendingup in- 
to Heaven. Hence in all tacit pofies of His air 
centien, this figure of the facred property of His 
'Hand is moft emphatically fignificant. ^j" Tftat 
in conferring the blefllngs oFprimogeniturean4 
aDoptton, thisgeftureofthe Right Hwiismore 
peculiarly fignificant,is excellently illuftratcd by 
the adoption of Sphraim unto the birthright of 
\Mana§tth by facob when he Welled fo/epb fons: Gen.48.*. 
For, Jtfeph bringing his fonnes to be bleffed of 
his father, tooke Epbraim in his Right Wand to- 
wards Jfraels left hand ; and Manages in his left 
hand, towards Jfraels Right Wand, fo'he brought 
them unto him: tytlfrael stretched ourais 
RightHand, and laid it on Ephraims head 
which was the younger, and his left hand upon 
Manages head (directing his Hands on purpofe) 
UiManofc* was the elder.But when fofeph faw 


140 CHiROLOGiA:Or, 

thajhis. father laid his Right Handon the head of 
£fhra'tm 9 \t difpleafed him ^ and he ftaid hi* fa- 
rters HW to remove ft from €fhr*ims head to 
UMknaffes head. And J*fqh faid unto his fa- 
ther, not fo my fatter, for this is the eld eft, pat 
thy Right Hand upon his head : But his father re- 
fiifed and faid , I know well my fonne , I know 
well ; he fhall be alfp a people , and (hall be 
great likewife : But his younger brother (hall 
*e greater then he , and his feed (hall be full of 
Natiops : So he bleffed them that day, and faid , 
In tlree Ifrael fhall bleffe and fay , God make 
thee as i?pfovo»tand Maxaffeth : And he fet JE- 
Titaquel. thram before M<t»aj£ctb. For the Hiftoricall 
de jure % n (t D f this expreflion,fee Tir^ttel and Dr.Field, 
SfrF^of ^ ereritts * Rtfentoy and Jftiortts affirme, that in a 
the Ch. niyfticall fenfe this cancelling or croffingof the 
l.j.op.i. Patriarchs ftattdt in exhibiting his blefling and 
Jererius transferring the right of primogeniture to the 
m Gen. younger, Was reprefentatively done to prefigure 
a myftery of the calling of the Gentiles , and the 
preferring of them before the Jewes : and that 
this was t|ie ffrft type or prefiguration of the 
ifnanner of the promifed Meffiahs paffion in the 
decreed way of redemption, fl" The fame ge- 
ftiire we ufe in gracing our meal0, an exprcffion 
Very proper and fignificant : For, the Hands re- 
verently erected; without any other forme of 
fpeech arinexe4 » feem naturally to prononnce 
this Grace. 

£> Cfiott fameame |M»er , the giher of all 
S(pp #tngs, toio ppeneff forth tbp H£nd",anD 61 
lea wm Utstng thlngtatth thp ble<rtn£sr,*ouclj 
jfafe, $ JLOJ&,benedicendo,benedicere,to let th 


TbennturaQ LS^ag^the Hand. 1 4 1 
Right Hand bleXTe, fantttfe, anoconftrme tmfo 

And it is a brand of profane unmannerlirres 
ip the. rough Viand of £fau that he was readier 
to jtfike Wand with a chapman to fell Gods bjeT- 
fingfor his meat, then With his Hand \6 invite it 
to his ffleate. Whereas our Blerfetf SaViouc 
thought blelfing(bi 4 bjrtnis reverend invitation 
of the£&»<#a confiderable gueftata fcafl^who ta 
(hew thai man liveth not by bread only , upon 
all fuch occafions ufed the fignification of fchfe 
gefture. Thus He bleffed the five loaves andM at k.$. 
two, fifties wherewith he wroughrhis feedirii£4i. 
miracle. And from this Chireulogia or acl o? 
felefllng and giving thanks the Sacrament ufed 
at His Uft. fupper, is called the ^ucharift. And 
infhetearm^s andftile of School-men or natu- 
ral Olivines to fpea'ke to the hindamentall point 
of this gefture now in Band. The Bands an4 
jtlejfing.iettti to be corrugates in, the Schools 
both of Nature andGrace. Benedi&on being 
a natural! rite neare allied unto the Band, and of 
fpiritualt affinity with prayer. For, Religion 
arid Grace difanull riot the powers of natural! 
expreffions , but advance them to a full and pu- 
rer pcrfe&ion, improving the corporealllenfe of 
thofe toanifeftations'to a more fpirituall and fan- 
clified fignification. That inexhaulUble foun- 
tame (therefore) of Bleffing, ourBleffcd Savi- 
our having ordained himfelf e a Wand , and ha- 
ving taken upon Him the corporeal! nature of 
man was conftahtiy pleafed to honour the nature 
■ He had fo taken , and to enforce by the precept 
and authority of His ovtfrie example, thefignifi- 


14* Chirologia: Or, 

Cant convenience , religious ufe and decent im- 
portance of this property of blefling annexed to 
the YUnd. % In confecratfan this gefture hath 
the like cpngruity of fignification ; for there 
Was never any thing by the expreffe command of 
•riy legiflator to be hallowed by a dedication, 
feut the H«nd was called to « and in j oyncd to at- 
tend as a proper addition to confirm and fanftifie 
all other rite^not that there is any inherent holi- 
neffe in the HW, or (jjlemne forme of exprefli- 
on,but an adherent only.The very heathens have 
. , ackowledged a fignincant vertue inthisexpret 
joSelife fionof the How/; for we read that Hwm wil 
o/Numj. tonfecrateitopon mount Tarpeian bytbechiefe 
of the fouthlayers , called Augurtt, taping hf* 
ftfgbt ^attt) upon bfs heabt a piece of fuperftiti- 
ousapifhnefle they learned frOm the grand fpiri- 
f uall Impo&or,Mefcs a man skilful! in all the leaf' 
ning of the ./Egyptians, among which fome fe- 
cretsofour Cbirofophie were judicioufly vey- 
led j by infpiration commanded the Right H*»d 
of the highPrieft, to wit, the thumbe thereof, 
or vice-hand to be hallowed with the oyle in his 
SwiftT left P alme ' fr° m thence called the Holy linger, 
Antiq. C» forme alfo obferved in the Inauguration of 
Kings. ) And the finger was ufed in all dippings 
, . t and fprinklings of the Leviticall Law. The 
, 7 .»y*»| ground and foundation of thistypicall exprefll- 
14.16.1 4. on feems to be laid in nature ; for, the Hand is 
9.9. conceived to be as it were a (hadow or image 
of the Trinity; for the arme that proceeds from 
the body, doth reprefent the f econd Perfon who 
proceeds from the Eternall Father, who is as it 
were the body and fpring of the Trinity, and the 
fingers which flow both from the body and 


TbemturaU Language of the Hand. 145 

the arme, <toereprefent the Holy Ghoft, who 
proceeds both from ..the Father and the Sonne. 
Hence Hitrm upon the paflage of Ifaiah, "To 
whom is the Arme of the Lord revealed , faies 
that the Arme of the Lord is myfticallythe SonHier.In 
proceeding from the Father : To which feme Ifaiah, 
refer that of the Pfalmift , He made ftrong his * J- 1 * 
Arme. And the arme fludowes out the fecond 
Perfon in the Trinity in thefe refpefts ; in coGF- JJJ" 
.feudality with the body coevaflity , AbiHty , - ft|^ 
Utility,Agility and Flexibility. The ringers give venial. * 
an umbrage of the Holy Spirit in regard of their 
proceffion proceeding from the Arm and Hand, 
operation, the body working by the Hand and 
fingers > c on junction, taftion, oftention, afper- Me01 pirt 
tion.diftinftion of joyms,equallnumeration,&c. Qtaca 
Hencethe Finger of God in Scripture fignifies 
the Holy Spirit , If in the Finger of God I caft 
out diyells ; but then the word Finger muft be Goufchel. 
in the Angular number, forintheplurallit hath ' ib -J' cl * c - 
other fenfes. f It is alfo their gefture who facs "- Sct, P- 
would folemnly confer Tome fpirttuallo* tempo* 
rail honour upon fomepetfon. This in the facred 
language of Scripture is Chirotbcfia, and is a ma« 
trUulattng gefture , andtheformaUprepofition 
proper to tboie who are to be openly inftalled 
or inaugurate in fome new place of duty or of 
command^ all creations relying on the honoja- 
viz touch ofthe giving Handy as theenUutrig cn- 
figne that by evidenceenfures the priviledges of 
investiture. And this, manuall expreflion is fo 
naturally important, that it proves in faoitojarie 
intttattor!0,a fitter veftment to cloaththe intenti- 
on in, then the airy texture of words; for it hath 
ever had a facred efficacy to move the under- 


144 CHiRotocrA.'Qr* 

ftanding by the&nfe , *h4 to facilitate the"over« 
fiire offacired affiairet, asljeihgof goednotfc 
ai^^oflfcquenc^^oftdiMJing and inviting W the 
Knowledge of thing* atarnee_, there btfiriElia 
otheJ?part of man that ten f& lively and eifipw- 
tfcally p rcfent by gffture the foletrtne ima^Wtf 
lis intention , fince by tlwmotionof the Hand 
there is wrought in the ihlhdeof- the^befcoldcr 
Something tnat is, f*eottgrk« , fignificant antea 
thought » as that which fuggefts more unto the 
minde,r- then what is exprefled anto the outer 
fenfe; for it bath more follidity and weight then 
^ppeares in the bare ocular relation i And ail 
gefturesofthe'^wibeing known to be of their 
Very nature figns of imitatioftjthe myftiqqe pro- 
perty &clofe intention of rhlsgefture is riot alone 
to reprefeqtitfelf , but to conduft and infiouate 
fomething elfe. into the thdught , whlcn being 
("as h muft ever be) an intelligible notion, as it 
is a figne or token it falls ftiott and abates of the 
perfection of the thing that is implied by itsout- 
ward fignification : wherefore a Handis but im- 
properly faicf to bethe fludoW of its counterfeit, 
which is wrought by'aperrcill in imitation of 
the life, although upon fight thereof we know 
and conclude it to have' the femblance of a 
TTand,Sc to be a- draught or copy of the originall: 
fo this gefture' is but a manuall vifion of the mind 
moft conformable to expreffe divine notions, 
which elfe would lofe much of their luftre^ and 
r'emaine invifible to the conceit of man,. This 
forme of expreflion in ojliuiat ton as it is agree- 
able to the canon of Nature , fo it hath received 
Confirmation by the Hand cf Godfince it firft 
appeared in the tfaxdoftht Patriarchs, the firft 


Ihe natm& Language of the Band. 1 4f 

^tfpQofers of.p&rfonall berteDicefcB , whftufed it 
to betoken hthei reftraineo ' «jt?njtiot» of wit 
tjote* unto tbawon tohom ttispcoijferrcl? jfflj& 
hJefftngSS,: fQjJwefinde cfltyfr by command ^t,. 
Wjtxi-i*g h|s .Hand uppN fafhfi4th$ tbnne 27» a - 
of fl^utxto appoirftftim gotjsrtrpmr » who-isiaid 
to befall of the Spirit , : , fo^c^/wbad t ai 05^^^ „ 
hisHandsuj»qn him. Afid when ^i# apd 
7<?/&#<* had prayed .* and ia^theirHandjs 
o* the feventy\ElderSithe Holy Spirit came;up- 
on them. Incheoflng of Deacqns this gefture Afts 6. 6. 
was ufed by the Apoftles. >Afcd in the fcpacatt- 
Ottof Bxrrmbus and Saul to. .be the Apoftles,,o£ 
the Gentiles, this gefture is*g»ine ufed. And 
Timothy is put in minde by St.¥«*lo( the gift ff^J 
he received, by this iMposiTioN ofHa>j»s s.,,^^ 
for net only the office bat the a&litg were to-., 4 . 
gether conferred upon many by this gefturei of 
which acquift we muft not conceive the folemnC' 
gefture to be a qatujrall,but c a morall can(e,as be- 
ing the true manner & formof tmpetratiGtt>Co,A 
aflenting, and by fuccetfe crowning the prayers 
of religious Hmds:\ and (hewed that what they- 
did .was by prjtyeuand bkfliog in bis name, 
they being,indeed,Gods Viands by which he rea- 
chcth Counfell and Religion, which as through 
their Hands are conveyed , Chri{tha-> 
ving promifed to open and Amt them, to ftrejch, 
them out anddraw them in, astheHswdof man 
is guided by the fpirit that is in man. This. Chi- 
rotheptvcbthirftonfA (for bothjoccur inthe new 
Teftamentjis ufed as an jEcclefUfticall. gefture a$ 
this day in token ot eleDatiortpr otfunatioit » t]z* - 
rtion,and fepacation^ And%«e?it»4»:*/?*^^"^-; ' c "™ r ' 
T&9 t id eft * WAnns tends ftu. atttfo, i»j£*? m (^ ,' 

146 Ghirol-qqia:Ot, 

J[/»ff'r l *pji.'TTo which appertains that cautionary 
fymrn U of St." Tan/ , Lay the Hand fuddtnlj on 
no m*n ; which 1 nterprctcrs expound of the cire 
that is to be uled that none (hould be admitted 
into ro«>mes of divine calling, butluch who ace 
catttd and are fit t Tarn doartrt* qttam moribus : 
Tor no man can lay the Hani upon himfelfe and 
be as Ba/il tcarmes it> aax^w^wsrof , his own or- 
deiner ; for that is" parallel unto the crime of 
i King, i j Jerobvam who, filled his owne H*nd\ that is, 
ordained himfelfe. f To the fignification and' 
externall effects of imposition of Hands 
in ionftttrntUmtTeriu/tiau elegantly ,C*ro*maniu 
intfofitiotte adttmbrAfur , tit & Antma fyiritu iOnmi* 

netur. ^fln fanatton or conferring a cojpojallbe* 
liefitonany , impositiOnof HANDsisve- 
ry naturall, fignificant and agreeable to the my- 
fterious intention j for,the Hindis the generall 
falve that is applied , and applies all remedies ; 
for naturally mi dolor, ibi digitus, and neceffarih/ 
in point of topical! application, whofe very ap- 
proach doth mod fenfibly import relicfe and 
safe. Our Blefled Saviour the great Phyfitian 
of foul e and body, who did moft Of iiis miracles 
for reftauration of bodily health, thougVhe 
were thetruthandfobftance , who gave an end 
to all legall 'Oiadowes , yet he moft commonly 
ufed the fliadow of this naturall gellure to the 
mor vifible and fignificant application of his 
miraculous cures. He gave fight to the biinde , 
yet not without touching the eye : Hearing to 
the deaf e, not without thrufting his finger into 
the earejand fpeech to the dumbe,yet not with- 
out wetting £he tongue - moft wkfc this geftare 
Ma. 8.i j of imposition. ThuSby touching $imy>»* 


The wmrd Umgutgt of the Band . 1 47 

trifeffOfftthers Hand He cursd her of be? fetVer. 
Thus bypnt-riNG forth hi s Han& * a no 
r uckihg the leper, He healed htm of his 
kj*«6e~ Thug by t A n jr c B a n t> * on the wo- M5rk '• 
man that wastreubfcd wkfea fpkfcdf infirmity 4 , 4 
he loofedher firomhet dtteafe, and made freight L»ke ij„ 
tier bowed body. And ie is fstid of Him that Re » 3 • 
could dec no great workes in his owne Court 4 
irey by ttafon of their unbeieefe , fave that He 
laid, his Hands uvom* few ficke folkefr, 
and ftwlefe them. And (indeed) fheir rates that Mark 
cameunto him for helpe, werecommoniy ten- 
dtted andexprefled in fiieh formes of fpeeehas 
firewed that he muehufed this fignifiearft ex- 
pttfllon of gefturc. For .although as Ftnfetd truly fdnteea 
«Merves»tbe flefli of our Saviour , for that it Was 
the flefli of God , gaVe life arid health to ill that 
•ouelied it.for a certain vertue wfcttt but from all 
pans of Himy and cured ailmea, (a* the woman 
that had cheiffue of bloud experimentaHy found) 
yet He watS'-ple^fed ( foto honor the Hawfyo ulfe 
his H«wt/< in the conveyance and application of 
that curative veriue,a^that which in nature is the 
mofrimportant& figriifieantmember of thefcody : 
fie could have laid the word only and it had been 
dbne, blithe woukHpeak reliefc with his Hand. 
Thus-?**'** befought him to come and la* L-.1fcef.41 
TRHHAifflii'DPoN hisficke daughter that {he 
might be Healed and live: And they who brought 
the deafeand Hammering man unto Him, be- Marker, 
fopght Him to put & is Hand upon him, ?».vcr.jj 
wbofe- requefts were gracioufly anfwered in *- uk<: S. 
this defired' an* his aecuftbmed fbrmeof ex- ™- . 
preflion with Bis paling Hk»d. And Expofi- 7" jj°° e f . 
tors agree that they required noetfpreflion of pj iit. 

L a pit;» 

148 Chirologi A.*Or, 

pitp from our Saviours H<**& then what they 
had obferved htm to ufe, thereby attributing ua- 
to him, the honour and right of the chiefe Pro- 
phet : For it was an exprefttonufedby the anci- 
ent Prophets as a holy charme againft bodily in- 
firmities : And of the pra&ice of this gcfture at- 
tended with a vifible fuccefle, the Heathens 
were not ignorant , apparent by the fpeech of 
1 Kingi j. JVaamatt who was halfe wroth with EJifbfi for 
llm omitting this expreffion or pledge of health , 
for he thought with himfelfe that the Prophet 
would have come out and flood , and called 
upon the name of the Lord his God , and put 
h is Hand upon the place and heale the lepro- 
Matk 16. fie. After the afcention of our Saviour ,hispro- 
17. mife was fulfilled, that they fhould l a. y t h ei r 

Hands on the ficke, and they fhould be cured. 
Aft.p. 17. Thus T*ul received his fight by the laying 
onof Anemi** Hah4s. And thus TVw/ tjealeD 
Aftt z8. the father of fublim Governour of the Idle of 
Melita, now Malta. Thus c Peter taking the 
Aa.3.7. ^ripple that latat the gateof the Temple called 
Beautifull by the Right Hand, recofcereO 
him of his lapiencffe. But of all the curetojte mi- 
racles' wrought by the vertue pf this expreffion 
oftbeAppftles, the calling out efDivells, and 
freeing the pof&ffed,moft aftonifbed the people, 
ASts \f. efpecially after thofe fons ofonei?cw4(aJewifh. 
13. cxorcift) had took in H*nd to counterfeit that 

powerfull gift by an unwarrantable imitation , 
and were foundly beaten for their apifti and vain 
attempt: After the Apofllestimes,the>xorcifts 
?i the ^ an ordc 5 in ll * e ^ r >«nittve Churchjufed this 'coca* 
Church t°^ c acj i" n ^ in commending thofe to God who 
j.y. were difquieted with Divells. <f The curative 


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An Index to tke following Al- 
phabet of naturall Geftures of 
the Hand. 

Which Geftures, befides their tyjricallfigtjl- 

fications, are to ordered to ferre for privy 

cyphers for soy fecret intimation. 

A B 

fipmmtht XXV Gtfiurt, XXVI Gtfi. 

C D E 

XXVIII <7r/?. XXXIII <7<r/?. XXXIV ##. 

F G H 

XXXV <*/?. XUI Gejt. XLIII Gtyfc 

XLVtfr/. XLVI tftf.XLVII <ty?.XLVIII ft/k 

ti O P O 

XLIX^/. L<fc/f. LII 90ft LUIGgf. 

R S t V 

LV tfrjf. LVI ftf, LVII #/?. UX Geft. 

W X Y Z 

LX Gefi. iXigeJt. LXII &/*. LXHI Gtfi. 









t HeH*Hl the great Artificer and 
* active Contriver.©! moft corpo- 
falt conceits, receiving good 
irftelHgence of the pathcticaU 
motions of the ininde, proves a 
Sttmmarie or Inde* t wherein the 
fpeaking habits thereof fignificantly appear, re* 
prefe.nting in their appearance the prefent pofture 
of the phanfie.Aod^s we can trantl ate a thought 
into rfifedurfing fignes; fothe conceptions of 
our minde are (een ro abound inieverali 2>*V»/f?tf/ 
while the articttUttd fingers fupply the office of 
a vovce.. 

A CO- 



ns laboro. 
Geflui I. 

Propcrt. I. 



Satyr. 10. 




Difcoutfing gcfturc of the Fingers* 


fyingthcii naturallfigfiifications. 


ftu*ecf fteiouaanD Deep nwtrito 
tioti, repentance, enUp, mtgw, 
and ttyeatneD tetenge* Be 
- ^.^ ^ (ignifieationof tafcentrfce metfc 
tatiOtT, Poetsuhe moft accura*eobfenreis.of Na.- 
ture, have elegantly ackno wledgcdy Thu& Pre* 
ffrtiwr'ya the emendation of a verfe: 

Mt fq>e* tmmfritotc»rrumfAt dent&ui ungues. 
Thus Perfius of an ill verfc : 

Nee Pluteum caatt nee * dmorfos fapit ungues. 

And Horace of the fweating and (ollicitous Poet. 

Sape caput fcaberety * vivos & roderet ungues : 

who in another place defcribing the earneft po- 

fture>ofC*»/<&«, brings her in gnawing her long 



The natural! Language of the Band* 159 

Hit inrefetbtmftva dente livid* 
Cam'dia rodent poticem. 
Inrefettumaiunt, valde fettttm, autn»nrefe3$tm % y^rtmt\- 
idenimvenificamagisconvenit, bngos curvoj&ge- winHor. 
flare unguet tjues incantatienes fitat [meditande'J 
* arrodant, quod J^fummamanimiattentionem'] dt- 
mmflrat : As Torrentitu upon the place. And to 
this (ignification belongs that of the fame Poet : 

*Dc * tenere [mediator} wigmi. 
And therefore in the Areopagetiquo School and Syndon." 
Councel-houfe, they painted among others* Apol.1.9.' 
Qcanthct for the fignification of his earned; finbg e P ift -?« 
in Anthmeticke and Geometrie,witb>Hi s Fin- 
gers. gnawn about, as Sjdonius Afollintrit 
reports. Cor of ins very witily fctcheth the rea- Goropiu , 
(onof this gefture from the Etimologieof thej n Hitro& 
word Finger, tbos : *Digiti manus fignipcautinve* 
niendi defiderium , nam. in prima, lingua, dicuv- 
tur Vingct, qua voxdenotat [invenire defidero} 
nam omisinveniendifacultas numerat'toiie abfolvitur* 
& ad tmmerandi artem digiti maximefunt eempa- 
rati, enira omnct. digit is ivdicamus • quo fit 
ut merit notnen babtnt op invepiendi . defiderio. 
^|To theiignification of repentance, Trepentiut 

* Vngue mtammarfo Jape quetercfUet*. Propcrt. I. 

To the iritention oficaty; that of Martial is <■&%• 
referred : Mart.aU. 

Ecu iter urn *-mgroscotxada\Jw'idus~~\ ungues-, 4 ' e P'° ,i7 
Id eft preQnvidia arixius~^f<CQru>dk ungues nig*ou 
As £«ttpr£cupon the-place. ^Thjs gefture is-ak 
fo a wilde cxpreflion of fleece anger and; crH«U 
rcfoengejas-yff^feadvertfchus, who when 
he had reckoned up thofe anions which are £rift. !. 7. 
dene by reafon-ot foffic bifeafeore&U cwSteme, c,c * ' 


irSo Chirologia: Oi, 

he puts downe this arrofion of the nailes, wWch 

As Zuin- the Interpreters of that place declare to be the 

g.«iuEih. property of men inragit) with cfoolcr,arKf filently 

Anfl - thjeatnirtg retoenge. And the Italians,* revenge 

full Nation , doe moftufually declareiby thisge- 

fture their -greeUi? coheting to beat H^anfl toitb 

refcenge ;, and therefore that awfiih>Saryriftof 


PetHcus ■ — Crudxm chttrefttatus unguent 

Sa 'F-i- Abroatntaith&c — 

So they report of Oreftes raging and tranfported 

with the furious appetite of retttnge to "have 

Paufanias bitten his Finger in Arcadia, wherea 

monument representing that expreffion of anger 

was built, isPattfamoihath left it recorded to 

pierius in pofterity. And the mafters of the Hierogly- 

Hierogfyp phiques pourtray out this gefture to the fame 

'*3 7 * fignifications : And if we fee one bite his 

Thumbe at us we foone infer hemeanesusno 


fko. *T"0 put Finger in the eye, isthcirex- 
Gcft. II. J. predion who trie, and would by that en- 
deavour of nature cafe t&emfelfoes and gttoefcent 
to their conceited fjeabinefte. The reafon of 
putting Finger in the ey k in w*e- 
pi n g, is, becaufe teares falling from the eye, 
with their faltneffe procureth a kinde of itching 
about the carnell or* teares, whichTequircth aid 
of the Finger to be erpreffed at their firft fall j 
afterward the parts affefted with that quality, 
and one teare drawing on another, fuch expref- 
fion is notfo neceflary. Bcfidesthis caofe of 
rubbing the weipingeye, a ftrange matter 
therein requireth wiping, which alio moveth 


The natural! Language of the Hand, i6t 

the finger to hade to the eye watered with 
teares j but this is after a while, the other almoft 
before any teare fall , as though they were ex- 
preffed with rubbing. Thus Moagetes the Ty- 
rant of Cibyra, when he was greatly affrighted 
at the minatory words of the KomanCos<iful,C*. Liviel.jS 
il/W/«j,imporlng the (am of five hundred talents 
in ready money to be laid down upon the raile , 
counterfeiting and pretending his needinefle, 
after much bafchuckling.and lifingby little and 
little, one while hafting and wrankling.another 
while praying and intreating (and that with 
Whining and putting Finger in the 
e Y e ) he was fetcht over at length, and came off 
to pay a good ioo. talents of (liver, and deliver 
ten medimnes of corne befides. 

TO h o i d up t h e Thum be , is the gefture Approbo.. 
of one gibing his fcotce t>% fuff rage , of one Geft. I it. 
that helpeth toitb bistoojt) at the time of eledion, 
and of one (hewing his affent or approbation as 
Flavins Voftfcus writeth. The putting forth of Flavius 
theFinger alio fignifies an alloluance of opinion, Vopiicus. 
aobfxeanD judgement of others toifelj? uttefeD 

TO hold up both th e Thumbs, is an ex- Extollct. 
preflion importing at ranfcenoenci? of pjaife* Geft. i v. 
Hence Horace * Vtro^ pollice, dixit, fro ^Jummo 
favore.~\ , 

Tantor * tit re ^ tuam£laftdabitl$ollicc ludum: Honce 
Of which proverbiall fpevchyPorphyrius conceit erm ' 
runs thus : Vtro^poSiee t idefi t titra^manu^fy- 
nechdoche a parte ad totttm. An qui \jvehementius 
laudaf]* mantis JHngens *jtitigit pollktm cum proxi- Ei ?fo. 

M mot hfcz*; 

i6t Chirologi A.Or 3 

mo ? tAcron another way * Vtncfc po/iice^fynecb- 
doche, man ft ittra%fttb/4td%pariter t acf<epifts mota, 
hie enimgeftus valde laudnntis eft : Sane Ht'r^ftcut 
ex its concijci licet, proverbij origofttit , inquit E- 


monflro Thum be is a note of demonftration ; for as 

SSusV. b y divers g, cftares °f tfa e Thumbe wee fignifie 

' the various motions of our minde , fo by 

the fame we are wont to point out , and (hew 

thofe wee love , and fuch who deferve pur 

commendations by putting forth this 

Finger, making it many times to ufurpe 

the office of the Index , as may be collefted out 

Claud, de of C iaudian • 

6.Hon. —Gtudet metuctts & pollice [mo»t}rat.~\ 

Cbnfulat. r l. J j 

Indico. THe bore-Finger put forth, the 


cxprefle of commanD and Direction -, a gefture of 

Beckman the Wand moft DemonHratttie. This Fittger being 
de orig. called Judex ab indicandefDeitiicos by the Greeks, 
lading, id eft Demonftrator. Einc\indigitare~\ verbum pro 
refatts idoneum, hoc eft digito ofiendere, vel digitnm 
intendere : And hence^fome of the Heathen 
Tcflus. § ods werc called 2>» itdigiti, becaufe it was un- 
lawful! to name them , or point them out as it 
were with this Finger. The force of this Finpr 
in pointing out men of note and quality, Poets 
and Hiftorians the accurate obfervers of the na- 
turall exprcflions of the Fingers , doe every 
Where acknowledge in their writings, alluding 
Martial thereunto. Thus the finewie Epigrammatift : 
Epigram. Rumpitur itivfdU qmd turbafemper ab omni 

The natural! Language of the Band, i £f 

^Monftramttr~y digito- ■ ' *» 
Thus Horace : 

£>uod \monftror~^ * digit o pr*terimtintei 
Thus the Scboole-Amorift : 0]/d A * 

S*fe alibis * digit o vatem [_deJign4Q ettnttnt mor «'- 3 • 

At % ait, hie hie eft quem ferns urit amon 
Thus that obfeure Satyriit : p.rieus 

At pulchrum efi * digito^motifimrtyHcier hie eft: Sacvr.u 
Where the Satyrift(as Lubentius comments upon 
the place; taking an argument firotn the adjunct * 
feems to have refpeft unto rhe Hiftory or De- 
mofthenes which Cicero toucheth at , who was Cicerti 
much affe&ed with the mute encomium of this Tuk.n 
Finger, directed towards him bycertaine wo- 
men that were drawing water, and faying this is 
'DcmoftheKes « yet this is the fame man Diogenes 
the Ginique pointed out in way of derifion, not 
with the Index , but the middle Finger. To pa- Xaert.1. & 
rallel this with another example drawne out of 
Hiftoricall antiquity. The firft time that The- pi utnrc h 
miflocles came to the Olympique games, after the in the life 
viftory obtained ovevXerxes navie at Sea,he was of The - 
no fooner come into the (hew- place , but the "^flocks* 
people looked no more at them that fought, but 
all call their eyes on him, fbetoutg him unto the 
Grangers that knew him not, with their Fingers, 
and by clapping of their Hands,did witneffc how 
much they efteemed him ; who being a man am- 
bitious by nature, and covetous of honour, was 
lb much tickled with this publick Derrumlf rat torn 
af their lotJCB , that he confeffed to his familiar 
friends, he then did beginto reap the fruit and 
benefit of his fundry and painfull fcrvices he had 
taken for the preservation of Greece. The natu- 
rall validity of this inDtgitatton of perlons , and 

M 2 pro* 

164 Chirologia: Or, 

pronominall vertue of this Finger , when accen- 
tivcly put forth.appeared in the malipcrt demon- 
Cicero ad ftration of TXfhilus the Tragedian , when he a- 
Attic.l. 2, fted in the Playes dedicated to the praife of A' 
Epift.19. po/Uiwho when he came to that verfe in his part, 
Mtfcria uoftra Magnus <?J?,direfting his Hand &ni 
pointing to Pompej (irnamed the Great, he gave 
if a.rem» kabje pronunciation; and being con- 
ftrainedby the people (who with their Hands lend 
ofplattfe encouraged him)to repeat the fame divers 
times; continuing in that Demon ftrat toe gefture, 
he drove out him that wasguily of too great 
Suetonius and intollerable a power. But Pj lades for (uch 
Angufto. a (peaking pranke of his Finger , came not eff fo 
well; for ,0 flavins Auguftus C*f ar banifhed him 
out of the City of Rome and Jtaly , becaufe he 
had pointed with his Finger at a fpe- 
ftatour who hiffed him of the Stage,and fo made 
him to be known. The valiant Boucicaut inftead 
of fpeech ufed fuch a ? o 1 n t ofdeciara- 
t 1 on with his Finger&nd as it is likely fhewirig 
fome other of his Fingers afterwards tofignife 
that he was a kin to him he pointed at , as the 
Fingers of his Hand which are brethren. For in 
r - that furious battell that Bajazet the Turkifh Em- 
Soldier. pe r °u r waged againft the King of Hungarie, 
where there were many French-men, and the 
Count of Nevers y the Count of Ewe and Morel;, 
and the valiant Marshall Boucicaut , who the 
next day being brought before Bajavet fitting 
under a pavilion fpread for him in the field ; Ba- 
ja*et having heard by his lnterpretour that the 
Count Nevers, Ewe and March , were neare 
kinfmen to the King of France , caufed them to 
be refcrved, commanding they fhould fit on the 


The natural! Language of tbe Hand. 165 

ground at his feet , where they were inf orced to 
behold the lamentable bntcherie of their Nobili- 
ty. The valiant Marfhalj Botuicmt in his turne 
was produccdjhe who was wi(e,and particularly 
infpired by God in this extremity .made a figne 
with his Finger before ', who understood 
not his language,asif he would declare himfelfe 
the kinfinan of the Count of Nevers t who beheld 
him with an eye (cnpitifull, that it was of power 
to rent rocky hearts : i?*;*v*beineperfwaried 
by this figne that he was of thebloud Royall, 
caufed him to be fet apart to remaine a prifoner , 
where be afterwards by his great prudence en- 
deavoured the liberty of thofe noble Gentlemen 
and his owne. f Sometimes this Fingers \jbt~\ 
ftands for an 3Dterf>e of place. And it was the 
cuftomeof the Romans in the meetings of di- 
vers waies to ere& a ftatue of Metcurie with the 
Fore-Finger pointing out the maine road, in imi- 
tation whereof, in this Kingdome we have in 
fuch places notes of dire&ion ; fuch is the Hand 
of St. Albans. And the Desuoriftratfoe force of 
this Finger is fuch, that we ufe to forewarne and 
rebuke children for pointing at the Pallaces of 
Princes asa kinde of petty tteafon. The Roman p]urarch 
Hiftories afford us a notable example of the pra- in the llft 
ftice of this moving 3Dterbc of place in Marcus f Camil- 
CManlius Capitolinuj; for when he was accufed lus, 
for moving fedition , and his matter came to 
pleading, the fight of the Capitoil troubled his 
accufers much , for the very place it i-Hc where 
Manilas had repulfed theGaules by night, and 
defended the Capitoil , was eatily ieen from the 
Market-place wherethe matter was a hearing; 
andhehimfelfe iqinting with his Hand 
M 3 ihewed 

l60 Chirol OGiA:Or, 

ftiewed the place unto the gods, and weeping 
tenderly , he laid before them the remembrance 
©f (he hazard of his life in fighting for their fafer 
ty : This did move the Judges hearts to pity, fo 
3S they knew not what to doe, neither could 
they ufe the fevcrity of the Law upon him , be- 
jpaufc the place of his notable good fervice was 
(ever ftUl before their eyes ; wherefore CamiStis 
finding the caufe of delay of»Juftice 9 did make 
fbe place of judgement to be removed without 
the City into a place called the Wood c Petclia» t 
from whence he could not (hew them the Ca- 
pitoll , and having deprived him of this advan- 
tage, he was condemned. ^ Ask is a gefturc 
of commano and Direction , imperious matters 
with a ftately kinde of arrogancie often ufe it 
to their wenialt fervants who ftand ready expe- 
cting but the Agnail of their commanDS , when 
they call them, not without a taunt, to execute 
the tacit pleafure of their lordly will ; an expreG- 
(ion flowing into rheir Haudirom the hautineffe 
pf f^irit, and an infolent humour of DomtnB* 
ting '■ And the figne of yntOe is the greater when 
men aff <5l to have their mindes thus difcried, 
find pu- others to giiefle at their meaning by 
what their ralking *7ȣW.rexhibit,asif their high 
railed fpints difdained to dilcend fo low as-to 
explaine their minde in words, but thought it 
OT'^e i hen enough to figne out their intent with 
their Fingers. 

ferrorem T H5 HOLDING UP of The FoRE-FlN- 

incutio. G R » i*> * gefture of thjeatnmg and uplnat* 

Gcft.VH. Diug.Hence this Finger is called[>*»<ttf] or [ml- 

mutts'} bv tne Latines, qttodeo \mitnu inf«tmni\ 


The natural! Language of 'the Hand. \6j 

&in[exfrobrAndo~^utimur. The force of this 
Jinger in Denouncing trainings when it is 
brandiftied in way of tercour , Seneca acknow- Seneca <J e 
ledgetb, where he faith that of old in children , Conftan?. 
Soubat tiere lackrjmas * digitorum motus. Hence 
alfo Tltttarch borrowed his «'/>«/«{ * JiutmKlr 
fxTHViu, de ea qui \_alteri terrorem denunciat.~^ To 
this may be referred the relation of a worthy 
and right elegant Country-man of ours in his Sir. Hen, 
voyage into the Levant , who being in the Ifle Blunt in 
Rhodes, and one morning prying up and down, his voyage 
a Turke met him , and ttj:cafn tng him for an ^ e Le ' 
Englifti man and a fpie , with a kinde of malici- 
ons pofture,laying his Fere-Finger under his eye, 
hefeemedto have the looke of adefigne. 

THs Tore-Finger kissed in the natu- v e ne.atF- 
rail greetings of the 4W, hath been ever one falutQ 
tooke for a tomplementall falutatton.and is ufed Geftus 
by thofe who aDojc,\»oafl}tp, gttoe fjjnovfank** VIn - 
ot a fatre refped. "Hence called , Digitus [fitlu- 
taris~^ vel \falut*torius~\ bt-caufe this Finger as 
defigned by nature-to that office of refpeiT, hath 
been thought moft convenient to performe the 
ceremony of a falutatton. And [_j4doro~] ^faith Seiden 
learned Selden ) hath its derivation from this ge« Ti-Lof 
fture , quod ad or a five os digit nm \Jaltttaremr^ Hon °u r « 
And the Hebrewes ufe the phrafe of this gefturc 
for tieneratfem. As concerning the (ignification 
of tfjanfees implied by this gefture , Sir Francis p.™. Ve- 
Bacon covertly acknowledgeth where he feigncs ri 1 jn in 
a moft proper and fignificant expreflion of the hi - ncw 
people of Benfalem,who lift their Right Hattdto- AtbntlS ' 
wardsrheaven, and draw it foftly to their mouth, 
which is the gefture they ufe when they thsnke 
God. M 4 The 

i£8 Chir ologia: Of, 


jndico. * oNTHiiioUrH, is their habit who would 
Geft.ix. expreffe their ftlenee , conviction , Sjatne, tgno* 
ranee, reherence, fertile feare, moDefti?, arebol* 
ting meditation, at) n ration and amazement, 
.After which manner alfo we crate and pjomtfe 
fecrccte. To the fignification of Slence apper- 
tains the proverbhll phrafe taken from this 
gefture, * "Viqitum ori imponere pro [filerc.~\ 
Whence the P •>« , 

— Digito compefce Ubeflnm. 
Hence the five fpies of D<*» unto the Prieft of 
i^&^CMtcha, ^olntbP peace, layth>ne Hand 
Pierius upon th y Hon r h. Hence alio the coyners of 
Hierogly. the Hieroglyphiques introduce this gefture to 
i-37- note 2Dactturnit'. ^"To the fignification of 
toniutfrntt or a ntoocfr iccnojanre , belongs that 
Bcdefia of the fonne of Syraeb', If thou haft nnderftan- 
ftkus y. tz ding anfwer thy neighbour, if not, lay think 
Hand on t hy mouth. <([ To the fignifica- 
tion of a juration and amazement appertain^! 
Job zi. 5. that of Job , Marketne, andbeattontfbcti, and 
lay your Hand upon your mouth. And 
Apal Me- to f ms note Q ^ admiration that of ApnUim may 
tam,1. 1. be referred , At ille * digitum a poUice proximum, 
orifw admoyens t & [jnftHporent attonitits~\ Tace, 
Tace inquit. f This gefture of the Index is like- 
wile important in crating ftlenre. For after this 
fort was the effigies of Harpocrates, framed a- 
mong the ^Egyptians , as a monument of filence. 
And the Ancients were wont to weare in their 
Elinie in rin § s the feale of H <^pocrates Sox this caufe (faith 
i\% n at. FUnie ) 1 Hat they might Declare filence and fecre* 
Hift. cieof the bufmeffe in Hani. HinereddeHarpo- 


The natural! Language of the Hand, i ty 

cratcmideft £tace.~] Hence Aleut took his Em- Alciar 
bleme. ^ Bmbl.ii. 

Cum tacit haudquitquamdifert fapientibHs amenty 

kultitia eft index Unfit* ft vixftfua. 
Srgo * premet labia* , dtgiteqtu ^filentia fuadet^\ 
&feje Tharinm vtrtit in Harpocratem. 
In this pollute the image of Titus Ilvitts of Pa- P'""" 
dua was placed over the doore of the Pratoriwn H'«°gl« 
of that City, for that he had comprifed fo much ' J * 
in bis writings that he feemed to have Dertouit 
ceQ fflence to all other Writers. Hence Martia- 
nus Capefta s Verumquidem redemittts ptter ad* as Martian. 
eomprejfo digit o faint art \_ftlentwm comrttonebat.~^ CapcU.i. 
And in ailufion to this ijefture, Ovid : Qvid j^ e _ 

Sui&premtt vtcem * digitofa \^filentiafuadeu~\ tam .i. 9 . 

The ./Egyptian Priefts , Indian Brachmans , the 

PerfianMagi and the French Dniides , and all 

the old Philosophers and wife men , very poli- 

tickly caufed to mould and pourtrait their gods 

with their Fingers upon their lips, to teach men 

(their adorers ) not to be too curious enquirers 

after theit nature,or raftily fable forth what ever 

they imagine of them.left that being difcovered, 

theyftiould have been found in the end to have 

been but men , either worthy in their time for 

warre or peace , and after their death deified. 

Heraifcus is reported to have come out of his mo- s u ;j at# 

thers wombe with this Finger, the itiDej; of (Hence 

fixed upon his lips,in the fame manner as the M- 

gyptians feigne Orus to have been borne , and 

before him Sol ; whereupon becaufe this Finger 

clave to his mouth , it was faine to be removed 

by incifion, and the fear remained alwayes in his 

lip , a conlpicuousfigne of his.clofeand myfti- 

cill nativity. ^ As concerning the ufe of this 


57© Chirologia; 

gefture to intimate toe fenoto fometohat, fohtt& 
netjerthelette toe toill not utter : or this way of 
p?omtfing Tecrecte when ive are required , they 
are expreffions that many times occur in the a- 
{lions of common life. 

Redarguo T"He bowing downe of the Fore-Fin- 

GeflusX. i gtr for Achecfeeofftlente,andtoret)arpe, 

is an aftion often found in the Hands of men. 

This gefture if obje&ed with a more frequent 

motitatien,obtaines the force of an ironicallcx- 

prefllon; and with the Ancients it was called 

Ciconiaor the Storke/rom the forme of a Storks 

l>«feut bill pecking, which it feemes to imitate. That 

Satyr, i, darke Satyrift the obfcure ricbnefle of whofe 

ftiledoth much depend upon fuch adjuncts of 

expreffion,alluding to this gefture : 

O fane, a tergt quern nulla * Ciconia fin fit. 

Hferom And St. Hierom whofe workes are very curiouf- 

1 d So* h ^ garnifhed with fuch critical! obfervations, ve- 

niam, P ° r y elegantly alludes to the fame expreffion, j£*» 

fifiirtnt Holdam virk tacentibtts prophetaffe , nm- 

quam pofi tergum meum * manum incurvarcnt in 

Cicomam. The Greeks in this matter call it the 

Caufabon Crow, as Caufabon gathers out of Htfioa\\.\m'v\- 

upon P«r. ter p rctC( j Cave inquitdomum UnquM imperfettam 

3 tyr ' ' nc caput tibi tmdat garrula Cornix. 

r°ft P x ! r° THe lifting up and bowing of thi 
X Index towards the face , isaufuall 
gefture of initiation as naturally fignificant to 
that intent, as the inward waving of the whole 
Hand; and is a naturall Synechdoche of gefture, 
whereby we ufe a part for the whole Hand: he 
that (hall fet himfelfe to obferve the manners 


The natural! Language of the Hand* tj i 

and difcourfing geftures of men (hall foone finde 
this obfervation to be true and valid. 

T*He raising up and bowing the Veto. 

Fore-Fingbr from us, is a gefture nam- Gcft.XlI. 
rail to thofe who becfeei a retreat or fojbiD , and 
is a Synecbdoche of gefture whereby we fignifi- 
cantly u(e the Index for the whole Hand. Though 
I annex no example of this gefture, yet the vali- 
dity thereof is not much the lefle ; and when all 
is done , fornewhat muft be left to obfervation ; 
ancl if it be matter of overfight in the curfory 
reading over of fqme Hiftories , then my Rea- 
-dw 1 hath an opportunity to oblige me by a more 
happy invention and application ; yet prudent 
omiffions have their places , and an univerfall 
foreftalraent of a Readers fancie or memory, is 
one of the foure and twenty properties of a 
moylirig Pedant. 

theirfcepticall expreflion who enoeatjour ji™ now - 
to fatissfie tjjemfeltjes b? information of tfte xni* 
Cacf, ttt t!je qualities of a thing. A gefture that 
proceeds from the inftinft of nature , whereby 
we know our Hand to be the judge and difcer- 
ner of the touch, for although this touching ver- 
tue or taftive quality be-aiffufed through the 
whole body within and without , as being the 
foundation of the animal being , which may be 
called Animalitas , yet the firft and fecond quali- 
ties which ftrike the fenfe, we doe more curiouf- ^ r j 1 < p r ^' 
ly and exquifitely feele in the Hand , then in the nat811 y t " 
other parts, and more exactly where the Epider- 
mis or immediate organ of the outer touch is 



thinneft, but moft fubtily in the grape of the /*- 

dex, which being the only part of the body that 

hath temperamtntttn* adpendus , is by good right 

chiefe Touch- warden to the Kingof the five 

fenfes. The fatlsfadion the Hand gives the 

Alciat minde by this gefture , made *Alciat (taking his 

Embl. 16. hint from Plantus, who feems to me to have cal- 

cx Plauto led this expreflion manum occ*latam)to rcprefent 

fumpt. j n Embleme the certainty of things by an e ye in 

Erafm. sl Hand. Hence maws oculata the Adage; and 

Adage, verily we may well beleeve this occular teft or 

Tohn 20 ^ ce ^ n g e y e °^ l ^ e Hand. Thomas 'Dydtmns as 

J0 ' diffident as he was,received a palpable fatisfafti- 

on by this way of filent information. 



prodo. * gt r , is a kinde of nice and effeminate ge- 
^i!™ s fture, bewraying a clofe inclination to totee ; ©b- 
ierved in many by cunning Motifts who have 
found the way to prie into the manners or men. 
A gefture fo remarkable that it grew into an Ad- 
age,*Digitof*nocapHtfcalpere,by a metonymie of 
the ad juncr. fignifying tmpuDenee & effeminacy, 
? lu " rc ^ taken by Critiques out offavenal, who hath gi- 

of Pom- ven a * at y" ca ^ kfti at this gefture. Pompey was 
pey. " publickly upbraided to his face with this note of 
effemtnacp by Qlodius the Tribune, asking aloud 
thefe queftions ; who is the licencioufeft Cap- 
taine in all the City ? what man is he that feeks 
foraman? what is he that scratch eth his 
Head with onb .Finger? fomethathee 
had brought into the market-place for that pur- 
pofe , like a company of dancers or fingers, 
when he fpike and clapped his Hands on his 
gowne, anfwered him ftrait aloud to cvei y que- 


The naturaU Language of the Band, 17 5 

(Hon, that it was Tmpey. As concerning the 
phrafe of feeking for a man, that Prince of the 
Senate of Critiques, (ayes that he hath read in j of ^ 
an old manufcript of an Interpreter olLucan nc- s C alf 
ver publiftied, this diftich : 
CMagnus quern mttuunt homines* digit e caput hh$ 

fcalpit, quid credos bmcfibi veie ? virum. 
^Metlet enimfolent virum qt/xrerc. Cicero alfo ob- 
fervedin ^</<«r the fame genuine faftiion of his p| utarc j, 
Hand, as appeares by the opinion he once had ; n t he life 
oiCdfar : when (faith be) I confiderhow fairly ©f Cxfar. 
he combeth his fine bufti of baire, and how 
fmooth it lyeth , and that I fee him scratch 


minde gives me that fach a kinde of man, fliould 
not have fo wicked a thought in his Head , as to 
overthrow the ftate of the Common- wealth. 
By the way , I cannot but note, that two of the 
greateft Commanders Rome could ever boaft of, 
concurrents in time, and competitors for the 
Empire of the World, fliould be both branded 
with one and the felfe- fame note of effemmacte- 

THe putting FORTH OF THE MIDDLE- £ onv ici- 

¥ i st on each fide , which is then called l*7g©- Geft.XV. 
by the Greeks , vulgarly Biga, in the ancient Pa ^ us in 
Tongue 3 f*gwr a Twyiijs a naturall expreflion of 
fcojne and contempt. This gefture is called 
Qatapygon by the Athenians , id eft, Cinadus & Q £ \ mi 
fcortum^quiAprenus ad ebfcanitatem & qma\infA~ 
miamconcuteret^ & ^cenvicittmfaceret"^ which is 
well noted by that elegant Epigrammatift: 

Rideto multum qui te Sextile Qnadum Martial 

'Dixtrit, o- * digitum porrigito medium. Ep'gram,- 


174 Chirologias Of, 

A Rami- ^ "ft* P te textile Cjnadum vocaveret , tu eandeni 
rez upon contumeliam ei objice^ rependeffttblato medio digi- 
the place, to, que, not a Cjnadiefti nonfo/umenimad [jrrifo- 
tiem^fedetiam ad \jnfamiam 0- moHiciem alicujtis 
Waut. in denotandum valet.[_To which that ofP/autut may 
Pfcudel. be referred : 

In hunc * intrude digit um hie leno eft t 
Martial Hence alfo Martial calls this Finger , Digitam 
Epigram. [jmpudicum.~^ 

* Oflendit digit am fed\_impudicum.~^ 
"Derides quo % fur & [jmpudicum."^ 

* Oftendii digit urn mibi minanti ? 
Pertcuj *Perfeus calls it \infamum.~^ 
S^tyr.a. Infami digits. 

With Acron and 'Porphyrins it is [famo/as.^ Eft' 

Eup'icr. fhormio calls it [jmprobum.^ Et hie quidem * in- 

Satyr. i. tendebatimprebumrec/ufadigitumdextra; defcri- 

bing the pofture of ctp?ob?atton in fome images. 

In another place the Epethite hflagitiofus, Cal- 

IJem lib. lion [flagitiofo^ digito fuperiorem cxplicans b*r~ 

codem, y Am% yyith q>l a utus it is [m*ms pnllaria] a pal. 

jewdis tentandxjfy puRuficc. (as Turnebus thinks. ) 

\_Pttulans~\ and \Ja[civus~\ by ethers. Hence 

C«lius. with the Athenians, cxtf^t, (at, ideftfcimalijfare 

eft pratentare digito ubiquemquam \Jlocci facerel 

oftendunt-jiam etji proprie gracufit cum digito per- 

tenttmus ecquid gallinam ova cetieeperit. tamen ver- 

bo eodem utantur cumprotenfum \jontnmelioffyo- 

ftendmt medium digit um , concerning which ex- 

preflion Juvenal: 

SatT 31 — Cumfortufia tpfe minaci 

aiyr - Mdndaret laqueum * mediun:^ oftendertt ungtum , 

ram * medio digito aliquid ntonftrare per [ignomini- 

am~\fiebat t ebejus [jxfamiam^ ssLubttus upon 

the place. This pointing out with the Finger 


The naturatt Language of the Hand. 175 

in way of mocfcerte, TertuRian calls Jigito defiintt' Tertul. de 
re. That the feoff tng motion of this Finger Pallio c -4. 
moves an apprehenfion of what we intend,may 
plainly be gathered out of the Prophefie of the 
Prophet Ifaiah , where he faith , If thou take a- Ifriah $8. 
way from the midft of thee the yoke , the put- 9> 
ting forth of the Fin GER.,andevillfpea- 
king , which by the moft of Expositors is con- 
ceived to be meant of this very gefture,althoueh See , 
Dmnes have variouily delcanted upon the vi f cnpt# 
place. In this fenfe alio that of the Wife man Salomon 
may be underftood , The wicked man fpeaketh Prov.6.i j 
with his Finger, that is , his Finger by geftures 
and figns (peaks f coffes. As Dottor Jermin in his 
paraphrafticall comment upon the place. Lam- Lampri- 
pridius fpeaking of the notorious effeminacte, ^ usm 
andluxurious tmpuDeitcie of that fottifli Empe- ™ll™}*~ 
roar Beliogabdus among other expreffions of his 
corrupted minde reports him to have ufed this , 
Nee emm unquam verbis peperch infamibtts, cum & 
* digitU\jmpH&icitUm\ oftentaret, nee uHtts in con- 
vent ft, & audiente pepulo eget pudor. Thus£*//- 
guU was wont to flout and frump Cafius Char to. Sueton in 
Tribune of the Vrttoritn cohort in moft oppjO* s j 
b?.iou0 tearmes as a toanton and effeminate per- 
fon. And one while when he came unto him 
for a watch-word to give him Triapns or Venus\ 
another while if upon any occafion he rendered reach out unto him his HW,not only 
fafliioned,but wagging alfo after an obicene and 
filthy manner. Q^CaJfi** a right valiant man , 
and one that diftafted the corrupted manners of 
thofe times, tooke this reproach of effemmactefo 
ill at Cftlligula's Hand , that he bore him a parti- 
cular griuTge for this verycaufe, and was the 


i*j& Chirologi a ;Or, 

man that confpiring with Cornelius Sabinushls 
fellow Tribune.deptived him of life and Empire. 
Thus 'Diogenes when certain ftrangers in a great 
aflembly were very inquifitive to know which 
Laet t. in Was Demofthenes, "Diogenes in Dertfion putting 
Diogen. foRTHTHis Finger inftead of the Index, 
pointed him out and (hewed him urto them, co- 
vertly thereby noting the impudent nature and 
effemtnacte of the man. And it may be the en- 
Gen. j7, v j e an( j d e fpj te f Jgfephs brethren towards him 

* 9 ' (hewed it felfe in the contumelious gefture of 
this Finger , which pointed out unto him their 
contempt of him when he was afar off, and ma- 
king towards them, when they (aid one untoa- 
nother, Behold this dreamer commeth 1 

Contem- TO CoMPRESSE the middlf-Finger 

"% with the Thumbe by their com- 

^yj plosion producing a sound and so 

cast in gout oukHand, is a gefture we ufe 

to fignifie our contempt ot unprofitable f bings,& 

to (hew by gefture how we OetgIjt,contentne,rrj 

fult, and undervalue any thing. This knack- 

1 n G with the Fingers was called by the ancient 

Eriz a 5- omans * Crepitus jat Percujfio digitorumMtnct 

' that illuftrious Poet expounding the fenfe of this 

exprcflion makes mention of the Thumb, which 

he therefore calls argutnm , id eft , refonantem, 

whole verfes very cleare for this bufineffe run 


Qumpeteret feram media jam notie matcXam 
* tArgutomadidus pollice'Panarctus. 
Argmt poffice , that is, as he hath it fn another 
Propert us place * crepittt dlgitorum. And Tropertins to the 
I.elcg.7. faraepurpofe, 


tbi mtmd language of the Hand, ijj 

At Mi 

tpaMciiut frafiln increp*ere niknut. 
The pofture of the fame expreflioa prepared to 
create a found ; Theftataeof ftoneatTharfis 
which Plutarih (peaks of totarvebeen made for Plutartft 
Smrdmnfatus after his death, and fet over bis inmota k 
grave,did fignificamty retain?,^ hich ftarue Wa* 
formed dancing after the Barbarian fathiorr.ariS 
t n A C k i n g eg it were with his Fingers over his y» • • « ± 
head like an Anticke : the inscription Was, Sar- de [^'^ 
d**Mp4/us the {on<JfA*acyn&r*xnbmlt Atiebts- au x . 
Iv/and T»fits in one day» bift t hou my friend, 

Eat, drinkc tbt toanton Leacher pby, 
tfor nothing elfc is ought I fay : 

fignifying the unDeiftaltfirig found produced by 
fuch a K N a c R i N<i ©f the Fingers, edej/iie &Ci 
rutin cater* tmma fitnt iffius foniiits quern ifficeri 
toanus ftltt) as tsftkentus hath it. 


is a trfbtall ejipreffion whereby we with a f i l - 
ii» inflicl; a ttf&me puniflmrenf , era ftcffk 
This fit li wfth the ?«£«■ or na9e," fome 
tbinke is fo called AfinofiifliHoyipd enm Tal'ttram 
ulicuiunpitijrittir, lUtttr; tMTalitruht u tat'tone , t 
f/? mm ludi genus inter purer quo par pari referttir t * 
vtlmmvitagttfitnjrejjio , Hndtfortenielior. detto- 
rmnaiio Latinivem'd t*l6 y . cottvolntio ehghortm 
quern emulatkr, x.trfuKi<pt!><'(jritcit. That this ge- 
fture was catted TaHtrxm by the ancient Latines 
-appears by S*eto*i#t, who (peaking of Tiberius, 
aid the native vigour of bis left Hand, Ariiciili* Sueroa . , 
it*$rmitfnit* tttvafMttfttriveietiam a&oUfcmk Tib.c.£*. 

2^, r*-. 

iys Chirologi A:Or* 

C*liu». Ttlitro vuherarct. Sometimes they were faid 
fiimAlifare who in mocfcerp ufed this gefture. A 
kinde of pimtfiitttent we ufually inflift uponun- 
Patron happy wags. Hence that of TetromHs , Eg»&* 
AiU Satyr r4nte 4Suc iracttndi*jto» toniinm mAHumJcd CApMt 
miftrAtttufiriUo acut9% articub ftrcuffu Ttrcuf* 
ft iS wtihufturi G'ttonU ctfut. This flighting 
expreffion or the Tingtrs gives fuch a flue of filf* 
grace if ufed to men , that it hath been thought 
fuch a Difparagement as wounded a tender repu- 
Sir Fran- tation. Sir Franeit Bacon in his charge in the 
cis Bacon Star- Chamber touching Duells, being tbenHis 
in his Ma jetties Atturney Generall , informes againft 
charge a^ ^ ^ Qt fpj r £ te d Gallants of thofe times, who 
Si? U * pretended a defeeY in our Law that it hath pro- 
vided no remedy for fillips. A Grange thing 
that every touch or light blow of the perfon , 
( though they are not in themfelvesconfiderable 
lave that they have got upon them the ftampeof 
a hifgrace,) (hould make thefe light things:pa(fc 
for fuch great matters. The Law of England , 
and all Laws hold thefe degrees of injury to the 
perfon, flan&er, batterf , matmcand Dsatij ; but 
tor the apprehenfion of tiifgrace, that a f i lli p 
to the perfon fhould be a mortall wound to the 
reputation,he faith it were good that men would 
hearken to the faying of qonftlvo the great and 
famous Commander , that was wont to fay \ a 
Gentleman* honor fhould be dt tela crajftow of a 

good ftrong warpe or web that every little thing 
iould not catch in'it, when as now it fecms they 
are but of copweb-lawne , or fuch light ftuffe , 
which certainly is weaknefle and nottrqe great- 
nefle of minde, but like a ficke mans body , that 
is fo tender that k feels every thing. 


TU HAturaQ language off he Band. 1 79 


1 their uiuall concife expreflion, who ^"°^ 
vanced by confidence to relic upon tbeftrength G r vftus ' 
of their ability, and would by a provoking fig- xviIL 
nail, Bare t cbalenge, Befie,. and btD one pupate 
foj anjentounter, implying a ffronjrpjerumpiiofi 
Of the tjfctojp, as if they efteemed bim as nothing 
in their Hand. To this expreflion Horace alludes, Ho ™« 

frifpinus * minimo me [frovocat^ accifeji vts ,tI • Scrm .* 

Recipe jam tabula* — 

CLUT C K E D I N Wl T H A I L , IS the hold-fatt G^ttus 

gefture of tenacious atarfce, and fignificant to xix. 
difcover the mtferable and penurious condition 
of a clofe-fifted niggard , a parceilof the chara- 
cter of an old pinch* penny. This catching and 
retrained gefture, is an expreflion often feen in 
the Hands of penny- fathers, and men of a terene 
complexion,and is parallel to the Thumbe under 
the girdle. The ./Egyptian Mythologifts who™" 1 ^ 
were very quaint in their occult devices , | '"° s * 
ufed to paint out Stance by this pofture of the 
left hand: And they who allegorically interpret Artcni- 
dreames make this hand the fymboil of lucre, 5°™*^ 
profit, gaine and increafe, as the hand more fit- te °™ ' 
ting to.retaine : for though it want the diligence 
and insinuating labour peculiar to the kigbt 
tia»d t and hath not the faculty to fcrape and get 
by fuch dexterious endeavours, notwithftandi rig 
being more dull and flu^gifh.the retentive appe- 
tite thereof is thereby mcreafed, and it is the 
Mifers maxime , ant! as it were the fignet on his 
Wretched hand : 

if i Rett 

i8o ChiROtdaiA'.Of, 

No* miner efi virtus quant quarere fart a tneri. 

Solmus This han <j< by the grave teftimbriy of SbHnnt, 

Camera- wh ' th Cankrarius alio dob any thing 

rim in " isleffetgilej but to beare burdens, andrbtoffi- 

Hor. sue. prehend any thing ftrongiy is more fit j for 

Judges j. Joel tooke the hammer in her Right Hktid, but 

the naile in heir left .which file finote through the 

temples of Si/eratznd the tnree hundred Soutdicrs 

|adget 7. ofGedeon held their lambs in their left handjs.arid 

Marim in tfee trumpets in their Right H*mf, which Minus 

B,bi. ' hath drawne into an allegoric of other fignifi- 


Offenfi- "T"0 GIVE ONfc A KKV WITH THfe FlN- 

Oeft, XX. cxpreffion who would vent their flfeijjfhtawget: 
or Drflffee upon others; or would foftfy and vein 
hetflp knocke at fome doore. This pottttftdf 
the Hand was called by the Ancients^*^"/*/, 
Scilicet digit* orticulus, ant nodus in curvieUrAfu 
digitis fleZHtur. The ftroake inflicted with the 
Viand thus compofed, hath from antic[t#fy idai- 
C * I ' IIS ned the name of Condjl\ this the Oneefes call 
Rh£d.var. Xo ^ xi £ M . We rea( i ^ a - D0V who st'tetided at 

the banquet of <^€.neat flaine by Hercules with « 
ftroake of his£W//, called cArchiui as H«few- 
c«/ writes, other Eunomins , the fonne of ^«W- 
. teles, buiin'PhoroHidos 2. he is named Cheviot, 
who dyed of that How in Caiydon , although 
Hercules intended not his deatb.butChafHfetherJR 
The Greeks alfo write that T^effite's was~flaftfe 
by the Condyles of Achilles, becaufe he had ftruc- 
ken out the eye of 'Peuthififea him with 
his fpeare. This gefture is fomeritnes ufed by 
thofe who would fienifie their Deffrc of bcirtS 


The ntfuraB Language of the Hand. \%i 

let in sir a timt, *ndiin this fenfe it was WQDcfflp 
vfed'byBMp* the Eunuch at the tent dooreof 
Holcfihtet his mailer, whom he fiippofed to have 

fedid^/Wiyj»w/4c*««M»#^»jto.atDaH;eHhis ma- 
tter, but ll' is moft likely he ufcd the found of this 
gefture as a mann&rfp toatdjtooi&to intimate bis- 
atterioarrt* without -, and a fieure to come in anD 
fpeafeetettbhtm; anexpreflion that hath been 
ever ufcd by foch who came to falute or fpeake, , Dor " 

. , r * , . . . \ 'leans up- 

with' great perfons m a morning, to intimate 0n -£ a [ iu 
then: ttwDeft and obfcqutous arteriDance, which 
they feemed by tbatlow knock to oeSrc their 
patrons tetafce notice of. 


etAW-LilcEAS>>fecT, andtoscAATCHOr P^ ,ein 
ciaw another therewith, is the impotent G eH °|. 
expreffiohof^tirff^eactt^ateaspert^Defireo to xxi. 
tet H ritar&e of {t*&tfpleafa«re upon:tbofe that 
Wjej^fe«dkkflttoa€pknitii|ueuifeof its potm* 
Cta: But this if no manly exordium of the 
H«m£ ttihofe ptdperly appertaining to children 
and/H^ttiisi Wftoare prone upon any. provocati- 
on to JtfWa'k their Defpite" upon others withtUe 
talohref &eir jnhijJttatUHT. Fury that hath furni- 
&ed ail men w4thw«apons4eft the tongue &the 
hail to riifc impotea^ pa*t^fhumaniry,two verier 
moiflw > eafrons,andtapt to wranckle where they 
fatten* &nd lFwetfedfchis naiie-rubricke in the 
free &f' any , we*re>aptto infer that it is the 
niaifke of fome fcchimpotent creature. 


N 3 a -xxi;. 

idl CHl£OLOGlA:Gr, 

A? LI E 1) UNTO T HE TE MP LE S,isthcir«Xpr)?flH 

on who woqld fcornfully reprove »ny for failing, 
fn any exercife of wit,or for fame abiurd fttynbfer 
of a tripping and inconfiderate lip , or for fome 
errour in manners and behaviour : For .this roeft 
ridiculous affront implies luch mentQbP 8Q>0. 
The reafon is, for that man only by natures pro- 
vident donation hath received cares fist and im- 
moveable , whereas that which appears moft 
moveable ' and ftirring in that dull animall 
ishiseares; and the wagging of thb-Fin- 
G£ r S goes for the w a q qjngofthe e ares , 
which cannot be done otberwifeby reafton of 
this naturall prohibition. Ptr/eut alludes to, this 
ifonicall fignification of the Fingers, 
Terfeus ^J c M *>* us *nricttlat imitata eft mofclM,4li»i. 

Satyr.4. Hence M*»im addere.tho Adage* a metaphor, ta» 
¥rafm. ken from tbisjgefture. The fame, gefture if you 
take away the motion., is ufed in our njmble- 
fingered times.tcr call one Cuckold,*.,, to prefent 
the badge of Cuckoldry.thfrt; mentall and iaugi* 
nary hornjfeeming to cry ,0 mm of happy note, 
Whom fortune meaning highly to promote^hath 
flucke on tby fore-head the earrjeft-pc«&y of 
fucceedinggood luckc. j ajj wbish ijipbraicting 
tearmes many underftand by this gcfrWe. onto 
of the Finger*; for in thisienfe tbe common 
ufe hath made it the knowa %nall of disparage* 
ment, fo naturally apt are the J^wrx^oigBKC 
feeflfes : For, lacivious diflaioe masked by fcpti 
tinder the difguife of a facetious wit , out of » 
itching difpofition hath been ever very prone to 
devife and happen upon waics to vent her con« 
ceited bitternefle, it being the jj'uifoof overwee- 
ning wit to defpife and undervalue others » 


The natural! Language of the Hand. 1 1 $ 

Hence comes your fcornfull frumpe and drie 
fcoffe, keen jeerS that wit bath turned up trump, 
wherein the dealer rubbeth with a gibe, making 
another his laughing ftocke ; which cunning 
game is received into Rhetoricke , and called 
an Ironie, a Trope , which gives a man leave 
elbfely to carpe at the manners of men,wherein 
what which is expreffed by words, the contrary 
isjfhewn by the^;efture:nay we may mike a wity 
board without the helpe and concurrence of an 
unhappy word,and your broad verball jeft is nor- 
thing neare fo piquant as thefe foule habits of 
reproach by gefturc,which broch men as it were 
with a (pit , and having once entred into the 
quicke like (hafts with barbed heads a long time 
gaule with a flicking mifchiefe : and to this feat 
of mockery the Fingers have been proclive to 
fafhion out contempt , provoked forward by a 
naturall dicacity. 

NEXT TWO FlNGERS.isantrOnJCallvulga-tatemob- 

rifme of the Haidukd by Plebeians Wheji they i c '®- 
are contumelioufly provoked thereunto, and fee xxlii 
that they cannot prevaile by vicing words, their 
fpleene appealing to their Fingers for aid, who 
thus armed for a dumbe retojt, by this* taunting 
gefture feem to fay abaitt. This poft cion of the 
Fingers With the Ancients was called Higa, and 
the moderne Spaniards by objecting the Hand^ 3mWtt 
formed to this repioacbfull expreflion , imply as upa n M«t 
much as if they fhould fay padicavi te , with us it 
tf ufaally their garbe who mocUe little children. 

N $ TO 

Chir ologias Or, 

Geft. " JL parctmorliott* expreflion of the. Hff| of- 
XXIV. ten feen in dutcb-fijls niggards, and flnch-fimes, 
ftomwhofe gefture the Adage $ame, t Qarec<m- 
trt&ttmam, idefi £ /yww &fiigidt, a/tepid dare* "} 
Hence the Spaniards in the propriety of tfeett 
Tongue, expteffe COfcetOtifneflfe by a ./&«-* HW* 
and. bounty by a long and Urge Ihtmt, Theft 
ptotaifcjda ofcenoccur in Guzm**, which I takft 
for a inbtile. contexture of the proverbial! rich* 
and gravity of -the Spanifh Tongue.. ShImmq 
ctfftrkestfaisge$ure, where he ftitb, Letmttty 
\$ka» open totuhf, Andclefedttben tbottfieu^/k 
^luiarch pw^^ai Artaxerxes the fon of Xerxes, who wax 
%oth(g. fopa^d Z«»g H*V, becaufehehadone H*i*$ 
longer then another, was wont to fay, that as* 
prince ( who was Gods image upon earth ) he 
had a Hand to gibe , to wit , aright Hand, very 
fr»g • the other to with-hold and take away , to 
totv* left Wa*d } contract and very fhort f ad- 
ding that it was a more Princely and Royatt 
property, to gifee, then to takeaway. 


Jxy. the last finger, of the "Right, is the 
natucall and fimple way of ttum&idg Sc tumpifr 
tatfen:|for,altmenufeto count-forwards till they 
come to that number of their -Singers, and being 
come to that number , prompted as it were by 
nature to retutne at this bound or But of nume- 
rical! immenfity, (about which all numbers are 
remedied and driven round,) they repeat againe 
the fame numbers returning unto unity from 


The natwati LwgMg* tfthi Hand* i S$ 

whence their accoaat began » which we rauft 
doc account as an aceident»but a thing propagt* 
ted fromtbeJountainc of nature , Gncek is evec 
done and that by all Rations. For the Fm* 
gtrs by an ordinance of naturc.and theunrepealr 
ableftatute of the geeat Arithmeticiaa,were an* 
pointed to ferve for cafting counters as quiet* 
and native digits, alWaics ready at Hat*ita*tii& 
us in out computations* Hence fomc have ca> 
led man a natural! Arithmetician,, amfcchgeafji 
creature that could reckon andunderffcandtha 
oaiftique Ii&ws afnumbers, because he alone hatfe 
reajfon, which is the spring o£anthnac{tcall ac» 
count ; nay that divine Bhilofopher doth draw 
the line of mansiiadeiftandiag rronuhiscoaijpi»>; p ' at0 ' 
ting (acoky of his {bule* affirming thattheretera. 
he excells all creatures in wifdemt , becaufe ho 
can account und indeed not the leaftof the more 
fubtiUpait oi rcafon doth depend upon this A- 
rjthmeticaHinfufed quality. Hence we account! 
fiich for idiots and halfeviould men who cannot 
tell to the native number of their Fingtrs. And 
if we count the dole of nature , and thofe num- 
bers that were borne with us and caft up in out? 
Hand, foom our mothers wombc, by Him who 
made allthings in number, weight & meafure,wa 
ftiall finde that there are five Fingers ranged up- 
on either H*nd, whtchj quinary conftriienon of 
the lingers , as being of a myfticall pef&ftion is 
much can vafed by thePythagoranPhilofopherSj Plutarch 
and calledjmarriageibecaufe it is a^compound oi Moral, 
tne firft numerall male and females it isalfo fitly 
tearmed nature , becaufe being multiplied it dc- 
% ermins and rebounds upon it fetfe.for five times 
ifiye makes-twenty five,and multiplied, by anold 


i%6 Chirologia.'O** 

number it ftttlrcprefenteth it felfe.for if you take 
five unto five by doubling the Cinque you make 
the Decade ; and there is in it a naturall vertue 
or faculty to divide,as appearcs in the Fingers of 
each Hmd , To that nature feems to have tooke 
more delight to order and compofe things ac- 
cording to the number of five , then to fall upon 
any other forme that might have proved fpberi- 
_. , call. Hence rP/*Mrffcobferves that the Anci- 
in moral. ents were wont to ufe the verbe pempAfefihd 
when they would fignifie to number or to reckon. 
And the LMemphian Priefts in their Hierogly- 
phiqucs,by a Hand, the Fingers fet upright, ufed 
co figure out Arithmeticke. Great is the perfe- 
ction of the torall fumme of our Fingers, for Ten 
is the fount and head of all.numbers . for this is 
compounded of i. z. j. and 4. which united, 
fumme up Ten j the moft compleat of numbers , 
as pofleft of the formes of all the others,for both 
the caven andodde, the fquare, cubique, plaine, 
the linear, themonade, and compound,with all 
the reft, arecomprifedinthe Decade; which 
therefore Pjthtgorat the Samian, Who was 
thought to be the fit ft Author of the name Phi- 
lofophie, as Plutarch arfirmes,condudes the De- 
narieto be the moft absolute perfeftion of num- 
bers, becaufe as the Poet faith we have , 
Ovii.1. 1 . Tot Mgites per qnos \_HHmerare~^folemus. 

Failorum. HadrUnus juni/ts by an elegant and neat difcrip- 
tion,feems to allude to the intention of nature in 
devifing the Huni fo fit for all accounts, that 
it may fervefor a counting table ; 
Hadrian Porrigor in r*mos (jmnos, & qniliiiet hortm 
Jun. in DiditHrintriplicesnodoSyHiJiquiHttisegertt 
Amgmat. Vno t qui felts rtftondct reborc cmQk 


The naturaULanguAge oft be &m& 1I7 

Vn&jj ctKgulit f*rp % in vjImp g rtjiif 

ts&nus being % coimting«uklc , fachxs Arith- 
meticians «fc. 


An Index to the following Al- 
phabet of naturall Geftutes of 
the Fingers. 

Which Geftures, betides their typicall figrii- 

ficarions, are fo ordered to ferve for privy 

cyphers for any iecret intimation. 


Fifftresmttht I Grjhtrt.ll Geft.lll Gtft. IV Gtft. 

E F G H 

V gtft. VI Gtft. VII Gtft. IX gtft. 

I K L M 

x g^. xi Gtft. xn gtft. xin Gtft. 

N O P Q 

UmiGeft. XV Gtft. XVI Gtft. XVII Gtft, 

R S T V 

XVIII gtft. XIX Gtft. XXGtft. XXI Gtft. 

W X Y Z 

XXII ft/. XXIII <?*/. XXIV Gtft. XXV (?tf. 


Courteous Reacleiyn fomc co- 
pies thou (halt find thcfc miflakcs, 

hereafter mentioned, which I pray 

thee charitably to amend, or 

not to cenfure. 

PAge 3. line 18. foranreadin,p.22.1.6. r.all 
good things, p.4g.l.2o.the paragraph tnbUa* 
ttte belongs ta the laft paragraph or that ge- 
fturc in p.44. p.f *.l. 16 r.Rabbin , p.7^. I.17. r. 
SBK«» s p73-l'r'manners,p.7<J.34' leave out of, p. 
83.1. 7. r.the , pi 90. in the margin r. TulcherU 
with a Capital!, p.94.1.6. r. *tr*J%, ibid.l. 30. r. 
affeftion, Jbid.l.32. r.impreffam, p.96.1. 30. r. 
st retched, p.xi2.1.33.r.<fc*fr4w^,p.i7.1.34 
r. pnmkliffiafl. 1 4 7 .1. 1 5 .r.inftiruted,p. 1 43 .1. 1 o. 
p.i 67.1. 1 9. r.thanfes, ibid.p.l. 1 4.malicious,p.i 7 
and 64. a marginall quotation fupcrfluous. 

Peruchio, la Cbiromance, Physionomie et la Geomance, cu- 
rious plates, fine copy, gilt leaves, 18s. Paris, 1663 



The Art of 

Manuall Rhetorique. 


Canons, Lawes, Rites, Ordi-* 

nances, and Intimites of Rheto- 
ricians, both Ancient and 

Modcrnc, Touching the artificiall 

managing of the H A ND 

in Speaking. 

Whereby 'foe Naturall G b j t u r e s of the 

HAND, are made the Regulated Ac- 

ceflbries or faire-fpoken Ad jun&s of 

Rhh tori call Utterance. 


*A new iinfiration tf this Argument. 

By J. B. Philochirofophus. 

Ratio efi UWanus Intelletiut ; Rationis Oratio - 
Orattonis Manns. Seal. 


Printed by Tbo: Harper , and are to be fold by 

Richard fPbitalyer, at his fhop in Pauls 

Chttrch-yard. i 6 4 4. 

T o His 




;Ftcr I had once well 
reliflhed the fweeo 
__ ncfle of your con- 
verfation • having calculated 
your temper and difpofition 
according to the meridian of 
Fricndfliip, I foone propofed 
you to my felfe as an Idea and 
patterne of all Humanity. This 
A i ap> 

apprehenfion I have of your 
virtues^ fo deeply fetled in my 
underftanding, that I finde it 
difficult to reftraine affection 
from dilating upon this Argu- 
ment, even to a Panegyrique : 
Yet Iconfefle I doe not more 
truly honour and revere you 
under any one notion, as I doe 
in that relation you ftand into 
my worthy Friend your Son, 
a relation which you have 
made more reverend and ami - 
able^y the felicity of your com- 
portment. There, Nature and 
Education are in their Zeniths. 
Thisisthe Achmaof worldly 
Beatitudes, when by a recipro- 
cal invention/w.thout the con- 


fufion of diftance and proximi- 
ty, reverence and affedtion^ 
there remits by converfe, idem 
Alter & Alter Idem : were not 
this a truth that hath oft beene 
vifible to difcerning eyes, I 
might be thought a little to play 
the Poet, and this aflertion 
taken for an Allegory. Sir, the 
congruityofthis Arr,withyour 
Nature, in gaining upon tho 
aftcclionsofmen , hath made 
me pitch upon you as a compe^ 
tent Judge and Patron: To you 
therefore I-.confecrate this Fruit 
of my Hand , as to one well 
read in the prude ntiall Laws 
ofCivill Converfation,and by 
confluence knowing, to maa^ 

3 3ge 

age the Handpf ydur Intellect 
and R eafon ( your rcafon and 
Ipecch) to the beft advantage 
and utterance of difcretion and 
honefty. Bepleafedinreturne 
of thofe exprefles of your affe- 
tfionand refpedtlhave recei- 
ved from you, to accept of this 
dcmonftration of refpedlfrom 

who is 

Yoet faichfull friend to command, 

Iq. Bulvver. 

To his affettiondte Friend the Mthw, 



THe Htndot Nature plac'd the Eye and Eare 
As Parallels within Mintrvds fphcare: 
Th'aft fet the Underftandings Optique line 
Above the common fenfe of Difcipline, 
By Thy life-fpeaking Types, engraven by 
A keen beame borrow'd from Thy Mufes eye. 
The fpruccr Arts of Speech will grow more neae 
And rich in utterance, by Thy conceit. 
Demofihtnes might here his sarbe refine, 
And Cicero out-ad his CateUne .< 
Nay, in Thy Glaflfes typicall Exprcfle , 
Commanding Rheterique may mend her dreffe. 
Th'aft drawn all bookes de Orattre^dry : 
And Poljchronians but few will buy, 
While they may have Thy Hand 'to draw and mend 
All Adion by, their Mindes can well intend. 
Abides Chaine is Thine by j'uft furprize, 
Plac'd in Thy #<W, fix'd to the peoples eyes? 
Who may "ft with greater fway by thisff *nds tongue 
The Wile command,then he his long-ear'd throng. 

Singular is Amlcttix ergo^ 
Tho. Dicok son iMedSTemf /. 

A a Ad 

To bis hying friend the Author y 
on His 



WHat dream laft night I had! how fweeUhow 
And when I wak'd, how I defir'd to die ! 
If death fuch flcep had been : Uintrv** Phane 
Me thought wide open flew to entertaine 
Thy faire Chiremmie, which there inftall'd 
Was by Wits Hand the new Palladium call'd. 
The Graces Hand in Hand appear'd, in fignc 
Of honour, a&ing with the Triple Trine, 
The new perfwafiyc geftures of thy Art ; 
But when I faw Thy a&ive Mufes part 
So well perform'd, I loft my ravifh'd fenfe, 
Orecome by her Hands filent Eloquence. 
May this good Omen ftnke Thee luck, and force 
The Worlds dull eye to like Thy Hands difeour/e» 
Untill the Honours on Thy Front that flick, 
We count with the Right Hands Arithroetique. 

J. P. 


Ad fummum Gestuum Artificcm, & 

Cbiromyften, in 


r*Vm Veneremfpettcu btondam mirarefiguram 

Omnia concinno membra decor e nitent. 
Omniafintfomofa, tamenfuperantur ab Vm\ 
Jslon babuit talem velCjtberea Manum; 

Ad cundem. 
UOf ft fit *verum , fenior quod prodidit olim 
* Scaligct , baudpoteritpukhrior effe liber, 

[* Pulcbcr quod mtu x«f » ex femenria Julii Scaligeri.] 

Ad eundem. 
\Lura \am teritur BellisCmlibus Mas, 

LuxunMque novo (anguine triflis bumus ; 
Tu tamen in tuto is, nee territat boflicus enfisi 
Vefendit Mamum Te numerofa Manus- 

Ad eundem* 
flTtbittg's commended, fo is Martin too, 
* ta - 1 For Hands of any fort : but their Pens doe 
Fall fhort of thy Quills worth 5 th'are at a ftand, 
Admiring You that write a better Hand, 

Jo. Harmarus, 
Oxonicnfis <f iAjctTpoy. 

Amico fuo iDgcniofiflimo 3 in 

£*HiVLonoyAQK,gefltts Nature kgibusefcrs, 

(ontmenfitrapos^Jfetoricofq-, facts, 
ArticultiyDigittJ, Abacum rationis adorntu, 

Qalcula et in Digitos miner e viva doccs. 
Sculpture [ecreta typis manifefla r evident % 

Mventu lucis ftlendidiora nov<e. 
Tunc fugiendti no tasked n^vos primus Agentis, 

G(hetom invadis gravida comprenja tnaniplo, 

Omnidpunttagravi fuavis ubiqut Maku: 
Duke decus Cbaritum ! lianuali(mperabore 

VerbnlacBtmenfogefta deeore jonant, 

R. G. K$mencUttr Cbiro-muf* 

Of the neceptie anddignitie 0/tbis Art 

#/ManUall Rhetoric k. 


Ow prevalent Geftures accom- 
modated to perfwade, have 
ever been in the ffand j both 
the Ancient Worthics s as al- 
io Ufe and daily Experience 
make good, it being a thing 
ofgrearer moment then the vulgar fhinke, or 
are able to judge of : which is not onely 
confined to Schoole5,Theaters,and the Man- 
fions of the Mufcs 5 but doe appertaine to 
Churches, Courts of Common pleas,and the 
Councell-Table; where we daily fee many 
admirable things done by thofe , who in the 
courfe of Humanitie and profitable ftudies, 
have been well inftru&ed and inform'd in 
thisfacultie of theffW.And the wifedom of 
the Ancients is in good part placed in this care 
and diligence, That they who were nourifticd 
to the hopes of great dignities , mould have 



compofed and comely motions, which might 
fignific an ingenious Minde, and adorne their 
very Eloquence. Some may perchance i- 
magine, that this ManttaU Rhetorique^fe'a 
vainc and unneceffary Art , becaufe they ; fce 
little writ by the Greekes, who were the Do- 
ctors of Eloquence$and but few things there- 
of by the Latines : when yet thefe men of 
excellent wits of both Nations i have with 
great artifice beautified all the fublime kindes 
of Eloquence, to heighten the Grandieure of 
a majeftiquc Utterance. Crcfollm alleadgeth 
many caufes why this one part of meft noble 
Science feemes (though not as negle(5ted,yet) 
paCTed by and omitted by thofe great lights of 
Antiquitic. For, the Greekes borne in a regi- 
on, which by reafon of the thinnclfe and pun- 
tie of the aire, was more fertile of good wits 
then any other prod uclions ; had naturally 
both motions of the Minde and Body to ex- 
plaine and unfold their cogitations and re- 
condite fenfes with an incredible facilitic: by 
reafon whereof they lcfTc needed the precepts 
of this Art. For fincc they had two Pala> 
ftra's, wherein a double ChirommU was pra- 
clifed, one of Armes, another of Peace , and 
proper to the pacifique temper of Humanitie: 
a domefticall Theater , Doctors and Rheto- 
rique Profeflors , and publique Declamati- 
ons 5 having in common among them, fuch 


flluftrious aides of Pronunciation-, no matvell 
that Co few Rhetoricians have left any Manu- 
fcripts of the Conformation of gefture $ this 
artifice of thcflW being a thing fo common, 
and as it were naturall unto them. Which vo- 
lubility of a prompt &eafic nature, wonder- 
fully accommodating it fclfe to all things, , , 
made the Satyrift fay, that the whole Nation siy "3/ 
of the Greekes were Comcedians : for in the 
Scene and Theater , and in graphicall affimi- 
lating and imitating the affections, there were 
few of any Nation could match them , and 
none that could out-acl them. And as they 
were very ftudious in all kinds of literatures 
when they apply'd their minds to eloquence, 
it cannot be faid how they cxcel'd in gefture, 
by the force and guide of Nature; which per- 
chance was the caufe why the Stageritc laid, 
7b ornxgirixii* to be <£ ?uVsa<,That Rhetorique was Arift. 1 j, 
naturall, and that any one,without the inftru- Rhet « 
.ftions of a Teacher , fecms to be of himfelf 
& by a Naturall ingenie,fit to raife motions in 
himfelfe and others . But the Romans comc- 
ing out to fpeake , not from under the Cano- 
pie of Minervt^xA the.Pavilion of Mars, be- 
ing not of fo ready & polifhcd a wit, thought 
it convenient and neceffary to have books of 
Inftitutions for the Confoimation of thefc 
Rhetorical! cxpreflions- : of which , P/otiut 
and NigidittSj two great Doctors in thefe E- 



legancies, (to omit others) publifhed their 
beauteous Commentaries. They that follow 
Ariftotle in his miftaken opinion of AHit^ 
cfteeming thefe Chironomicall Notions as 
things of no great matter, are much deceived: 
* Ariflot. for that great Do&or of the * Lyceunt(zs Cre- 
Schopie foBitts well obferves)fpake rather of himfclfe, 

IS.*' tncn °^ a ^ mcn * n gcnerall : who being of a 
moft excellent wit, and by Nature furniflicd 
with all ornaments , he contemned Rhetori- 
cians, as feeing himfelf to have little need of 
thofe petty Rules which were carried about 
for the conformation of Manuall gefturesj 
For elfe, he had Demofthenes in his eyes , 
man wholly compofed of this Artifice , an3 
turn'd after a manner, upon the whceleof 
Khetorique : who at h'rlt , by rcafon ofhw 
naturall imperfection herein , was much dif. 
couraged : by which itappcares,that an Ora r 
tour is not borne, but made: andfofpeal«i 
well and laudably, there is need of ftudieanl 
ftriving , before the facultie can be attained. 
For as for this opinion of ignorant men, who 
fhinkc that Geftures are perfect enough by 
Nature, and that the climate availes nothing, 
it being not materiall whether the H«*d be 
moved hither or thither: that every one may 
plcafc himfelfe, obferving no rule or admoni- 
tion of Rhetoricians : The daily Example of 
%akcrs refute. For we fee many both in fa- 


crcd and propbane places, fo prepoftcroufly 
& ilfavorcdly cxpreffing their minds, chat as 
a wonder how any eye can behold them with 
attention. Certainly,menpoli(hedwithHu- 
manine, cannot without loathing,behold the 
praevarications of fuch durty and lloTeoly 
Oratours,and wfch a juft indignation diftafte 
their inconfidcrate aftion.If tfccNaturali mo- 
tions were absolutely complcat, & fufficieot- 
ly fit to open & unfold the fenfe of the Mind; 
or were accommodated to gaine good will, 
or opportune for the incredible force and va- 
lieticofthcaffe&ions; would thefe goodly 
Orators and lovers of faire fpcech fo bewray 
thcmfclves,and wallow in the dirt i But this 
is enough, to prove that the aclions of the 
Utnd are not perfect by Nature. Therefore 
let thefe upftarc and tumultuarie Oratours 
bragge as much as they will , of the force of 
Naru*e,and facilitieof Geftures. Reafon,and 
the fayiogs of the learned Ancients doc not 
onely gainfay them, but prove thefe Coffiae- 
tlquc geftures of the tttnd to be things of 
great moment, & the very Pakneand Crown 
of Eloquence. Had the ancient pieces of this 
Art (which ingenious Oratours wrk of old, 
more for the benefit of after-times then their 
own) come to our Hands , men might have 
becne more ready in fpcakiflgthen thcyii|re> 
and not fo prone in thefe points 3 to offend 



the difcreeter part of chcir Auditory ; but 
fincc thofc hclpcs arc loft, I cannot fee how 
an Oratour can be perfect and abfolutcly 
compleat , that hath not conf uked with the 
Oracle of j2«rf»//7/«*»,abo.ut this Manuall pro- 
nunciation jwhofc inftitutions contain all thofe 
ancient fubtlcties that efcaped the injurious 
#W of Time. Things which of old , they 
were wont to learne with their Grammar, as 
Sidomus Apollintris witnefleth , which per* 
chance , was the rcafon why PolibymnU , 
Caffiodor. whom that learned Senatour affirmes to have 
taught the Elegancie of Gefture , the fame 
by the Greeks is faid to have taught Gram- 
mar and Letters. And indeed Decencie ef cx- 
preffion doth fo depend upon this Art , that 
( as Grammarians obferve ) Decencie is pro- 
perty fpoken o{Ceftttre\ and motions of the 
Hand and Body , and it fo exalts Beauty from 
the concrete into the abftracl:,that Nature and 
the tacit voice, and aflent of all tnen,all6w of 
it as a thing very materiall in commerce, and 
is fo look'd for at the H*nd oi an Orator, that 
the defects of cxtemporatic andjejune Ora- 
tions,have been covered by the Elegancies of 
this Artifice • and thole that have come off 
unhandfomly with their expreffi >ns,for want 
of thefc comely and palliating graces of Elo- 
cution, were ever laughed at, and juftly de- 




Manuall Rhecoricke. 

»H E Clazomenian Sage (as P/tr* 
torch reports of him ) upWa 
curious fpeculation of the pro- 
perties and motions of the 
Hondas it were in an extafie of Ana*ago2 
admiration, concluded Man 1 tb raJ « 
bethewifeftof all creatures, becaufe he had. 
Hants, as if they were the fpring and fountains 
of all intellecTtaall and artificiall elegancies : . . 
which opinion of vfiiaxagoras, Galen WithJ^™^ 
great elegancie and humanity, by Way of, t,.i. 
inrerfion corrects , That becaufe Man was the 
wifeft of all creatures, therefore he had Bands 
given him,tbe Batttb being added, that as he was 
the moft inteiligent/o he might'have fit otgstnsto 
do and explain what his knowledge did inMght 
Aim unto j ArtrnthtBand beirtgthef fame With 
Science in the Irielkti; net is the Genius of Na* Arifl. de 
lure filent herein. Tltttarch endeavours to give ijhrc. Am". 
an AUegoricall interpretation of this faying #f.mal lib 4 

B AtfaxJ a ?-i°- 

2 Chironomia: Or, 

Plutarch Anaxagoras, Manus efi caufa fapienti*. Manus 
in moral, id eft experientia , eft caufa fapient'ut : But in re- 
gard of the Rhetoricall properties of the Hand t 
Man may well be called Chirofophus^deftyAfatut 
Galen de fapiens. Hand-wife. Galen excellently obferves 
lib T"' M ' n to ^ e armC( * ty Nature with three weapons, 
Reafon, the loud weapon of the Tongue t znd the 
HW, which may be gave the hint to the Prefident 
Sealiger f the Colledge of Critiques to make them all 
ixcrcit. t jj ree H an d St { n t h at golden faying of his, where- 
in he fubtilly fets forth the Rhetoricall force and 
dignity of the Ha»d,Ratio eft manus inteUettusja. 
tionit oratio, orationis matins. Hence the Hand, 
the famous companion of Reafon hath ever obtained 
the preheminence in gefture, and been the Do- 
miusfac totttm in all matters of corporeall elo- 
quent^ , asappearesbythecleare teftimonyof 
the learned Sages, and the Cbirogrophie of elder 
Hippocra Time. Hippocrates calls the Hand, Optimum di- 
te m lib. cendtmagiftrum. The brother of Bafil very copi- 
deflatibus oufly fets out the Rhetoricall worth of this 
n' ff 1 de Jt 00 ^ Sce P ter * n d C a ^uceus of ingenuity. ReUe 
Hom'.'c! 8. ft atllitur » i"*™* 'ft proprlum quoddam nature lo~ 
' quendifaeultateprtt£tainftrumentum,huncpotiJft- 
mum ad finem effiftas ut earum opere expiditior in no- 
Cafliod.l. bisfermoniteffetufus. Cafiodorus faw alfo the 
de Animi force of this Hand-maid of wifdome, and living 
cap.>8. implement of elocution, tMamsftngulariter da* 
ta ad multas cogitationes noftrat communitur ex- 
).b m E pi ir t licandai - The younger P/inie would have this 
i 9 . ' faying marked and regiftred, R ecitantiumproprk 
fronmciationk adjumenta ejfe manus. And one 
taking his hint out of the Poefie of Homer, 
makes this honourable mention thereof, 
VclettUmambHsptrtHnt quo% faMUartes. 


The Art ofManuaU $ betoricke. | 

Hence the tatines fignificantly call the Hand, Qh KOat 
Mannm h fnanando qttod hoc inftrttmento yotiffi- 
mum aftioms t nobis entanent. Therefore "the Meletius 
Greeks for good caufc feem to have called the de nat. 

Hands ijgiftut ctnri lif; x*trniat ab Militate, for that Horn, 

they are not only, afliftant to eloquence, but doe 
incredibly conduce to all the offices of Rea- 
son and Humanity. For it is the Choifeft 
Friend of Art, the Artificer of Elocution , the 
Brother ofthe phanfie, and Remembrancer to 
her that dwells backwards in the highTowre 
off aflas,the Bodies will and IntelleA.the Gift, 
the wit, and ingenuity ofthe outer man, and the 
better Genius ofthe Microcofme 5 In which 
Minerva's darlings, the Phalanx of the Mules * 
and the Pierian Band,are trained & exercilcd as 
in a convenient Paleffra or Gjmanfittm. The Lo- 
giitlcali motions that appear in thcHands of Dit they demonftrate the large command 
ofthe fignifying faculty of theBody which flows 
not only into the vocall organs, but proceeds fo 
far,as to the they fignificantly argue the 
Hand to be a peculiar inftrument of reafonable 
nature,efpecially ordeined to fet a glofie Upon the 
vocal expreflions orthe mind.The Hand being a 
patt Co prompt & officious to afford the Tongue 
neceffary aid , fo powerfully inclined by its na- 
turall gifts and abilities to bring reliefe to rea- 
fon, fo apt and fit on all effayes to deale in mat- 
ters of expreflion j and to affecT: the hearers 
mindes , that whereas Man by a happy endow- 
ment of nature is allowed two inftrumentSi 
Speech and a Hand, to bring his concealed 
thoughts unto light ; the Tongue without the 
HWcan utter nothing but what will come Forth 

B a lame 

4 Ch ironom i a: Or, 

lame and impotent , whereas the Hand without; 
the difcourie oFtfie Tongue, is of admirable and 
energeticall efficacie, and hath atchieved many 
notable things. A11T Hiitorics abound with the 
exploits oFthe Hnitd, which hath performed and 
brought topaffe more things by a figniflcant fi- 
lence, then the Tongue hath ever done by an 
Philoflra- audible demonftration. Ayollon'ws Tjanem by 
tus in v ta jjjj mo ^ f amous example, alone , (hall fcrve to 
po loim c j earc t jjj s p ; ntj w ho when he had with an in- 
credible religion obferved the Pythagorean fi- 
lence , neither had fuffercd any word to fall from 
him during the fpace of five whole yeares ; yet 
when he came into Cities labouring of (edition, 
■A ytteilv -m w£js&';ra> manu At% vultu fedabai dif- 
etrdias : After which manner he'e travelled 
through Pampbylia, Cilicia, and other regions of 
the earth : For whatfoever is expreft by the 
Handis fo manifeftly fpoken,that men of themoft 
Obtufe underftanding that are not able to con- 
ceive of the words pronounced in an unknown 
Tongue , to whom an Oratours {$mt oyle is 
meerlyloft, becaufe their rich ancf elegant ex- 
preflions in conceits tranfeend the pitch of their 
capacity : yet thefe may fee and perceive the-in- 
tention of the Hand, which by geftures makesthe 
inward motions of the mindemoft evident: for, 
all men (a thing nature hath fo appointed ) are 
ftirred&moved by the fame motives of the mind, 
and doe in others underftand and take notice of 
the fame moving demonftrations, by experience 
judging and approving in themfelves thofe affe- 
ctions that outwardly appeare to worke upon 
others. Hence the ingenious are forced to con- 
fefTethat all things are more expreffive in the 


The Art of Manuall Rhetoricke. 5 

Hand,zs that which doth garniih the fcnfe of 
words, and gives the ihape ? figure ,and winning 
gloryunto eloquence. This ftrengthens Speech 
with nerves , and the finewed cords of twilled 
Reafon. Speech divided from the Hand is un- 
iound^and hrought into a poore and low condi- 
tion , .flags and creeps upon the ground. The 
babling Tongue f indeed ) may have a long and, 
fpacrouswalke 3 and the full mouth may prate 
and run or,e with large ancUoud impertinencies, 
but without the concurrence of the Hand, the 
mouth is but a running fore and hollpw fifMa 
oF the minde , and all luch ayery train but the 
.cracks oF an eprorltable lip that wants the afli- 
ilance of .tnofe native Orators which. were de- 
fined toattendThe perfect iflue of a well deli- 
vered cogitation : For what can we exped: from 
that eloquence that neglects the motions of the 
Handfor what can we conceive can be wrought 
out of that which is maimed and deformed>that 
would bee able to worke upon the affections ? 
Whence a grave lather, an Author or Clalficall 
authority ( the high pitch of vvhofefancie fome p.'^v 
may chance to admire ) borne on the rapture of j~ J ( ' ^' 
his thought, run fo highi,n his expreflions , tint 'pi& : . 
he denies that man could have enjoyed the ho- 
nour of an articulate voice, bad not nature plan- 
ted this magazine of Speech in the body, and So- 
red it with native ammunition for the defence 
and armiag of oralireafon. And verily If Man 
were dlfarmed ofthis native weapon , or organ 
intended for the fpeciall advancement of utte- 
rance, wanting the fubcle force of his HWani 
fingers, the expreffion of his Tongue would be 
very weake and unhe wed ; for the motions of 

B 3 the 

6 Chironomi a : Of, 

the Wand in pronunciation , doe much enrich 

and endeare the expreflions of the Tongue, 

which without them would many times appeared 

very meane : And if we confiderthe orations 

yet remaining among the mines of former ages 

which were publickly pronounced , wee may 

ceaie to admire the advantages they have had 

over others,or themfelves only penned.; fo that 

we may not fomuch wonder how they having 

been armed by difdbnrfeand voyce (together 

with the emphatical affiftance oftheH4»l)have 

produced fuch. prodigious effefts •• For, theffi 

gracefull aids of Speech and advantages are fo 

peculiar to pronunciation and the liana t that the 

F*bius hb p en or p r e{fe knoweth not what they mean.Tbis 

deTa*' ** fuffi c i cnt ly confirmed by what J2*tHtilia* re- 

Orat. * P orts o( Hortenjitts , a long time Prince_6fj0ta- 

" ' tors, afterwards Coevall and Competitour with 

Cicerey but alwayes accounted the iccond,whofe 

writings notwithstanding were fo (hort of that 

fame of his living eloquence of pronunciation 1 ; 

that it appeares there was fome what in thofc 0- 

rations he pronounced which pleated very well, 

which they who came afterwards to read could 

not findejthe gifts of {peaking and writing well. 

although compatible, yet notlo inieparable that 

lie who pretends to one , muft neceflarfly bee 

pofllftofbotb. That Virgin Monarch, Quceoe 

Mlisutheih of famous memory , whole Apo- 

thegmes may pane among the Oracles of Roy all 

Reaton, and Civill Prudence , having heard, or 

rather feen a Sermon that was preached before 

Her with the advantage of pronunciation* was 

rnueh affe&ed and taken therewith, and having, 

the fame Sermon afterwards prefentcd unto 


The Art ojManmU %betorich. 7 

Her, When She came to read it , and found not 
theinfinuationsof elocution and gefture , gave 
Her judgement of it,"That it was one of the beft 
Sermons She ever heard , and the worft flie ever 
read. " 

Notonly prophane, but facred Authours have 
taken notice of this folemne bond and Rhetori- 
call obligation between the HWandthe mouth, 
and have not only allowed the language of the 
Fingers by which the Ancients were wont to 
fpeake, but have likewife punctually fet downe 
the office of thefc fides-men the Hands , and 
gravely noted their neceffary imployment and 
concurrence to the more advantagious fetting 
out of fpeech. Among the recorded advanta- 
ges of gefture and Rhetoricall uniformity , the 
obfervation of T^overinm is not to be palled o- N over ;_ 
verinfilence, whofe ingenious animadverlion nu?ine- 
itis, thattheSeptuagintin their verfionof the lt<ft.iacr, 
Proverbs, where Solomon bringeth in wifdome c ,p tv 
faking ; and where St. Hieroms tranflation, or i4 . 
the vulgar Latine hath it , Extendi manum meant, 
in the Septuagint tranflation it is <, i Zt-nUov *.Ly>*' 
& txtendebaw fermones ; for that fpeech may 
have life and efficacie io it , the Hands muft goe 
out , and gefture mull appeare to the eye that it 
may give evidence to both fenfes : And Solomon ^ 
where he accuTeth the floathfiill man for not 4 
bringing bis Wand to his month , fecms to have 
caft an eye upon the old ./Egyptian fymboll , and 
to have faid, his Wands touch not his lips , his a- 
ftion agrees not with his voyce : For to this 
fenfe the Expotition of Saint Gregory may with 
little wrefting be drawn, Manum *d osporrigere , 
tfi vociftuoferaconcerdare-,3. good dependance & 

B 4 ne- 

i-iUi z. 

Chir onomias Or, 

seceffary relation>the Ha»4i& joy^ed to^he.Uflft 
and the lips muftbe fq knit s*nd held (With, tie 
Hands, that fometimes our very words andfpee- 
ches a«e turned into HWj, as the Septuagint in 
this place infinuate. And itisobfervableth&tlne 
j, Spirit that is called the Finger of God , appeared 
under the form of fiery Tongucs ? a raoft excellent 
connexion land it may be not withouta Rhetqifr 
cay. myltcry of divine and powerfull elocution , 
the -gift of fpeaking being granted hereby .as 
we-U to the Hand as the Tongue , and a do,Q,re of 
Utterance opened by the Spirit in both ; no mar- 
yell therefore that they of Lifira feeing the 
chiefe Speaker of the Apoftles fpeaking wtbe 
power of thefc Tongues, as this Finger gaye hj« 
4fts i j. utterance* tooke "Paul for ^Mercury their igpftgir 
? ?• nary god of eloquence. Since (therefore))^ 
Tongue is obliged to the Hand, it wUl become &■ 
legant Divines to be good at Aftion , bring thy 
Hand to thy Mouth , and tye thy Tongue to tfiv 
finger ■, and thou haft a moft perfect iymboll of 
Rhetoricall heat and divine expreflioo, 

Tor the Hand of the Artificer the worke fhali 
be commendedjand the wife-fuletofthe people 
Ecdus.p. for his fpeech,fafth the,£bn of Syrach. It fta/ras 
1 7 . him in Hand therefore who would emblazon the 

armes of the Queen of the afFeftions Eloquence, 
to ufe her owne pencill the Hand, of a moft ft* 
cr,«t property- to quicken fpeech, for where Elo- 
quence fwayes the Scepter-, the graces of utter 
ranee forfake their place and the feebleneffe of 
the proper forces of cheTongue are perceived* # 
they be not this way relieyed by the H**/, by 
whofe armes and alluremcnts(as it were by main 
forcejthe ancient Orators have fo often extorted 


The Art of ManuaH ^betorkke. 9 

approbation from their auditors, and by this 
Abird fuppiy of elegant deportmeat.invadingthe 
injnde through the eye , with eafie accedes put 
^gHifelvesimo the poflpflionof the people; An£ 
queHionlefle thofe hrave generous for. noes of 
dtfcoatife wherem Act hath beene married toa- 
i>undance, audtiebneffi ;of fpeech raised with 
fweetaefle and rnajettyiOf aftion » whtcewith 
«feo{e ejreat and Grange conceptions o/~freAn- 
cTents have been fo curiously limDed a > iu olen- 
jjfijlly adorned andjipced, are but toorienderly 
taken notice of in thefe tiroes, the perfections 
vWhereot can be ofno meane importance, when 
fvstbept the helpe of this great (ecret,neither or- 
^ament L of Art , nor grace of Nature can be but 
inp^rtjileafing, nor (as one welloWervesJifhaJl 
all the reafons the Topgue can aljedge, per- Balzack. 
fyirade a very woman , r,efolving to-Defift : For,, 
t>he Hands are thofe common places and To- 
piques of nature , which receive moft of thoie 
.extraordinary motions which appeare in Ora*- 
tion$, the high excefle, EnthuGafme^, raptures, 
and commanding beauty of expreiftons are here 
iound : For, although gefture naturally flowetb 
out with the voyce , yet.comelineffe and beauty 
are the decent ifhjes of apt nretion, which ar>- 
pearein a fwect delivery, anticipa.ting.the eare 
by the eye. And to fpeake ferioufly, this artifice 
of the Hand is no lefle rjeceffary to ^excellent 
difcourfes and conceits , then diicipline among 
Soul<Jiers,without which courage is ofno effeft, 
and valour moft commonly proveth unprofit- 
able : They therefore , who in publicke>and be- 
fore thofe who are verfed in the Art of wei- 
Ipeakiqg fall ihort in Manuall performance , 


io CHiRONOMiA:Or, 

ftfferingthe glory of Eloquence to receive dife. 
minution in their Hands; do no lefle then caft an 
afpcrfion upon the Art they profeffe , and abufe 
their hearers ; finceno foeechoughttobe pub- 
lique if you intend to performe it negligentiy,and 
not to allow it all the ornaments whereof itj$ 
capable ; for the polifhing whereof wee need 
notgoFar,Gnce the H*»«Jis able to accommodate 
the Tongue in fuch occafions, as that which hath. 
a greater variety of Synonymous expreffions , 
and is able to outvie it in equivalent variations, 
Thisis fufficiently proved by the old emulation 
between that famous Oratour Cicero and Rofc'm 
the great j Mailer in the Art of Action ; for it is 
certaine that mod eminent Oratour would often 
contend and ftrive avie with Rofc'ms whether he 
(hould more often exprefle the fame fentencein 
gefture ; or whether he himfelfe by the copi- 
oufnefte of his eloquence in a differing fpeech 
and variety of expreffion pronounce the fame ; 
which raifed Rofcius to that height and perfect- 
on of knowledge,that he wrote a boeke,where- 
in he compared Eloquence with the Art or Sci- 
ence of Stage-players : And indeed the fame 
and eftimation of Rofcius grew hereupon fo 
great , that learned Cato made a queftion whe- 
ther fieero could write better then Rofc'ms could 
fpeake and aft ; or Rofcius fpeake and acl: (setter 
then Cue rewrite. Hence a certaine moderne 
In s»ecu- "^ ut ^ oar re °koning up nine~kinde of wits uluall 
lo Humo" at tn * s day > makes up his account thus : Inu 
tum. frimk 3 z Simian or Apifh wit ; an Arcadian wit. 
an Autolican or embezled wit, a chance-medley 
wit , a fmirke,quick and dextericall wit, and a 
Rofcianwit, which is only in gefture , when 


The Art ofManuati Rbetoricfo. f t 

one can farrc more wittily exprefle a thing fay * 
dumbe extcrnall aftion , then by a lively inter* 
nallinvention.more by geftures then {efts. This 
was in that Pantomimicall.Ro/c7/tt, who could 
vary a thing more by geftures then either TttUj 
could by phrafe, or be by his witty fpeeches. 
And as concerning foch men wee may fay of 
themas once Cicero faid of Tifo, They are wife 
only by fignes. Thcfe Aftors,the cunning coun- 
terfeiters of mens manners, were called Panto* . 
mimikom their multivarious imitation, their fa- 
calty, Art geftitulatori* by the Romans , which 
bneTWitf«isfaid to have found out,or atleaftto 
have much amplified , who is reported to have 
been fo excellent in this fubtill artifice of his Athxnc 
Hands, that he could exprefle by them whatfo- \ , 
ever could be fpoken by word of mouth. And 
we read of a certaine Philolopher, one Memphis idem, 
byname, a matter in this faculty, whofeexcel- 
lehcie therein when the fameAuthoar would 
fignifie, Taccns ('faith he) geftu omnia nobitmnni- 
fc^iusHtidicabat, quam qui artem dicendi fe docere 
proftentur , in the reigne of c Domitian i Batkillus 
wasfatnous for thelemcafures of the Band % c<bn» 
cerning whom the Satyrift : 

GUronomon Ledum molli faltknte Ban So. Jurenal J. 

Saltationem manibus gefiiculatttuLed* reprcferitan- i. Satyr.*. 
te mmo, as Famaby upon the place. We read al- 
fo of one UWneflor a famous Pantomime , much Sueton. 
affefted by Caligula. Cal.g.cap, 

Caftodorus elegantly defcribing one of thefe Qfc £ 0T 
Pantomimes , Tunc illafenfuum manus occults ca- V3r E _ t ^ 
norum carmen expmit , & perjivna eompofita qudfi ult. 
quibufdam liter it, edocet intuentu affectum, in UFafe 
hguntur apicet reruns , & non fcr'tbendo facet quod 


i% Chi RottoMiA.'Or, 

Monflra- ScriftHra Aeclaravit. CWmfiralettiS in his Chro- 
let. in nidc makes mention of a company of thefe 
Chron. Chironomons , who before Trinity houfe in Pa- 
Carol.7. pis reprefetited the paflion of our Saviour with- 
Franc out afiy words at all, but by the my ftery of gefti- 
culations of his Bands, all things being very ex- 
actly and graphically a&ed by them. Thefe Chi. 
ronomons ofpld being fent for from the Theater 
to banquets>carved up foules and other viands to 
their Symphonies : To which Juvenal alludes , 
Juvenal, ^iec mimmofane difcrimine rtfert 

Satyr. . J>>uo geftit lef ores & quo gattiwfecetttr. 

Hence Petronius ,Ad jymphenlum geflicnlatus lace- 
Idem Sat. rtbat obfonia. And Juvenal: 
j. StruUortm interea xequa indignatiodeftt 

Saltantem video* &Ckirowmowa volanti 
C*lius JJpfas confounds thefe ftrudores or carvers; 
1. j. Antiq. with the £'hiro»amettts. The fcene of this Art fas 
U&.19. is thought) lay fitftin Syracufa , and that thefe 
fchironomicatt expreffions fprang from 
mane cruelty, of Hieron,. the Tyrant of that City, 
who among other his barbarous edi£ts,prohibited 
the Syracufians all commerce of fpeech , and 
the vocall liberty of communication, comman- 
ding them to call for their neceffaries by nods 
and fignifjeant motions of their Hands,, eye 
and feete , which ; foone neceffitated them 
to fall into thefe dancing coeferenccs and 
declarations of their mindes. The fir ft man that 
nfurped the name of Chironoman or Pantomime i- 
mongthe Romans, was 'Pjlades wheD he came 
out of Afia : an Art which about the time 
of Nero was brought to that authority and per- 
fecT:ion,that many Writers both Greeke and La- 

The Art ofMamaU %hetoru\c. 1 * 

tine as a thing mod wonderfull cried it up to 
iheskies. Hence 'Demetrius the Cyniqtie who 
lived in the time of Nerofeeing one of thefe Pan- 
tmmi dancing the mafque of Mars and Venus : 

Yidaris iffis manibus locjui : Lucian it 

Or as Lucian hath it , N$n agere,fedarguta mantt faltatione. 


And wee read of a certaine Prince who cam- 
ming out ofPontus about bufineffe to 2v>r»,thcn 
refident at the head of the Roman Empire.when p* Iius . 
he together with others had feenthis Chirouomon Jjjjjj'j' 
dancing (o confpicuoufly, that although he could ' 
not heare nor underftand what was fung ("for 
they were all femi-Grecians for language) yet 
they iwderftood all things very perfectly : This 
Prince when he was to returne home,and Ner» 
had invited him with much courtefie and love, 
and liberally bad him aske what he would at his 
Hunds, promifing him readily to grant his defire; 
Give me, quoth he, Royall Sir, this Chirommer , 
and with this gift you (hall highly pleafure me: 
Nero demanding what that fellow might ad- 
vantage him in his^Fiires at home,I have quoth 
he ( moft facred Emperour ) many barbarous 
neighbours differing in language, to underftand 
whom , J need a great number of Interpreters, 
which are not eafie to be had ; therefore when 
I malllland in need of an Interpretour,this man 
byfignificant motions of his Hands {hall inter- 
pret all things unto me. And concerning thefe 
artfull geftures of the Hand, and loquacity of the 
Fingers , we muft underftand many paflages of 
the ancient Poets , and Philofophers. Thus is ^Jjjj a .. 
thatofC/^«^»tobeunderftood: M an i. 

Jlui nmu manibufjj loquax. Thcodon 


?4 ChironomiajOt, 

And that of Sydovius ^ApoUinarU : 
C Unfit fAHcibus & loquente gefiti. 
Petrtm jn To thi$ flfo b e i ongs t j Ult D f Petroniut : 

Tuer ma*u loquact. 
Aaony- A nc l w jj at another fpeaking of this Art hath : 
nius lib.* jZgreffusfcotnam populum Saltator adorat 
"'^ r * Solertipwlet prodert verba manu. 

TugnAt, ludit,amat, bacchatur, vertitur, adfiat, 

Jllufirat verttm cunSla decore reflet. 
Tot lingua quot membra vtrojnirnbilisefi art 
jQuifacit Articulos vocefilente loqui. 
The Poet here faith very aptly, Articulos loqui, 
for that thefe Pantomimi did not only delight in 
gcftures of the Hand, but more efpecially in mb- 
Cafliodo- M°ns of the Fingers. Theoricus King of Italy 
tut l.i.var Called this, Mu fleam mutam, {till muficke, qua ore 
Epift. 10. tlaiifo manibus loquitur, & quibufdam gefticulath- 
nibusfacit idintelligi, quod vix parr ante lingua ,a»t 
S.Cy^riiJifiriptura textu pofct Agnofci. To this appertains 
ie fpe&a- that of St. (Cyprian , Vir ultra mulierum moUkitm 
culit. difiblutus, cut art fit verba manibus expedire. And 
Seneca *h*t of Seneca, Mirare folentus fcoena peritos, quod 
Epift.i ji. * n omnem fignificationemrerum & affeUuum parttt 
IRorumeft manus, & verborum velocitatem geftitt 
C3ffioJo- ajfequitur. But of all that have touched at this 
rut \tb.6. Art, mod wittily fitjfiodorus, Hicfunt addita Or- 
Epift. vh.cheftarumlequacitfimA manus \Hnguofi digiti,filaM- 
urn clamofum,expofitio taCita t quam mufapolyhymi* 
reperiflie narratur, oflendtns homines pof[e,&fineirii 
*i . Afatu,fuum velle declarare. And indeed the Prince 
Virg.m pf Roman Poets where he handles the names Sc 
*" B- inventions of the nine Mufes , afcribes the fin- 
ding out of this kind of utterance to Tolytymia, 
Signat cunda manu loquitur Polyhymnia geft*. 
The learned bbfervation of thefe prcmifeS made 


The Art d/M anuaB ^hetorich. 1 5 

the ancient Matters of the Hicfoglyphiques who Pi«.Hier. 
nfed to decypher a diftinft and articulate voy ce lib. % j. 
by a Tongue, adde a Hand comprehending the, 
fame) to note out eloquence, by that conceit im- 
plying, that fpeech flood in need of that moift 
organ the Tongue,but pronunciation required a 
H<»<J,to wit, an artificiall helpe to fet it off, and Zen 
make it beautifull to the eye. And the firft inven- / C j" c ° s# * 
ter of the Art of Logique, to note the moods and As Arift. 
brevity of argumentation , exhibited Logique writeth. 
by a H««/compreft into a Irift, and Rhetoricke 
by an open and dilated Hand, which is but pug- 
mttxpanfns. Analogicall to this, is that fymboll D - 
of the Cynique, LManusnonfHntprtferendacom* l ° • 
plicm conf/tjts digitit , which infinuates that 
fpeech (hould not be perplext in the deli very ,but 
(hould be open plaineand free , forthen fpeech 
labours of a blinde crampe, when it is too Con- 
cife, confufed or obfcure. Hence Phifiogno- 
mers according to their rule adapparentiam,mkt 
fiich men to be full of words whofe manners and 
common ufe it is to hold the Viand fpread out 
withthef iwjw-j.Thefe Hand Critiques obferving <^& 
the apparent manners of men, fay, That he who 
ctftomarily ufeth much action of his Hand, in his a faire fpealcer,and neat in hfs language. 
And that ancient fnterpretour oTdreames, in his 
Allegoricall inferences,makes the H<»^to figni- * e r "™ ' 
fiereafbn, undcrftanding,fpeech and languages, i nt erp.U, ; 
which as it were by the conduct of letters, cap.44.' 
or rather an opportune fpeeCh, declares the 
tacit affections of the minde. Kibcra ob- Rjf, cra 
ferves, that the Hand in Scripture doth not only Comment 
fignifiethe divine fuggeftions of Prophefie, but inproph. 
alfoallkinde offpeech^efpecially wherein there ramor ' 


iS C h i R o n o m i a ; Or, 

is any thing commanded x and he addes the rea- 
son , Sjtta ficut max us rrtovet , ita movet locuth 
pracipief/s. The reafons Why grave Antiquity did 
render andunderftandall kinde of fpeech and 
Pierius in language (as jPwww' notes) by&Haxd, are, for 
Hicrogl. that the moving and figniflcant extention of the 
Hattdis knowne to be fo absolutely pertinent to 
fpeecji, that we together with a fpeech expert 1 
the due motion of the Hand to explaine , direft, 
enforce,apply,apparrell,& to beautifie the words 
men utter, which would grove naked ,unlefle the 
clbathing Hands doe neatly move to adorne and 
hide their nakedneffe,with their comely and mi- 
nifteriall parts of fpeech : And words woold 
Save but a cold lodging in the eares or the audi- 
tors, if the H<wrf{houl3 not be the Harbinger jjf 
the Tongue, to provide ancTprepare the eye tot 
thcit better entertainment ; for as words paint 
out the image of the minde : So thefe fuffragans 
of fpeech by a lively fenfe afford that ftiadow 
which is the excellencie of the vocall pourtrai* 
fture. Since as thefe geftures of the Hand alone* 
and by themfelves doe f peak and flicw the men- 
tall fprings from whencethey naturally arife; fo 
invited by Art to thffatd of Eloquence, they be- 
come the Acceflbries and fairefpoken Adjunds 
of fpeech. Hence the firft Artificers of Manuall 
Rhetorick'c, hit on the right veint of Oratorie, 
when conducted by a learned curiofity of wit 
they tooke in hand that polite device , and ele- 
gant defign of reducing the ufuall geftures of Na* 
ture into ftricl rules of Art , preparing the undi- 
gefted motions of Nature, and making. them 
more f ormall , and fit for the intention of Rhe- 
toricke, whofe life and force they.made much to 


The Art dfManuaU Rbeiorich. 17 

iconfift in the juft demeanour of the R*»i,Wtoofe 
motions appeare as emphatkail to the eye* as 
fpcech doth to th$ eare, two ports of fenfe, 
through which all pafflons flnde an entrance to 
ceaze upon the minde. And hence fuch Orators 
have ever won the prife , arid have had the* 
hands crowned wkh the 01ympique palate of 
Eloquence, who have excelled in the tabMH 
ftotionsof this Art; who conceiving RhetoV 
ricke to confift moft in a detent motion or the 
body, beftowed well near e as much pairies. tti 
adapt their geftures to Rhetoricall figriincations, 
as in the elegant difpofing of their choitfe 
So wets ; the Hands fo furpafling in dignity aH 
the other corporall adjutants of mans wit ; that 
there can bee no eloquence without them. 
And they perceiving that action bore moft fwa7 
with the peoplejWho moft commonly are-led by 
fenie, which is moved by fome adequate object; 
that without the true knowledge of this fcerei 
of Art, none coutdbe accounted in the nqmbfit 
of j»ood Oratou'rs, & that a mean Oratour inftruJ-, 
ftedin this kria'cke'of action , did oft exceH the 
inoft'tfnjnenr- theybent their whole endeavours 
for the attaining this quality. *Pwoftkenetvi\\Q 
tjefetves the firriame of* 0iimr*m forhisaetive 
/udgs^tient in tjiefe Rhetoricall endeavours , he 
was Wont to compoie the action and gefture of 
his body by a great looking- glafle; andforfur- 
thericquaintance wi* this faculty, he entertain*' 
ni&jttidroutCHs the Stage-player , by whom be- 
ing inftructed in this Art after he had reformed 
the deleft t]hat was before'in .his Orations for 
Want of Action , he grew very famous for Elo- 
quence j infomuch that tstfchlntt the Oratour 

C who 

1 8 Chuokomiaj Or, 

who in a difcontent left Athens, and came to 

Plutarch kce P a Scao °fe at Rhodes > and b eg un to tcach th c 
in the life, A" of Rhetorique , when he otherwhiles read 
of &X<h\- unto the Rhodians ( and that with aftion and 
pes the O- gefture) the Oration he had pronounced againft 
latour. cttfifhon : when all the hearers marveiled there- 
at, and namely,how poflibly he could be caft, if 
he acYed fuch an Oration : You would never 
Valer. wonder at the matter (quoth he) my Matters of 
Max.hb.8 fl^odes, if you had been in place, and heard *De* 
cap. io. de w ^ fW ^ an d feen the vigorous Iharpneffe of his 
Amo'' e y"» tne terrible weight of his countenance , a 
oiowcorp. fweet voyce accommodated to every word,and 
the efficacious motions of his Hand and body. 
This Art was generally pradifed by all the emi- 
nent 'Oratours of esfthetts, unlefle perchance in 
that fad and folemne Seffion of the Areopagites, 
where when they were to fpeak without afteftj- 
on,in an obfeure and darke place, there was no 
caufe why they ftiould ufe the motios of theA<W 
Among the Romans Oratours , Cicero to 
this intent made ufe of Rdfcitts. the Comedi- 
an, indcAfope the Tragedian, in his time the 
Halters of thislrind of learning, who was wont 
to call Rofc'ms for his great skill in thefefubtle- 
tiesof the H*»</, 'Delicto* fuat t his Darling : and 
upon a time* in a moft eloquent Oration , he re- 
jbuked the people of i?0/w,becau(e while Rofiiut 
was afting, they madeanoyfe. What an apt 
Scholler he proved, and what his opinion was of 
thisArt,appeares by his book <& 0r<«ttrr, where* 
in he fo highly extolls Action , the practice 
whereof help'd to intitlehimtothe principality 
of Eloquence. 'Plutarch relating the force of 
C'cero's eloquence, by reafon of thefwect grace 


The Art ofManUaQ ft hetoricke. t g 

of his pronunciation, reports him in his Oration piutan* 
froLijjrrio t fo marvciloufly to have moved C«- in thr I, ft; 
fur, l one that could well skill in Manual! Rhe- °f CUtoj 
torique] that he changed divers colours, and 
(hewed plainly by his countenance , that there 
Was a marveilous alteration in all the parts of 
him. For, in the end , when he came to touch 
the battaile of Phurfdia , then was Ctfar (6 
troubled, that his body Ihooke withall , and be- 
fides, certaine bookes which he had , K 11 out of 
his hands , and he was driven againft nis will to 
fetZ»£<«wratlibertie. Therefore the malice of , . , 
uintonie forced tearesandlamentati ihs into the ' u€mi ° 1 * 
eyes of the Roman?, when they faw^We'i 
Right Hand, the inttrument of his divine El< - 
quence, with which he penn'd and pronounced 
the Phillippiques, nail'd faft Unto his head , and 
fct upon the Roftrnm or Pulpit of Common pleas 
in the Ferttm. Cn. Lentttlm alfo , for his excel- 
lcnde in this Art , was more famous then for his 
vocall eloquence. £lZ«tf«//w , P> Zentulus , C* 
•QfticehHSy L. Apulews Saturnws> C r *fi HS > ar) d C. 
Julius Cafar , were men expert in this myfterie; 
x AntomH$]a.t ufed the Aliatique phraie in his plea- 
dings , which carried the beft grace and tftima- 
tion at that time , full of oftentation and br \ v y 
of gefture. As for J^SPompeikf, firnamed Bit by - 
'trite*, C.CMacer > OHanlliMS Sur^ &c. they loll 
theeftiinationofgoodOratours, forrhei derici- 
encie in this Art. But above all, m«<tt ^cliVely 
eloquent was JiKHorten/ifts the Oratour ; ore 
Could not tell whether they (hould moft .kfire 
to run to heAre^ or fee him fpcske : his prc-lencfc 
and afpecT: did fb adorne and become n * >*><.>• lis, 
and affllt his periods to accoinplifn a;i their 
C z num- 

20 Chironomia : Or, 

numbers 5 and againe, his verbatt expreffions 
AuLQclL werc f conformable to his gefture , and fo ele- 
hb.i.wp.j g ant iy adminiftrcd unto his hand ? that for cer* 
taine , «/£/*/> znA.Rofcitts, two famous A&orsof 
thofe times, were often obferv'd to croud into 
Val. Mar. tfc Affembly when he was pleading , that tn$y 
lib. 8. de ought by imitation transferre fome of his expref- 
apt© motu five geftures, from the Forum to the Theater, 
corp. Some Lawyers and Divines I have obferved to 
have been very prevalent by virtue of this arti- 
fice of the Hand , even in thefe times : among 
Whom, mod eminent was that much lamented 
Dr-3>°» w ; °f whom an ingenious friend thus 
in his Elegiack knell : 

M /chS e Tet have J[etn thee *" the *? "¥'$*»** 

Church Where one might take notes frem thy leo\&)saX!^ 

Oxford. ttAndfrom thyfpeaking attion beare avtay 

UWore Sermon then fome Teachers ufe to fay. 
Such was thy car i age, and thy gefture fieeh, 
tsis could deyide the heart , and confcicncc touch: 
Thy motion atdconfute t and one might fee 
An error vanquijh'd by deliveries 

Such (as Sconerus notes) was the action of the 
Prophets and Ecclefiafticall Oratours in the 
Primitive times,plainly Heroique, as may be col- 
lected out of Sacred Writ , and fome Commen- 
tators thereon , in whom the Eloquence of the 
Prophets is graphically defcribed. 

Nature exhorts all men to Action confentane- 
ous to the ftile of the, ir Elocution : which inbred 
and commodious propenfitie , unleffe illuftrated 
ay Art, and confirmed by exercitation, is,as7>4- 
fcKHntms notes, but as a field untill*d,which runs 


The Art of Manual 'Bhetoricke, 2 1 

wild' with diforder'd productions. Art beingthe 
Imitator which perfects_N«ure,makes her actios 
pore dilucid.illuftrious and herpofhivs 
accommodation?. For whatfbever Nature doth 
inftitute In the individuals worthy obfervation, 
reduced into one exdet idea, built upon generall 
precepts, by a perpetuall order, Art doth expofe 
under one afpect of the Understanding : AncI 
Nature againe placed by Art, beholds the excel- 
lent actions of eminent men, and exprefles them 
fcyaliappy exercitation. Wherefore the ancient 
Rhetoricians, who caft their eyes upon Nature, 
and infilled in herfteps, Whofe Art was princi- 
pally bent to imitate the feverall actions of the 
Mind with a decent and comely grace ; admit- 
ted no gefture to the band, bin what they did find 
by an accurate collation to have fome .fimilitude 
withthetruthof NaturcThat whictEPbilofiratHs 
Junior requires of a Painter, who would be emi- . '*' °^ j^ 
nent by his Hand, is more neceflfary to an Ora- c0! ^ 
tour. He would have him that Would feemeto 
manage that Art skilfully , to bea man endued 
with a good fancy and a tound judgement , a- 
ftively apt to every thing, and induitrious in the 
obferving of mens natures, and afltmilating their 
manners, and counterfeiting of all things which 
ia the gefture and composition of the body , 
are the-fignes and notes ofthetacite mind and 
affections. And indeed , then (hall the hand of 
an eloquent man move aptly, and as to the 
purpiofe apply ed to exprefle what he takes in 
hand, when he hath converft with Nature , and 
infinuatcd himfelfe into all the veines of the af- 
fections of the Hrf»4& by diligent ftudyhath at- 
tained toanexquifite experience in ths proper- 
C j ties 

%% Ghironomi a ; Or, 

ties of the fingers,and what the naturall motions 
of the handire wont to be.Hence Philofophers^ 
who can difcern of the naturall caufes of things, 
have a notable advantage: for he (hall moft ele- 
ganth & judicioufly manage his Hand, & mode- 
rate the geftures thereof,who by the difciplineof 
Philolophie (hall apply and conforme himfelfe 
neereft to the nature & varietie of the affe&ions. 
H« nee 'Demofthener, being demanded the que- 

iTZ'hk ftion ' Which was the firft P oint oi Elo( l aence ? 
ofDemoff. ^ e answered, Action : Which the fecond ? He 
* anfwered, Aftion : and which was the third, he 
faid, Aftion, ftill. Wherefore in the Olympian 
Games , at that famous affembly oigregce , thaf: 
Theater of Honour , where the Arts, wifdome, 
., . and the illuftrious Vertues were recompenced 
# h 'i I" w *^ P UD li°i uc h° n °urs j therein the fight of the 
giaiaaa! people of Gr«« , after the found of a Trumpet, 
wherewith the mindes of the ftanders by were 
rowzed up to attend the folemne commendati- 
on of the publique Cryer j the Hands were firft 
Chryfoft. crowned,before the Head, as S. Chrjfeftome ad- 
|iom.2fie yertifeth us. For when the UrafatU, which 
^jvxdi » werc mo ft skilful] Judges , would declare, that 
all the glory of the Victors did proceed from the 
Hand or Aftion j and that in the firft place , In- 
duftry, labour, and skill were crowned by them; 
not the fhoulders of the triumphant Olympia- 
niceans, but their Hands were decked and prai- 
4mtirof. fed with the glorious Palm.Skilfully therefore S. 
ft Hexa. Amhrofe : Talma mantts yitlricis ornatus efi.hni 
«*>•»*• Viftorie is called, *Dca palmar is : and vitloriofits, 
with IJtdor t is palmo/us. But why the Palme 
was given to them that overcame , and why the 
boughes thereof have been propofed as rewards 


The Art ofManmti <%betorlcfo, 2 J 

tofuchas were victorious in Artes or Armes, 
according to that of the Poet : Horace 

— Talntafcnobilis, hb.i.OJ. 

Terr arum dominos evebir ad dees. 
There are who alleadge this reafon : For that 
the fruit of the Palme doth refemble the Hand 
and fingers , and .are thereof by the Greekes na- 
med dattili, that is, digiti, fingers : for, the great See SanJes 
ends of the branches appeare like hands ftretch- Travaiks, 
ed forth , and the dates as fingers. It feemed * ,b * '• 
therefore right,the Palm mould be given to them 
Whofe Hands were skilfull in Arts, and Fingers 
cumning in battail;fince the chief weight & lllu- 
ftrious honour of all triumphs depend upon the 
\^f»dozatlion t or as if the fruit of the Palm were 
peace. And 77dSfc,when he had unfolded all the Tu!. <fe 
ornaments of a coftly and copious eloquence,he Or«t. 
calls up all ki the fummary of thefe grave words: 
Scdhac omnia perinde funt ttt <*g«/w:implying,that 
without a pleafing and opportune Aftion,all the 
other aydes of Speech would become vaine and 
unprofitable. TaUus is in the right , where he r j xm iu 
faith , that many Infants by the dignity of Afti- Rh , u 
on, have often feap'd the fruit of Eloquence ; 
while many eloquent men through the deformity 
of gefture , have been accounted very babies in 
Expreflion. For whereas Nature aflignes to 
each motion of the Minde its proper gefinre , 
countenance, and tone, whereby it is fignifi- 
cantly expreft ; this grace of Gefture is concei- 
ved to be the moft elegant and expreffive virtue 
of the three ; inftall'd by Tlato among the Civill 
virtues, as the fpeecb and native eloquence of 
the Body ; for that thofe Elegant conceptions 
that inrich the pregnant Mind, incite the minde 

C 4 by 

$4 Chi ft oNOMiA'.Or, 

by fome ftratagem of wit , to finde out apt ancf 
fit expreflions : and while fl*e labours ; to be 
free in powringout her hidden treasures, {lie im- 
prints upon the body the a&ive hints of her moft 
generous conceits , darting her rayes into the 
body , as light hath its emanation from the Sun :. 
Which eloquent impreffions , a kinde of fpeech 
moft confonant to theminde, are in the moving 
of the Handfo neatly wrought and-emphaticaUy 
produced , that the Hand many times feemfes to 
have conceived the thought. He therefore that 
would purchafe the repute of an accompiifh'd 
Rhetorician , muft purfue the knowledge of this. 
Art, which confifts in underftanding the lawfoll 
garbe and ordered motions of the Wand,xh& moft 
puiflant Agent of the foule , and which hath by 
Jome been called Mens corporis, ,orthe Mindeof 
fhe Bpdy;the voyce of Philofophie admonifttfng 
in Epfltetus, no leffe to be mindedby a Rheto- 
rician then a Philofbpher : 

2pi& Nedigitum quidem tenure extendere. 

inchHM*. Some notions of this Manuallithetorique are 
derived from the Heroique ages of the world, 
and were approved and allowed of by Socrates, 
Yet in the dayes of ayfriftotle were not delivered 
by any,as digefted into any forme of Art, which 
bad been a Subject worthy of his pen : but,** 
qhirologicii dermivit csfriftrteles. The Art was 
firft formed by Rhetoricians; after wards ampli- 
fied by Poets and cunning Motifts.skilfijUim the 
pourtraifture of mute poefie : but moft ftrangely 
lnlargedjjy Actors, the ingenious counterfeiters 
of mens manners. The firft Romane Gratour 
that-collected thefe Rhetoricall motions of the 
HWmto an Art , tranaating fo much from the 


?bt An of MatmB <%J)etorickt. «g 

tteaterto the £001111, as ftood wxdithejfr»vi$y 
ofan Oratour.was fureLy JZgiptilia/t, unto.wfcofc QujntiUn 
cunous-obfervation in thej^Uw^ I referje tfcojlg ^er.-tfafc 
\who out of curiofitie JsfitAto bcJDODRe puncljx- 
»Uy iofprmed in thefe moft Iubtlaand;&ftnice 
notions xtf tacHa»4, whtcb they may«alfotfinde 
jccifedk r^jjuiiis fi.lietoiifljiej,; a rayjfteriein 
great requfft with^^cieitt.'Sc^hiBigsjwi 
Rhetoric:.^ *nd properly .handled 4iy.. them 
although losi',-- aot well ajivjfed , wj#rii,ha*e 
them c/wii^s. : c.i 1 1 the iEtbiqutes . : for there J£ 
diftiufikion.ta ut made' between tfotiwlftcb-lilap 
l^^&C»\i~A£fi(»uajjverMiMfJos.UvUenffa^ Qua* 
^r^f»,,\v,hi^f^(bei^cee^e$caU^j»wr^i, .ajtf 
nK>ve.tte«al^ioaso£th,e Auditors. Andindoqrf 
the^eA-iures of Rhetarjcatt utwrance ioepre- 
^pofe -the j&thiqae pte*epjs.anffidieiaw«SiS 
civall conveciatioja. TheiAncteots, ejpficialjy 
the^g^ciaJWiWlu)-wercjnc»c«jer!vei;y inventive 
of fochfubileties , had a, #<*<#?**, or place of 
excrcife for thUporpole. T*U*$ proferee&tbdEc 
Canonicali jgeftuces hcfote the.artifice of tfee 
Voyce , although, ihis Coonnentater -wjllallow r| ,. . 
$he ptehenainence of tftsAm*^yai»onglHatt ^, n u ,"* 
ons of-divers tongue?,; ancLnot uilrere theafletm Xalzun. 
My is of one lip. Keckernuto gives the yoyce the 
dignity of precedence fot our times: but he is 
no better than a precifion in Rhetoriqae , of 
whofe cbnceit let the learned judge , fince he 
icaafcfletb the Jefuites (known to be the greateft 
proficients in Rhetorique of our times ) inftruft 
their difciples after this manner. And how won- 
derfully they have improved and polifticd this 
kind of ancient Learning , appsares Sufficiently 


i£ TbejirtofMamnURbetoricfo. 

by the labours of three eminent in this faculfie : 
Crtfo&itts dt ftfin Qratoris, yoetltts de arte dir 
Alftedius cendi, and C**firtut de EloquentU. tAlfte&us 
in Rhet. could wifh we had fome booke of the Pronunci- 
ation of the Ancients, that we might take out of 
it fuch geftures as did fquare with our times: 
Lacrt.lz. fuch a Booke as Laertius praifes. And Schonermt 
in vita wifties for Types and Cbirograms, whereby this 
Theodw. Art might be better illuftrated then by words. 
Which defect in this Art I have here attempted 
tofupply (and as I hope) withreafonablefuc- 
ceffe. If I have mifcarried in any, it is the more 
pardonable, fince in all my fearch after thefe fub- 
tleties of the H*Md\ I never met with any Rheto- 
rician or other, that had pifturd out one of thefe 
Rhetoricall expreflions of the Hands and fin- 
gets ; or met with any Philologer that could 
exaftly fatisfieme in the ancient Rhetoricall po- 
ftures of Slumilian. Francifcus Junius in his late 
Translation of his Pitlura vetcrum, having given 
the bed proofe of his skill in fuch Antiquities* 
by a vet ball explanation thereof. That which 
inabled me to advance fo farre in this Art, is the 
infight I have purchafed in the ground-work on 
foundation of all Rhetoricall pronunciation, to 
Wit, the Natural! Expreflions of the H*wL 





O F 



The Artificiall managing of 

the H a n d in Speaking. 

With an Hiftoricall Manifefto , ex- 
emplifying the Rhetoricall Anions 

He Hand lightly 0- c %* 
pened, timoroufly 
difplayed before the 
breaft, and let fall 
feyfiiortturnesuraderthe hca* 



yingfhoulders, is an humble 
and neat adtion , bccornming 
thole who daunted and dt maid x 
begin to fpeakasif their tongue 
were afraid to encounter wnh 
the publicke care; and fuch who 
fliunntng a profufe exccffc of 
words, would Jparingly ex- 
prefle their Mindes, or aflwage 
2nd mitigate the cenforious ex- 
pectation of their Auditours,by 
an ingenious infinuation of a 
diminutive Action. 

£ft Rhet 2& intilia * tWnks ^at Dtmofihcties in that low- 
lib.ii. ty an< * fearhill Oration for Ctefyhon, began with 
JbtfS H«</ competed after this manner : And that 
Ciero's HW was formed to this composition of 
gefture in the beginning of his Oration ; for 
Avch'tM the Poet, when he faid , Siquidtfi in me 
'wgtnii (juJicts) qxoijentio qutmjtt txiguum. 


THe ftrecehing forth of the 
Handis theforme of plea- 

The Art ofMamati fib'etefitU* i$ 
ding , and hath a fecrct helft 
zndfreparatfoe to ready fp$a- 
king, and commendtthan A* 
foldgy or any kt lpceoh to the 

In the memorialls of Antiquity,in the Writings 
of the old Annales, the lineaments of Pictures, 
tndincient Statues, we fhall findc etiis {Wfttfw 
of preparation in the Wandt of famous Qratours. 
Arifitdes reports , that Prince of OratOins,.^/- Arifiides, 
tiades to have been fo painted in Grece to the e- 
tcrnall monument of hismerriory, ftfetching out 
his R ightUand only ,as he was wont mbft honour 
rably to (peake unto his peopte. Phillip that e- corfius 
loqSentman, was Wont to fay, that he did V ar.lcft. 
foiifcup to fpeake that hee knew not his firft Citer.dc 
word, yet he faid he ufed to fpeake excellency O fat * 
well,When he had once warmed his Arme. And 
idarceMnus obfervtng the demeanour of Vakn* 
trnan about to mate a publicke fpeecfe, when he 
had put forth his Wand (faith he) that he might 
fpeake more readily. That divine Oratour and 
chfef Speaker ofthe Apoftlcs.ufed this Aftiowas 
apr^drawwtohisenfuing ApvUgie: for when 
4@$p* had permitted Taul to fpeake for him- 
felfe, Taul ftretched out the HW, and anfxn- 
red for Sirofelfe. This Forme of pfotdmg is to 
he feene in the ancient Statues, of Roman Ad* 



C4H»ft *TpHE indulgent putting 
nL X forthof the HWtowards 
the Auditours, fignifying a 
kinds of Humanity and good 
niHjs a benevolent adtion., fit for 
thofs vfhopraifeor congratulate \ 
And is of great efficacie t© move 

This A&ien had a lingular grace and comeli- 

neffe in Meletms, that reverend Biftiop of Antr- 

och , a man invironed with a guard of all the 

Vermes, with which Aftion of his HW, as 

with the engine of good will, he feemed to lift 

up the hearts of his hearers with him; therefore 

Greg. Gregory Njffen attributes to him, C omem kxtrito & velttti liHoc'mio orationjtferfufMn, qHAtmncm 

St. Melet. irisfdCHttditdigitos commovtrefolttt. 

C iv" ^T 1 He gentle and wel-orde- 

X red Hand, throwne forth 

by a moderate projedt ion * the 

fingers unfolding themfelvss 


The Art ofManuaB ^betericke. 3 i 
in the motion , and the {boul- 
ders a little flackned,affords a fa- 
miliar force to any plaine con~ 
tinned jjteecb or untforme dif> 
cour/e ; and much graceth any 
matter that requires to be hand- 
led with a more lofty ftile, which 
we would faine fully prefect in 
a more gorgeous excefle of 

The comelineffe of this Action (which beft 
fuites with them who remove & fhift their ftan- 
|fing)appears herein,that by this emanation of the 
Xrm,and delivery of gefture, fpeech is (b well 
pronounced and powred forth, that it feems 
to flow out oftheH4»<i. 

TH E Band directed to- f«*»» 
wards the Audicours, 
with a kinde of impetuous agita- 
tion of the Jrtne, maintaining 
its gravity with a fwift recourfe, 


$* Chironomi a ;Or, 

is an adfcion mten/e and full of 
yehemerfcie , fit to threaten, de- 
nounce, reprehend., and a/fevere, 
and by itscxtenfion,implics^- 
Hper,$rA a prevalent authority. 

This Aftion is not feafbnable untill an Oration 
begin to wax hot and prevalet*,and' the dftcour* 
fing appetite of thcHW be rowfedap, and 
well heated by a Rhetoricall provocation, and 
frfurficicnrh/afte&cd to move according tp the 
nimble contention cf the Tongue. And then 
this gKtteringdart of fpeech , like ligfeningi of 
the (Baking oftsfpoSo's beams,expatiates it felfe 
into a glorious latitude oF elocution : The Ura* 
tion with this militarle gefture, as It were,pow- 
ring out it felfe. The left arme (if any thiqgss 
to be done with it ) is to be railed, that it may 
make as it were a right angle. 

Cdnon ^Tr^He Hand reftrained and 
X kept in, is an argument of 
modefiy, and frugall promnciati* 
on, a/lill and quiet adtion, fu- 
table to a milde and remijffe de> 



The Art of ManuaU Rbetorlcke, $ 3 

This Aclion with Tulfy, is LMalli bracbU >agere: 
with Fabifts, Metli articulo; Gladiator em vehement « 
impetus, a4verfarii mollis articulus except t. And, 
in the Primitive times of elocution, when elo- 
quence began to flowre and bud, and inlolencie 
was rarely entertained* Oratours were wont to 
jwcp thejr Hands within their cloaks , for fo, as 
ts£(chi»es will have it , thofe ancient Oratours, in y "^ r 
Pripces of moft account,both for their 
language and judgement (Pericles and Thcmi- 
jfyrff.r) were wont to declamej as an aftion moft 
Stable to conferve their modefty. And he fet- 
cheth his argument of fo laudable a cuftome 
frpmthe ftatue of<SWo»,which the ancient Statu- 
gries, skilfull in the counterfeiting mens maners 
made for Soltn at Salamin4,ia this pofture to note 
his moderation and modefty ; with which figni- 
fieation there was the like ftatue long after hj$ 
time erecTred at Rome for Scipio. And verily 
tdifebines who approved of this pofture of the 
Band as an Index of moderation, he obferved it 
himfelfe even in the heat of reprehenfion and re- 
proofe j but this animadverfion of <i/£fchin?i 
who fpitefully carped at the important geftures 
oilhttfand, thcQzztom'Demoflhenes &\& after- 
Wards moft elegantly deride and explode; for 
that ftatue o£Solon t faith he, the Salaminians fay 
was not dedicated above fifty ycares agoe : But 
from Solon to this prefent time are two hundred 
and forty yeares, fo that the work-man who ex- 
preffed that gefture, no Bothis grandfather, were 
then alive. But it cannot be denied that fuch a, 
thing might be with the Ancients, which c/E/^ 
chines knew rather by conje&ure , then any cer- 
taiae aifurance : For we read of one Polemon a 

D de- 

24 Chironomia: Or, 

Valer. deboy fe young man.whe upon hearing of Xeno- 
Max. " «v«f«,became modcft, and drew his Hand with- 
in his cloake. And the graveft Writers report of 
Plutarch Cleon that turbulent Oratour of Athens,to have 
in Nicla. been the firft that opened his cloake in fpea- 
king. This rationall conceit prevailad alfo with 
the Romans , for although in the ancient ftatues 
of Lawyers in Rome, we finde the Right Hand 
put torth,the forme of pleading: yet the firft jett 
they were called to the Bar, they were not to 
put forth the Hand , nor a young Advocate per- 
mitted to plead after the fame manner as an anci- 
ent Practitioner. Cicero hath left a certificate 
Cicero of this cuftome, Nobis olim annus erat unus ad co- 
proCoclio hibendnm brachiumconftitutm ,ut exercitatione In* 
dojjCamfefiri Tunicati uterentur^ which garbe of 
the reftrained#*MsUsit is an argument of frugall 
Piertas in pronunciation , the great Prelates of Rome ob- 
Hierogl. ferve at this day when they fpeake before the 
Pope , as that great Matter of the Hierogly* 
phiquesteftifies. But when wit which laya- 
fleep in thofe rude and fimple times , began to 
be*owzedup and inftrufted with Arts, thole 
ftreights of baftifulrjgffe were inlarged,the Hand 
releafed and fet at liberty , and a more freer 
courfe of pleading brought in, not that modefty 
fhould be excluded mens manners , which is a 
great ornament of life ; but that fpeech might 
have a greater force to worke upon the affecTi- 
ons of men. No w,to ufe this fearfull demeanour 
of the Hand, were the part of one void of com- 
mon fenfe and humanity; againft whom that of 

? a Sh« £t?' mtilia » mi § ht b e brought, who reprehended 
iniwuiei. thole who in pleading i nhibited tbgHW, as if 

the bufineflc were done fluggifhly. 


Tbi Art ofManuad $ betoHcke. + 5 

THe Hand put forth and raf- Cmo * 
fed aloft, is an adiion of 
congratulatory exclamation and 
amplification of joy* 

This is drawn from Nature into tfie Schooles 
and difcipline of Rhetoricians , who prefcribe CteCoU 
this free and liberall motion of the Hand, as a fit Y acat * 
ftriphrafis of geftureuponfuchoccafions, and Ut * 
moftconfohant to the intention of Nature. 

^Hc &andcolle&cA,the Fin* c*»** 
■*■ gers looking downewards, 
then turned and refolved, is a 
fetform accommodated to their 
intention who would openly 
produce their rea/ons. 

The artificiall conceit of this A&ibn is , that 
itfeems as it were indeed to bring forth with it, 
{omehiddtn matter to make the argument in ki/ttid 
more RhetoricaHj apparent. 

THe hollow Hand raifed a- a*«* 
* bove the ftioulder with 
D 2, fome 

2$ Chir onomia: Or, 

fomekinde of grave motion of 
thewreft, doth cheer e , exhort, 
embolden and encourage. 

canon •T-'He palme (the Finger all 
x * ^ joy tied togcther)turn'd up, 
and by the return of the wreft, 
in one motion, fpread add tur- 
ned about with the Hand, is an 
action convenient for admira* 

canon 'T'He Hand (the Fingers all 
XI joyned at their tops ) refcr^ 

red to the vocall paflage of the 
minde,doth lightly admire^ and 
fits their occafion who in the in~ 
terim are moved with fudden 
wdignationjund in the end fall to 
deprecate 9 ama^ed mthfear. 


The Art of Manual! Rbeteride. 3 7 

THc turned up Hand, (the £jj* 
Tbumbe bent inland the 
other Fingers remiflc) transfer- 
red to the Northern fide of our 
Body, and then prone to our 
South fide > fojightly waved to 
and fro, do.tb very aptly di/lin* 
guifh contraries , and mayjhciv 
the yarietj of numbers. 

■yuE AWafteronefertisnot c™» 
ftill difpofed to ai{e a quejli~ XIH * 
Wi; yet commonly when wee 
demand, however it be compo- 
fed, we ufe to change or turne 
omhandp raifing it a little up<* 

The handcrafted, end then fo c™« 
D 1 ned 

38 Chironomia; Or, 

ned out,is a feniiblc Adion thgc 
apparently prcfents the leafl d'u 
parity or difference. 

C**o» The Hdnd that by alternate 
xv * motions contracts and un* 
folds it felfe , doth aid them in 
their p oninciacionwho are ve- 
ry inflant to urge a thing. 

paw The turning of the Hand may 
ferve to fignifie an eafie dex- 
ter ty of performance. 

This is a magifinU notion raifedupon this 
principle,that the Hand is fo borne to Aftion,and 
fq prompt toU&pedite all accounts of fignificati- 
on , th3t nbthingfeems more eafie then the mo- 
tion of the H«»d- Hencethe Greeks very inge- 
nioufly'call that which is procliveand^afie to 
be done lv;M(i<, as if it were no more difficult 
thentoftir the Hand; for the ancient Greeks 
Call the Hand* (M&.{. Hence Munus non verterim, 
the Adage, ]>roct, quod eft, nihil omnino labor o , a 
Jn Updo- f°nne offpeech ufed by jiptileius. The Carthagi- 
o i. nian Ambajftadouf ufed thisadjuntt. of* demon- 


tbeArtofManuaU^hetorich. jp 

ftration to Andromachtts at the City Tauromeni- 
on, for in his bold fpeech wherein he threatned 
in the name of the Carthaginians, to make quick 
difpatchto the overthrow of Tauromenion , he 
(hewed firft the palme of his H<«W,then the back 
of his Baud, threatning him that his City (hould p . 
Be fo turned over-ba»d,tf he did not quickly fend ' j„ tKfc 
away the Corinthians : Andromachus turning of T>mo- 
his Hattdap and downe as the Ambafladour had kon. 
done, bad him be going, and that with fpeediout 
of his City, if he would not fee the keele of his 
Gaily turned upwards. This Aftion as it is ex- 
preffive tothc eafivefe of performance , is Ca- 
nonicall enough , but as a demonftration of the 
Cities or Gaily es overtbro w,it is Apochryphall. 

f 1 h e ffandbrouftjttt to the fto- Camn 
mackc , and fpread gently xvn - 
thereon, is a gefture of Rhetor 
ricall affeveration. 

But whether it be convenient to touch the 
bread with the HW;thefonnes of Rhetoricians 
have made enquiry in their learned Difputati- 
ons : Some would have the Wand to be onely 
turned, and fo referred to the Breaft: Others fay, 
we maytouch the Bread with our Fingers ends; 
bothj.tnthc opinion of CrefoRius vmy bee done 
without repreherifion , when we fpeake any 
thing concerning our felves, and that our (beech 
glydes with a calme and gentle ftreame. But the 
toucbdoth moft availe in a frurpe and inflamed 

D 4 ftUe A 

40 Chiron om ia : Or* 

ftUe, wberl the motions of the minde aretbjl 1 . A- 

clion unfolded : As when an Oratour would ex- 

pretfe an incredible ardour of k>ve lodged in' his 

bofotne , and cleaving to.his very marrow ; or 

griefe deeply fetled in his yearning bo.wells; iii 

ngnifying thefeand fuch like afFe&ionSjnonexan 

rebuke anOratour if he (haltouch his Breaft With 

his Fingers ends bnly. CrefeHius makes little 

M. ThI. doubt, but TuMy ufed this gefture, when he (aid * An- miferUm pte, &c. for in fuch occafionSithe fplen- 

ton * i dour of pronunciation is lacking , neither have 

words fufficierit force to make the minde altflga* 

their intelligible , unlefle the H*m( be broag&tto 

the Breaft. 

win. *TT*HE (hewing forth of the 
JL Hand, or beckningwith 
the fame, are Rhetorically fig- 
nificant to fpeafy to P call After, 
invite, bring in , and name to 


f'icero in T«AV,inthe Epilogue of his Oration for £ lm- 
j>'!?g- cms, which did abound and .overflow with la- 
mentation, very commodiaMy explained him- 
felfe by this Rhetoricall com'pe/krion , where 
wirhmoft excellent artifice he c/t/l'd Plancixt, 
and bids him coriie unto him,that he might touch 
and ffnbrace him. C re W**s rather prefers the flrft 
action to the Hand of an Oratour, and wbulcj 


The Art ofManuaU <%betorkfo. * { 

%we iHvimions fignified by putting forth the 
Hando&cXj* widwMtawsrwaviDgmotion j for, 
that Beckniftg with the HanoUia his judgement, 
is the propcrtie of an unskilful! multitude* and 
of men offmaUaccounkwho Want gravitie and 
moderation ; who doe not onely induce and ap- 
ply thek bent-in-Hattd to this perfwtfivc behavi- 
our , fcut doe alfo revoke and bow back tfecit 
whtoie b0dy , and wind and wceft.about their 
yery fides: Who though he doejiw* (forbid ot 
repudiate this c4limg geftOreof*heiiiwi alone, 
yet if the body bedcawHefo wkhatt* >be would 
have it referr'd to the -Stage,, >and t& places of 
common refortk 

Hptic Z&Wra&d & ffrcBchcd c*»m 
A out with the arsne, ©rthe XIX * 
Handwavtd towards the atrdi- 
tors,arc advacageous actions for 
them who ?*oiiId imply agene* 
rms confidence >, and it&ir dutho* 
r/ftVand abilitie tcejfiB a thing : 
it fteryesalfoto call fw 9 an&dc* 
mmdfiknce 7 andfor the prologue 
to m zftotpacificAtion. 

This Ganon is grounded upon the Axiome 
in Nature , That there does appeare in the H*nd 



as twere a Naturall mafkeoftheAf<*/*£*Vand 
Authoritie of Man. Hence Ovidjn this Rhetori- 
call fenfe, attributing a MajeflicaU Gravity to the 
Band oi Jupiter, 

o«d.iibi. - — j»>Jfy***2«««*w& , 

Metam tJMurmura cempre/fti, tenttere Jilentia cuntti, 

SutfiiM & cUmor,prefltts gravitate regentis. 
And StAtius fpeaking of the aftion of fttpiters 
Hand in a Councell of the gods , advagc'd to 
the fame purpofe : 

Statius U. Z %™*r t MtCpAter W«*"* 

Thebaid. Traf^mtajutet efe man* -. 

Hence %j£lia» of Jul. *Ang, 

Cardan, . CMa»»fmpereos placare cnperet. 
in Jul. But thougttfhe flapd onely put forth , and ad- 
Aug. vanced with tfthoritic*. is of force to ajfwage 
StitMb. s. f HmH lts t tni proettrt audtence , (as 'Domtian in 
s y 1# Swri*/ / 2V xtra Xyetat f*g»M~\ — — Yet if a 
certaine kinde of motion be there withall exhibi- 
ted, it will beof more force and dignitie ; which 
jwwWiwv or xrmtriiw , words which the Greekes 
ufe in this cafe, doe import. Heroiians phrafe 
is, ytZp*.. rXf Mst; , the proper word in this 
Lib. de a- bufineffe is nw-vmyi&b : the Greekes alfo fay, 

f™ a&rC "»«»X*C"'^*«* ?r » , »>?»e i ' ! w ' th Greg. Nyftis 
fKiua-ileiVTtMtt! Others te«7*«i«», fome alfo, 
okth vauTivjxt&i, almo'fl: in the fame fenfe , al- 
though this laft,feems to fignifie fomethjng leffe, 
onely the lifting up of the ti and. Verily, Cor- 
Mitus upon c PerfeHs grants as much : t&fagtta (f a ith be) & prefutura hominibus loevturi Vtacere 
Pwf. Sat ijufietiQ moventes maxum. See the Naturall ge- 
ftures,fo^XVIi for examples of Oratours ufing 
this Adlion. 


The Art o/Mamd Rbetoricfo: ^ 

TH E Hand propellent to cv**» 
the left-ward, the left xx ' 
Jhoulder brought forward, the 
Head inclined to the South- 
ward of the Body, is an adfcion 
accommodated to ater/ation , 
execration, and negation* 

TO (hake the Hani, with cam 
bended browes, doth*&- ™* 
horrt* deny, dtjltke, refu/e, and 
it fallow. 

The toi/refilientor leape- ^m 
ingbacktothe *North>.£S, 
ward of the Body, whence it Sf 1 
did defcend , makes an a&jon 'AheM.- 

&• . 1 crocofme; 

to abominate, and toaccom-theLeft^ 

pany words -of refuJkUovdiflike y c 

and may ferve affo in point oF 



a± Chironomia; Or, 

THc Hand with a gentle 
percufsion , noW> grea- 
ter, now leflej now flat, now 
fliarpe, according to the diver- 
fkie of the affe<5tions,is fitted to 
diftinguijhtbe Qnnma*s &brtA* 
thing farts ofafehtence. 

x3v. Tiy **is ^ndrtkni unto 
JDhim, an Oratour may /hew 
himfelfe, when be fpeakes any 
thing concerninghimfelfe. 

2> h Ctfkr ufed this patfcctfcall demoriftration of 

^the^iife hitnfelfe , when oo^ accqfcd Brutus untohim, 

«f Brutur.' and bad hitn beware of Him i What , (aid he a- 

gaiae, claofioghis Hatufyn his b^re^ pTbinke 

ye thsfSrktvs will not tarry till this Bodv dies ? 

"Jhe H^nd bent into a fift, and 
^v. d^ Pulpit or: Barre ftrooke 
therewith, is an adtion ofRfoe- 
toricallhcate, and ycry artifici- 

the Art »f MamaQ fybetorkh. 45 

ally accompanies Anger > and a 
more vehement contention* 

^hcpalm ftrook upon a book, . 

(held ufuallyin the left hand xxvi. 
of an Orator) doth ferve to ex* 
cite and row%e up the Auditours. 

This aclion is coirimonly ufed%y our Moderae 
Oratours , and hatb fucceeded in the place of 
Uniting upon the thigh , which cannot well b« 
performed in our deep and little pulpits. 


O clap the taWfuddealy cw 

*■ - - - - XXVII. 

uponthe brcaft,isan adti- 
ofincrepaMn , p»ppcr in their 
hands, who would arr e[i their 
Jpeecb, and nonsuit it by flence y 
and by a carefull flop reftrainc 
their tongue, and call back as it 
were their reprehended wards, 
& put in a Rhecoricall Demur, 


4 5 CHlRONOWlAjOt, 

or croffe bill againft their owne 

To this Action, that of Homer apperiaines: 
Homer. *p t Qtrt autmpcrcujfb, £ tnimum intrepuh ] 


can** "YUc Sand brought unto the 

xxviii ftomack > & in a remiffe garb 

fpread thereon, doth confeiencu 

oujly dffeyere, & becomes them 

who affirmeany thing oftbem* 


cmon The Breaft flricken with the 
XXIX# Han^ is an atfion ofCjriefe, 

ferrow, repentance, and indigna* 


This is a very patheticall motion in Nature, & 
Rhetorical in Artjan action in ufe with the anci- 
«nt Oratours,and with a profitable fignification 
prattifed by the Jefuits ; who are w nt,not only 
with a light approach to touch the Breaft , but 
fometimes alto to beat upon it wirti the Hand-, 
Which they doe; for the moft part , to teftifie 
tnguifi of minde , repentance , and matters of 


The Art oftAanuaD Q(betoricke. 47 

Mortification • which they a&e and perfo- 
liate with fuch fubftantiali abundance of fpeecb, 
with fuch motion of the body , and fuch immi- 
nent gefture, that while they beat their Breads, 
they raife oftentimes great motions in the minds 
of their Auditors , and religious teares are 
drawne from the eyes of many. Which Rheto- 
ricall action of the Hand is not alwaies ( to an 
incfaj framed by the precepts of Rhetoricians, 
nor by line and levell fitted to the rule of Art, 
nor weighed , as 'twere, in the Goldfmiths bal- 
lancej for they who aflume this gefture, ftrikc 
their breaft with an audible ftroake , when they 
jadge it fit for their purpofe ; although fome, 
who are more ftudious or eloquence , doe not 
heartily admit of this loud contact of the Hand ; 
who with a peaceable meeknefle bringing [the 
quiet Hand unto the breaft, by the forcible at- 
chievcments of that pronunciation , procure a 
drcadfull influence to fall upon their Auditory. 
But in a Senate of the Learned, and a folemne 
Aflembly of venerable perfonages, a vehement 
percuffion of thelweaft is not convenient ^ but 
is to be remitted to the Theater, left fas my Au- Crero1 * 
thor faith ) fome Stripling in feloquenccftiould 
tacitely throw at them that out of the Comce- 

diej Phutui in 

Hie peflus digitis pultat , cor credo evoca- unlit, glo- 
tttrus foras. ticfo ' 

The Forehead ftrfeken with £xT 

the Handy is an a&ion of 
dolour, Jbame, and admiration* 


Ch i R o M b m r ji ; Or, 

Fabius lit QmntilUn grants this to have been ufed by 

a. *ap.«. feme turbulent Orateurs in tfyeir pleadings, even 

in his time , and very avaftezble with them,Who 

by a popular oftentatien of Eloquence , hunted 

after the applaufe of the^eople. His words are 

thefe: fan* coltideremanns, terra pedem i»cutere;fe- 

muryfeuftsJroHtem eadere t miri ac^jttllatH circ$lfQ 

faeiunt. Yet Oratours of very good efteemeTby 

their praftice commended the ufe and fignifica- 

tion of this gefture ; but in Epilogue onely, and a 

certaine fiery amplification; when for the moving 

cf paffion.thefe tragical expreflions of the Hand 

are held comely and convenient. A gefture 

with the Greekes and Latines of equall ufe and 

fignificarion > as farre as our underftanding can 

light us to the knowledge of thofe Rhetorical! 

ornaments of Expreffion, in fafhion with the 

Ancients. And it was wont to attend upon three 

caufes ; to 'Dolour, Shame, and admiration. In 

great griefe, they thought it of old a very expre& 

D onif five demeanour of the Hand. CV«rocommen- 

Hal. Rom. deth it in Brutus. Dionyjttts Halicarnaphjis ac- knowledgeth the ufe of this gefture.- Percutientes frotttcs, & ajpeblus- trifles pre. fe ferentes. Qcero 

Attic, l.i. jnfinuates as much to his friend \TPuto te[ingmu~ 

Livie I.i y *$*~\>*t fiontemftrias. Livie calls this affection 

q! Curti- °f the Hand, fop**** offenfationem : \F Ure^omnei 

us, lib.7. & offenfare capita. With ,<?. Curtius , it is , Os 

Apule ius converbcrare : Is turn [fiere^ capit, & os converbe- 

Metamor. rare } [maflus~\nonobjuamvicem 1: ($-c. Is Apu- 

Hei.'/Eth. *** s ^ e geftureftands thus, "Dextrafav'unte fton- 

H.ft.L io. tsn > replaudere. The Greeks fay toV7«» tA^axii^xA. 

Libanius mueiv, xp&ufiv, fat7n£nt, 7m\ei<xmv to njlta-m, and wnlnt 

infiaiiheo •dulyA<pei.\iw. Hence Heliodorus of his old man , 
Cumftriijfetfrentem & coUacruma^tt. And Liba- 


The JrtofMatotaQ (Rbetortcke. 4^ 

*i*s of the Perfian JZingiCaputidentidempertuti* 
tnsdeplorat : And we read it to have been the 
forme of lamentation ufed by the Spartans at 
their funeralls. But of this dolorous adjunct of 
JifcmttvtiZnd angry fymptome of grieved nature , 
Tullie in a kinde of medley of naturall invafions , *■ 

and Rhetoricall impreflions of the Hand Hpon T u (L.»f 
the aflailed Body, makes this rehearfall : >}&£- 
f&w lacerationes ganarum TetlarUjeminum, caei- 
tit percujfto. That, this gefture was ufed in figm-i 
fication of fhame t S< CkryJ oft erne declares , who 
when he had upon a time* with an incredible _, r ^, 
force of utterance,rehearfed divers impious and Homz?°" 
ridiculous fuperftitions obferved by fome of the a j p £ ' 
people , he made the whole multitude of his an- Ant, 
ditors a/bamed. Of whofe fbame he puts down 
three vifiDle arguments , in words founding to 
this f ffeft : Vultum opermftis, Fronttm percujjtftisi 
& ad terram inclinafiii. This xp«J?«v ri (jUramv 
in,another place bee expreffeth in his owne Hra 
language thus : mtf*v vyvttW' That it was Setm,$& 
fignificant in wonder and admiration^ appeares by 
Nonnus a great Poet, who attributes this gefture Nonnus 
to admiration, in his paraphfi^ of the facred Hi- '" J ohan ° 
ftorie of S. John ; where, of2$hbanael, vondring ^^. 
at the doctrine of our Saviour: * 

0au'(XX77 -mid. (dram Qiovfii -^ex mitt^tt/. 

7V<e admirationt Frontem divina manuferiens, 

Hannibal ufed this adjunct of expreflion as a ftra^ 
ragem , at the battaile of Qannes : who when 
Gtfcon , a man of like ftate and nobilitie with 
himfelfc , told bim that the enemies feemed afar 
offto be a great number % Hannibal [rubbing his ,„ "" e rc j) fe 
forehead"^ anfwered him : Yea, faid he, but there of Fabiu3» 
is another thing more to be v/ottdred at then you 

B flunks 

co Chir on omia: Or, 

thinke of,Gifcott. Gifcon ftraight asked , What? 
Wary, faith he, this ; That of all the great num- 
ber of Souldiers you fee yondet , there is not a 
man of them called Gifcon^s you are. This merry 
anfwer , delivered contrary to their expectation 
that were with him, looking for fome great 
weighty matter Q futable to his gefture] made 
them all laugh a good. 

This gefture , although it was with thefefen- 
fes admitted the hands of the Ancients , yet it 

Ctefol.1.1. a PP earw to C re M itts in the poffibilitie of a 
doubt , whether or no it can now with any ad- 
vantage be done , it being little ufed by Advo- 
cates, and the more judicious fort of men , that 
fpeake in publiijue; unleffe perchance by fuch 
who are of a more hot complexion , and are apt 
to boyle over with a fudden motion, whofe cho- 
ler in the feething,bubbles into aftiori ; for men 
of this temper ,foone moved, as having a natural! 
inclination to anger, in the vehement fervenck^ 
of paflion , haftily and fwiftly with the Uahi 
touch the forehead or cap : which aftion , be- 
caufe there manifeftly appeared in it the virtual! 
effeft and commocfoiwif Nature , it commonly 
efcapes thelafli of reprchenfion. But faintly and 
childiftily apply'd.and favoring more of School- 
artifice then the intentionall operation of Nature, 
it is condemned as feigned and adulterate ; for 
which reafon, my Author concurres in opinion 
„, _ . Wlth Suintilitn, and adjudgeth it Worthy of 
Rhet. mit. banifliment from the Hand of an Oratour , and 
to bee confined to the Theater , and the ri- 
diculous Hands of Mimicks. Unleffe it feeme 
good to any to referve it as a relique of Divine 
i-ourtftwp, which they report the Pohnlant to 


The Art ofMmuaU Rbetoricke. 5 1 

doe, who in their Churches at their holy myfte- 
ries, are wont to beat their fore-heads with.tfae 

THe Thigh fmJtten with gj* 
the Hand,, was die gefture 
otoncpleading more vehemently, 
of one grieved and faming with 
indignation, of one tuning notice 
of an others err our ; orconfeJSmg 
Umfe/fe deceived. 

TitSie believed that a&ifcn of an Oratour Cicero in 
feigned, who in feme grievous matter defei?* BrutoS 
vingthe fliarpeft hate and heavieft indignation , adverf. ti. 
didnotufethisexoreflionjfor he calls Callidiata. Callid. 
cold and dull Oratttur , and argues his guilt frofh 
hence, that in bis Oration, Mey 3 from perch ft* fo- 
nt nee femur. The firft Oratburthat ufed this ge- piu-arch 
ftue, by theteftknony of the old Annales, Was mGracch. 
£7«w 8 who when he pleaded in Athens, that fa- 
mousnianfion ofthe Mufes, tranfported Withn 
certaine vehemeficie, and provocation of ij&ir, 
and moved with indignation , fmote his thigh, 
which when he had vented with-othcr fuch like 
fignespf a fierce and turbulent dofpofition, many 
Wife men thought^him to have thruft all decorum 
and faudible modWation put ofthe Pulpit :Xhis, 
many afterwaidsdid imitate^ at the firft thought 
ill of for the novelty,but in the ufe of common life 

E 2 Very 

52 Chironomia: Or, 

very frequent. This geftoe prudently, and with 
good advice exhibited, hath a cunning force to 
amflife and enlarge a thing, and to /bake and afto- 
nijh the minds of the AuAhours.Scopelianusz man 
Philolba- of great eft account for eloqueuce,as ThiloftratHs 
tuslib.i. hath delivered it to pofterity , that he might 
de vita rowze up himlelfe and his Auditours , now and 
Sophormn t jj en ^j t hjs patheticall demeanour of the 
HW ; This,as it was oftentimes neceffary in the 
Forum , fo very fecible in tbofe large pewes , 
where thofe that were retained in caufes did 
plead : but in our times, and the manner of plea- 
ding which we now afe,it;isjieitherfo frequent, 
neither can itfo commodioufly be done : But a- 
nbther thing hath fucceeded in the room there- 
of , which the writings of the Ancients are fi- 
lentinj for the Advocates eagerly beat the Bar 
with their Hands , and fometimes fo madly and 
importunately ,tbat the ftanders by heartily wifh 
their Viands qualified with fome ChiragracaU < 
prohibition. This blemifti and infirmity of the 
h*xd, hath crept alio into holy places, and there 
are many Preachers found, who with an incon- 
fiderate ralhneffe, flSake the innocent Pulpit, 
while they, wax warme, and conceive a vehe- 
ment action to excell. Thisaftionasitis leaft 
nnfeemly when the wicked deceits and notori- 
ous difhonefties of men are called in queftion, fo 
ufed without judgement, it argues a turbulent 
and furious motion of a vaine minde , and dulls 
the Auditours. 

canon ■ 'tic left hand thruft forth 


xxxn. J^ w j t h t |j e p a l me turned 


The Art6fUanmU%betorkke. $$ 

backward , the lefc Qioulder 
raifed, fo that it may aptly coa- 
fent with the head bearing to 
the *&&& Hand , agrees with 
their intention who rt/u/e, ab~ 
bor^etejl&t abominate fomeex-- 
ecrablc thing, againft which 
their mindes are bent as a di 
flaftefull objeft , which they 
would feem to chafe awwj, and 

With this Aftion ehefe , and thirtgs of the life 
nature, are to b« pfohounced : 

JHandequidem tali tue dlgnor hoaore, 
*DU ttdtm terris avermejufem'. 

fHeleft hand explained into c*g^ 

a Palme, obtairies a forme of 

Thefe two laft Canons are exceptions againft 
the generall maxime of j£»*»f//. Manas fmiftra 
wxqttam fot4 gefiunt facti. 

E j Eoth 

£4 ChiRonomia; Or, 

aSwv T}Oth the turned out Palmei 
XJben* to me left fide , is a 
more pasfionate forme of dete- 
flatten, as being a redoubled 

xxxv Tl O^ 1 K*»<& objeded with 
X3the Palmes adverfe, is a 
fore-right adjundlof pronunci- 
ation , fit to helpe the utterance 
of words comming out in dele* 
Jlation, dejpite and exprokratidn* 

xxxvi T) Otb&W* extended forth, 
JD the Palmes driving out to 
both fides, doubles the A&on 
to all the fame intents and pur- 
pofes of averfeneffe. 


The Art ofMamaU Rbetorich. 5 5 


BOth Hands clafped and 
wrung together^ an Acti- 
on convenient to manifcflgn>/i? 
and /craw. 

BOth Hands dejedted,make cm* 
if i. /-» . XXX VIII. 

'Juppltcation more Canoni- 

BOth Hands a little or farre c*w» 
dikjoyned, (hew the w*»* 
wrr and abundance. 


BOth ffawft extended out c*»«i 
forward together, is an A * 
tfion commodious for them 
Vfhofubmityinyokf) doubt, Jfceal^ 
to^accufe^ox call bj namejmplore 
or atti&. 

With this Afticm are fuch asthefc to befet off 
tothefteftof utterance, Vet AlbaniTttmnli *t% 

$4 Ghironomia ; Or, 

peer, pro £««> ves t inqumnjmfliro At% obttftar ! And that 

Milonc. %ddttbitation of Grace htts t ^M0 me miferemfer^i 

quo vertAtn ? in Capitelinrntfe ? dtfiatru fungume 

redundAXy m iomum ? &c. The fame emphafis of 

iJem pto adion is required to that of Cicere , Tx ex edit* 

Milone. monte latialif Jupiter, fujus iMe Itfcos^enfora^nif^ 

fttfecmni nefariojlupro & fcelcre mACHlnrtt. 

fano» gOth Hands lightly fmftten 
together , is convenient e- 
nough to expreffe a €e» taine 
anxious and turbulent heat of co^ 
gitatian of an Oratour,thatcan- 
not fufficiently explaine his 
minde, or doe as he would. 

frefolltus conceives, that infiingere artieulu t, 
fhat SUntWa.* fpeaks of as an elegant and come- 
jy aftion in the //«»&of theWient Rhetorici- 
ans , and fo commendable that thty ufed it as a 
Jylapuall i»tj&4"&ion tp theif Orations , was no 
ptber but this Aftiofl. 


THe Hands gently fet toge- 
ther by 3 fweet approach* 

ruling a law found hy their 


The Art of Manual! Rb etoricke. 57 

light encounter or complofion, 
make an opportune cadence of 
A#ion,to a&endthe ckfe orpe* 
tiod of a fentence. 

This Aftion ways commended by the pra<tiC£ 
of Fre*rejt»s that aecomplifaedOcatour, of okl 
time, the Matter of brave fpeech , and grace ini 
ready (peaking, wfeapublickly pleaded his caofe 
at Athens to the great admiration of all men, o^ 
whom one of his Audit ours, £«»^w/,thus fpeaks: 
'Rwreftut orcbtttr flumtn qttoddan wtAtipnit /*/»• 
hsftriMos fulfk ninntohfiniens. 

gOth Hands fmitten together C£™ 

with a certaine kinde of gra^ 
vity, doth ajfiwne with aheto- 
ricaH affetteration* 

gOth the Palsies held refbc- *g£ 

diive to the body , declare 

BOth Palfiisheldayerfe)be^ e**™ 
fore the Breaft^denote com- X 


5$ Chironomi a .-Or, 

This Atfiqn.Wththisfjgnification.I have ob- 

^rved in fome ancient painted tables.the Ranis 

off dinning Motifts. Andverily , witfouf tlie 

knowledge of the naturall and artificiall proper- 

Franclfe. ffes^ftfce iW', as FroHcifttts fnttms well ob- 

Jun.dc ferves,it is impoffible for any Painter, ot Carver, 

paura or pi a ftiqae to give right motions to his works 

veterum. ^jtfouf . f or a ~ s tne Hiftory runnes and afcf ibes 

palfions to the Hand, geftures and motions muft 

tome in with their accommodation, the no- 

fions' fdifelffore-) of this hidnd may bee of good 

life for the aidtoncement of thofe curious Arts. 

^lvi. r T*W£ Hands addreft to both 
■* fides, are well difpofed to 
fatssfieor to requeft. 

xLvn Y^. both Handshf turnss be* 

' JLhave themfekes with equall 

Art, they fidy move to fet off 

any nrtfttr that goes by way of 

Ani&mfh or oppofttion. 

V V the advantage of 
both Hands, when wee wpuld 


Tfa Art of Manual (Rhetoric fo. qp 

prefenc by Tome ample geftiare 
the inmenfity of things • iomc 
Aac es far andmde extent&great 
number, a/moft infinite, large af> 
feUiom , or when the voyce is 
reiterate by conduplimion* 

BOth Hands modeftly ex- &*£ 
tended and cre&ed unto 
the fhoulder points, is 3 proper 
•fotttoe-ofpHfrSbfy benedtftionfoY 
the Hands of an Ecclefiaftfcall 
Oratour when hee wauld di£- 
miifre his Auditours, 

It was the cuftomeofttieHehiiewDivines^o GocIwia 
obferYeithts Decaatemn eJeyaticmo£the Hands in h, s 
for fak&jine Beqedi£ion* And tfafe .ftamanifts booke of 
wMin Blatter bf}certandny.kiiuirfh emulate the the aBC "- 
exteraaU ; itvokvxi oi otfte Jd w,in^l their e*ten- -^J^ 8 
fiensiand elevationsrbftte.//<«>r«4'.WlM!efcthey ufe He j, c 
inblelfing, keepetihem within tferferpcefcribed 
bounds : NotthatWera'isranyjongJflan^in this 
poisit , omiy the^fcrfstienbf * hei&*»4 declares 
that we have chdfen-heavenly thiags, according 


do Chiron omiajOjt, 

Origen to Orlgen , and the extenfion or fprcading out of 
H<*m. 1 1 . the Hands fignifies the eflfeft uall force of prayers, 
in cap. 17. a$ g a j% expounds it. TertmBian therefore regu- 
Bafil i in l atm g f he Bands in this rite to a decencie of mo- 
Ifaiah. ti°n , .Would have them .temperately and mo- 
TettuLde deftly erected; whereupon it feems to me,the Pa- 
Orat.cap. pjfts conforming their Rubrique to the Jewifh 
G» a tu Talmud , limit the Priefts Hands , not to over- 
Comment to P> or exceed the dt'ftance of the fhoulders. 
in Rubri- This folemne A&ion.according to fome modem 
ca$ Rom. Expofitors, implies the folemnity of a prefentati- 
on of the Auditours to Ged in prayer , and doth 
Hookers denote Unto them Gods favourable goodnefle , 
Ecdes. ptoteftibfj , and fpirituall "Benediction , defircs 
po a ' God to cbhfkme the bltfulng-giveo, who opens 
with hizHaitdt* andfilk alLcrfcattarjes ffcith his 
bielfingS, and ieems to wifli the accomplnhment 
of all that is comprised in iheir Manual! vote. 
That Prieftly .Bleffing or folemne Benedi&ion t 
with which ft e Priefts nnde»he.Lawt>lefled the 
People, was apparantly uttered and pronounced 
by chic advancement of Geftare : becautetbey 
Godwins could not lay their Handt on, all the Gqrigrega- 
Jewim tion , they lifted thcffia upunely to the 1 fhoulder- 
Antiq. points: the ordinary forme that was then in ufe, 
was to impoTe'the Hand, which could not be 
done withany decent expedition ; arid this the 
Le vites Conferred face to* face , from Che ^lace 
where they flood. Suchafolemntt Bemdhttim 
Heb', 7. 7. was that wherewith Mekhifrdecb is (ai&to have 
bleffed lAkrabm , when (her. met him in bis re- 
turne from theilaughtecof the Kings, tndlbleffed 
him. Thei^ke\was praftifed by the: Hrfffi/ of 
Levity. '*sf*r»* » when he lift up his Viands towards the 
i2. people, and bleffed them. And Sjrm» the High 


The Art o/hAanuaQ ^betoricke. 6 K 

Prieft, thefonne of Onias , in finifliing the fo- 
lemne fervicejifced up his Wands over, the whole 
Congregation oi the children of Ifrael, to give e«1«mo 
the bleffing of the Lord with his lips. The peo- *% 
l« bowing themfelves, that they might receive 34, 
a bleffing from the moft High. The forme of 
which folemne 'BenediEtion the Pfalmift gives 
US : Lift up your Hands to the SanUuarj,anApraife 
the Lord. The Lord that hath made heaven and 
tarth t B/effe thee out of Sion. For thus the Levites 
wed to praifc the Lord , and bleffe the People. 
Spintuall BentdiUion having been ever accom- 
panied with this facred Manifefto of the Hands, 
Hence we finde it obferved , that among the 
Hebrewes of old , when the Prieft bleffed the 
People, they ufed to ereft three fingers , to wit, 
the Thumbe, the Index, and middle finger ; by 
which number ef their fingers they tacitely im- 
plyed a Secret of the Trinitie. Petrut Blejfenfi 
feemes to allude to this aftion of the Hand. His Petr.Blelt 
BtntdiUionibus facerdos alios Benedicens, protrufas Tra #- 
ante vnltum fuum 7>almas utrafque tenebat.. Cum c m J\ 1 uii 
•uerodicebatSDominus , quod & Hebraico illo trino P er6dum ' 
& uko nomine exprimebajfc, Tres digitos priores t 
idefi, Policem i Indicem, & Medium utriu/%ma- 
nusjreUum & altius erigebat, & ditto itdfDomino y 
digitos remit tebat ut prius. Addit fiatim : ^uid 
fer trium digit or urn elevationem melius quam Tri- ^omen 
nitatisexcettentiamjftice intejligi pot eft f d qua fci- J^™ fis 
licet vera & plena Benediftio. A Gefture of" the m^npt!* 
Wand, ufed in the fame fenfe and fignification, by idem tc-" 
the Pope at this day : who when he is carried &""'• 
upon mens Ihoulders in folemne proceflion , 
with the fame poftore of his Right Hand, and 
number of his fingers , beftowes his Canonicall 


€z Gh i R o no m i a : Ot 

Buttorf. t^M*»' Won the people , onely wa- 
InSvnig. Vhig' them 3 into a CrOfle. 'Suxterfius fayes* 
3w8. that the jnddeVne]ews 3 at the feaft of their Pafle- 
over, wherf the Ptieft at tfie'end of their Prayers 
Bltftcth'tfe£ people k he extends and fpreads a*, 
broad his Bunds and Fingers , whieh:they call 
Chahumim , Whereupon Schechina or the Glorie 
and Majeftie of God, doth reft upon ithe Hands 
of the Ptieft: wherefore they give a ftricT: charge 
that none of the, people prefame to lookeuporj 
their Hands at that time, unleffe he would be 
Imitten with blindnetfe. And in the Feaft of Re 
toKciliatisn , when the Prieft pronountetb the 
Bleffing , he extends cat his Hands towards the 
people ; the people prefently hide their eyes 
with their Hands , it being Unlawfull for any to 
behold the Hands of the Ptieft • as it is written : 
Cant.*, ji Behold hrftands behind the wall , he lookfth forth At 
thewitidm, fhemng himfelfe through the Lattice: 
That is, God ftandsbttiinde the Prieft, and 
looketh through the wlndowes and lattices ; 
that is, through the fpiead' Hands , and did 

Gavantus pCrfed ***&*' ° f the * M » which the He " 

inCom- brewes call the winffoweS and lattices of the Hand. The RubriqueS of the Romilh Rites, 

Rubric which feeme a little to fqaint this way,prefcribe 

Rom.Ecd. three formes of Benedillion for the Hands of 

the Prieft. The holding up of the Hands be- 

fore the breaft : The crofling of the Thuinbes : 

and the turning the little finger towards the 

people. All which have their feverall feafons 

See Math, and fignifications in their Liturgie. Our blefled 

10. 5 j. Saviour was a mamfeft obferver of the Naturall 1M ofo rme of <B eme( jiz HoHi andhath (ar)ftified thc 

Gefture to a more divine importance. After 


The Art of ManuaU ^Jjetoriche. i% 

Chrifts afcenfion, the Apoftles comttwraCatifig 
the vertoc of his lad Btnedi&ion , to others;mtjhf 
conveyances thereof ufed the fame expreflions 
by gefture , and were famous for the effeftuall 
force of their profpcrfug Hands, i their exempla- 
ry action was copied out by thefr^utctflbrs, the 
illuftripus Fathers of the Primitive Church, 
whole Hands preferved Bleifina , as their lips 
Knowledge. Chriftiansin thtffe agVs being de- 
voutly ambitious of fuch benefits, thought them- 
felveshappy when they could receive this fpi- 
tituall favour at their Hands. 

The;e is* aftdry in Gregorte Njjettfii a Deacon 
of the Bifhop of Neoc*[a,ria , who in refpeft pf Greg, 
the wonderful ftrange things which he wrought N y ff> iB 
by bisinfpired Hands, w*s(\m»medTl>aumat*r r v"Thau- 
gus. which Deacon being to goe a long arid maturgl * 
adventurous journey* requefteda Blefling atthe 
Hands of his DioCefan; who lifting up his Hands, 
moil: willingly beftowed this ManuaU viaticum 
upon. him. This comfortable elevaflon of the 
Hand in BtntdiUion , hath a forccatthifrdayin 
thetiands of our 'Reverend Divines : And (ve- 
rily ) there is no Bleffiajpformally confer'd ,-or 
authentically adminiftred , unlcfle the Hands de- 
note their Suffrages by their vifible attendance, 
andappeare in a due conformitie to the words 
dire&ed unto the fare. And I never fa w any 
Grave or Orthodox Divine from the Pulpit, dif- 
miffing the People with a Blefling, without this 
adjunct and formall concurrence of the Hands. 


♦i§4*§*AfeIaA I A A A *?** I, 
An Index to the following 

Rhctoricall Alphabet oIMa- 
kuall Significations, 

A t t 

¥ifftretettttbcYXX.C*noH. I Can. II Cm. Hint, 

D E V G 

nifWf£f>. IlCTw. XC<». IX£<*«. 

vin cv*». xxvi £**.<%>. xi £•»• xxi v c*». 


XXXII Cm. XXXHI£m.VI1 Can. XLVlI Can. 

Q_ R S 

VIII fMjyipt. XLIV f«. XLV CV». 

TV w 

XL VII I Can, XXXIV C a »- XXXV Z"^. 
X Y Z 

xl gmv»: xxxVn Gw. XLlXf<*». 

The ufe of this following Table, befides the ex- 
hibition of the Manuall Figures of Rhetorick, 
may be for an Alphabet of Privie cyphers, 
for any kinde ©f Secret intimation. 

To makeup; the cAlphdet, CD. I. Qjire taken 
in, out of thofe fupernumerary Gefturc$,fol- 
lowing, under the Title of Indtgimit, 

■^ JL I ' 

'Ptcifieat ^/itUterc: mitifiahrt- ■ NcoierUic oriitwA aimonjirarutu valet . 

yUaixu aacnii . ' y1At<hf4lUr . G Htrtatur ■" Rationcf frcjert 


JloCcifacit ^ Dcprecatur ^Sic oftcnJchit Scigfum. ™ ^(cjabit • 


JSufrat ®£xct*m*v<"<"n a/tat *t4nhthc*vi exornat. '^-Arguments, iyer'lt. 


Sencvohntum cfteniit * Comfcratiomm icrutat \ ^lmcnsitatem ajcrit ■ V KiMff avprsatur . 

---rl-nr rrpSit.^1dduVttaik Y Dolebit . Z BmeMctimc Amittrt 

ft, ^ _ ^ " 








He two inferior Firi- c*»'* 
gers fhut in,and the 
other three prefen- 
ted in an eminent 
poftdre in the extended Hand, 
1S2L /peaking Action, fignificartt 
to demand ftlence , and procure 

The aacicnt Oratours, wherrthey prepaid to 

fpeakc to the incompofed multitude , ufed this 

F 2 A&ion» 

^8 Chironomia: Or, 

Apuleius aft* 100, OfwMchgefturcofthe^wgWi, Apft- 
lib.2. Me- leittt hath left a certificate, where Tetephr<m,por- 
tatnorph. rigit dextram, & infiar oratorum conformat articu- 
lum , dmbuffj tnfimisconclujis digitis , cateros emi- 
writes porrigit, & infefio poliice clementer fubrigens t 
irfit. Fulgentius expounds this common f aflri- 
0h of the Jiand after this manner, Itac^compofi. 
tus in dicendi nudum eretti/% in iotam duobus digu 
tujtertium polliee comprimens, it a verba exirfus eft t 
who differ not much , but that one makes the 
Thumbe ereft , the other compreft. Many have 
Libanios made mention of this matter, Libanius where he 
Curt « defcribes Neftor painted in the middeftof the 
Heroum. Zero's, Orationem apud ipfos habere videbatur, id% 
JUgnijicare conformation dig'itorttm , but what that 
conformation of the Fingers was , he doth not 
explained But the moft ufuall garbe of the Hand 
in way of preparative to fpeech , was this of A- 
pttleiwl Which pofture of the Hand preparing 
the Auditours attention, is found in many Sta- 
tues of the Ancients. There is a Coloflias at 
Rome , which ir times paft ftood in the Baines 
of tsfnthonyjhc left hand whereof leaneth upon 
a club ; but the two firft Fingers of the Right 
Hand extended out with the Thumbe , fuch as of 
old time was the gefture of Oratours fpeaking , 
as Grntttrus notes, which moft authenticall co- 
Gruuerus pie of fpeech they (eem to have followed,whofe 
inSyiloge HWthe golden Hiftory of the Crofle in Cheap 
infcnpt. WaS< f or there were to be feene tWQ fta(ues 

of mitred Prelates having their Hands figured I in 
this manner, as if they were fpeaking to the peo- 
ple. And in old hangings,in whofe contexture, 
moft part of the Hiftoricalldifcourfe is reprefen- 
ted and infinuated by geftures of the Hand: And 

The ArtofManmU^betoricke. g $ 

in all ancient painted tables where any counter- 
feit of fpeech is exhibited,nothing fo obvious 
and remarkable as this Rhetoricall pofture of the 
Fingers. And the inventions and painted Hifto- 
riesofourmoderne Artifts in their reprefentati- 
onsof fpeechhad inpublicke, have a conftant 
relation and refpeft unto this ancient forme of 
the Fingers. And over the ancient images of the 
Prophets , which polli(hed by the Hands of the 
Jefuits, come over to us from the Mart , there is 
B&ally a H*»^txtendcd out of Heaven, impaii'd 
about with ray es , the Fingers retaining this ge^ it were the Index of God fpeaking to 
his Prophets , as He was wont to doe of old, 
when He ftirred up their hearts , and fuggefted 
His fa cred Oracles unto them. Forfince they 
Could not by any fitting femblance or fancied 
pourtraiture of inventive wit , defcribe God as 
He is in Himfelfe ; left impiety fliould have tain- 
ted their imagination , and they fhould feeme to 
make the Prophet equall to his God,they would 
not by a groffe difcription- fhadow out God 
fpeaking race to face , becaufethe Face pre- 
fents tbePeifon, Nudam f DwtMmEJfenttam,as . , . 
Brixian • clecrly as he is in Himfelfe : but Hee 
hath never been feen in that manner by dreame Symb. 
or vifion of His Seers, nor is it poflible any mor- 
tall eye fhould endure the infinite luftre of fo 
great a Majefty : therefore to evade the pro- 
phaneneffe of that prefumptuous errour,they on- 
ly difplaied a Hand from Heaven, to that intent 
of fignification,as a more la w full note, and as it 
were a member more remote from the face; and 
becaufethe Hand is the Indexed figne of infpi- 
Wtion, and that Divine power and ;mpulfive fa- 
F 5 vifliment 

jo Chi r on omia: Or, 

vifhment wherewith the Prophets were raifed 

up to Prophcfie. Por,Prophefie if it be ftrong , 

Ribera with the Hebrewes it is called the Wand, as RiSt- 

£omi»ent ra obferves ; in which fenfe the Handoi God is 

inProph. taken in divers places of * Scripture;forthePro4 

J?'? !;, phets ufed to call that Spirit the Hand of God 

f?i*. ,ng which fell upon them when He did infpire their 

aChron. difpofed foules, and heating them with the ravi+ 

50.1 1. ifhing influence of a Prophetique fire,by a terrible 

Ifa.g.n. illuftration, filled them ftrangely fall of His re- 

Ezek.i. j. vea j ec [ w jij, Cornelias a Lapide affirmeth him* 

I *' a felfe to have feen the like description of the Pro* 

37.1,10.1 phets in the ancient Bibles of the Vatican Li- 

&c. braryjand in his Comment upon the four greater 

Cornel. £ p r0 phets, he hath prefixed to their Prophefits 

Comment t ^ e * r k vera N' e*%es after the fame manner; 

in 4Proph which, as it is probable) were copied out of the 

major. Vatican Bibles. 

C nT T He Thumbe erec% the o> 
JL ther Fingers ^ptAy bene 
in, is a convenient compofition 
of the Hand {or an exordium, 
and to lead to the forming of 
the other adtionsofthe/foW- 
©ft ufed by our modern Chi" 


The Art of hUnuaU Rbetoricke, 7 1 

IF any thing be to bc/hewed, cam* 
the Thumb muft be bent in, 
the other foure Fingers remifie. 

THe Index joyned to the cw 
Thumbe, theother Fin* IV * 
^jremiffc, is another forme of 
toe Hand fix for an^xordium. 

THe middle Finger applied 
unto the fhurrjbe,the ©*' 
ther three let loofe, is a fafhion 
of the Hand, moftof allcom^ 
modious for a Troem* 

This A&ion muft be performed with a gentle 
motion to both Cries, the Hand a little put forth, 
the Head together with the (boulders, with a 
mrinking.modelly,regarding that part to which 
the iffa** is carried- In Narration the fame 
gefture, but a little more produced and ceraine ; 
in Eicprobration and arguing fhatpe and inftant; 
for in thefe parts or an Oration it is put forth 
-foriger,and appeares in a larger extent. Which 
mould bee the belt Rhetoricall figure of the 

f 4 K^i 


yz Chironowi a ; Or, 

Hattdto frame it to exprefle by Art what it can- 
not fo well insinuate by Nature^ neither by the 
ufe and practice of experienced and eloquent 
men that now are, nor by any advertifemerit of 
the Ancients can be certainly collected, fince- 
they differ much about the matter ; lome pro- 
nounce with the unfolded Hand, thefe holding 
it downwards, others contract it , and make 
thereof aTiff j fome frame their action by the 
fourth Canon, fome by the fifth Canon : Which 
guintitian commends above all other formes 
ajlowcd to be of any moment , to fet a glofle or 
vernifliupon difcourfe. So many Oratours, fo 
many varying and different formes of fpeaking. 
trefol. de But fre/oAtus whole judgement is Oracular in 
jgeft. orat. f uc h matters, conceives that pofture beft ob^ 
Jib. ». (^ved by'an Oratour , that when hee pronoun- 
ceth with the open H*»i,held abroad, and fet at 
liberty, he would ribt hold it wholly down, nor 
altogether upwards, butinacerrajne meanc, 
which as it is (according to the opinion of Phy* 
fitjans ) nioft natural}* as he notes it out of the 
H;ppoe.l. tw°g ra nd Patriarchs of Phyficke , foitfeemes 
defraftis, j j,j m mo ft. e ^ e an( j agreeable to modefty, 
ife mom 6 " although this ought to be in common ufe,yet up* 
Mufcul on occafion the Haudmzy fall into the other po- 
cfum 1. a. {tares. 


THe two middle Fingers 
brought under the thumb, 
h aa Action more inftant and 


The Art of Manual! Rhetoric fo. ^ 

importunate &&& doth urge more 
then is convenient for anExor- 
dium or Narration. 

T HE top of the Fore*finger Cann 
* moved to joyne with the v«. 
naile of the Thumhe that's next 
unto it, the other fingers in re- 
mitter , is opportune for thofe 
who relate , dtltinguijb , or ap* 
proye. lis alio fie f©r them that 
mildly councell , and becomes 
the phrafes of pompous Elocuti- 
on , with which IZjutoricians 
polifli and enrich their Orati- 
ons, Tis feafonable alfo for 
y^arrations and Tane^yriques^ 
where a foft & pellucid Orati- 
on flowes with the copious 
flreames of Elocjuence, and it 


74 Chironomia: Or, 

availes in any painted fyride of 
Jpeecb, and agrees with an Bpi- 

CrefeUim commends this compofition of the 
Fingers, as moft comely of all others , and con- 
fonant to ingenious difpofitions , if the arme be 
extended out fore-right, which beft agrees with 
a manly and coHragiotts fpeech : or the Arme a lit- 
tle bent,and t,he H*nl lifted up before j a gefture 
much afftcTed by elegant men. 

vTn Tr^ e * wo ' a ^ ^ n i ers drawn 
to the botcorae of Cythei- 

reas brawny hill, or the pulpe 

of the Thumb; the Thumb a|> 

preft unto the middle joynt of 

the two next : if the Dexter 

Hand fcfornrd, doe finite with 

a light percuffion on the finifter 

Tatme y it doth confpicuoufly 

dtfitibiate & digefk the number $, 

arguments, andmembcrs of an 

Oration, The 

The Art af Manual! <%hetoritke. 7 £ 
^HetopoftheT^ffl&joyn-d *«* 
A to the middle of the naile 
of the Right Index, 'the other 
Fingers remiflfe; is fit to .di/lm* 
guifh contraries* 

Th e left Thumb preft downe C*— 
by the Index of the Right 
Hand , doth urge and inflantly 
enforce an argument. 

T^he top or grape of the left ^T 

*■ Index gently apprehended, 
ptrtsthe Hand into a. Rhetorical 
•fiiape for dijfrutation. 

1[ he middle joyntof the left c ^™ 

Index apprehended, intends 
more earne/ineSy and fublimates 
the fenfe of words unto a point 
of greater vebemenoc* 



o»«» T HE u PP er joyntofthe Index 

* lIL apprehended, the two next 

Fingers a little bowed, the eare* 

finger in the meane time fearce 

bent at all; hath a Rhetoricall 

force in Vijjtutations. 

cm* •J'he oSW/W^fw^r preftto the 

*Palm, and the others at their 

own beheft , makes the Hand 

competently apt for to upbraid* 

canon ^he two &diddle*fingers bent 

x ■ inward, and their Extremes 

prelented in a fork, doth objedfc 

zfcoffe> and doth contumelioufly 


C4»»» "J*He Vice^bandyOt Thumb y zx* 

%YL tended eut with the Bare* 

Finger ,the other Fingers drawn 


The Art o/ManuaQ ^betoriske. y 7 

in; doth denote amplitude. 

*pnE 7bumbe that prclents it cm« 
felfe upright,out of a Right- XVIL 
hand bent into aFift; is agraye 
Mafculine ad:ion,fit to advance 
the fenfe of e5\4 agnanimititu. 

*J*he Thumbe turn'd out, by a 

received cuftorne,is made an xvnl. 
act of Demonftratwn. 

*J"He three laft Fingers contra - Canm 
cledclofetotheTWw*, and XIX * 
comprefs'd by the Qbampion of 
the Hand, and the Index dif- 
play'd in full length; ufbr aides : 
is a point of indication, moil 

The force in this indicatorie aftion , 4»to*ie Antn „ 
noted C rA $ HS t0 nave skilfully ufedtohispur-deOraJ 


7$ Chironomi a :Or» 

pofe,in ejxpreffing his earneft griefe*and>the vej 

hement affedlion of hisminde .• ,9u<e me bereate, 
CraQe, cum a te traQantkrin cattfis horrerefeleo ; 
tantavuanifri, t ant us dolor, oculis, vttlttt, gcftn> 
Digito-deuiqire illo mo ,jfaniftc*ri /oUu Other 
very "^xccllftht PleadersVfaHtattid-fefts rftfuble 
gift of Natur t , or .exqmfice endeavour ana fFe»- 
ftionof Ar^inthat wealthy Oratour;is we may 
gati$en£>|ttcof die monuments of the Ancients. 
To whom /faith Crefollittt) thusfpeaking, we 
Seneca 18 may cfcy out; as Sejtecaxepoxts afaj£e-.(poken O- 
Contro. ratour once did in a certaine Declamation of his: 
O Digitttw multa figmficanteml 

c*»*n JHc index erexaed from a Fiji, 
doth crave and 'expeff atientu 
o«-and,ifmov'd^itdoth threaten 
and denomce. 

C*»on "J*Ha index advanced from a/ijl, 
and inclin'd refpedlivc to the 
ffabulder; hatha great fecultie 
to confirme, colled and refute. This feemes to be that Aftion, which TertuU 

Hermog. lion £a.ygs t Hermogcnet wis wont toufe % to wit, 

cap. z 7t 2%utu 'Digiti occommodato : and he calls it, Lend- 

cinitm frmunc'tMimis. Indeed, this Aftion can 

doe much in gathering together,and reciting the 


The Art df Manual} l^hetmcke. yp 

matter Jo be debatefand concludedfyresfon; 
to wit , when that, we take up from others , is 
fuch, as cannot be denyed, and doth fcefiie 
neceflarily to follow , efpecially in Contra- 
wr/Stf and l)ifp«t4ho»s , w h&i the -falfitie of 
errowous opinions, are with great gr+vitie of 
(beech and affeverttnn refitted : in which cafe 
Crtfollim dftres pronounce that oiPhrjnictu'm 
the GoifjEdje ; 

Stitmiitm & ttchleum yuendam habent in &thcn.l,4, 

HpHe^W*?* (the reft com- &*** 
A pos'd into a Fiji') turn'd XXIL 
down perpendicular^ doth urge* 
inculcate and drive the point 
into the heads of the A aditours. 

BOth thtlndexes joyn'd,and c**o* 
pvramidfcally" advanced . XXItI * 
doe exalt the force thatflmes 
from more jhlendid and gtoHous 

Oth the fndexes , with a c*« 
countenance averfe, dire** 


go Chironomia: OrJ 

&ed to one fide , doc point out 
an ironicaB intention. 

This Aftion although it may with honefty e- 
nough be done by an Orateur , yet to doe it of- 
ten, and to charge them ftrongly and vehement- 
lyagainft them that are prefent, as if he would 
tKg out the eyes of his Auditory : CrefoUint 
makes a queltion whether fuch may be thought 
lefle out of their wits then that miferable matron 
HccHba t viho with great force and violence flew 
upon Polymneftor : 
QiiA .1 . i i — Et digit os in perfida lumina eondit : 
Meumar. Q r cver a w j,j t mo defter then Cletdtmm , *$m 
intento digito Zenothenidi oculum effbdit in convi- 
Lucian !n vio; for this is rather the gar be of thofe who rage 
Convivi«. an( j rave like mad men, then of thofe who with 
underftanding and moderation exercifethe fa- 
culty of the \\*nd in fpeaking. 

m ^TpHE Middle Finger put 
xxv! X forth, and brandifli'd in 
extent, is an adtion fit to brand 
and upbraide men mth Jlotb, 
effeminacie , and notorious vi* 

This aftion is MagiQrallinRhetorique, but 
grounded upon Nature : for this Finger ,as fome 


TbeArtofManuaftQthetQrUh. 8 1 

Chiro Crittiques was for its floath and unaftive- 
uefle placed in the middeft , as feeming to ftand 
in need of the defence of the other neighbouring 
Fingers, and being longer then the reft, length 
and lazineffe going ufually H<*«^in UtatdXt may 
helpe to relate in a more open way of expreffir 
on,the notorioufneffe of f heir vices, who exceed 
others in vildenefle as far as this idle Finger ap» 
pears eminent above the reft. 

THe middle Finger ftroflay CafJ0 » 
1 ** l c xXVI; 

ly compreft by the 

Tbumbe 9 and their collifion 
producing a Suiting found^and 
the Hand to caft out 3 is an A- 
dion convenient to fight and 
undertake, and to exprefle the 
vanity of things, in fearchins 
after which things 3 and the im- 
moderate care of keeping them, 
the induftry and ftrength of 
mod mens wit are imperti- 
nently exercifed and fpent. 

G Crt* 

Bz Chironomia: Or, 

Crefollms though hegive a tolleration to this 
knacking adjunct of expreffioiv, yet he would 
have it fparingly ufed,and adds in an affembly of 
the people, for in the lolemne Seflion ©f learned 
and judicious men, this aftion,perchance, as ta- 
ken from the fceane and Hands of Mimiques,is to 
be rejected , and left unto the cuftomary levity 

xxvn. TF the R ing Finger by a 
JLfinglc Adtiongoeoutofthe 
open Handy as it were to ferve 
the Tadt, it may much advance 
their utteranee,who in difcourfe 
touch and handle a matter 

This js a Magiftrall notion of my owne , ne- 

mft.Rhet. v « *°°gto °" b Y * n y Ancient or Moderne 

lib,u. Rhetorician, for all I can finde, ( unlefle 

J-JZmntilians Interim Jguartus oblique reponitur , 

darkely allude unto it ) but , grounded upon 

the fame principles of obfervation as all their 

precepts ofgefture are. Galen faies this is the 

Galen ie F* n £ er weufe toput out when we woujd touch 

ufu part. a ny thing lightly ; and the ancient Phyfitians u- 

fed gently to ftir their cordialls ; and Collyriftms 

with this Finger t thence called Medkm , upon 

which ground of Nature , I was induced to caft 

in my mite into the treafury of this Art* 


The Art ofManuaQ <%betoricfo. S $ 

THe Fare Finger appea- x ^f t 
ring credl out of a bended 
Fift, doth by thatadtion obtain 
a force to explaiae more fubtiil 

THe Right InAx 9 i£m*r* & 
fhaUikegoefrom Finger 
to Finger y to note them out 
wichalight touch, it doth fit 
their ptirpofe who would num+ 
her their argurHertis , and by a 
vifible diftin^ion fet them all 
on a row upon their Fingers, 

Hortenfitts the Oratour was wont after tbijs 
manner to fet his arguments all on a row upon 
his Fingers : But although he excelled in this 
way of numbring , and dividing arguments 
upon his Fingers, yet others ufed chat falnion al- 
io, the Fingers having been devoted after a cer- 
taine manner for the numbring of things by an 
univerfall and naturall cuftome j as we may 
learne out of $t, Hierom , for he fpcaking of a S.Hierom 

G i 

84 Chironomia; Or J 

certaine finatterer in learning fwollen with a 
conceit of his owne skill , Cum c&pijfit in digitis 
Tullie parrirecaufam^&c And TuHj fignificanfly to 
Divin.iji the fame purpofe, .Quid ' «**» accufationit tu* 
Verrem. m \^y r( i d\videre txperit , & in digit isfity fil/gybs 
partes cattf* cerlfiituere ? Qttintilian denies - this 
gefture admittance to the Hand in a mournful! 
caufe, perchance,becaufe it feems to have a cer- 
taine fplendour and elegancie of Artifice , Anji 
de morte filii fui , vel injuria qua morte fit gravior 
dkendum patrifuit , ant argumenta diducttin digu 
tos, ant propojitionum ac partitionum captavit lepo- 
rem ? This gefture of the Band is not to be ufed 
unkffe the diftin&ions and diftributions be fub- 
ftantiall and weighty, being things of great mo- 
ment which we defire,(hould fix & take deep im- 
pireflion in the mindes of men, and of which we 
are accurately and fubtilly to difpute, for in this 
cafe it is advintagibus to ufe the feems 
Cicero probable to . Cre/o/lius that Tuff) ufed this geftutc 
pro lege \yhen he made mention to theRomarisdf theho- 
maml. nourable Capraine, in whom he did note tbefe 
Fbure notable things, Sciemiam reimiliuris, vir- 
tutemyautoritAtein <&f*lmtattm, which he after- 
wards amplified diftin&ly and particularly, with 
a moft high and rich yariety of utterance. This 
numeration by the Fingers , doth likewife availe 
in. an Epilogue, and Anackephalafis 9 as when we 
reckon up all the chiefe heads and aides of a 
matter in queftioDi which have been brought in 
and alledged for the advancement of truth , or 
which have been evidently refuted or proved. 
Hence in the Areopagetique School es or Coun* 
cel-houfe at Athens,they painted Qkrifippm with 
his i^frz inthispofture, for the fignification 


The Art o/ManuaU Rbetoricke. 8$ 

of numbers ; and our moderne Artifts when 
they would exhibit Arithmeticke counting, ob- 
ferve the fame geftureof the Fingers. Such a 
Statue of Arithmeticke there is in the new Ovall 
Theater, lately eretted for the differing Anato- 
mies in Barber-Surgeons Hall in London. 

TO lift up , or put forth cv»« 
feme of the Finders > is a xxx * 
plaine way of Rhetoricall A* 
rithmeticke fit to (hnifie a fmall 
number, a firaple action fer- 
ving well enough their occail- 
ons who would inculcate two 
or three chiefs points to an ig- 
norant multitude. 

Refeins made ufe of this Arithmetical! intima- 
tion inftead of fpeecb, when herofetofpeakea* 
gainft theLawes G*binwj had propounded for 
Tompeyes Authority againft the Pyrates : for pi^d, 
when he could have no audience , and that hee in the hfe 
faw he could not be heard, he made a figne with ofPompcy 
his Fingers that they fhould not give Tompey a- 
lonethis Authority tut joyne another unto him ; 
while he wasfignifying this by the gefticulation 
of his flW,the people being oftended with him, 
nude fucha threatning outcrie upon it, that a 

G i Crow 

8£ Ghironomia; Or, 

Crow flying over the Market-place at that l'n- 
ftant was ftncKen blinde.and felldowne among 
pion lib. the people. Then Rofcius held not only his 
3< Tongue, but his HWalfo. This is rooft pcoper- 
Pyratko ^ performed by the fingers of the left hand. 
prefoRiut commends this way of numeration in 
the Handtofouv modejrne t)ivines. So fome of 
the Fathers when they aid expound the myftery 
of the Sacred Trinity , they lifted up three #*»- 
gwoftbe Right Hank. But this fimple way of 
computation hath been entertained fince the an- 
cient manner of account hath gfowne fome what 
outofufe. For, the ancient-Rhetoricians who 
lived in that age wherein Wit and Induftry were 
in their prime taking their hint from Nature, by 
an accommodation of Art reduced all numbers 
intogefturesoftheH4»^, which did reprefen^ 
as it were the lively images of numbers : And 
this Art of Manual! Rbetorickf Was fo punctually 
obferved by the ancient Rhetoricians, that it 
was accounted a great abfuriity and di( 
sient to them that erred through a falfe and in- 
decent gefture of computation , as appeareth 
^uintil. plainly by Quintilian who gives in this teftimo- 
Rhet Ihft. n y tberebf ; < In Ca'ufis Attor fi digitorum incerta 
Jib.z.cio autindecorogefltt a comptttatione dijfentit, judicata? 
mdofttii. And Apuieius reprehends this in Ruf- 
Apuf. in fiws the Lawyer, for that by a deceitfull gefture 
Apolog. ofhis J7*gw-j he added twenty yeares : Whofe 
words alluding to the fame Arithmeticall ex- 
Idem A- P re ^t>ns run thus : Si tringivta annos fer decern 
fiologia 1, dixiffes, pojfif videri fro computations gefitt errafe t 
3, quos circulate* debuerii digit or aperuijfe. Qttin ve- 

ra q'<*airaginta\quaf*cilius eateris porretla pafniu/a 
Significant ur, ta quadraginfa tu dimidio auges ; non, 


The Art ofManMtt ^betorich, 8 7 

fotes digitorn gefiuerrajfe, nifi forte trtginta ohms* 
rttmPHdentillaratus, cujuf^anni Confutes vume- 
rafii. This MAnuallssirithmeticke was much in 
ufe with the Ancients,as appears by the frequent 
allufions to it in Authenticke Authours, the 
knowledge whereof will bring much light to 
many obfcure and ditficult places which occurre 
in divers old Writers, which cannot be under- 
stood without the knowledge of this Manuall A- 
rithmetickfTo trace it a little through the gloomie . - 
Walks of Antiquity. Thus Seneca : Numerare £01(188. 
docetme Arithmetica avarici* accommodare digitos. 
Tertujlian thus : Qum digitorum fupputatoriis ge* Tertul. 
fiiculis addendum. LManian. (^apella thus : In Apol.e.90 
digitos calculum^dtfiribuit. The younger *PUhm Ma".Ca- 
thus : Componit vultttm , intendit oculos, movet la- P el - l,z - de 
bra y agitat digitos , nihil eomptftat. St. Auguftm p|,,j & 
thus : Omnium vtro de hoc re calculantium digitos Merc. 
refolvityy & cjuiefcerejubet. Orontes, foninlaw p ' in J U, V 
to King Artaxerxes was won«to compare Cour- E P ,ft -* ' 
tiers, CompHtaterum digit is; for like as they make >^ *',»«, 
a Finger fometimes ftand for one , another time civic. Dei 
for ten thoufand ; even fothofe that be about l.iS.c jj. 
Princes at one time, can do all at once, and ano- plu " rch . 
thet time as little or rather juft nothing. And ,n A P Gth - 
jguintihan in difallowing one of thofe numeri- Q ujnti j 
call geftures to be ufed to a Rhetoricall intenti- i n ft.Rhe t . 
on,acknowledgcth the Arithmeticall force and lib. n. 
validity thereof. To thefe allufions appertains 
that of I know not what Poet : 

ZJtile fotlicitu computat artictdk. 
Hence grew the Adage, V in e Digit l osmittere:\bi& E r3 f m# 
is,to number in the moft accurate and exacl: way. Adage, 

Their manner was , to reckon upon the Left 
Hand, until! they came to 100. and from thence 

G 4 be- 

SS Chir onomia: Or, 

began to reckon upon their Right Hand. Sato* 

Ptov. j.16. **<>* is thought to allude to this , where he faith , 

Wifedome csmmeth with length of dayes upon her 

§ahzir Right Hind: meaning ( as fame expound that 

fupec hoc pi ace j t j, at vyifedome fhould make them live a 

ineeniore. ^ on S a S e « even to an looyeares. Pterins in af- 

Godwyn' firmation of this artiftciajl way of account, 

andq.Jud. brings in a facetious Epigram of one Nicbar- 

Pier. m chus aGreeke Poet , jetting at fotyttaris, an old 

HicrogJ, Hagg , who diflembling her true age , began a- 

gaine to number her yeares uponherJeftHawdl 

The epigram rendred by him in latine^runsthus: 

iJWulturtr garrula anus, caput omne Qoiyitaru alba t 

'Propter qttam7{eftor non fit adhuc fenior. 
Sl*t* cervos annis fuperavit , quafe finijira 

Vita iter urn captet connumerare dies. 
Vivit adhuc, eernit^ fedefirma eft,virginu inftar, 
r Plutmtm ttt dubites pafftm aliqmd graviui. 
Sstyr. T° this , Juvenal fpeaking of the long life of 
Neftor, doth alfo allude. 
Rex Pylius magnofi qaicquam credit Homer o, 

Exemplum vita fteit a Cornice fecttnda^ 
jFalix nimirum, qui to\ perfecula vitam, 

Dijhflit , atq- fuosjam Dextra cemputat annos, 

£hry.M. Chrjfologm upon the Parable ofthe ioo/beep, 

cemum'o- ^ at ^ a IxK>tt excellent con jecTrurall meditation, 

fawn. alluding to this artificiall Cuftorne. Which of yon 

having a ioo Jh:ep, andifhe lofe one^&G. Why not 

50 ? why not 2©o ? but 100. Why not 4 ? why 

not $ ? but 1. And he fhewes,that he griev'd 

more for the number,than the loffe; for the loffe 

of one, had broke the century , and brought it 

back from the Right hand to the left, muttingtjp 

liis account in his Left hand,ir\A left him nothing 

in his Right, &c. the firft pofture in the Right, 


The Jrt of Manual QHbetortckc. ga 

hand, wherein the Eare-finger is circularly bent 
inj by Bede is referr'd to Virgins , as that which \^ *? 
fapreffeth,as it were , the Crown of Virginitie. jJhXS 
The Gefture [Thirty j is referr'd to Mariagej for j. Novi» 
the very Conjqn&ion of the fingers, as it were, in ag. 
with a (oft kifle embracing and coupling thetn- 
felves , paints out the Husband and Wife. 
S. Mierome, willing to e*plaine the reafon why 
S.Tttul would have a widow indeed.chofen not Hier.U. 
under 60 yeares of age : to (hew why this num- 1„ ^" °* 
ber is fo properly referr'd to widowes , very 
learnedly betakes hirafelfe uoto the Hierpgty- 
phrque of this number , wherein the Thftmbe is 
depreft by the upper Finger , and very ftreightty 
girded by the fame: It (hewes (faith he) in what 
itreights Widowhood is afflifted , which is fo 
reftrained in on every fide. CtpeBa bringing in Mart. Ga* 
tririthmetiqtte, at the mariage of Philologie j and P ella » '-7» 
Mercuric defcribing the pofture of her Fingers : ** Nu P c * 
DigitiveroVirginisrecHrfanteSn & quadam incom- " r ^ Jn 
prtbenfe mobilitati* fcatttrigine vermicnlati. Qh* principio.' 
wax ingrejfafiptingentos decern , & feptem nttmcros 
complicate in eo digit u govern fulmtatntnda fubre- 
xit. Which made the Numbers 70. and 17. 
And PhilofopUe {landing by, Tritonidts, enquires 
of her what Aritbmttisfue might meane by thofe 
poftures of her Fingers ? To whom P«Hm : She 
Salutes Jove by his proper name. And indeed, 
the Manuall number ,70. was the ancient pofture 
cf adoration ; Which was,the ptluthtg Finger laid 
over-thwart the Thumb; Made more apparent 
by Apnleius, (peaking of the -adorers of frnxr, 
Et admovenus oribus ftti* dextram Triore digito pP"*' UJ 
intretlttmpeRicem reftdente, ntipfam pror/its deatn j"^ 1310, 
fer.erc rtlMofis mbn-ttdombus venervbanttir.Mai.iw 



of thefe Numericall poftures of the Fingers t are 

found in the ftatues of the Ancients. Witnes 

Plinie, that image of Janus , with two faces,dedicated 

N«Hift. i nt heCapitoll,byKingiV«w<«; the Fingers of 

in Satur- wn °fe Hands were in fuch fort fafhioned and 

nal. Lb. i. formed, that they reprefented the number, 3$$. 

which are the dayes of the whole yeare : oy 

which notification of the yeare, he (hewed fuffi- 

ciently, that he is the god and Patron of times 

and ages. Pieriut endeavours to reprefent the 

Pofture of his Fingers^ by a verball defcription. 

And it was the place the enfigncs of 

Pier, in Honour on the more honourable H<wrf, and to 

H^erogl, fjg ure t he left Hand of Oratours,and other great 

1 * 37 " men, to note out the firft, fecond , or third time 

of their acceffe unto that Office or Dignitie. 

Thefe poftures , devifed by a happy dexteritie 
of wit, were recorded among the i^gyptian 
Letters or Hieroglyphicks, as unfit to be profti- 
tuted to the Vulgar , in regard they did allude to 
all the Pythagoricall fecrets of Numbers , info- 
much as the Caveat of Pythagoras might have 
feeen placed over the Rhetorique-Schbol-doore 
of the Ancients : Nemo Arithmetics [_Manualis~^ 
ignarus hie ingrediatur. And the Notions of this 
Art are not onely neceflfary to Oratours , but to 
all men, efpecially the Sonnes of Art, although 
by the carelefneffe and negligence of men , it is 
growne fomewhat out of ufe. In the practice 
of this Art, fome follow Rede , others embrace a 
more probable way of account. Some follow 
Trapneus. the order of Irenaus the Divine , a man of great 
in Valcnr, learning and generall parts , who flouriflied 
lib. i. c.i 3- f ome a g es before Bede. But among the modern, 
Lucas Minaritanus is above comparifon the beft» 
who hath a moft abfoluteTraft of this argument. 

^ / 

The Art ofMamaH <k betmch* y j 

Par. At, IP omen ON. 

THey who defire a more compl&t account 
of this Art, fo farre forth as this Ghirogram 
may feeme defective; as the continuation of the 
account from ioto 19. as the numbers, 11. 1*. 
13. i4,8ec. To farisfie their euriofitie, may eofl* 
fult with Pterins in his Hiereglyphiques. And B e j, 

if tliey would know ♦l« n5 *-~ 1 ^-j-^^, t ^ c i n< jj s ; t . 

manner of computing from a Myriad » to wi*» 
1 0000. unto joooooviriay advHe with Reve- 
rend Bede, who hath written a whole Booke 
dt lndigitatione, or the Ancient manner 0$ com* 
putation by geftures of the Fingers .- and is the Bapt.Perr. 
man (as itis thought) to whom we owe the pre- de fun.Ut." 
fervation of this fubtfe peece of HW-learningj not. 
which he may -find tranferib'd in 'Btptijia <Pm*> ™ a |" us 
in Fttrtivu literarum mis. ^ ^Scx 

flmtus alludes to the Grand Account thus: 
Pe tins T>igiti$ puitat , cor credo evectttnrus 

Ecce a/ttem ttvertit nixtts , Uvttm infemart 

bobet memnm. 
X)extra digitis rdthttem comfutat , feritnt 


*!*dU AiAt thvk A A A 

An Index to the following Al- 
phabet of Jttion-, or Table of 
Rhetoricall Indigitations. 

A B C 

Thurcsmthe ICahok. IV Cans*. V Canon, 

D E * G 

VI />. vi t **« vm f Ci». XXX Can, 

XIII CVw. XII f*«. XVIII f^w. XVII Cm. 


XIX CW* XX£*». XXI Can. XXII G*. 

Q^ R S 


T V W 

XXVIII 0»<?». XV Cano*. X ^ 
X Y Z 

XXIX C*»«». XVI Canon, IX £W. 

f The verbal! periphrafis of the gefture P, by 
accident hath been overflipped : but the 'Plate 
fpeakes Canonically for it felfe. It is one of 
JgHtntiliaos Geftures , which he obferves the 
Greekes much to ufe ( even with both Hands) 
in their Enthymemes i when they chop, as it 
were, their Logick , and inculcate and knock it 
down,as with a home. 

This following Table ddth not onely ferve 
to expreffe the Rhetoricall poftures of the 
Fingers • but may be ufed as Cyphers for 
private wayes of Difcourfc or Intelli- 

E Approbahit 

r ^nrhymrmata 
tutiAit . 

I Acrius s4rcjumctip*- Jicmanstrat 
later- U 


N Aticnhortcm. 


,. \. 



o cm 

- ill' if it . 

Q. Ltrtinquch 


L Jtaananimttatcm 

H Dtrputahit . 



- I 

M Indicjitat . 


si Splcndidiora. 
cxphtrat . 

1 ! 



& Lcvitcr tanqtt 


1 p^-. 

* Exvrohrahit 


X. McrrA : Oratl : 

iinetn • 

I Amp litudi, . j. 


'X, > 


. ^^^^^^j ^^^K^^ ^^flfl^* ^i^^^k* %^3^^^ < 



O V 


Or,certaine Prevarications a^ 

gainfttheRule of Rhctoricall 

Decorum, noted in the Hands of 

the Ancient and Modern 


nO uie any Grammaticall geftures P> &v*- t , 
of compact, or any fnappmg riationU 
df the Fingers , or amorous in- Sca.i. 
timations invented by Lovers 
of old , is very oniutable, to tnc 
gravity of an Oratour. The ni- 
turall difcourfes of the /Aww/being fo plaine to 
be underftoodjthe Ancients affay'd to finde out in 
theHWa moreclofe & private way .contriving 
by a clofe compact how men might fignifie their 
mindes ; a kinde of fpeaforig, ufed by fuch who 
would not openly expre^thernfelves, yet in a 

H ' durn'oe 

p8 Chironomi a :Or> 

dumb & wary kinde of figning,imimate their in- 
tention , an Art fitft found out and cxercifcd by 
loverSjWhen with great caution they would pre- 
fent their aflfeftions,and make their Fingers con- 
vey a meffage from their heart. Of thefe cautio- 
narie notes of Lovers, O vu/that grand Matter of 
love knacks , and amorous expreftions,affordes 
us many touches : 

Ovid tie Nil opus efldigitisper qms arcana loquaris. 

An. And in another place : 

Amand. — £ t m digits liter* nulla f nit. 

And againe glancing at the fame Grammatical! 
expreflions^he faim ; Nee vos 

Arc. ExcipUe arcana verba notata mantt, 

Amand. fa^ jnft ru &frjg his Mrs. in the way of tacit con- 
ferences : 

Verba legis digit is verba notata mero. 
£um tibifnecurrit veneris lafcivianofira 

TurpureM tenero potttce tangegenas. 
Si qttlderit de me tacit a qttad menu loquaris, 

Tendeat extrema mollis ab aure mamts. 
Qumtibi quafaciam me a Lttx dicamve place bunt, 

Verfetw digitis annultts uf^ tuts. 
Tange mantt menfam, tangunt quo more pracantes, 
Optabis merith cum mala multa viro. 
Idem.l. i . And to this kinde of amorous dilcourfe by fpea- 
de Trift. king fi^nesjthat of his refers : 

V* % refert digitisftpe efinut/tfe locutHS. 
Propcrt. To which Propertius alfo alludes : 
1. j. ssfitt tna quum digitis fcriptafilenda notas. 

Eunius jn To this is referred that which Etmius ipeakes of 
Tartntil. a certaine impudent Companion, who had no 
part of his bpdy free from fome ftiamelefle office 
or other, his words are thefe : gmft in choro pita 


TbimQfManuaUfthetopcfa. $ >? 

Indent datatim dapfefe, ($• communem fasit , alium 
tenet, alitsnutat, alibi mams ejl '■ occttpataMip per- 
VeUitpedem^liis dat annnlnm evpeQandum a labris, 
alinm invocat,cum alio cant at , axtamtn aliis dat di- 
git0 iiteras. And Salomon alluding to thefe kinde p 3,01B v i 
ofexpre0ions,He winketb with his eyes,he fpea- $7> 
tarh with his feet, he teatheth with his Fingers. ' * * 
Sometimes the Ancients did to this purpole yt 
fecrecie and private communication , order an 
Alphabet upon the joints of their Fingers ,whicfe 
Artifice of Artbrologie obtained a privy force by 
(hewing thofe letters by a diftincT: and Gramma- 
ticall fucceffion. Amoneft which Grammars by 
geftiires, The poftures of the Fingers which ap- 
pertaine to the old Manuall Arithmeticke, have 
been contrived into an Alphabet, of which way _ . 
of intimation , "Baptifia Porta hath treated atEapt.i'de 
large. To the (ame intent thcNaturalJ. and R he- ta de fus . 
torical poftures of this Hand may be reduced into l"^"*. 
myftique Alphabets, arid be very fignificantly u- 
fed for cyphers without any fufpicion. Some- 
times of old they ufed for a light watch- word a 
Snapping colliiton of the Fingers called Crepitus 
."Digitorum, which imperious way of Went ex- 
preffion,&the phrale whereof is ufed for a hy per- 
bobcall diminitive of the Ieaft fignification^/?* pj™ 
in his learned dcfcant upon the /Proverbs 
harping upon this firing, The unthrifty and 
wicked man inftru^keth with has Fingers, fajth , 
ttfgito loqui, orrogantidnt & fuperbiom . indie At. 
And St. Hierom in a certaine Epiftle , faith, Su- 
per biaefi fignnmcum qt&i permgitorkm crepitmn 
vttlt intekigi. The notihcation and found of 
this arrogant gefture , was reckoned anjong the 
fiodornali apd darke fignes of Lovers. , ;Mafters 

H % alfo 



Chironomia: Or, 

alfo by this mapping of their Fingers ufedto>«all 
their fervants,upon the hearing of which watch- 
word, they were to be prefto and at Hand to ex- 
ecute their durribe commands. To this cuftome 
I finde that of Petronius referred , TrimalcU Uu- 
Petron tiflimus homo digitis concrefttit, adqmdftgnum ma- 
Satyr. * telUm Spado luacntifuppofuitjcxonorata iHe vefcick, 

&c. To this alfo belongs that of 1T#*//*/: 
Tibollus g t vQtet ^jjgifi me taciturna fonum. 

ln'l'pi- To which Mantal like wife alludes 
gram. Dttm pofcor\jrepitu digitoru~^& vcrna moratur, 

O quotient pe/lex culcitrajaZta me eft. 
And in another place : 

(Digit i erepantis figna novit Eunuchus. 

Which cuftome the Chriftian Pedagoge would 

Lib.i.c.7. nave excluded from the Wands ofmenpioufly af- 

Psdag. fe&ed, whofe minde Clemens Alexandrians hath 

expounded thus : 'Digit* exprejft font, quibns ac- 

cer/itntttrfamuli,cumjint rationit expertes fignifica- 

tiones % r*tione ft adit is hominibus vitandifmt. This 

kindeof commanding gefture is moft common 

Palomi - ta ^ e Spaniard, whofe humour is only a medley 

tiui in " of arrogance and imperious pride, whence he is 

proporr. moft commonly detefted of all Nations , for his 

natural! odious defire of fovereignty over others. 

And the Romans, the ancient Lords and Matters 

of the World gro wne infolent by the greatnefle 

of their Empire , could well skill of this proud 

Tacit"* intimation of their Fingers. For, Tacitus tells us, 

Annal. *^ at th'einnocencie of Pallas was not fo grate- 

lib.i j. full to th&people of Rome, as his infupportable 

pride was odious. For whe fome of his freedmen 

were faid to have been privie to the practice of 

aconfpiracie againft 7(ero t he made anfwer .that 

in his houfe he appointed nothing tebe done.but 


The An o/ManuaU Gtbeporicke. i o i 

with a nod of his Hander head, or by writing; if 

he had much to fay, left if he fhould have fpoken 

unto them,he fhould feem to have made them his 

fellowes. Some Oratours of old affe&ed this 

pcrCuflion or koacking with the Fingers,both to 

procure audience, to maintaine their authority , 

and for the fignification of gravity ; of which 

cuftome many Authours make mention , efpeci- 

ally St. Hierom, for fo he bath left it written; D Hieron 

Et outlet quidam ex its adduEtofupercilio &^_concre- Epiftjoi. 

f4»ttff/ts digitif^erullare <£• divere.kcA in another 

place fpeaKing of that jangling fellow Cjrunniut^ E e ,g a<1 

he hath this, ft*** *»**f* V°fi ta hbrorpm expofuif-* R,,fticum 

fetftruem, addutto fttpercilio, contra£lif% naribus , Monach. 

tfrfroHte conugata^Jigitulis toncrepabat^tyoc figna 

ad audiendnm difcipulos provocans, <&c. And pf 

this cuftofne, Veleitts Longus is to be understood, r n Ortho- 

Digitornm fono putros ad respondendum eiemus : So graph. 

that this gefture hath travelled from the bufineffe 

of common and individuall life, into Schooles , 

Auditories,and Common-Pleas; frr,thisknacke 

of the Fingers was got in nfe with many, fo that 

■ JpDigitucoticrepare^ feems to have beenufedby 

the Learned,j>ro refaci/ima. So in the judgement 

oT&eMius, Tullie dilputing of his Orfices.takes J ,£ X, ',* 

. «*■ i _ . , , i i° • rr-j- •*• de omens. 

lt,lta% fivtr Bonus ^babeathane vim, utji \_digitts 

coytcrtpHtrit~\ pojfit in locttplctum teftamenta name* 
ejus irrepere. For, this gelture was performed in 
entringuponinheritances:they who diddefireto 
trie their title , and take pofTeffion of an inheri- 
tance, they fignified their minde by this percujf- 
fion of the Finger t , which was the ufuall fym- 
boll as Ctijacius faith; for this Percnfu digltorttm Jjjg^* 
(as Crefollius rightly colle&s ) is altogether the Ub , cxS ^ 
fame WltbfcrepitHS digitorum~\<yi digiti Concrepav- 

H i tesy 


tet , which may be very clearly gathered mrf of 
Tul hb. 2****» where when he had faidi Si vir btnm hi- bent hone vim, ui fidigiw concrefUerit , &c, g 
little after touching the fame ftririg , heJtethit 
thus-. jQuem?aulo ante fingtham digitor*m>f&* 
cKjJlone hxrcditates omnium p<rfle adje cOrrt/eYthr* , 

fnvdy. "THegefturesof one requiring the Cup, or 
Se&z. 1 threathing ftripes, ojthe'numericdUgefiure 
Which with the Thumbe bended in,and reaching 
to the mount of Mercuric , makes the number 
?ooo. according to the computation ofManuaU 
Arithmeticke^are geftures that have been noted 
by fome Writers, but yet fo uncomely , that 

<Quintil. guiatiUan never obferved tjjem in the Havdol 

Jriftimt. any Ruftiquc. 

fravar. *wr o ftretch out tb.eHands in length to a racked 
SeS. j. J| extent, or to ereft them upward to their ut- 
moft elevation, or by a repeated gefture beyond 
the left (houlder, fo To throw back the Hands , 
thatitisfcarce fafefor any man to remaihe be- 
hind them. To thruft out the Arm,.fo that the fide 
is openly difcovered,or To draw finifter circles, 
6r raftily To fling the Hand Up and downe to 
endanger . the offending of thofe that are nigh .; 
are all Prevarications in Rhetorick , noted arid 
condemned by guintiltin, 

fravar. 'T'O throw downe the Hand from the Head, 

'Sdg. 4. J with ttieFingcrs formed into a gripe or fcrat- 

ching pofture ; or To ufe the aftion of one that 

Saws or Cuts; or of one dancing the Pyrrhique 


The Art ofHanuaU Rbetorich' i o | 

lyard ; or To throw it upwards with the Palme 
•turned up, are aftions prevaticant in Rhetorick, 
and condemned by Qmntilian. 

TO reprefent a Phyfitian feeling the pulfe of 2revar. 
the arteries, which with them is manum mit- Seft.j. 
terein carpttm; or To (hew a Lutenift ftriking 
the chords of an inftrument,are kind of exprefli- 
ons to be avoided ; for an Oratour (hould bee 
farre from any light imitation of a Dancer, and 
is not permitted to fliew what hee fpeake*, 
but his gefture muft more exprefle his fenfe, 
then his words. 

T O denounce with a hrgh Hand, or To ereft a p rttvar . 
Fw^frtoitsutmoft.poffibihty of extenfion,is jj e ft,6. 
a blemifh in the Hand of an Orator ; That habit 
which the peace-makers of old were painted & See Pier. 
carved in, wherein theHead inclined to the Right in HierogI 
Shoulder, the Arme ftretched out from the Eare, llb -3 *• 
the //^extended out with the Thumb manifeft- 
ly apparent, which moft pleafeth them, who 
brag that they fpeak with a high 'Hand is recko- 
ned by Quintilian among the moales of Rheto- 
ticke j an aftion not far from the ufuall pendent 
pofture of Changelings and Idiots. 

TO bring the Fingers ends to the Bread , the 
1 Hand hollow, when we Ipeake To our fclves, ™j* r - 
or in cohortation, objurgation, or commifera- c 7 ' 
tion, is an aftion that Will feldome become the 
Hand of an Oratour ; or to ftrike the Breaft 
with the Hand, which is ScenicaU. 

H 4 TQ 

!04 Chuonomia : Or, 

Tuvar. T^ apply the Middle-Titfger te the TMnA* t 
Sett.8. is the common way of gracing an ex- 
ordium, yet to direft it as it were towards the 
Quinnl. left fhqulder, and fo make it a collaterall a&ion, 
IM.Rhet. i$ noU ght , tyt WQtfe , to bring-forth the Arme 
lib. 1 1. tranfverfe, and to pronounce with the elbow. 

frtvar. TO fet the Arms a gambo or aprank, arad to r«(l 
Sta.g. the turned in backe of the HWupon the 
fide, is an aftion of pride and oftentation , un- 
befeeming the Handoi an Orsitour. 

?r<evar. T He trembling Uand'is fcenicall , and belongs * more to the theater, then the forum. 

fr&var. THere are certain? hidden perculfions of 

Sea.n. * fpeech, as it were a kind of feet , at which 

the gefture of moft of the ancient Oratours did 

Quintil. f a ^> whjcb though they were ufuall,'yet Quinti- 

juii Rh«. Haw condemns them for moft deceitfull motions, 

fib. 1 1. noting it alfofora fault in young Declarers, 

that while they write, they firft tune their fen- 

tences to geftures , and forecaft for tbe cadence 

of the Hand, whence this inconvenience enfues, 

that gefture which jn the laft (hould be Right , 

doth frequently end in the finifter point. It were 

better, that whereas there are certaine fhort 

members of fpeech, (at which if there be need 

we may take breathjtodifpofe or lay downe oux 

gefture at thofe paufes. 

Prfvar.. TTO clap the Wands in giving praife and al- 

* iC&!Xu A lowance, Is a Natural! expreifion ©f ap- 

plaufe, encouragement, and re joycing, heard inj 


The Art of Manual! <%betoricke. 105 

common affcmblies of people , and in publique 
Theaters ; which was at firft , according to the 
Cmplicitic of thofe times, plaine and natural!: 
for Ovi^fpeaking of the primitive and ancient 
Playes of the Romans, faith : 

— P Unfits tunc arte carebat. ieZtc *" 

But afterwards they had an artificiall manner of Amandi. 
clapping their Hands, to a certaine meafure or 
proportionable tune. Of which , the Poet C«- 
riffHS : 

Ingeminantfycavos dttlci moduUmine flaufus. 
For, the applaufe was done with the hollow of 
both Hands; which being (mitten together,cau- 
fed that found which is called 'Popifmus t a Word 
altogether feigned to the fimilitudeof the found. 
The pofturc of this artificiall plaudite of the 
Hands, and the found alfo raifedfrom their colli- 
fion, 'PbilofiratHs moll elegantly defcribes in the pjjiioftra- 
image of Comus the god of Ebrietie , intbefe tus, 
Words : Plaufum etiam quendam imitatnr pitts/ra, Iconibus. 
cttjxs maxime indiget Comus. Nam Dextra, con- 
traltos digitisy fubjeilatn finifiram adcavumpleClitt 
Ht Manus cymbaUrum more percujfa ctnfona fiant. 
The very figure of which gefture is to bee 
fcen in the French tranflation of that Author. 
How ambitious was Nero of this popular appro- 
bation, when he entred upon the Theater to 
contend for the prize of Harpers; and kneeling, 
fhew'd a reverence to the Affembly with his 
Hand : and the Citie-pcople accuftomed alfo Taoj 
jo approve the gefture of the Player, anlwered v £™£ 
him with a certaine meafore and artificiall ap- 
plaufe. Thou wouldft have thought, faith Taci- 
?»j,tbey had rejoyced, and perhaps for the in- 
jurie of the publique discredit. But thole which 


ie£ C hi r on o mi a: Or, 

from townes farre off, and from remote proviff- 
ces,unacquainted with diflblnte bchaviour,came 
cither as Embafladours, or for private bufines, 
coald neither endure that fight , nor applaud 
any way fo dishonorable a labour : but weary of 
their unskilfull clapping of Hands, and troubling 
the skjlfuB , were often beaten by the Souldiers, 
placed in thick array , left any moment of time 
fheuld be loft by an untuned and difproportio- 
nablecrie, or flothfall filence. The like applaufe 
he expected and had from the Hands of his 
friends at home ; for Xiphibnits reports, that Se- 
7uca,md £jvrr£w,thoughlame of bis Hand, when 
Xipkil. in ever 2{ero fpake.ehey applauded him with their 
Ketone. HrfiwfrandVeftments. The ancient Sophifters 
c , . were fo greedy of this manner of applaufe in 
Theat.vct. '^eir Schooles and Auditories* that they purcha- 
Rhet. fed it ; having for that putpofe a Chorus of do- 
mefticall Parafites, who were ready in the affem- 
blies, at every Gefture to give them ttiisfigne of 
Hierem. approbation. This Applaufe, which NazianztK 
cap. ad E- c&Us,C*ttoram Mmuum aftitnem; and S.Hierom, 
jk' f * ThcatraU miracttlttm ; and condemned by Chrj* 
H ^ i.tef*ft ome > among the trifling and unprofitable 
verb.ffa, gefticulations of the Hand , and Theatrical! 
geftures , crept into the Chriftian Churches , 
and was given to the Divine Oratours of the 
Primitive times ( untill fuch time as it was 
exploded out of the Temples ,by their grave and 
fliarpe reprehenfions. But although the ancient 
Oratours received this token of approbation from 
the hands of their auditors,yet they never exhibi- 
ted upon any occafion, fuch Manuall plaufibilitie 
to the people, it being a Gefture too plebeian & 
Theatrically light for the Hands of any prudent 


The Art of ManuaU ^betorich. 1 07 

Rhetorician, who can never decently advance 
his intentions, by the nattirall or artificiall plan- 
ditebf his H*h<(s. 

TO difcourfe cuftomarity with the Hands Trevor. 
tUrn'd up , of old faidj/iPfwiw* Manibus dife- Sea. i j. 
rtre Js an effeminate and ill habit in the Hand of g io p 
an Oratour. Dig Phtfkus , among the Symbols (•*«. owt" 
of Intemperance , reprehends this habituall de- j j. 
meanour of the Hand : for when hee would 
reckon op thofe things which fignifie a corrupt 
and naughty cuftome , which he calls <ru>j3oA* 
«*esf<rf£tf, he fets downe among the reft* Supim 
Manibu's dtferere. 

Now they are properly called M**m (kpkm, 
that art fa advanced, that the Palmes refpeft the 
heavens, «*W #7 f «, with the Atticks. CrefoHi- c ffg e ' 
awbathcaft in hisminde, what (hould be the ^.lib.*. 
caufe why fo excellent and weighty an Author 
fhould feeme juftly to have reprehended this 
gefture : for he could not altogether condemne 
it jbecaufe in things hath been fo religi* 
ous, and received with fo great content of all 
Nations , that the mdft ancient holy myfteries* 
which vulgarly were called Org**, ( as lome 
Grammarians will haVe it) tooke their denomi- 
nation from this very geflure, of the Hands. But 
iny'Authour conjecturing what his meaning 
{hould be; Perchance (faith he) his intention is, 
to reprove the action of fome foolifti *nen,who, 
as Qkintilitn faith,hold outthcir Hands after the Qunti'. 
manner of them who carry fomething; or of ialt .R" et ' 
thofe , who as if they cravM a Salary or Miner- 
vall of their Auditors,moft unskilfully bear about 
their Hands upwards : in whom that of the 


ids Chiron omi a: Or, 

Roman P oet may be verified ; t 
Tfoullus lUe cava pratium.flaptat ufaue Mann. 

*^\.1°'a' For Galen, when he would expreffe the Handto 
ufu part, be conveniently dilpos a for the conteining of 
water that it flow not out , calls this purpofe of 
the Hand, M*nttm fitpinam. But this would be 
done more unfeafonably, and to leffe purpole, if 
a man by the motions of his Hands (hould ufe to 
imitate one taking up water out of fome river, 

■ > r ite cavit undam dcflftminepaimu 

Suftttlit . 

That which feems mod probable.and to com: 
neereft the true fenfe of that ancient Author, 
Qrefo&im conceives to be an intended reproofe 
of a certaine a&ion incident to nice and effe- 
minate men: for in that place, Dm profecates 
the (innes of voluptuoufneffe , and a lafcivious 
habit of the minde. Indeed .tender and delicate 
minkes, after their right womanifh garbe, lay 
their Hands upright, which a wife man (hould 
not imitate : and therefore in his opinion , that 
^chylus excellent Poet tSfchjlfts , with exquifite 
Ineth J u ^g e ment, aptly fold; lMmks twtliebrimore (h- 
AtiR.pliy-P lHAtat ' So that great Emperorof learning, and 
fiog.Iifa,j. perpetuill Diftitor of the Arts, among the por- 
tentous figne* of Impudence, layes down,J«- 
plnas munttum motus 7 tsnerituiine quada'n & moRi- 
cie dift/tttat. After which m anner Tatian paints 
T.ttim. out Irefcent aCynicall Philofopher, theonely 
£;J cont ' ring-leader to all abominable luft and beaftly 
concupifccnce ; whom he therefore calls, dtli~ 
cato corporefrafl/tx,& rd^ i *«;*£Sf«iw. . 


The Art o/MnnuaU Rhetoricke. 1 09 

THey who caft and throw out the Hand, or p rava 
raife the Arme with a ftiout , if they doc it Se& *' 
as of a cuftomary difpofition, declare thereby the Hofca 
jovialitie of their natures. To this vapouring ex- cap. 7. v. f l 
predion of the Hand, fom e refer that of the'Pro- 
phetH*/M; This it the day of car Xi*g: the Prin- 
ces have made himjick. with flagons ef rnne ; he 
firttcbedout his Hand to [corners. And Lifjius tels 
us, that iaWefiphalia , where they drinke/*f*r Lipflw 
tuKttlumflS an ordinary elegancie,at every quaffe 
& caroufe.they put forth the hand: and thisfeems Heu r. 
naturallto good fello wes , whofe fociable dif- 
pofition makes them very apt to fall upon this 
joviall exaltation of the Hand, which in the Me- 
ridian of mirth naturally importeth the elevation 
of the cheered heart, railed by the promotion of 
the brisked fpirits. 

THe wagging and impertinent extension of _ 
the Fingers in fpeaking , hath ever been ac- f^ VAr * 
counted a note of levitie and folly. And fuch '^"'l* 
who by a certaine reciprocall motion doe ever 
and anon lift up one or other of their Fingers 
Tifibly prolonged, they fceme to trie conclufi- 
ons with their hearers, and to play with them at 
that exercife which was in ufe among the anci- 
ent Romans.who had a game or lotterie where- 
in one held up his Finger or Fingers , and the 0- 
ther turning away , ghefled how many he held 
up : Or if you will have it according to Poli- 
dors relation , the play was after this manner : Palidori 
Two, having firft {hut their Hands, forthwith let '! b - *•<:•'?• 
out their ringers, naming a certaine number. As 
for example, I put forth three fingers, you as 
many ; I name foure, you fixe : io you by ghef- 


1 inviiu.- 


fingand naming the right number* winne. And 
becaufe the F'mgers thus unfolded , fuddenly ap- 
peare, by a metaphor they were faid in this jfport 
Micare digitis. Hence Varro% Micandum erat 
cum Grtted , Utrum ego iUius numerum, aut ille tne- 
um fequatur. This is well knowne among the I- 
talians at this day, and vulgarly called Mtr; pcr- 
haps(faith Polydor) quod Maurorum hie Jit Indus. 
But the more approved opinion is, epibd^ ^ , id 
eft, Stnltorum Indus. And perhaps Ne re had ob- 
Suctoniut f er v'd in Claudius his predeceflor , fome fuch 
ttrwetcr" -*mde °* indifcreet prevarication with his Fi*. 
p * gers t who in fpightfull and contumelious manner 
both in word and deed, was wont every way to 
taunt and twit him with his folly ; and among 
ether opprobrious indignities offered to his 
name and memory, in fcoffing wife he would 
fay of him, that he had left now Uvtorari any 
longer among men; ufing the firft fyllable of the 
word,long : in which word there is couched a 
double fenfe, which gives the grace unto this 
pleafant fcoflfe; for being a meere Latine word, 
it fignifieth to itay or make long abode : and ta- 
king it thus , it importeth,that Claudius lived no 
longer among Mortalls. -But as Nero fpake of 
Moras in Greeke, which fignifies a foole ,- and 
hath the firft fyllable long , it importeib, that 
Claudius play'd the foole no longer here in the 
Cwfol. de wor ^ a mong men. Crefottius condemnes this 
de geftu Finger-loping gefture as very uncomely, and un- 
Grat.l.». worthy the difcreet H<wd of an Orator, fo un- 
advisedly to counterfeit the common geftures of 
Buyers of confifcate goods.* and hi would have 
the Edift of tsffproniatus , Provoft of the 
Cittie oi Rome , to be fet before them 5 in 


the Art ofMattuaQ $ betoricke. 1 1 1 

which he did defire this up-and-dowii morion 
of the fingers to be caft not onely out of the 
Courts of Juftice and the Senate houfe, but from 
the Forum, and very entercourfe of buying and 
felling. This Edift isyet to be fcen in a marble 
table at Rine, beginning thus. 


TURCt APRONIANI, V.C. G rn te r« 



DfiNTE CONSUETUDINE MI. ul ' bus » & 


They that would conferve the gualitie and 
ftate of an Oratour , mud avoyd this ridiculous 
cuftome of wagging the Fingers , left now they 
doc not feeme to ftand in their Pulpits to fell 
fheep, but to fell them oft , or to brag and boaft 
of their parts. 

SUch who have Hands too afiive in difcourfe, 
_ and ufe to beat the aire with an odious kinde f 04 ? 
dtQAromtKhMbvmvj rhe cholerique tranfpor" ' l ' 
tation of their individual! natures, a habit of the 
Bund incident to young men , who as a Learned 
Father faith, are wont to glory that in them, Sh- Greg.Nyr; 
pra nudum vigeattt mantts admotionem. This ha- oru & c 
bituall imperfection the Ancients called, faSiare j^'^f* 
mami; evenastheSatyriftfcoflfcsatthofe who , u SatJ> 


ni Ghironomia: Or, 

juwwl. hadafmackeringof the Grecke Tongue, who 
Lb.i.Sat.3 did,i facie ja&are mantis — a geftureit feemsPa- 
rafites in their way of admiration,werc wont to 
Martial. *h'- for, Martial, 
Epigram -gtminas tendisin ore mantts. 

Hieron. S. Hierome very elegantly mocks at this faflu- 
Ipift.f« on : Nam ft afplofiftet fedem , intendijfet ecnlos, 
rugaffet frontemj^jattapt manMm~\ verba tonajfet, 
Utubras illico ob eculos ejfundijfet fttdictbus ; imi- 
tating perchance herein that renowned Stoique, 
thus fetting it down. Ntc fupfloderem fedem, nee 
Seneca \_Manttm )a&arem~\ nee attollerem vocem. gain- 
E P lfi -7f. tiHan affirmes this behaviour of the Hand bc- 

I tt bh came one ty 4 D* mg tri** the Comeedian , famous 
n .Rher. w ^^ t f mcs . an( j bgfidc him, none. As for the 

Athenian Eagle Socrates , fo called for his quick 

Zopyrus jnfight of understanding , he was wont to ufe 

Phifiogn. t j,is vehemencie of the Hand, which was obfer- 

ved in him as a token of his violent nature 

and hot fpirit ; who , becaufe in his pleadings 

he was tranfported with fuch heat of aftion,and 

and would often in the eagerneffe of diiputati- 

Laertius on.skirmiftiasit were with hisFlfi , he was 

hb.a. therefore defpis*d and laugh'd at by many , and 

not undefervedly : for his immoderate action 

was fomewhat hot,& mad-man like,arguing ah 

impotent minde, and an ill temper'dfpiriuCV*- 

follim reports , he once faw a learned mail , a 

CreW. de Rhetorique Profeflbr,make his Clerum in a pub- 

l efl. Orat. lique aflembly of learned men •• But he with fuch 

lib.*. a continued fwiftnefle moved his Wand before 

his face, that he could fcarce difcerne his eyes or 

countenance While he (pake. How other of 

his Auditors conceived of his gefture , he knew 

not : to him it fecmed moil odious: for with that 


The Art efManuati Rhetorique. n j 

•rgute and vehement aftion, his eyes were al- 
tooftdazled. This my Author Would fay pro- 
perty to be that, which tsfriftofhdnes facftioufly 
call CMUfcM abigere ; as if all that labour i f his 
hid tended to no other end , then to make his 
HaHds. Hie- flap. f D«mitiHs Afer , feeing Manl- 
li*s Stir* handling a caufe, and in his pronunci- 
ation running, up and down,dancing , (Jtiahns 
jaEtaxtem, toffing his Hands , cafting back and 
putting afide his gown, faid, that he did not A--. ., 
jrere, fed fMMgVte : Atiio enim Oraloru eft ; Sat A- 1^'"" j c 
git uuum, qui fiufira mi/ere^ toridtur. ptonunc. 

IN a fewirigpbfture to drive out the Elbowes p r <tvan 
to both fides; as one of the Gentle- craft , is a 6t.Lt.17. 
prevarication noted and condemned by j£«j»- 
tilian. ^re/oMtts (ayes, A learned and reverend 
friend of his , once faw a MuQarome Doftor Crcfo!. Jc 
pronounce after this manner ;" that at every g ft. Orau 
Comma ,' he drew out his Elbowes with fuck " b -*' 
Conftancie, or rather pertinacie, that hefeem'd 
to know no btruir gefture. 'At which fight, he 
{acitely tohimfelfe ": Either lam deceived in 
jny opinion,or ttHi 'man hath Seen of lome few- 
ihg occupation. And it feemes,iipon further en- 
quire, his Augurie' faired hirh. 'riot j tor he h^d 
been lately a Cobtet. this abliiird motion t>f the 
artnes-, makes' inOratour '{Velrie rather to hxvc 
cometofpeake, from his Laft, then his Booke : 
or as if he he wly came" from vamping hi* Ora- 

TO (hake the ar&es' with a klnde of pffftettfall ?r*v«n 
^motion, asifdhey WbUldftralghtway flie but ««•«« 
of the fight of their; AuditourS, or wete*bouf Co 

I leave 

1 14 Chironomia; Or, 

leave the Earth : is a Prevarication in Kheto- 
rique. Such Oratours have been- compared to 
Oftriches , who goe upon the .ground , yet lb, 
that by the agitation of their wings, they feerae 
to thinke of flight. This happens to iotug by 
reafon of a certain Plethorique wit and ardor ©f 
Nature, which fcarce fuffers it ielfeto^be 
down and holden by the body. Crefotws once 
fa w (uch a Divine , whofe habituall mobilitie of 
his Bands was (uch, that the ftrongeft men coufd 
fcarce emulate, unlefle by an incredible conten- 
tion of labour. Some,chrough a puerile inftitutt- 
on, or by a contra,cl:ed cuftoir^e doe the fame ; i- 
mitating little birds, which being not yet fledg- 
ed, nor ftrong enough for flight , yet in their 
neflrs move and^fhake their wings very fwifcly. 
Thefe the Greekes call .rfwyfav , which they 
ufe to objett againft thofe who by a foolifa 
gefticulation .appeare in the pofture of little 
birds.' The Pblite'Comcbdian elegantly, fhuft^t 

iriftoph. x, ^iju^^wf, nugaris gefiicul*nfo. This "doth usu- 
ally appeare in many,iu the gefturing and skip- 
ping motion? of joy, when the exultant Min4e 
leaps andliftsupitfeife; and tickling the body 
with an aftive fweetnes, flakes thofeparts moft 
which are more free and prompt to action, D#- 

Athen.L* .philusz Greek Poet , pleafantly expretfes.trosjn 
his ParaJitCy whom he brings in,re joycing, wUh 
this exultantmotion of his armes. cAttistu^ Zi- 
Jtat, in an Oration of his, hath elegantly fijgnm- 
ed the fame j who , when he would^prove the 
Adverfarie not onely to be.confcious of thein- 
jurie, but to be the principall author ofit ; he 
brings this perfpicuous figne.tbat he imitatedihe 
crowing gefture of a Cock of the game, after 


The Art ofMantiaU fybetoricke. tf$ 

fcistri&orie ; and clapped his fides with the ap- Dionyr. 
p1auieofhisArmes,aswith wings* incirdedin Halicarn.' 
a ting of wicked men. This geftaw is moft 
proper to Mimiques, and the Theater ; and can 
Jcarceftand With the gravitie of the Forum , or 
the reference of the Church ; unteflfe fome part 
sf it well moderated, may be permitted in figni* 
lication of Gla8nes of-heart. 

TO ufe no Aftidn at all in Rafting, or a hea* p rMar . 
vy and flow motion of the HUMt, is the pro- Sett 1# * 
^fertie of one ftupid and ftuggKh, JifffrMet, 
Whom VlHttpth reckons" in ihe Decad of Ora- 
tours, was of this t^nper • for it is faid , that in 
his Orations hefofcwedno action or geftureit 
all : 4 his manner was, to fet doWh tfhe Cafe, an4 
lay open the matter plainly and {imply -. without 
troubling the judges any othetwife then with ft 
$fced narration.* Which ^Efchines , asfomfc 
thinke, did ttriveto imitate ; who in a foolifh e^ 
mulation of Solon , and by praifing his Hiktuf, 
"fff6ve to icouhte'riance his opinion of ah urt- 
•ftive pronunciation. But from that time * all 
'Antiijuitie hath repudiated thofe for ftupid and 
Srditith Oratours : bf whom one may juftly fay CiflWor, 
that whichC^rafcrrtJof that drunken wife mam i,j,. & A .' 
Yiramittuiri frutitntiffinse di£trehi**h , difficile eft nima,cap. 
vivm ttedta, tjaeiH ft net WoU&e .ptffe • iomfpciH: Il « 
Who may be'defctibM , as the miferable wo- 0vi<J M ^ 
man iti the Fable, turned into a ftone by £*- tamoipii. 
teua : lib.;. 

2%tcpBi cervix > tree brAcU* YcAdere £eft#H 
fret pes ireptteft, nibilifi ifi imagine Vft*W» 
There Was rid kinie of Writer,thac did not with 
franke language inVeighahd pleaiantly fcoffe at 
I z ths 

u£ Chironomia: Or, 

the fluggiflmeflk ofthofe; Orators. Juvenal pret- 
Juvenal, tilyxomparesthemto the ftumpe of Hermes ^n^ 
Satyr.8. ^ one ^jf ^ iCes them il}. 

,?7*i7« qttippealip vincis dlfcrimine quant quod 
IB mzrmortum caput eft, iua vivit imago. 
Ariftides eyfrifitdes was wont to fay , that fuch dull Ora- 
to 'i' tours were very unlike Orpheus-, for he,as the fa- 
bles report, enticed and drew liones after him : 
but they, as wood an<f (tones , move no man. 
Crefol. in ^^Vm (who hath prepare^ much, of this in- 
Awumn. diligence to my hand) fticks not to joy ne toge- 
ther fuch men who fpeake, without aftion, to 
thofeftatuesmadeby the Ancients in the igno- 
rant ages of the world x for they had their eyes 
(hut, their hands hanging dpwn and joynedto 
their fides. Dadalus, a cunning and witty man, 
was the firft that formed the eyes, and put forth 
the Hands, fo giving life and motion to all the 
farts, with Angular judgement, teaching there- 
by the decencie thereof; wherefore he h feigned 
to have made thofc ftatues and pouftraiftures of 
men fo excellently , that they moved of tjiem- 
iejlyes. The inconvenience of this cold vacati- 
on in the Hand, gave being to that Axiomc in 
Rhctorique , Eft maxime vitioftm,fi atlione ma- 
nttttmjj motu careat : for fuch, my Author thinks a 
wreftling place were neceflaryj but that of the 
Ancients, wherein the apt and comely motion's 
of the whole Body , efpecially Chironomia, the 
eloquent behaviour or Rule of managing the 
Hand, was taught. But fince thefe helpes of e- 
loqucnce now faile, his advice is, they would 
mark the geftnres of famous and excellent men, 
honeftly and freely brought up,and by a certain* 
diligent imitation, gamut* their owns Hands 


The An o/ManuaD^betorich. 1 17 

With thofe dumbe figures of Rbetorique* 

npHey who have Hands flow, and ponderous, Trevar. 

* and who without any comelirieffe beare 
and offer about their leaden Hands > together 

with the arme, after a rufticall manner ; fo lift- 
ing it up fometimes , that they fetme to move a 
great lumpe of trembling flefli , reaching their 
flow Right hand put fo timerottfty , as if they 
gave 'provender to an Elephant.Such are by this 
cuftomary habit,difcovered to be Clownes, and 
menofamoftunfaithfull memorie. Such men 
we (hall fometimes fee fo faint and idle in their 
difcourfe , that "they ftick in the briers , and de- 
murrc in a groffe gefture of pronunciation ; and 
ftricken as it were with altoniftiment , they 
feemenailedto that ill behaviour. This in old 
rime, was ca-Hedj Agere fit] 'pn fa mam. For that 
Clownes, and men notfo well exercifed in fpea^ 
king , or fuch whofe unfaithful! memories faile 
them, while they are altogether ignorant of the 
matter , and are not certaincwhither they (hall 
be caried , or where they {hall at length reft ; 
they hang the Hand , and hold it as it were in 
fufpenfe. Therefore 'Plinie the younger elegant- p j in Se 
ly ufurps Sufpenfa manu conimendare , for a faint cun( j" Ep. 
and cold commendation.deftitute of that ardent ub.6, 
affe&ion which is wont to appeare in thofe 
who are moved in matters of great moment. 

*rHe fubtle gefticulation , and toying behavi- Fiavar* 

* our of the Hands and Fingers y was called by Sctt - 21, 
the Ancients , Cjeftuofa Manus , arguta Manus t 

and argtttia 'Digitorum : and are certaine quick 
and over-fine delicate motions of the Fingers; 

I 3 fuch 

n8 Chir onomia: Or, 

fuchasour]uglers'ufe . who performe tricks by 
flight of Hand , and by a colourable craft mock 
the eye. Hence \_Manns urgut^ arc fpokcn of 
theevcs, whole Hands doe quickly leap up, and 
itffue forth, inftantly vanfthing out of fight: anon 
they fhew themf elves , and are called to every 
part. Sidonius AfQttinarit, very skilfully ; Scrim* 
Si donia<; tuacwmvenitlntswkis % ac fttbornantikfis , effr4- 
Apolinaris HorHV^Mani*targHta^fafHl4bitHr,'XK\% pratling 
J.^.Ep.7. and bufie talking of the HW, and chattering 
vanitie.ofthe-F*»ger/. by the common verdicT: 
of all difcreet and knowing men>hath been ever 
condemned for a ridiculous weakneile in thofe 
that Ufeit much : againft which the molt judici- 
ous Rhetoricians have entred their caveats* See 
Cicero in t ' 13t § rave precept of the Prince of Eloquence t 
Oratore. N^SaJit ntallicia cervicum , nulla ^jargHt'i* digito- 
rur»~\ mn adnumemm articufus eadent. That rich 
Oratour , whofe wealth begot a Proverb , very 
wifely alfo to this purpofe : digitus fubfttpunn 
verb* mn exprimens. This genuine blemifh and 
Craffusde epidemicall difeafe , takes hold of the Hands of 
O.-awre. li§fa c *nd unskilfull perfons , and young men, 
}, ' who are ufuaily too hot at Hand in their expref- 
(ions : yet it hath been the noted and deforming 
propertie of fome learned men * who by reafan 
of the lively force of their wit, and vigorous a- 
laCritje of their fpirits, doemaniffft andfignific 
their mindes with a tumultuous agitation pf the> 
whole body , whofe Hands are never out of a- 
clion, but alyvayes ftirring and kept in play,theit 
words plentifully iffabg out on all Hands. J£. 
Her cex/ittfyOthev wife a man excellent, was taxed 
with this genuine or contracted affectation of 
theriW; concerning whom, let us heare the 


The^Art o/Manuafl Rbetoricke. up 

f* . j admodttm & geftuofe, maledittit appellation^ A g e " iul 
kw&frobrofisj*£lMitscft t &c. In which he (kith ' ,I ' C "M 
true; for he was upbraided by the Orators of thofe 
times, for the gefticulation of his Hands #nd calr 
led Stage- player; and Torquatus^ his enemie, 
nick-nam'd him, Cjefticulariam Dionyfiam : as if 
he bad been but the zanie asd ape ofDionyfia , a 
tumbling girle,and (hee-Mimique of thofe times. 
Tullie relates the fame man to have ufed fuch Cicero 
fubtleand fwift motions of his Hands, that he Divinat.ia 
dazled the eyes of the beholders. Such a one Verrera. 
was T«>**/,who as the fame Author reports, was 
to effeminate and diffolutely aftive in his ee-^,™' 
[lures, that the Tantomimi of thofe times made a 
dance of him, andcalled it by his name , Titius 
hit farantv, Tjrtamus that fweet-mouth'd So- 
phifter , whom Ariftotle for his divinitie of Elo- 
cution, pointing out with his finger, as it were, 
the man, call'd himTheopbraftttm : yet Atbenans ^"^J 
reports him , Nuffttm gefium & corporis motiontm Deipnos. 
fratermififfe ; and fo by confequence gniky of hb.i. 
an impertinent vexation of the Hands and 

TO play & fumble with the Fingers in fpeech, p rtfV4r . t 
is afimple and fcolifh habit of the Haxd, Sidt 21 ' 
condemned by the ancient Rhetoricians, as an 
argument of a childifhandili-temper'dminde. 
•This, with the Ancients, was, [fibrare d t gitisC\ ^^.^ 
Jhere are, faith Qnintilian , Qui fententtM vi- . ift Rh „ fc 
bratis dighis jacpUntur : and the Hebrew Pro- c3 p.j,8. 
yerbe faith, Stttltus digito htjuitttr , The Toole with his Finger. Wherefore it was the 
laying of Qbih the Lacedemonian ; Inter loqtten- 

I 4. dum 

tto Chuonomia : Or, 

Lacrtiuj dtm mAtius movere non debere, which be {pake fipt 
l.i, ofRhetoricallmotions,Gnce in Sparta ttiere Was* 

fcarce any man efteeraed the copwus elegancie 
of fpeech worth his ftudy; but his intention- was 
either clofely to carpeat this foolifti toying with 
the Hngers , or elfe to admonifla his Citizens to 
be {paring in fpeech , and to affect Laconicall 
brevity , and where one or two words would 
ferve the turncto expreffe their minde, there 
would "be no great need of gefturing with the 
Suetonius Hand. To this may be referred that which Sue- 
cap.68. toniu s reports of Tiberius Nero, C*ftar t whofe 
fpeech was exceeding flow, not without a cer- 
taine wanton gefticulation , and fumbling with 
his Fingersiwhich with other figns were recko- 
ned and observed in him by tAuguftus. , as pro- 
perties odious, and full of arrogancie. 

VrAvar. T" ® u ^ c the < ^ % ^ e "^' tn g er inftead of the ln» 
Sett.*?.* * ^ f * in points of demonstration is much to 
be Condemned in the Hand of any man , much 
more of an Oratour. The ancient Grecians no- 
ted and reproved ftich for wjtleflc dotards. Hence 
Lienius 2)«>£«»«theCyniquefaid, Multosinfamreyr*- 
jib.5. ttr digit um, covertly interring that they are not 
(only) mad, who erre in putting forth of their 
Ftngtr. Which gives a notable luftre to that ele- 
gant, but darke place olTerfeus, hitherto under- 
stood ©f none, not excepting Cornutns the anci- 
Ramircx entScboliaft, for Ramirez, maxye^s not that E- 
Commci t rafmus was ignorant thereof, in his Adage « 
Epig.r. Tolle digitum, the place is Satyr 5. 
Mjit m jsjh ufo conceffit ratio, digit umtxere. lucou. 
Q.X* E f %"** tamparvum eft f- 

Art thou void of reafon,and a ftarke foole : {hall 


Tbt Aft ofManuaO $(betoricke. i % i 

Improve it to you? exere digitnm , mimkallyhe 
feignes ttntto have put forth his Middle-Finger, 
which' is the fooles Index, according to that vul- 
gar vcrficlO: 

: Miles jmervMorJkHlttts^ maritus, amator. 
And he addeS Peteat, thou erreft in putting forth 
that Finger, and he urges an argument,^ minori , 
and what is fo fmall and eafie to doe ? as if he 
fliould fay , if you miftake in fo fmall a matter , 
what would you doe in a cafe of greater mo- 
ment? LftHnus commenting upon thefe words , Lubinus 
tytgituvt exere t feccas , fayes the Poet fpeaks ac- Comment 
cording to the opinion of the Stoiques, who did '" Perfea « 
demonttrate, THedigitumreZke * ft rttti exert pofei Sztyt s * 
and that a wife man only can doe a thing: which 
that he might make good , he puts him to an ea- 
fie triall , in which this foolifh *Dama mifcarried, 
which difcovered , he was not able to move the 
leaft member of his body without fault and incur- 
ring a juft reprehenfion. 'Pafchalitts alluding to p a f c hal. 
the fame mifprifion of the Hand in demonllration lib. x6. 
faith, Stultns medium digitum monftrdf, & bine /*-- v*t.& vie' 
Jedeuttdat, an a&ion fo unnaturall and uncomely, chara<a - 
that we will not permit children to be guilty of 
Committing it. 

TT Omeawre out & diftinguifli the intervals of P*^**. 

"* an oration by fcanning motions of the hand,ic Seft.i4« 
certain delicate flexions, and light founding per- 
cuflions of the Fingers, is an action condemned 
in the Hand of an Oratour; called by guintilian 
in his Prohibition againft this aclion ,* Adntme- 
rwn articftlis cadtns • and explaining himfelfe in 
this matter, he faith, Soluta eratio nondefctndit^ ad ^.^ ^ 
flreMHmdi?itorttm.lndee& c Protagora4 cal'd Man ' 

the *' r 

ill Chironomi a; Qr/ 

the meafow of ajfj things. The Learned very fitl£. 
call Meafure the daughter *of f he Finger* ,*&& the 
iggyptiafts-ufedto 6gnifi.e oiealure by a H«g*r 
painted. Hence the meeting and fcaoningof 
verfes upon the Fi»gers 3 hith been a wety ancient 
cuftpme, and it was the manner of old in the re- 
citation o? the verfe? of Poets , in the meafuring 
and finging them, to note out the intervalls and 
ftroaks by a certain motion of the^w^r.where- 
tabiusl. in the Jw|*w exhibit^ a found, which Slttin- 
5-c3p.4. tUiMM ctktpigitorvm iZtftm~] for he fries in mee- 
not oofcurely confers to the fame , who attri- 
butes ringing , appiaufe and percuflion, to the 
recitation ©fyerfes: be nee that fentence of Se- 
S. Aug.l. i ««V to b(? taken aoHce of , JSjfortm Wgiti di- 
<te Muik. awdfatr ft carmen metie»t(s fmpr fanant, where 
Senec. de ( M prefiSitff obfcrvesjthat great guide of liter** 
Brcvit. tit ^ X»/*tt,katheotre£ked a place which was 

Geft.orat. thatrneafuring doe fcarce found , therefore for 
l.». ftmant hee, pu«s/«w» ; yet CrtfalliH* is loath to 

thinke that the above mentioned place of Jguin- 
tiliw bad efcaped his knowledge, which con- 
firms this \iUHmdigitorum\ or founding motion 
of the Finger t , which Seneca in this fentence al- 
Dnanaks ludes unto:So J a.DacT:yI,one of the Poeticall feer 4 
on which verfes run, they wil have to have took 
denomination. feeni the drawing in length of the 
linger, which they very cunningly ufed to ex- 
gre.fle, the modulation of the internment, But 
this i&Ms or muficall cadence of the Fingers , 
Which CrefoButs thinkes was not ufurped of old 
by Ocatours, when they related the verfes of an- 
cient Poets, unlefle perchance of the more effe- 

The Art of Manual! Qjfietoricke. 1 1\ 

annate of them, (who hunted alfo after delicate 
flexions of words)tfiQUgh it may be tollerablefbr 
the fetting off the intervalls of rcftrained num- 
bers, yet in free profe, which Tnhiut calls tratio- Seneca in 
nemftlittm , to affect the fe fubtill cadences, de- fent.duu 
fervestheftingof the Stoique, which he put out 
againft it. 

TO ufe the left hand commonly as principall p ye #4r. 
in Aftion , which lhould be at moft but ac- s e a.i ?* the idle property of one deftitutc of all 
Aitifice.and common notions; and pf one that 
would feem to fpcake in defoitc of the advertife- 
ments of the Ancients ; a ftrange errour in the 
Handof anOrator.yet oWervcd & condemned by 
Crifollius in fome pretenders to divine Rheto- Crefol. 
ricke, fit only to preach before fuch as the chil- Vac « *»*• 
dren of Nineveh, who cannot difcerne betwccB 
their Right Band and their left ; for in thofc 
things that are done in the fight of honeft men,it 
was never thought the property of an ingenious 
minde , and one well bred to ufe the left hand^ 
Neither is there anycaufe why in the education Plutarch 
of Noble-mens children it is diligently given in <* For- 
chargcthat they feed tbemfelves with the Right ^Vduca- 
uW,yea,& nurfes ufe to rebuke infants, if hap- tIon of 
pily they put forth their left ; which precept is children, 
drawne out of honefty it fclfe , and nature , and 
bath ever beene in ufe with thofe Nations who 
have addicted tbemfelves to humanity ,and good 
manners. Hence the v£gyptians,becaufe in wri- 
ting and caftipg account , they frame their let- 
ters, and lay their counters from the Right lUnd 
to the left; and the Greci*ns(as Herodotus notes) n^^ 
contrariwife,from the left to the Right - t ufed to 


124 Chiron 0MiA:Or, 

gird and trump at the Grecians,faying,that them* 
leives doe all to the Right Hand, which is well 
and honeftly ; but the Greeks to the left, that is 
perverfely and untowardly. And indeed the 
Nomenclators feeme to have excluded the left 
hand from all actions of decencie and impor- 
tance. The Hebrewes call the Right Hand fa- 
a»'»,theSoutb,the light and active H<«»^andthe 
left the North , the obfeure and darke hand, 
much inferiour to the S oath. Home r,though hee 
differ, yet maintaines the dignity of the Right 
Hand above the left, in calling it the Orient, and 
the left the Occident. The Hand is fo occupied 
in endeavouring and doing.that the Greeks.who 
to the advancement of wifdome have flouriftied 
in polifoing humanity , arid inventing names , 
call it Jt%iiwam tcS H-xz&u. , quodut magni Qram- 
tnat'wi animadvertunt , Jixt-nu Jf *u7« t* J>%*e<x.« 
tJWeletws faies the left hand is called «*«.{** yn & 
•XI&. to «a'?Hv, quod in rebus peragendis,ipfa per fe 
Mekthu. clandicet (£• oberret s And that is called \euai> U~ 
yam* imi tJ *.«*«*(%, q ftod oh fmimperfeUumem ab 
cmni, penefttnttione removetttr. S ometimes with 
theGreeks it is called <*7*a«<p8h< a *.<L-mKHTm> 
linquo. Hence with the Latines, Relitta a relin- 
quo, « retro &linquo, ixAUva (it may be) for 
that in moft actions we leave it out, for the fame 
reafon in the Englifti Nomenclature, the left 
hand,for that it is moft dually left ouf. With the 
Germans,it is Dfe \inbt\)Qat t qttaJi letgetft bantM 
cft,quie(cens vel cejfans mantis. With the Italians 
Mano fldnca, Manns laffa, and Mino mdnca , id 
S Hierom *ft> Manns deficiens. S.Hiertm fo attributes vertue 
ih Mat. j. an( * honefty to the Right Hand , that . e will not 
acknowledge a juft man to have to much as a 


The Art of ManuaU Rbetoricke. 115 

left hand; and the Hebrewes and Greeks af- 
cribe the left hand to vice.Who(faith £><?/«?««) 
isfo great a forrainer and Granger in the nature 
of man, that he knowes not the Right Hand to be 
naturally more vigorous, and able then the left ? 
If there he any fuch, I could produce a cloud of 
witnefles for his inf ormation.and the chiefe Au- 
fhoureand Ring-leaders of Antiquity trooping 
, together under this banner , the fplendour of 
whofe Armes and Martiall lookes (hall put all . .*. 
ignorance to flight. Arifiotle in his Problems fil- Pr " M * 2 . 
led with incredible -variety of learning , faith, Seft.ji. * 
'Dextr* partes corporis noftri longit fttnt nohiliores 
fnifiris, & multo amplius folent ejjicere. They who 
followed himia the chorus of the Learned , ta- 
king their hint from this their renowned princi- 
pal!, adhere to the fame opinion ; for 'Plutarch p[ nt9xc ^. 
totidemverbis,finifiraeft i.&w'ist&. to omit what j n Rom. 
tyfpuleiuSy^euforiuSy Time, Sotinus , and others queft.7 8. 
deliver, who have given their manuall fuffrage 
and affent iinto this point. Thilo Judtus enqui? p(,jj lib. 
ring the reafon why the Divine Law in the rite de prxm.' 
'of facrifices , gave to the Priefts the part Sacerd. 
of the oblation, which they call the Right 
Ihoulder, fayes, there is a fymbolicall fignificati- 
on in that myltery : That the Prieft ought to be 
diligent and fwift in aftion, and exceeding 
ftrong in all things. We know that commonly in -Crefol. Ac 
combats the left hand, as it were affixed to the&eft.°"t. 
"body", manageth the fhield,ahd ftaying as it were 
at home quiet ; the Right Hand fhewes it felfe 
forth , and is occupied in doing and giving the 
charge. In which we may fee a certaine fha- 
dow of Rhetoric'all motion ; fof in {peaking;, 
motion and aftion is proper to the Right Hand 


i2g Chiron omi a: Or, 

onely, the left remaines quiet , and is fcarce 
Cicero ad openly brought fortk. TkBit not very obfcurely 
Heienn. advifeth thus, who difputing of Aftion , makes 
J»j. mention only of one Htud, Which he fomewher e 
calk the &g&* H*»^ , no where the left , Si trit 
fermo cum diguhate, Uvi ^ijctr* m»tn loejui oppor- 
ttbit. But the moft cleare Interpretour of all the 
Fab . Ancients, jgttMtilian, hath brought this Oracle 
Rhet Inft. of Rhetoricians from behinde the curtaine, M^ 
nus finiflramtHeftttimfolageftumfacit , and how 
(houldit make of it felf a compleat a&ion, fincc 
the action thereof is more contracted , infirme, 
incompofed, and out of order? whereas the acti- 
ons of the Right are free , frequent, contiriued, 
compofed , and refembling the fweet cadencies 
of numbers; & therefore hath the prerogative of 
eloquence in the body,a$ being nearcft the prifl* 
ciple of motion, and moft ^pt to move and figni- 
fie. And becaufe the left hand of it felfe is of* 
very fmall dignity in pronunciation , common 
humanity doth teach us, that as a Virgin (hut up 
in her chamber,it (hould be mddeftly concealed j 
the Right H4»d on the contrary, as a moft goodly 
Scepter of Reafon , with its force and weight, 
doth much among men. 
But although this prevarication of afting with 
the Left hand in chiefc , be ah errour fo groffe', 
that we cannot away with it even in pi&ure* 
where an imitation of fpe^ech is expteft : Yet 
there might be a gutrt fais*d , what toleration 
night be granted to fuch who ate Left-handed 
or Ambodexters by nature of cuftome. And! 
could furniJh a FreVaricatbf in Chirofophie, 
with fome notions to advance With, toward an 
excufe,or Apologie,in the behalie of thofe who 


The Art of Manual! $ bttoticfo. uj 

are Scwaes and Sc*volaes'mt\&s point pfcRheta- 
riqueJ?6r,rnany of the ancient S«ges»whogave 
tteniielvestothefpeculatipnoj Nature, are of 
opinion , that both Hands are by nature equally 
qualified. The great Oracle of Phyfique,feith, 
VtramOj in homwe Mannm ejfe confimikm. And 7 . 
yutot vvhereheipeakesof the Ha*dt t with that JJW "* 8 
wit wherewith he comprehended things divine PUto.l-r. 
and humane , amrmes, Parent Dextr* at^ Stni» de lcgibus, 
fir* vim a Natura fnijfc concefiim* And that it 
hapned by Cuftome , that one Hand is better, 
and the other more infirme : yet Cuftome is an- 
other Nature. But Gorpfius hath a faying to 
Tlatc for this. Me/etiur, point^blanke, from an Goropius 
exemplar argument proves, DextramZttvapvt*' in Hiero. 
orem nettttqutm effe, Tlatojhe Prior of all anci- g'yph. 
ent Philoiophers, where he fets forth theeduca- ^ e i^ tlus 
tioh ojftionourable Childhood , he would have H 0m "* 
them all in warre and handling their weapons, pi at0 'i. 7 . 
to be like thofe Sonnes of Thunder in Warner, delegibu* 
vie$ ^§i«, and no lefle then the Scythians in bat- 
taile, equally to ufe both Hands , fince itfeemes 
ealie to be done. The lawes of which mofta- 
cute Philofopher , when the Interpreter of Na- 
ture briefly fets downe in illuftrating bis learrted Arift.U. 
Traftate of Politie^ie remembecs this to be one: p Q ih! cap. 
Chet omnes <4twA§i« fJfc i, t Z ter e. Since there ul<. 
is little reafon why one.ttend ftvoald beidle and 
quiet. And Commodus the Emperor prefert i <i J>lonkCaf ' 
the Left hand for any aftipn.and was wont to 
boaft much that he wasleFt-hande'a'. We read 
alfo , that JBhud and Ttienus were ©fthis com- £™*J a , 
plexion. But although fome are found mofe jib!ci8. 
nimble and active in their left hands, -andfome Binhol. 
Ambodexters, f which Bmholinns imputes to a Anat.ijjft. 

paire fr 1 -* 6 * 

t*8 Chironomia: Or, 

paireefveines, whereas the puiffance of the 
Right Hand proceeds from a veineyfcw fkri, (oh 
that fideonely) yetthe utmoft difpenfation can 
fee granted , is a connivence in common alli- 
ens ; for in matter of Ipeccfa or ornament all 
ge(ture,there can be no toleration granted to an 
Oratour to play the Ghibeonite , and to fling 
Judg. *o,, words at his Auditors oat of the Auke of utte- 
**• ranee , though he can doe it at a haires breadth. 
Tor thetrdthis, the Left-Hand wants that agili- 
tie, excelience,force and grace in point of afti* 
on, being made contrary and unhappy by its lei- 
tuition : whereupon 'tis called Simjira in latirie - , 
quia fine afiris bonis. Arid the lack of grace in 
doing of a thing, is called Sinifttritas , and Jini- 
firlt the adverb founds unhappily. The beft way 
"(therefore) that it can be imployed , is in atten- 
dance on the Right ; which by the courfe of Na- 
ture hath the prioritie , as the more proper and 
fropenfe,and apter to make good its aftions by a 
more being planted nee- 
"rer the fountain of the blood. And verily, the Left 
Hand fcemes to be born to an obfequious com- 
pliance with the Right. And therefore when 
J^mntilian calls for this accomodation,^ feems 
tohave had refpecl: unto the Interpretour of 
Arift. Nature , whofe well-rounded Axioihe it is, 
It a eomfdrat* effe a Naikra, m Lava Vextris tbfe- 
ArHt. c undent. And the Philofopher addes his reafon , 
probl. a j« j n another place: quod omnia Sinifirk Dextrxhti- 
midierajuntfaciliut ebfeqm , at% adnntum alteri- 
Msfingi&mtverit which the Hebrew Divines, 
(as C/e/oBi/ts fayes ) feeme to have had refpect 
unto, in their expofition 6iT)euter»nmtue , about 
<thc ceremonicofwaftung Hinds j where they 


The Ah gf Manual! Rbetorique, np 

Iky thus : Denique opus efi^ut in nblutione manukm 
SAiifira tartqutm famuU fubfcrviat T)extr*. Melemw 
Hence fome Critiques would have theLeft hand Hom. 
called by the Greekes , tiexii&v o7<» Zk inv 
i&Uv.qnafi quod egregi* optima^ non fit ', fed ad 
"Oextraob/equinm minifierium^ p recreaia. And 
the ancient Lingones called improfperous 
things, Eperifterafrtx. good and fortunate things, k .. 
Dexia. By the Greekes, indeed, fometimes by fchodvaii 
Way of Antiphrafis,the Left Hand is called dust- Left. " 
#, ab £eiro<, i.e. optimtts. But in all humane af- 
faires , Sinifirum fignifieth as rhuch as unluckie. 
FOr an Ecclefiafticall Orator, to bleffe or dif- _ 
mifle his auditors with the Left a So- $ 1^*1* 
lccifineinManuallDivinitie. For the Left band c '* ' 
in this bufinefle, hath onely ufurped the office in 
the fecond place, as being of a lower nature 
then the Right; neither is it of that foi tune or re- 
putation : whence, in all Naturall devices and 
matter of forme or token of the Hand, or any 
utterance implying the frcedome of ele&ion, 
the introducingof the Left hand doth abate, and 
denotes a fubordinate propertie. Tis the Right 
Hand (according to Ifidor) that hath its name 
a d*ndo , by which we underftand a joyfull a- IfiJor - 
bundance of all good : the extenfion of that 
Hand therefore , hath been ever of more repute 
in conferring Benediftion. And Juftin Martjr 
fayes,jt was an inftitution of the prime Apoftles, 
that the Right Hand ftiould confer the badge of Jufl Mir- 
Chriftianitie in Baptifme, for that it is more ex- ' Jg 1 •*■ 
lent & honorable then the Leftj CrtfoUius ^^ ; n 
thinks, accompanied with Blefling:Wherea& in Antho j og ^ 
theleft hand there is a contrary Gcniusjcertain- f acr . is found to be of a very different condition, 

130 CHiRoNoMiA:Or, 

and naturally more apt to deteioe , then to be- 

ftow a Bleffing. Yet notwithstanding, the Left 

Hand, though it contribute little, yet as in fome 

Naturalland civilla6tions,it is. conformable and; 

obfequious to aflift the Right .* fo in the more ac* 

complinVd and plenary exhibition of; this facrejst 

rite, it hath oft I)iaconiz*d unto the /Jt^r; but 

of it felfe alone fome what improper , and ever 

fubordinate unto the Right, Hence among.othet 

prodigies happening in the time of C*f*r DMa- 

tor , which were thought to prognosticate but 

fmall happines. When certaine Infants were 

borne with their Left Hands upon their Heads, 

Dion.K4z the Sooth-fayer concluded that there was fignk 

C. Jvl, fied thereby , that men of an inferiour condition 

C«f . {hould rife vp againft the more Noble. And the 

people , who relyed much upon thefe kinde of 

AUegoricall inferences, thought as much, and 

believed it. 





Extracted out of the Ancient 

and Modernc Rhetoricians, 
(ot the cotnpleating of this 

Art of itf4»^//'Rheroriqne, and 
the better regulating the im- 
portant geftiires of the 
Handtc Fingers. 

[HE ancient Rhetoricians were £aHtio 
very precife in the DocYrind I, 
of tsittion , and had many in- 
vetions for the forming there- 
of, whichhapnedbyreafondf 

the manners and Complexion 

ofthofe times : b6t we are not td tread in their 
fteps fo far, as to revoke the whole Art of their 
obfolete Rhetorique , fiHCe it is not very appa- 
rent* what Action the Ancients ufed : and if it 
were known, the whole and perfeft difcipline, 1 
cannot be obferved fo properly now , fince the 

K 2 tunes' 

1 2 x Chironomia: Or, 

times and difpofitions of men. now differ j and 
Oratorian Attion muft varie according to the 
diverfitie of people and Nations, In the meane 
time , their univerfkll precepts, which may be 
drawn out of the ancient Oratours , are not to 
be neglecled , but diligently learned, and as 
much as can be, reduced to practice. 

ACTION accomodated to perfwade by an 
apt enumeration of utterance , called by 
H. Rhetoricians, Pr»«*««4«o« , divided into the fi- 
gure of the voice,and motion of the body,Whofe 
chiefe inftrument the Band is ; hath been ever 
accounted abfolutely neceffary for a Rhetorici- 
an : yet all things that the Ancients prefcribe. 
for A&ion, doe not properly belong to a Rheto- 
rician; neither are all things that appertain,con- 
venient for our times ; nor doe all actions of the 
Hand become fpeech ; for there are fotne fo far 
ftem advancing elocution, that they render it 
unamiable and deformed. 

Cautlo TT Here are two kinde of Actions, which are 
III. I morc perceived in the motion of the Hand, 
than any other part of the Body : one, that Na- 
ture by paffion and ratiocination teacheth j the 
other, which is acquired by Art. AnOratour 
is to obferve both the Naturall and the nrcifici- 
allj yetfo, that he adde a certaine kindg of art to 
the Naturall motion, whereby the too much 
dowries, too much quicknes, and immoderate 
yaftneffe may be avoyded. 


The Art of Manual} <1{betoricke. m 

THe incompofure of the Hands is to be avoi- Cantfo 
ded, for to begin abruptly with the Hand, is IV. 
a finne againft the of Speech. In the ex- 
ordium of an Oration , the Hand muft not goe 
forth, nor Hand extended, but with a fober aroj 
«:omp6fed heed proceed to its firft Aftion, it is 
good, as RhttoxicxznsizytfimHlareconatum, and 
when it firft breaks forth into gefture,while it is 
/oftly brought forward, wemaylooke upon it 
With an eye,expefting when it (hould fupply our 
words : Wherefore when an Oratour hath ex- 
hibited his honour to bis Auditours, and laid his 
Hands upon the Pulpit, let him ftand upright,and 
that without any motion of his Hands , or his 
Right Hand not brought forth beyond his bo- 
fome, unleffe a yery little way, and that gently. 


WHen the Oration begins tp wax hot V, 
and prevalent, the Hand may put forth 
with a fentence, but muft withdraw again with 
the fame. 


GEfture doth with moft conformity to Art, VI. 
begin at the left Hand, the fentence begin- 
ning together from the left fide, but is put off and 
laid downe at the Right Hand, together with the 
end of the fentence. 

rls abfurd often to change geftnre in the Cautto 
fame fentence, or often to conclude finifter VII. 

GEfture muft attend upon every flexion of Caut \ 
the voice, not Scenicall, but declaring the y,jj 
fentence and meaning of our minde, not by dc- ' 

monftration, but fignification : for it muft be ac- 
K 3 com- 


*34 Chir onomia: Qx, 

cpmrnodated by flap Hjia^that it may Rgtee^ad 
have a proper reference, not Jomucnto the 
words, as to the fenfe; wherfore 'tis added as an 
authentique claufe,that the Hand, piuft attend to 
begin and end with the voyce, left it (ho^d out- 
run the voyce , or follow after it is done , .both 
which are held unhandfome. 

CM*' lOynenot SS AVS Hands, with JACOBS 
IX. lV °^' 

TO raife the Hatnk above the Eye , or to jet it 
fall beneath the Breaft , or*o fetch it down 
from the Head to the lower belly, are accounted 
vicious mifdemeanours in the HW : yet the 
matters of this faculty doe grant a toleration 
fometimes to raife theHW above the Head, for 
the better exprefling of a juft indignation , or 
when we call God, the Courteoars of Heaven , 
or the common people of the Skies to witnefle. 

fautlo T O avoid the long (ilence of the H*»</,and that 
XL the vigour thereof might not be much allay'd 

by continuall motion, nor prove deficicnt,there 
\s a caveat entered for the interpofing of fome 
intervall, orpaufe, as'twereameafureof the 
cxpreflion, or ftay,of the active elocution of the 
Hand ■. fome that are skilfull and carious in this 
matter, would have three words to make the in- 
tervall of every motion in the Hand. But i?*/»- 
tilian condemnes this for too nice a fubtilty , as 
that which neither is, nor can be obferved. 

fautio "VJO gefture that refpefts the rule of Art , di- 
XII. ^ rwfts " k ^ eto the ainder parts : Yet other- 

The Jrt of Manual Rbetoricke. 

whiles the HWbeing as it were caft bicke, is 
free from this prohibition : for whereas there are 
feven parts of motion, To the Right HW,To the 
left, up wards,down wards, forward, backward, 
and circular , the firft five are only allowed a 

*J* Ake heed of a Hi»</Sqlecifme , or of tranf- fmaU 
grefling againft the rule of Aftion, by the XIII. 
incongruity of your ffaWand Specdh : For to 
fpeake one thing with the Tongue, and tofeem 
•to meane anothertbing by a contrarient moti- 
on in the fignifying Handy and fo to thwart and 
belie a mans felfe, hath been ever accounted a 
"groffe ablurdity in Rhetoricke, and the greatelt 
Toiecifme of pronunciation. Which makes to 
this purpofe; Wee read how at the Olympique 
tjames which in times paft were celebrated at 
Smyrna, where Polemon, thatskilfull Sophifter 
was prefent , there enters the Stage a ridiculous 
Player, who when in a Tragedy he had cried 
"out &£su, o Caelum ! he put forth his Hand to the 
earth : andagaine pronouncing £ j«, Terra ! phjjofl,.,. 
erefred his face towards Heaven. The learned tus de vita 
Sophifter laughed at the abfurd A<Htor.& withall Saphorws 
alow'd, fo that all were neare might heare him , 
ou7ifTO^«e« iynXoDuaiykicmanH fcUcifmnm admi* 
fit : Wherefore being Prefident of thofe Games, 
he by his cenfare deprived that rude and igno- 
rant Mimique of all hope of reward. For re- 
conciling of" the HWand Tongue,and bringing 
them to an uniformity of fignification , and for 
maintaining their naturatt andmoft important 
relations, Rhetoricians have agreed upon many 
Canons and Conftitutions. And the HWthen 

K 4 ?nty 

jj£ Chironomia : Or ? 

only accords and complies with Speech, when 
it moves to verifie our words; for if the motions 
of theHowol doe diflent from the exprefllons of 
the Tongue, it may contradict and convince the 
tongue of vanity ; for fo we may commend even 
when we doe reprove , if the gainfaying Hand 
(hould have a contrarient motion j feemtoce*- 
frme when we are in doukt, when we/w£«/,our 
HW may deport itfelfe into the forme or an 
exhortation ; wemay<*f^«*7 when weaccttfe, ac- 
tept t when we refufc zndabbor % comply in words, 
y«t by our difordered Hand bid defiance, be fad, 
with a rejsjcing Hatid t ajjirwe and grant, what we 
deny, and many other waies thwart and belie our 
felves. fJo true conftruftion can be made of a- 
ny fpeech , nor can we evade fuch dull absurdi- 
ties of this voucher of our words, do move in op- 
pofition to their meaning; for without judge- 
ment and advice, which (hould fet in order and 
fupport the thought into the Hand, that is ever 
ready to maintaine that truft that the Tongue 
endeavours to obtaine, Truth Wants her war- 
rant, and is fo abfurdly croft , that the cfficacie 
of Speech is utterly defac'd , and all the credit 
that uich language amounts unto, is the pittance 
of a doubtful! faith. 

fautio CHun(imilitudeofgefture; for as a monotone 

XIV. ^ m ^ e vo y ce ' f° a continued fimilitude of ge- 

fture , and a Hand alwayes playing upon one 

firing is abfurd , it being better fomctimes to ufe 

a licentious and unwarrantable motion, then al~ 

Crcfol. wayes to obtrude the fame Coleworts, Cre- 

tost.Av~ fitliiu faycs,he once faw an eminent man , one 

tjsan.1.1.- who had a name for the knowledge of boneft 


The Art ofManuatl %betorich. 1 $7 

Arts, and indeed there was in the man much 
learning, and that of the more inward & recon- 
djit, a great Antiquary»and one that had a certain 
large poffeffion of Divine and Humane Lawes , 
goodneflc of words , foft and pellucent ; and 
decked withflowers,adorned and poliflied with 
the fayings of wife men , and a fpeech flowing 
equaljy after the ftile of Xtnofhons .- But it can 
fcarce be imagined how much the ill compofed 
and prevaricant geftures of his Hands tooke off 
from the common eftimation of his accompli- 
(bed wit : For when he had turned himielfeto 
the lefr Hand, he po wred out a few words with 
little gefture of his Wands ; then reflecting him- 
felfe to the Right Hand , he plainly did after the 
fame manner, againe to the left Hand, ftraitto 
the Right Hand, almoft with the hke dimenfion, 
and {pace of time, he fell upon that fet gefture 
and univocall motion ; his Hands making cir- 
cumductions, as it were in the fame lineall obli- 
quity; you would have tooke him for one of the 
Babylonian Oxen (with blinded eyes) going 
and returning by the fame way, which for want 
pf variation gave an incredible diftafte to his in- 
genious Auditors , which did naufeat that in- 
gratefull faciety of Action; if he might have fol- 
lowed the dictate of his o wne Genius, he would 
either have left the Aflembly, or given him mo- 
ney to hold his peace : But he confidered there 
was but one remedy ,that was to (hut his eyes.or 
to heare with them turned another way? yet hee 
could not fo avoid all inconvenience , for that 
identity of motion,entring at his ears,diddifturbe 
his minde with n odious fimilitude. 


I ^8 Chi rohomia; Or, 

Cdutio ^|"Ake care that variety ofgeftarcmay anfwer 

XV. JL the variety of the voyce and words, which 
that it may be better done, foure things are to be 
©bferved : Firft,fee to the wholecaufe, whether 
it be joyfali or fad jthen look to the greater part; 
for in an Exw&tm, a gentle motion is moft com- 
modious. Nar rmm f requires the Yhtnd a little 
fpread,and a quick & freer motion. Confirmation, 
a. more ftiatfpe and prefling A&ion ; the conclu- 
fitot ot an Oration, if it be compofed to excite , 
muft have rowfing motions; if to pacifie, gentle 
andfweet; iftofadneffe, flow and fhort, and 
broken motions ; if to joy, liberall, cheerfull, 
nimble and briske accommodations. Then the 
fmumei are to be weighed , which vary with 
the afiseltfons, in exprefling which,- dftigence 
muft be ufed. Laft of all the words.fome where- 
of are now and then to be fet off with fbme em- 
pfaafis of irrifion , admiration , or feme other 
fif niftxation; yet thofe geftures whkh fall from 
the flow Hand, are moft pathetitall. 

Cautlo "TTAke heed of levitie , and a fcrupulous curi- 

XVI. ofitie , in a pedanticall and nice obfervation 
of tfcefe geftures of the Hands and Fingert. 

Cautio C Hun affectation : for all afk&ation is odi- 

XVII. «3ous; and then others are moft moved with 

our aftions , when they perceive all things to 

flow , as it were , out of the liquid current of 


XVI l'l T 7 Sefome preparation, and meditate before- 
A v 'V hand of the a&ion yon intend to accommo- 
date your voyce with. 


The Art of MatiuaU fyjxtomfa, i j 9 

Although an Orators artfhould not aJtegt- g^fa 
thcr cpnfift in imitation, yet remember, that x7& 
ImitationK one of the great Ad jutants,and chief 
JJurniCher? and Smoothers of Speech : it having 
been an ancient and laudable cuftorae , for inge- 
nious Sparks of Oratorie, to be pre&nt at the De- 
clagiations of eminent Oratoups,& ftudioufly to 
obfervejtheir Countenance and HwA. Tlinie diP> 
likes thofe, that imitate none, hut are examples 
unto themfelves.Thefemc TUnixs S.ecmd*s,z fa- Plin.iib.6. 
mops Pleader,*nd moft fweet Or*tar, among o- E P'ft- ad 
thers.tfhat applied themfelvesunfio him, had Ftp Ml * lm « 
fgtts SU*nAW 8c Nwnidius Qjtadr/UttSi f unites alfo . 

commended tq him by his anceftours, wastrai- 8 <,*"}/ ' 
nedap in the Examplar doctrine of Manuallger 
ftures. Hence the Tribe and Nation of Oratours 
were called by the name of thofe eminent men 
which they did imitate. Sidomtfs,ttvly firnamed 
<^fpaHi»aru , call'd thofe Frontoneavs , who did 
imitate Frento a famous Philofopher-and 0«- 
tour , the patterneof Eloquence to M. 4»tottie. 
So the followers of Tofthttmtts Fefius werecaU 
led Pofthitmia»s. Sulpitifts, not the lead in the 
Chorus of elegant men , imitated the Hand of 
Crajffts, thzt Nightingallof the Forum.the glory 
ofthe Senate, and(as TnHie kyes) almoft a god 
in fpeaking : (of whom, that (itfeemes) might 
be fpoken , with fmall exchange of words , 
which was Hyperbolically fajd of 'Herods elo- A ^ ^ 
quence ; Non Manns haminemfonat ! ) Wherein % u 
He was fo happy and indu,ftrious,that he was ac- 
counted to be very like unto him. 



Cautio T^ Imitation, propofe to your felfe the beft 
XX. •*- P attern e » according to the JEthique Rule of Arifietle: Parefiinomni re optimum quenque u 
^ch.lib.9 mitari. Fttfius erred in this part : of whom 
Ci«r. I. z. XuBie reports, that he did not imitate the finewie 
deOrat. ex p re fli ons of C.Fim&ridj but onely his Pre- 
varications. Bajil the Great ,a grave and perfeft 
Oratour , a man accompli fh*d in all kinde of 
humanitie * which in him had a (acred tincture 
of pietie : when he had beene acknowledged 
to be Enfigne-bearer to Vertue, he had not osly 
admirers, but fomethat drove to be his Imita- 
tors. And what did fome imitate ? Certaine 
moales and defefts of Aftionj and fo fell into an 
Gre e. unpleafant and odious kinde of Manuall compo- 
Naz.or»t. fition. Therefore Nazianzen , a man of a moft 
aa. fliarpe judgement , fticks not to call them, Sta* 

tuas in umbris, a kinde of Hobgoblins and night' 
walking fpirits , who did nothing lefle then x- 
mulate the fplendor of Rhetoricall dignitie. 
Take heed therefore, that Imitation degenerate 
into Caco-zeale , and of proving a Left-handed 

l QMtlo \7VHen you have judicioufly propofed your 
OCXI. patterne, keep clofe unto it without le- 

vitie or change,for diverfity of copies is the way 
to mar the W/mdoi Aftion. Titanius Jmior was 
famous for this vice, who ( as. Cafitotinus faith ) 
was the Ape of his time.The fame levitie or faci- 
lity of imitation Libttnius the Sophifter had, who 
was called by thofe of his times,the very painted 
Map of mens manners and difpoiitions. 


The Art of ManuaO Rbetoricke. 14 1 

X 7fe Exercife. For as the moft learned of the CautU 
V lews, there are three Ideas, Nature, Art ,in& XXII. 
Exfreitation- by which we endeavor to the beft Phiio dc 
end. The Corinthian Oratour much commends J - ,fe P^ 
thisExercit ttion.And the Oracle of the Graccian ^ ucyd * 
Sage , is , Omnia fitafunt in Exercitatione. The Stobeeui 
abfolute perfeftion of all Arts , is from thence ; s e r.$. 
and from it Eloquence receives her beauteous ^ 
colours, her Mufive or Mofaique Excellency • lud.Sapi 
Whereby fliee becomes moft accomplifhed. 
Bend and wreft your Arme and Hands to the 
Right, to the Left, and to every part : that ha- 
ving made' them obedient unto you , upon 
a fudden,and the lead figntfication of the mind, 
you may (hew the glittering orbes of Heaven , 
and the gaping jiwes of Earth. Sometimes 
place your arguments upon your Fingers; fome- 
times lifting up your Hands ,' threaten and de- 
nounce punilhment, or with a rejecting pofture 
abominate: fometimes (hake and brandifti your 
Hand as the lance of Elocution j that fo you 
may be ready for all varietie of fpecch , and at- 
taine that JEu^Hef*? or facilitie ofaftion,with 
the decorum & beauty of decent motion: which 
excells both that of colours and proportion. 
Cbarmides a goodly young Oratour, when he 
would compofe his gefture to all kinde of eie- Xenoph; , 
gancie, and (as Oz^ipeakes) l{wntrofos fanere in Convn 
gefttts ) that is,acurate;and made neat by a fubtle 
judgement ) at home, alone, \x H ? m '°v-" he p?a- 
ftifed the gefticulations of his Hand. 

TO have Genfors at times of exercife , who camlo 
(hall informe truly and skilfully of all otfr xxill. 
geftures, would much helpe to the conformati- 

142 C H I R O N O M I A .* Or, 

on of the Hand. Or to practice in a great Look- 
ing glaffe : for though that Mirrour reflects that 
image of on&Hand for another, yet we may be- 
leeve what we fee to he done. < Demonax, a great 
Ffiilbfophcr,. and an acute Rhetorician , advis'd 
an untoward Declamer toufemore exercife,and 
while heanfwered » that he alw.ay firft acted his 
lurfan Orations to himfelf ^Demonax replied, that may 
in Dxrr.6. very? well be j for you act fo little to the purpofe, 
becauie you have alwayes a foole to your 

Cautit T*^ genres of the Ha#dmv&. be prcpatr'd in 
XXIV. the Mind, together with the inward fpeech, 
that precedes the outward expreflion. 

Camlo \ 7^ e no uocome ty or irregular excefle ©f ge- 
XXV during with your Finder j in fpeaking, nor 

draw them to any childifh and trifling actions* 
contrary to the rules of Decorum, and to that 
they ferve for;left you diminifh the glory offaire 
fpeech and Rbetoricallperfwafion ; and offer a 
great indignitie *o CMtuevva , to whom thefe 
organicall parts of Elocution were facred. 

Cautio "4 He Left handofit felfe alone, is moft incom- 
XXVI. * petent to the performance of any perfect 
action : yet fometimes it doth , but very rarely. 
Moft commonly it doth conform & accommo- 
date it fclfe to the Right Hand. And where both 
Hands concur to any action, they exhibite more 
auction. Wherefore %*? in the Doall, is mafct*- 
line, caufe vis nmtafortior. 


The Art of Manual <%hetoriche. 145 

BOth H*Wjdoefometimesreft,aricl are out-of Catttia 
aftion : yet this Rhetoricall filenceof the XXVII* 
Hand, is an ad proper , where no afFe&ion is e- 
mergent : though a longintermiffion of gefture* 
be difpleafing. 

AVoyd Knackiogs, aod fuperftitious flexures 
of the Fingers , which the Ancient* have S,* u f* a 
not given in precept. X XVHI. 

'He Anions of the Band ace" to bend tkat r . 
Way,that the voy ce is dire^ed. XXIX 

•jpAke heede, that while your Hand endea- ^atttio 
vcurs to accomplifh the ads of Rhetoricall XXX 
pronunciation , you lofe not modeftie, and the 
morall and ciyill vertves , nor the authoritie of a 
grave anArtoneft man. 

IN ell Action, Nature beares the greateft fway : cautta 
Everyman muft confider his own Nature and XXXI. 
temperament. Theieafonis, becaufe no -man 
can put oflfhis own, and put on anothers nature. 
One Action becomes one man,and another kind 
of behaviour," another. That which one does 
without Art , cannot wholly be delivered by 
Art j for there is a kind of hidden and ineffable; 
reafon , which to know* is the head of Art. In 
lome , the Givill vertues themfelves have no 
grace : in others, even the vices of Rhetorfque 
are comely and pleafing. Wherefore a Rheto- 
rician mufl: know himfelfe; : yet not by common 
precepts; but he muft take counfell of Nature 
for the framing of the complexionall and indi- 
viduail properties of his-Htnd, 


144 CkiRONOMiA: Or, 

CMttio I N the Rhetoricall endeavours of the Hand, as 
XXXII. ^in all other A&ions , the golden Mediocrre-is 
beft,and moft worthy the hand of a piudentman. 
For the aftion of the Hand fhould be full of dig- 
nitieand magnanimous refolution , making it a 
hberall and free Index of the Minde j fuch as 
„^ . theirs is, who are faid by Xenofbon t o be inl pired 
inSymp. with divine love, who f ashefayes) geftiu ad 
fpeeiem e/uandam muxime liberaltm conformant. 
Which forme of apparence confiftsina certaine 
moderation of gefture , no chafed and incom* 
pofed rafhnes , or a too daring garbe of aftion, 
nor fuperfinicall demeanour-: nor on the other 
fide, a ruftique and homely fcarfulnefle , which 
is wont to difcourage and difappoint the pur- 
pole of necefTary motion. Yet of the two ex- 
tremes,it is leaft faulty to draw nigh to modeftie, 
and an ingenuous feare , than to impudencie. 
The manner and tempering of gefture , is not 
onely to be fetched from the things thcmielves, 
but alio from the age and condition of the Ora* 
tour : for otherwife a Philofopher , or fome 
grave perfon : otherwife a young Sophifter, lif- 
ted up with ftudy , and boyling over with the 
fervencie of an aftive fpirit. A loft and calmc 
aftion moft commonly becomes grave men.en- 
dued with authoritie: which to one in the flower 
of his youth, would be accounted flownes , and 
a flacking negligence. Modification of gefture 
hath alfo regard to the condition and qualitie of 
the Auditours ; for an Oratour fhould firft con- 
fider, with whom , and in whofe prefence be is 
about to aft : for in the Senate, or hearing of a 
Prince,another a&ion is required than in a Con- 
cion to a Congregation of the people, or an 


The Art of Manuaft Rbetoricke, 1 45 

affembty of light young men. Among Kings, 
and Potentates, and Fathers of the Court , re- 
gard is to be had to their illuftrious power & au- 
thority, all juvenile geftient pompe and oftenta- 
tion laid alide , by a fubmifle Aftion he mufk 
transrerre all dignity from himfelfe. Concer- 
ning this golden point of moderation, there is* 
Nationall decorum impofed upon men by time 
and place; for according to the Genius of that 
climate, wherein we converfe, moderation, may 
admit of a divers conftruftion. In Italy a faire 
fpoken, and overmuch gefturing with the H<*»^, 
is held comely and acceptable. And in France 
be is net a la mode , and a compleat Mounfieur , 
who is not nimbj^in the difcourfing garbe of 
his H*««/ , which proportionable to that lan- 
guage is very briske,aj3d full.of quick? andlight- 
fbme expjeflions. And your French Protettant 
Divines are cafily good Chirologers,fome I have 
lately feen in the my great fatfstfa&ion, 
and have gone away more confirmed in the va- 
lidity of thefe Rhetoricall geftures , there being 
Scarce any one gedure that I have cut, burl have 
(eene bfed in the heat of one difcourfe of Po- 
lemical! Divinity, fuch Logicali affeverations ap- 
peared in their Hands. I n Germany , and with 
«s here in England, who in our Nationall com* 
plexion are neare ally'd unto the Germans, mo- 
dcradm and^gravity, inge{ture ? >s efteemed the 
greater virtue." The Spaniards have another 
Standert of moderation and gravity accorded tg 
file lofty Genius of Spaine, where the Hasds are 
as often principalis^ acceflbries to their proud 
exprelfions. But our language gro wne now fo 
?ica by ths indenization of words of a,ll Natl- 

L onJi 

14I Chironomia. 

ens, and fo altered from the old Teutehi<jue, tf 
the rule of moderation , be calculated according 
to thcJMeridionall proprictie of our refined 
fpeech , we may with decarum and gray itifce- 
ioongh ( as I fuppofe ) meet the Wtndoi anyof 
thefe warmer Nations halfe way, with the M+ 
wall adjuncts of our expreffions. 

" » . . ■ ■ ■ — ■ — ■ «■ 


Ttiusphtimy Sid's infiiredHittA iidfni 
Texhthiteinthu Index •ftUUtnd, 
What Nature, or her fulrtle Zmxe can 
fjfigncs and tokens reach with Sketches fart : 
{While many Hands ma4e tighter work) at iafi 
Brought to the mil, hath crown' d the Uhrtafi, 
Here my Hand's Genius bids my Fancie fi4*d-> 
And (kavineherdifcourfingGefiuresfcand) 
"BeckettSy left for a Manuall unfit, 
The Werkjhouldrifit it make a Hand »f it. 

Maxum x>» Taxuia. 


n>rfge i. line \6. re«dDominiJj. 1.19 CoTrrnumtef. p. f. 1 .ff. ttti 

Kf>a<ria>(. !.i?.Palasflr3& GymnGum.p.7.l.$}.expoPtion.p.yL|; 
drifethe. p. io.l.'u'«rfDeminutioti. p.n.l.jt.oculis. p.14. 6. &2*. 
fcenam& fcenx. p.24.1.21. extende. p.*7.1.i2.fnanuan\» 
andis.p.87.< i.pu\ >cilbm. p.8p.m«j5.Noviomag.& Phil. & Merc,,avorcir.*p.99 r !-*f tkeieof. p.ioo.l j.vocet. I.n.mea. m 
|jb« «w»gJ»,Piiiloma '.jc p.joi.l.i j.duobus^igititalis.p.ilneMriintf 
Vtlifuptifium p. 1i4J.17.this. p.ii8.i7.Mo!Iitia.l.i9.richerbyMi" 
herVa's favour, then M Cnflus was by Fortune, whofe wealch,&c. in 
tbti*argin,A'po\\m3t\%.p.iri 1.32.arnculus. p. 1 24.1.24^. he. p. 136. 
] ibi^.l 1, f« indeed tied it feetnek X49.J,ai 4 
Regenerate not. p. 1 42.L2.the. 

j *lli« ^lftJ<mi}iL~C7i> i ;M 1 j 

f^BB vss »» aas? -•>&.- **fe **« *ap* awe aa&- -#* ?*•